Yarram is in Victoria, Australia, in the Shire of Wellington, located in the southeast of Gippsland. At the 2011 census, the population of the town was 2,168; the town is the regional centre of a prosperous farming district. It has a vibrant community; the town has a strong tourism industry, with Tarra Bulga National Park, Port Albert, Ninety Mile Beach and Agnes Falls all being within a 30 minute commute from Yarram. The town is located about one and a half hours from Wilsons Promontory. Nearby towns include Welshpool and Foster; the term'Yarram Yarram' is thought to be an Aboriginal phrase meaning'plenty of water,' however it is not known which language group the name is taken from. The traditional custodians of the land surrounding Yarram are the Australian Aboriginal Kurnai people, who resisted the invasion of their lands, sustained heavy casualties as a result. Being close to one of the first Victorian trade ports, Port Albert, the town grew after settlement, as a result of the rich dairy country that supplies milk products to Australia, to the timber industry.
In 1841 the site a low-lying swamp, was chosen by a Scottish clan leader, Aeneas Ronaldson MacDonnell, with his fellow Scots, attempted to set up a feudal-style court. However, the experiment folded and he subsequently moved to New Zealand; the post office opened on 1 February 1861 as Yarram Yarram and was renamed Yarram in about 1925. The railway arrived in 1921. Yarram is known for its proximity to Ninety Mile Beach, Port Albert, neighbouring Tarra-Bulga National Park and heritage architecture in its Main Street, including the historic Regent Theatre; the town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the North Gippsland Football League. Yarram is the home of several former AFL footballers, including Royce Vardy and Anthony Banik and Andrew Dunkley. Current AFL players from the town include Nathan Vardy and Jed Lamb. Golfers play at the course of the Yarram Golf Club on Old Sale Road. Yarram hosts an annual eisteddfod every August showcasing the area's artistic talents in music and drama.
The town has a public primary school and a catholic primary school. Yarram railway station List of reduplicated Australian place names
Glenmaggie is a town in Victoria, located on the shores of Lake Glenmaggie, in the Shire of Wellington. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 277. Glenmaggie Post Office opened on 1 January 1872 and closed in 1986. Lake Glenmaggie is popular for boating. On 14 March 1942, a RAAF Wirraway crashed into the lake, killing the pilot
Shire of Wellington
The Shire of Wellington is a local government area in Victoria, located in the eastern part of the state. It covers an area of 10,989 square kilometres and at the 2016 Census had a population of 43,000, it includes the towns of Heyfield, Maffra, Stratford, Newry and Yarram. It was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the Shire of Alberton, Shire of Avon, Shire of Maffra, City of Sale and parts of the Shire of Rosedale; the Shire is administered by the Wellington Shire Council. The Shire is named after a major geographical feature in the region, Lake Wellington, located in the south-east of the LGA; the Council is composed of three wards and nine councillors, with three councillors per ward elected to represent each ward. The Council meets in the Council Chambers of the Wellington Centre in the Port of Sale precinct at 70 Foster Street, which houses the Gippsland Art Gallery, Visitor Information Centre and Sale Library; the council headquarters are located over the road at 18 Desailly Street, the location of the council's administrative activities.
It provides customer services at its service centres in Maffra, Stratford and Yarram. Central Gippsland East Gippsland List of localities Wellington Shire Council official website Metlink local public transport map Link to Land Victoria interactive maps
Bushy Park, Victoria
Bushy Park is a town in Victoria, located on Briagolong Road, north of Maffra, in the Shire of Wellington. Bushy Park Post Office opened on 1 November 1889 and closed in 1938
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
The Gippsland Lakes are a network of lakes and lagoons in east Gippsland, Australia covering an area of about 354 square kilometres. The largest of the lakes are Lake King and Lake Victoria; the lakes are collectively fed by the Avon, Latrobe, Mitchell and Tambo rivers. The Gippsland Lakes were formed by two principal processes; the first is river delta alluvial deposition of sediment brought in by the rivers which flow into the lakes. Silt deposited by this process forms into long jetties which can run many kilometres into a lake, as exemplified by the Mitchell River silt jetties that run into Lake King; the second process is the action of sea current in Bass Strait which created the Ninety Mile Beach and cut off the river deltas from the sea. Once the lakes were closed off a new cycle started, whereby the water level of the lakes would rise until the waters broke through the barrier beach and the level would drop down until it equalised with sea-level; the beach would close-off the lakes and the cycle would begin anew.
Sometimes it would take many years before a new channel to the sea was formed and not in the same place as the last one. In 1889, a wall was built to fix the position of a occurring channel between the lakes and the ocean at Lakes Entrance, to stabilise the water level, create a harbour for fishing boats and open up the lakes to shipping; this entrance needs to be dredged or the same process that created the Gippsland Lakes would render the entrance too shallow for seagoing vessels to pass through. Due to flooding in 2011, Gippsland Lakes experienced blooms of bioluminescent Noctiluca scintillans; the Gippsland Lakes provide a major hub for tourism for recreational boating and fishing enthusiasts. The lakes network can be explored by water taxi, or boat and kayak hire. On the fringes of the lakes are several tourist towns that swell to support the tourist trade in the summer months. Lakes Entrance is the largest of the towns on the lakes with a population of 4,500; the town is well serviced with resorts and facilities.
It is located with easy access to both the lakes network and the surf beach on Ninety Mile Beach, patrolled each summer. Metung is a small village located on the tip of a peninsula sitting in the Gippsland Lakes, surrounded completely by water, it is an upmarket tourist destination with many dining options and artisan galleries. Much of Paynesville’s accommodation and infrastructure are located on the network of canals. One of the key attractions is Raymond Island, known for its koala population; the diversity of the brine waters of the lakes, surf beaches along Ninety Mile Beach and fresh water streams that feed the lakes, make the Gippsland Lakes a popular fishing destination. Local fish varieties include bream, flathead and trevally. Paynesville, Lakes Entrance and Metung all offer a number of jetties, boat ramps and berthing facilities; the lakes support numerous species of wildlife and there exist two protected areas within: The Lakes National Park and Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park. The Gippsland Lakes wetlands are protected by the international Ramsar Convention on wetlands.
There are approximately 400 indigenous flora species and 300 native fauna species. Three plants, two of them being orchid species, are listed as endangered; the numbers of southern right whales and humpback whales using the Lake Entrance area show increases in recent years, as the populations have started to recover from illegal hunts by the Soviet Union with help from Japan in 1960s-1970s. The lakes are home to about 50 of the described species of bottlenose dolphin, the Burrunan dolphin; the other 150 or so of this rare species are to be found in Port Phillip. The wetlands provide habitat for about 20,000 waterbirds – including birds from as far afield as Siberia and Alaska; the lakes have been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because they support over 1% of the global populations of black swans, chestnut teals and musk ducks, as well as many fairy terns. The Gippsland Lakes are, in order of size: Lake Wellington, 150 square kilometres Lake Victoria, 150 square kilometres Lake Reeve, 52 square kilometres Lake King, 44 square kilometres Lake Coleman, 13 square kilometres Lake Tyers, 9.5 square kilometres Banksia Swamp Gippsland's official tourism website - Gippsland Lakes Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Media related to East Gippsland at Wikimedia Commons Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park webpage at Parks Victoria Gippsland Coastal Board The Lakes National Park & Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Plan Gippsland Ports Authority website Gippsland Lakes Ministerial Advisory Committee website East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority.
East Gippsland regional catchment strategy 2013 -2019. Bairnsdale: East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. ISBN 978-0-9758164-6-2
Licola is a town in Victoria, located on Licola Road, in the Shire of Wellington, 254 kilometres east of Melbourne. At the 2006 census and the surrounding area had a population of 21; the Lions Club owns a large section of land in Licola and operates a youth camp on site, the Licola Wilderness Village, surrounded by farm land. The town is the southern gateway to the Alpine National Park, its main industries are tourism and farming. It has one general store including a small number of houses, it is the only Victorian town not connected to the mains electricity grid, generating its own power. The town is frequented by motorbike riders and hikers alike; the first Licola Post Office opened on 14 September 1908 and was renamed Glenfalloch in 1912. A Licola Post Office was again open 1914–1919, 1920–1923 and 1954–1993. In July 2007, Licola suffered serious floods which caused a great deal of damage to roads and national park areas; the main road from Heyfield was closed for two months following the destruction of the heritage-listed Cheynes Bridge, subsequently rebuilt.
Media related to Licola, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons