The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
For Keeps (film)
For Keeps is a 1988 American coming of age comedy drama film starring Molly Ringwald and Randall Batinkoff as Darcy and Stan, two high school seniors in love. Complications ensue when Darcy decides to keep her baby; this movie is noted for being Ringwald's final "teen" movie, is cited as one of her most mature performances in a scene where Darcy is suffering from postpartum depression after the birth of her child. In Kenosha, Darcy, editor at her high school paper, her steady boyfriend Stan are in their final year of high school and have been accepted at good colleges. With the help of Darcy's best friend Lila and Stan spend a weekend together, where they sleep together, Darcy becomes pregnant, they announce the news at Thanksgiving, neither Darcy's mother Donna, abandoned by her husband and brought up Darcy alone, nor Stan's Catholic parents are supportive. They urge the young couple to have an abortion or give up the baby for adoption. Darcy does not go through with it, much to Stan's relief.
At Christmas, the kids announce their plans to keep the baby, causing a break between them and their parents. They rent a decrepit apartment and get married to the cheers of their friends, despite the fact that without parental consent the marriage is not legal. At the urging of her high school guidance counselor, who explains that other girls will want to emulate her and become teenaged mothers themselves, Darcy drops out of high school but works toward her GED. Prom is interrupted by Darcy's water breaking. Only when Darcy hears an intruder and picks up her baby protectively, does she break from her depression. Without telling Darcy, Stan sacrifices his Caltech scholarship because there is no married housing at the school for undergraduates. Although Stan takes a second, dead-end job, the bills pile up, the couple moves in with Donna, which alienates Stan and Darcy, causes Stan to start drinking heavily. Local neighborhood girl Michaela informs Darcy of the scholarship deception so she enlists Stan's best friend Chris in a plan to ensure he take the scholarship and go to college after all.
The plan entails annulling the marriage. Stan reconciles with his parents, but is heartbroken over the split with Darcy, who does not change her mind but becomes visibly angrily at her mother's cold attitude. At Darcy's night school graduation, Stan arrives to inform Darcy that he has applied for scholarships to the University of Wisconsin–Madison for them both. Darcy lets slip her role in the Caltech deception with Chris, Stan chases after her as she drives away. Darcy tells Donna that Stan is a good man, that she loves him and Donna can either embrace them as an entire family or watch them live their lives without her. Donna gets over her past and says she loves and supports Darcy fully, they reconcile, go forward on their plans to attend college in Madison in the fall, remark Thea will have a early curfew when she is a teenager. Stan says ten p.m. and Darcy says eleven p.m. They say if she is in love her curfew will be eight p.m. Molly Ringwald as Darcy Bobrucz Randall Batinkoff as Stan Bobrucz Kenneth Mars as Mr. Bobrucz Miriam Flynn as Donna Elliot Conchata Ferrell as Mrs. Bobrucz Sharon Brown as Lila John Zarchen as Chris Pauly Shore as Ryan Michelle Downey as Michaela Patricia Barry as Adoption Official Janet MacLachlan as Miss Giles Jaclyn-Rose Lester as Mary Bobrucz Matthew Licht as Leo Bobrucz Renée Estevez as Marnie Darcy DeMoss as Elaine The film is set in Kenosha and was filmed there.
Primary location work took place in Winnipeg, Canada. The film had a number of titles while in production, possibilities including "Maybe, Baby" and "For Keeps?", before settling on the final question mark-less version. The promising career of John Zarchen, thought to be on the verge of breakout in the supporting role of Stan's best friend, Chris hit a wall during the shooting, as Zarchen suffered a life-threatening head injury while driving in Hollywood under the influence of alcohol, he survived a brief period of being comatose, returned to the film, although director John Avildsen, due to his medical absence and disgusted with the actor's disregard for the opportunity and the production cut down his role. This movie marks the film debut of Pauly Shore, who appears in a small role as another friend of Stan; the musical score features a lullaby-like version of the song "Be My Baby", sung by composer Ellie Greenwich. Actor Adam Silbar was cast in the lead role of Stan but, for unknown reasons, the role was re-cast with Randall Batinkoff just weeks before the first day of production.
Author and casting director Paul G. Bens, Jr. an actor, was one of the two finalists to replace Silbar. The role went to Batinkoff. Rotten Tomatoes aggregate score gave the film an 18% rotten rating based on 11 reviews. Roger Ebert gave the film a positive review saying, "The movies of Molly Ringwald have been responsible for a revolution in the way Hollywood regards teenagers. Before Ringwald there were only horny teenagers, dead teenagers, teenage vampires and psych
This Is Spinal Tap
This Is Spinal Tap is a 1984 American mockumentary film directed and co-written by Rob Reiner. It stars Christopher Guest, Michael McKean, Harry Shearer as members of the fictional British heavy metal band Spinal Tap, Reiner as Marty Di Bergi, a documentary filmmaker who follows them on their American tour; the film satirizes the behavior and musical pretensions of rock bands and the hagiographic tendencies of rock documentaries such as Gimme Shelter, The Song Remains the Same, The Last Waltz. Most of its dialogue was improvised and dozens of hours were filmed; this is Spinal Tap received positive reviews, but was only a modest success upon its initial release. However, it found greater success and amassed a cult following after it was released on VHS. In 2002, it was deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress, was selected for preservation by the National Film Registry. Filmmaker Marty Di Bergi follows the British rock group Spinal Tap on their 1982 United States concert tour to promote their new album Smell the Glove.
The band comprises childhood friends David St. Hubbins and Nigel Tufnel on vocals and guitar, bassist Derek Smalls, keyboardist Viv Savage, drummer Mick Shrimpton; the band found early success as the Thamesmen with their single "Gimme Some Money", before changing their name and achieving a minor hit with the flower power anthem "Listen to the Flower People", transitioning to heavy metal. Several of their previous drummers died in strange circumstances: spontaneous human combustion, a "bizarre gardening accident", choking on someone else's vomit. Several of the band's shows are canceled because of low ticket sales, major retailers refuse to sell Smell the Glove because of its sexist cover art. Tensions arise between their manager Ian Faith. David's girlfriend Jeanine, a manipulative yoga and astrology devotee, joins the group on tour and participates in band meetings, influencing their costumes and stage presentation; the band's distributor opts to release Smell the Glove with an black cover without consulting the band.
Despite their manager convincing the band that it would have a similar appeal to the White Album, the album fails to draw crowds to autograph sessions with the band. Nigel suggests staging a lavish show, asks Ian to order a Stonehenge megalith. However, rushing a sketch on a napkin, mislabels its dimensions; the group blames Ian, when David suggests Jeanine should co-manage the group, Ian quits. The tour continues, rescheduled into smaller venues. Nigel is marginalized by David. At their next gig, at a United States Air Force base, Nigel is upset by an equipment malfunction and quits mid-performance. At their next gig, in an amphitheater at an amusement park, the band finds their repertoire is limited without Nigel, improvise an experimental "Jazz Odyssey", poorly received. At the last show of the tour and Derek consider exploring old side projects, such as a musical theatre production about Jack the Ripper. Before they go on stage, Nigel appears to tell them that their song "Sex Farm" has become a major hit in Japan, that Ian wants to arrange a tour there.
As the band performs, David invites Nigel onstage. With Faith reinstalled as manager, Spinal Tap performs a series of sold-out shows in Japan, despite the loss of drummer Mick, who explodes onstage. Michael McKean and Christopher Guest met while in college in New York City in the late 1960s, played music together, they worked with Harry Shearer and Rob Reiner on a TV pilot in 1978 for a sketch comedy show called The TV Show, which featured a parody rock band called Spinal Tap. During production of that sketch McKean and Guest began to improvise, inventing characters that became David St. Hubbins and Nigel Tufnel. Guest had played guitar under the name "Nigel Tufnel" on Michael McKean and David Lander's album Lenny and the Squigtones; the entire film was shot over a period of about five weeks. The visit to Elvis Presley's grave was filmed in a park in Altadena, with a mock-up of the grave site; the band sings "Heartbreak Hotel" because, the only Elvis song for which producer Karen Murphy could obtain rights.
Rob Reiner procured $60,000 from Marble Arch Productions to write a screenplay with McKean and Shearer, based on the Spinal Tap characters. They realized after a few days of writing that no script could capture the kind of movie they wanted to make, so they decided instead to shoot a short demo of the proposed film, they shopped the demo around to various studios but had no takers, until television writer-producer Norman Lear decided to back the project. All dialogue in the film is improvised. Actors were given outlines indicating where scenes would begin and end and character information necessary to avoid contradictions, but everything else came from the actors; as as possible, the first take was used in the film, to capture natural reactions. Reiner wanted to list the entire cast as writers on the film to acknowledge their contributions, but the Writers' Guild objected, so only he, Guest, McKean, Shearer received writing credit. Veteran documentary cameraman Peter Smokler worked as cinematographer on the film.
Smokler had great instincts for camera placement on set, according to Reiner, is responsible for the film's handheld cinéma vérité style—although the cinematographer did not understand what was supposed to be funny about the movie. With Smokler behind the camera, the film was shot not as a feature film, but as a documentary, without
Soleil Moon Frye
Soleil Moon Frye is an American actress and screenwriter. She began her career as a child actor at the age of two; when she was seven years old, Frye won the role of Penelope "Punky" Brewster in the sitcom Punky Brewster. The series, which debuted on NBC in September 1984, earned low ratings but the Punky character was a hit with young children. After NBC canceled the series, it was picked up for the syndication market where it aired for an additional two seasons ending in 1988. After the series ended, Frye continued her career in guest spots on television and supporting roles in films, she attended The New School during the late 1990s, directed her first film, Wild Horses in 1998. In 2000, she joined the cast of Sabrina the Teenage Witch as Roxie King, Sabrina Spellman's roommate and close friend. Frye remained with the series until its end in April 2003, she has since continued her acting career working as a voice actor. In 1998, Frye married producer Jason Goldberg, she has since opened an organic specialty clothing shop for children, The Little Seed, in Los Angeles.
She hosts a blog and web series which focus on child rearing and women's issues. In 2011, Frye released her first book Happy Chaos: From Punky to Parenting and My Perfectly Imperfect Adventures in Between. Frye is the host of Home Made Simple on the Oprah Winfrey Network. Frye was born in California, her father was actor Virgil Frye, her mother is talent agent and caterer Sondra Peluce. She has Sean Frye and Meeno Peluce, both former child actors. Frye's parents divorced. Frye was educated at a private school in Los Feliz and attended San Fernando Valley Professional School in Burbank. Frye made her acting debut in the 1982 television movie Missing Children: A Mother's Story. In 1983, she had a supporting role in Who Will Love My Children?, another television movie starring Ann-Margret. The following year, she portrayed Elizabeth Kovacs in the biographical television movie Ernie Kovacs: Between the Laughter, appeared in another television movie, Invitation to Hell, directed by Wes Craven. At the age of seven, Frye beat out over 3,000 girls to win the title role on the NBC sitcom Punky Brewster.
The series, conceived by NBC's then-head of programming Brandon Tartikoff, premiered in September 1984. Scheduled opposite CBS's rated 60 Minutes, the series struggled in the ratings but the character of Punky was popular among children. Frye appeared at parades, participated in an anti-drug walks with then-First Lady Nancy Reagan, was the honorary chairperson for the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Frye voiced the lead role in the animated series It's Punky Brewster, which began airing during Punky Brewsters first season. Despite the series' low ratings, Brandon Tartikoff decided to renew the show for a second season because it was the highest rated show watched by children 2 to 11 years old. Punky Brewster's second season, which dealt with more serious subject matters such as CPR and first-aid training, drug use and the Just Say No campaign, the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, did not improve ratings and NBC canceled the series in April 1986; the series was picked up by Columbia Pictures Television and began airing in first-run syndication.
Punky Brewster aired for an additional two seasons, ending on May 27, 1988. Upon Punky Brewster's end, Frye landed the lead role in the ABC sitcom pilot Cadets, which aired as a summer special on September 25, 1988; the pilot, was not picked up. In 1989, Frye hosted. Based on the board game of the same name, Frye shared hosting duties with Sarah Michelle Gellar and Rod Brogan; the series was canceled after one season. In 1990, she appeared in the Rodney Dangerfield sitcom pilot... Where's Rodney?, but this was not picked up as a series, either. During the 1990s, Frye guest starred on several television series including The Wonder Years, Saved by the Bell, Friends, voiced characters for the animated series Tiny Toon Adventures and The Cartoon Cartoon Show. In addition to her television work, Frye has appeared in the films The Liars' Club and Pumpkinhead II: Blood Wings and in stage productions of Orestes, I Murdered My Mother and The Housekeeper. From 2000 to 2003, Frye portrayed the character of Roxie King in Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, with her longtime friend and series producer Melissa Joan Hart.
During the run of Sabrina, she voiced the character of Zoey in the Disney Channel series The Proud Family and the series' 2005 television movie. In 2004, she voiced Jade, a Bratz character in the direct-to-video release Bratz: Starrin' & Stylin', she voiced the character for the television series, the video games Bratz Rock Angelz and Bratz: Forever Diamondz. From 2010 to February 2013, Frye voiced Aseefa in the animated series Planet Sheen. In 1996, Frye moved to New York to attend The New School and directed her first film, Wild Horses. Frye directed her second film, Sonny Boy, in 2004; the documentary chronicles a two-week trip Frye took with her father, who had Alzheimer's disease. Sonny Boy was an official selection at the 27th Starz Denver International Film Festival and won Best Documentary at the San Diego Film Festival. In 2007, along with two friends, opened The Little Seed, an environmentally-conscious children's specialty boutique in Los Angeles; the boutique closed in August 2013, is now an Internet-based business.
In March 2010, Frye and her friend and former Sabrina castmate Melissa Joan Hart launched the "Better Together" campaign for Gain. In September 2011, Frye released her first book, Happ
Fun with Dick and Jane (1977 film)
Fun with Dick and Jane is a 1977 American comedy film starring George Segal and Jane Fonda. Directed by Ted Kotcheff, the film is caustically critical of the "anarchy" of the American way of life; the character names come from the Dick and Jane series of children's educational books, the title is taken from the title of one of the books in the series. Dick Harper is a successful aerospace engineer in Los Angeles, where he and wife Jane have a lovely house, with a swimming pool and new lawn under way. Due to financial reversals at the business, Dick's boss, Charlie Blanchard fires him. Jane Jane Fonda takes care of her child Samantha. Dick and Jane owe more than $70,000 and abruptly find themselves with no income, his attempts to find other gainful employment fail. Jane lands a fashion modeling appearance at a restaurant. Dick ends up applying for unemployment and food stamps, while Jane's wealthy parents, rather than helping, advise them to use this experience positively as a life lesson. Unable to come up with any other solution to their problems and Jane turn to a life of crime.
They make an effort to select their victims judiciously – robbing the telephone company, for example, which makes the customers in line cheer. In time and Jane weigh their guilty consciences against their needs, trying to get back their old lives and stay out of jail. George Segal as Dick Harper Jane Fonda as Jane Harper Ed McMahon as Charlie Blanchard Dick Gautier as Dr. Will Allan Miller as Loan company manager Hank Garcia as Raoul Esteban John Dehner as Jane's father Mary Jackson as Jane's mother Walter Brooke as Mr. Weeks Sean Frye as Billy Fred Willard as Bob Thayer David as Deacon Burke Byrnes as Roger Dewayne Jesse as Robber Anne Ramsey as Employment applicant Jon Christian Erickson as Transsexual Jay Leno as Carpenter Fun with Dick and Jane received mixed reviews from critics; the film holds a 55% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 11 reviews. A remake entitled Fun with Dick and Jane was released in 2005, starring Jim Carrey and Téa Leoni. McMahon, Ed. For Laughing Out Loud: My Life and Good Times.
New York: Warner Books. ISBN 9780446523707. Fun with Dick and Jane on IMDb Fun with Dick and Jane at the TCM Movie Database
ABC Afterschool Special
ABC Afterschool Special is an American television anthology series that aired on ABC from October 14, 1972, to July 1, 1997 in the late afternoon on weekdays. Most episodes were presented situations controversial, of interest to children and teenagers. Several episodes presented as documentaries. Topics included substance abuse and teenage pregnancy; the series won 51 Daytime Emmy Awards during its 25-year run. In 2004 and 2005, BCI Eclipse and Sunset Home Visual Entertainment issued six DVD collections of episodes from the series, produced by Martin Tahse, each collection containing four episodes. A boxed set, in the shape of a school bus, was released containing all of the DVD releases, with a detailed information booklet of all the specials on the set and including an extra DVD of two specials that had not been released on DVD; the DVDs are out of print. In 1993, TV Guide named the series the best kids' show of the 1980s. ABC Weekend Special The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie After school special CBS Schoolbreak Special Special Treat ABC Afterschool Special on IMDb ABC Afterschool Special at TV.com
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr