New York City Department of Transportation
The New York City Department of Transportation is the agency of the government of New York City responsible for the management of much of New York City's transportation infrastructure. Polly Trottenberg is the current Commissioner of the Department of Transportation, was appointed by Mayor Bill de Blasio on January 1, 2014; the Department of Transportation's responsibilities include day-to-day maintenance of the city's streets, highways and sidewalks. The Department of Transportation is responsible for installing and maintaining the city's street signs, traffic signals and street lights. DOT supervises street resurfacing, pothole repair, parking meter installation and maintenance, the management of a municipal parking facilities. DOT operates the Staten Island Ferry. DOT is the exclusive provider of day-to-day operations and maintenance on New York State-maintained roads and highways in city limits, while major repairs and capital improvements on state-owned roads are performed by the State DOT.
Both DOT and NYSDOT reserve the right to install signage and other roadway features on state highways, which become maintained on a daily basis by DOT. DOT sets the speed limit on all roads and highways in the city, including those owned by NYSDOT. DOT is responsible for oversight of transportation-related issues, such as authorizing jitney van services and permits for street construction. DOT advocates for transportation safety issues, including promotion of pedestrian and bicycle safety, its regulations are compiled in title 34 of the New York City Rules. Commissioner of Transportation First Deputy Commissioner Sidewalk Inspection and Management Staten Island Ferry Service Bridges Transportation Planning & Management Roadway Repair and Maintenance Information Technology and Telecommunications Borough Commissioners Brooklyn Borough Commissioner Manhattan Borough Commissioner Bronx Borough Commissioner Queens Borough Commissioner Staten Island Borough Commissioner Policy External Affairs Finance and Program Management Human Resources and Facilities Management Legal As of 2017, DOT had the budget and staff as follows: The DOT operates 794 roadway and pedestrian bridges throughout New York City, including 25 movable bridges.
The agency's portfolio includes most of the East River and Harlem River bridges, as well as smaller bridges throughout the city. DOT operates two retractable bridges. Other agencies that operate road bridges in New York include the MTA, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the New York State DOT. At 1:30 a.m. on May 24 2012 DOT employee Harry Robinson ran over and killed Roxana Buta while operating a DOT truck. New York City Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings, for hearings conducted on summonses for quality of life violations issued by the Department New York State Department of Transportation Official website Department of Transportation in the Rules of the City of New York NYC DOT Real Time Traffic Information
23rd Street (Manhattan)
23rd Street is a broad thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Manhattan, one of the major two-way, east-west streets in the borough's grid. As with Manhattan's other "crosstown" streets, it is divided into its east and west sections at Fifth Avenue; the street runs from FDR Drive in the east to Eleventh Avenue in the west. 23rd Street was created under the Commissioners' Plan of 1811. The street hosts several famous hotels, including the Fifth Avenue Hotel and Hotel Chelsea, as well as many theaters. Several skyscrapers are located on 23rd Street, including the Flatiron Building, the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower, One Madison; as with other numbered streets in Manhattan, Fifth Avenue separates East 23rd Street. This intersection occurs in Madison Square, near Madison Square Park, both of which are part of the Flatiron District. West of Sixth Avenue, West 23rd Street passes through Chelsea. East of Lexington Avenue, East 23rd Street runs along the southern boundary of Kips Bay and the northern boundaries of Gramercy and Peter Cooper Village.
Since 1999, an area north of 23rd Street around the park has been referred to as NoMad. West 23rd Street, which runs through the heart of Chelsea, contains many art galleries and several theaters. For much of the late 19th century and early 20th century its western end was the site of the Pavonia Ferry at Pier 63, just north of the current Chelsea Piers. In 1907, a small lot of land on the north side of 23rd Street, between Twelfth and Eleventh Avenues, was acquired by the Commissioner of Docks and Ferries; the land was transferred to the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation in 1915, becoming a public park called the Thomas F. Smith Park the Chelsea Waterside Park. In 2000, the westernmost block of 23rd Street was demolished as part of a reorganization of traffic patterns and an expansion of the park; the expanded 2.5-acre park contains a dog run, children's playground, basketball court, soccer green. Just west of Tenth Avenue, the street passes under the High Line, a 1.45-mile elevated linear park built on the structure of the former West Side Line railroad.
The High Line contains both an elevator entrance from 23rd Street. On the north side of 23rd Street, just west of the High Line, is "HL23", a residential building that hangs over the narrow linear park. London Terrace is located across Tenth Avenue, occupying the full block to Ninth Avenue between 23rd and 24th Streets; the Hotel Chelsea, New York City's first co-op apartment complex, was built at 222 West 23rd Street in 1883. The Emunah Israel synagogue, built in the 1860s as a Presbyterian church, is located a few doors to the west at 236 West 23rd; the block of 23rd Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues is part of the Ladies' Mile Historic District. Designated a New York City landmark in May 1989, it is an irregularly-shaped district consisting of 440 buildings on 28 blocks and parts of blocks, from 15th Street to 24th Street and from Park Avenue South to west of Sixth Avenue. East 23rd Street, which runs between Fifth Avenue and the East River, is one of the main thoroughfares of Gramercy Park.
The 22-story Flatiron Building is located on the south side of East 23rd Street at the street's intersection with Fifth Avenue and Broadway, occupying the triangular parcel bounded by these two avenues and 22nd Street. The origin of the term "23 skidoo" is said to be from wind gusts caused by the building's triangular shape or hot air from a shaft through which immense volumes of air escaped, producing gusts that lifted women's skirts; the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, headquartered at 1 Madison Avenue at East 23rd Street, played a significant role in shaping the character of development along East 23rd Street in the early 20th century, constructing six buildings successively along the street and around the block to the corner of 24th. The tallest of these is the 700-foot Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower, built in 1909 at the intersection of 24th Street and Madison Avenue; the tower, with its ornate clocktower faces, was one of Manhattan's first skyscrapers. For four years, until the construction of the Woolworth Building in 1913, it was the tallest building in the world.
It owned a building across the street, the location of the 23rd Street Fire that killed 12 firefighters. A new apartment building, the current Madison Green, was announced for the site in the 1970s, but the building itself was not constructed until 1982. Another skyscraper on the street, the sixty-story, 618-foot-tall One Madison, was built in 2013. Media mogul Rupert Murdoch bought One Madison's top four floors for $57 million; the Woman's Press Club of New York City was located at 126 East 23rd Street. It existed from 1889 to 1980 as an organization for female authors. A large hospital run by the Veterans Health Administration, the Manhattan Campus of the VA NY Harbor Healthcare System, is located at 423 East 23rd Street, near the northeast corner of the intersection with First Avenue. Near 23rd Street's eastern end is the Asser Levy Public Baths. Built at the beginning of the 20th century, the baths were named after Asser Levy, one of the city's first Jewish settlers. In 1980, the baths were added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Stuyvesant Cove Park is located along the East River coast. Stretching south to 18th Street, the 2-acre public space is built on the site of a concrete plant and parking lot; the street ends at the New York Skyports Seaplane Base, which opened in 1962. The seaplane base, part of a marina contains a parking lot whose entrance and exit is located at the eastern end of 23rd Street. On the south side of East 23rd between First Avenue and Avenue C, Peter Cooper Vill
42nd Street (Manhattan)
42nd Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, known for its theaters near the intersection with Broadway at Times Square in Midtown. It is the name of the region of the theater district near that intersection; the street has held a special place in New Yorkers' imaginations since at least the turn of the 20th century, is the site of some of New York's best known buildings, including the Headquarters of the United Nations, Chrysler Building, Grand Central Terminal, New York Public Library, Times Square and the Port Authority Bus Terminal. During the American Revolutionary War, a cornfield near the present location of the New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street was where General George Washington angrily attempted to rally his troops after the British landing at Kip's Bay, which scattered many of the American militiamen. Washington's attempt put him in danger of being captured, his officers had to persuade him to leave; the rout subsided into an orderly retreat.
John Jacob Astor purchased a 70 acres farm in 1803 that ran from 42nd Street to 46th Street west of Broadway to the Hudson River. The street was designated by the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 that established the Manhattan street grid as one of 15 east-west streets that would be 100 feet in width. In 1835, the city's Street Committee, after receiving numerous complaints about lack of access for development above 14th Street, decided to open up all lots, plotted on the city grid up to 42nd Street, which thus became – for a time – the northern boundary of the city. Cornelius Vanderbilt began the construction of Grand Central Depot in 1869 on 42nd Street at Fourth Avenue as the terminal for his Central, Hudson and New Haven commuter rail lines, because city regulations required that trains be pulled by horse below 42nd Street; the Depot, which opened in 1871, was replaced by Grand Central Terminal in 1913. Between the 1870s and 1890s, 42nd Street became the uptown boundary of the mainstream theatre district, which started around 23rd Street, as the entertainment district of the Tenderloin moved northward.
The corner of 42nd Street and Broadway, at the southeast corner of Times Square, was the eastern terminus of the Lincoln Highway, the first road across the United States, conceived and mapped in 1913. Lloyd Bacon and Busby Berkeley's 1933 film musical 42nd Street, starring 30s heartthrobs Dick Powell and Ruby Keeler, displays the bawdy and colorful mixture of Broadway denizens and lowlifes in Manhattan during the Depression. In 1980, it was turned into a successful Broadway musical which ran until 1989, and, revived for a four-year run in 2001. In the words of the Al Dubin and Harry Warren title song, on 42nd Street you can find: From the late 1950s until the late 1980s, 42nd Street, nicknamed the "Deuce", was the cultural center of American grindhouse theaters, which spawned an entire subculture; the book Sleazoid Express, a travelogue of the 42nd Street grindhouses and the films they showed, describes the unique blend of people who made up the theater-goers: depressives hiding from jobs, sexual obsessives, inner-city people seeking cheap diversions, teenagers skipping school, adventurous couples on dates, couples-chasers peeking on them, people getting high, homeless people sleeping, pickpockets...
While the street outside the theatres was populated with: phony drug salesman... low-level drug dealers, chain snatchers... unkies alone in their heroin/cocaine dreamworld... predatory chickenhawks spying on underage trade looking for pickups... male prostitutes of all ages... ranssexuals and closety gays with a fetishistic homo- or heterosexual itch to scratch... It was common to see porn stars whose films were playing at the adult houses promenade down the block.... Were you a freak? Not when you stepped onto the Deuce. Being a freak there would get you money, entertainment, a starring part in a movie. Or maybe a robbery and a beating. For much of the mid and late 20th century, the area of 42nd Street near Times Square was home to activities considered unsavory, including peep shows. In the early 1990s, city government encouraged a cleanup of the Times Square area. In 1990, the city government took over six of the historic theatres on the block of 42nd Street between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, New 42nd Street, a not-for-profit organization, was formed to oversee their renovation and reuse, as well as to construct new theatres and a rehearsal space.
In 1993, the Walt Disney Corporation bought the New Amsterdam Theatre, which it renovated a few years later. It is now the flagship for Disney's theatrical productions in New York. Since the mid-1990s, the block has again become home to mainstream theatres and several multi-screen mainstream movie theatres, along with shops, restaurants and attractions such as Madame Tussauds wax museum and Ripley's Believe It or Not that draw millions to the city every year; this area is now co-signed as "New 42nd Street" to signify this change.: Headquarters of the United Nations, First Avenue Tudor City apartments, First Avenue Ford Foundation, between First and Second Avenues, former site of the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled News Building, Second Avenue Chrysler Building, Lexington Avenue Chanin Building, Lexington Avenue Cipriani's 42nd Street the Bowery Savings Bank, between Lexington and Park Avenues Pershing Square, Park Avenue Grand Central Terminal, Park Avenue One Vanderbilt, Vanderbilt Avenue New York Public Library Main Branch, Fifth A
Turtle Bay, Manhattan
Turtle Bay is a neighborhood in New York City, on the east side of Midtown Manhattan. It extends from 43rd Street to 53rd Street, eastward from Lexington Avenue to the East River's western branch, facing Roosevelt Island; the neighborhood is the site of the headquarters of the Chrysler Building. The Tudor City apartment complex is to the south of Turtle Bay. Turtle Bay is named after a former cove of the East River, which in turn was named after the Dutch word for "knife"; the neighborhood was settled as a Dutch farm in the 17th century, was subsequently developed with tenements, power plants, slaughterhouses in the 19th century. These industrial structures were demolished in the 1940s and 1950s to make way for the United Nations headquarters. Today, Turtle Bay contains multiple missions and consulates to the nearby United Nations headquarters. Turtle Bay is part of Manhattan Community District 6 and its primary ZIP Codes are 10017 and 10022, it is patrolled by the 17th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.
Turtle Bay, a cove of the East River, received its name in the 17th century by its resemblance in shape to that of a knife, "deutal" being Dutch for "knife". The cove, filled in after the Civil War, was a valuable shelter from the harsh weather on the river, became a thriving site for shipbuilding; the Turtle Bay neighborhood was a 40-acre land grant given to two Englishmen by the Dutch colonial governor of New Amsterdam in 1639, named "Turtle Bay Farm". The farm extended from what is now 43rd Street to 48th Street, from Third Avenue to the river. On a knoll overlooking the cove, near 41st Street, the farmhouse was purchased as a summer retreat by Francis Bayard, in the early 19th century remained the summer villa of Francis Bayard Winthrop. Turtle Creek, or DeVoor's Mill Creek as it was known, emptied into the cove at what is now 47th Street. To the south lay Kip's Bay farm. After the street grid system was initiated in Manhattan, the hilly landscape of the Turtle Bay Farm was graded to create cross-streets and the land was subdivided for residential development.
An army enrollment office was established at Third Avenue and 46th Street, after the first Draft Act was passed during the American Civil War. On July 13, 1863, an angry mob burned the office to the ground and proceeded to riot through the surrounding neighborhood, destroying entire blocks; the New York Draft Riots continued for three days before army troops managed to contain the mob, which had burned and looted much of the city. After the war ended, the pastoral neighborhood was developed with brownstones. By 1868 the bay had been filled in by commercial overdevelopment, packed with breweries, slaughterhouses, cattle pens, coal yards, railroad piers. By the early 20th century, Turtle Bay was "a riverside back yard" for the city, as the WPA Guide to New York City described it: "huge industrial enterprises—breweries, abattoirs, power plants—along the water front face squalid tenements not far away from new apartment dwellings attracted to the section by its river view and its central position.
The numerous plants shower this district with the heaviest sootfall in the city—150 tons to the square mile annually". The huge Waterside Station, a power plant operated by the Consolidated Edison Company, producing 367,000 kilowatts of electricity in its coal-fired plant, marked the southern boundary of the neighborhood. There were 18 acres of slaughterhouses along First Avenue. With an infusion of poor immigrants having had come in the part of the 19th century, the opening of the elevated train lines along Second and Third Avenues, the neighborhood went into decay with crumbling tenement buildings. Many tenements were restored in the 1920s, a large communal garden was established. Charlotte Hunnewell Sorchan saw promise in the run-down rowhouses of Turtle Bay, her architects refaced the brownstone street-fronts with pale stucco, rearranged the interiors so that service rooms faced the noisy street and living areas faced inwards, where the individual back yards were arranged so that each opens into a common garden of trees and shrubs down the center.
Having married Walton Martin, she sold the houses to friends at cost, with property restrictions that kept the commons secure. Among the first purchasers was Maria Bowen Chapin, founder of the Chapin School. Celebrity residents since have included actors Katharine Hepburn, Ruth Gordon, June Havoc, Ricardo Montalban, Tyrone Power. White, who wrote Charlotte's Web when living on 48th Street, it was designated the Turtle Bay Gardens Historic District in 1966. An area between First and Second Avenues, 41st and 43rd Streets was known as "Goat Hill"—goats and squatters ruled the area—and renamed "Prospect Hill". Prospect Hill developed into a shanty Irish community known as "Corcoran's Roost", founded by Jimmy Corcoran, in the 1850s, became known as a community with a high rate of violent crime and a haven for waterfront thieves such as the Rag Gang, during the late 19th century. From 1927 to 1932, the 2,800-unit Tudor City was built on this site, in 1988 named a historic
First Avenue (Manhattan)
First Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from Houston Street northbound for over 125 blocks before terminating at the Willis Avenue Bridge into The Bronx at the Harlem River near East 126th Street. South of Houston Street, the roadway continues as Allen Street south to Division Street. Traffic on First Avenue runs northbound only. Like most of Manhattan's major north-south Avenues, First Avenue was proposed as part of the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 for Manhattan, which designated 12 broad north-south Avenues running the length of the island; the southern portions of the Avenue were laid out shortly after the plan was adopted. The northern sections of the Avenue would be graded and cut through at various intervals throughout the 19th century as the northward development of the island demanded; the IRT Second Avenue Line ran above First Avenue from Houston Street to 23rd Street before turning west at 23rd and north onto Second Avenue.
This elevated line was torn down in 1942. First Avenue has carried one-way traffic since June 4, 1951. A protected bike lane was established along the left side of the avenue south of 50th Street in 2011. First Avenue passes through a variety of residential neighborhoods. Between 42nd Street and 45th Street, it borders the United Nations headquarters complex, four lanes are underground. Starting in the south at Houston Street, First Avenue passes through the East Village, once a predominantly German and Jewish neighborhood, now a gentrified area populated by hipsters and yuppies. First Avenue runs by two large urban development projects, Stuyvesant Town and Peter Cooper Village, two middle-income housing developments that sit on what used to be the Gashouse District, an industrial area; these fill the east side of the avenue from 14th to 23rd Streets. The avenue is wide in this segment, is separated by a median; the New York Veterans Affairs Medical Center, the Bellevue Hospital, NYU Medical Center fill the blocks from there to 34th Street.
Between 42nd and 47th streets, the avenue runs past United Nations Headquarters. Here a local bypass, United Nations Plaza, splits from the main road, which runs through the First Avenue Tunnel, rejoining the local street at 49th Street. Crossing under the Queensboro Bridge and entering the Upper East Side, First Avenue runs through a number of residential areas, it serves as one of the main shopping streets of the Yorkville neighborhood a working class German and Hungarian neighborhood, today a wealthy enclave of upper-class residents. In this district, First Avenue is known as "Bedpan Alley" because of the large number of hospitals located nearby. Crossing 96th Street, First Avenue runs through Spanish Harlem, a Puerto Rican neighborhood. Before Puerto Rican migration in the 1950s, much of this district was populated by Italians and known as "Italian Harlem". First Avenue in Italian Harlem was the site of a major open-air pushcart market in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. There is still a small Italian enclave in the Pleasant Valley district of East Harlem, between 114th and 120th Streets.
The northern reaches of First Avenue, north of 110th Street have seen a significant increase in Mexican residents. First Avenue connects to the Willis Avenue Bridge, which crosses the Harlem River at 125th Street and connects to Willis Avenue in the Bronx; the opening scene of Ghostbusters II was filmed at the intersection of 77th Street. In the Seinfeld TV series, Kramer describes the intersection of First Avenue and 1st Street as the "nexus of the universe"; this provided. Media related to 1st Avenue at Wikimedia Commons New York Songlines: First Avenue, a virtual walking tour
Grand Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
Grand Street is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Grand Street and Chrystie Street in Chinatown and the Lower East Side of Manhattan, it is served by the D train at all times and the B on weekdays. Opened on November 26, 1967, this station was one of two added as part of the Chrystie Street Connection, it is a proposed station on the Second Avenue Subway, whose fourth phase would include new platform connecting to the existing platforms. The station was built as part of the Chrystie Street Connection between the Sixth Avenue Line and the Manhattan and Williamsburg Bridges; the Chrystie Street Connection was first proposed in 1947 as the southern end of the Second Avenue Subway, which would feed into the two bridges, allowing Sixth Avenue Line trains to access the BMT Jamaica Line, BMT Fourth Avenue Line and the BMT Brighton Line in Brooklyn. Construction started in 1962, the first part of the connection, including this station, opened on November 26, 1967, when the link between the Sixth Avenue Line and the Manhattan Bridge north tracks opened.
The connection was opened on July 1, 1968, with the opening of the 57th Street and the opening of the connection between the Sixth Avenue Line and the Williamsburg Bridge. With the connection completed, the most significant service changes carried out in the subway's history were introduced. Upon this station's opening the routes of the B and D were rerouted via the new connection. BB trains were relabeled the B, began to run to Coney Island via the Chrystie Street Connection, the Manhattan Bridge north tracks, Fourth Avenue Line express tracks, the West End Line. D trains were rerouted from the Culver Line to run to Coney Island via the new Sixth Avenue express tracks, the Chrystie Street Connection, the Manhattan Bridge north tracks, the Brighton Line; when the north Manhattan Bridge tracks were closed for repairs from 1986 to 1988, in 1995, from 2001 to 2004, this station was served by the Grand Street Shuttle to the Sixth Avenue Line and there was no subway service to Brooklyn. A shuttle bus replaced service to Brooklyn from 2001 to 2004.
The station has two narrow side platforms. They are column-less, except at staircases, have a blue trim line with "GRAND ST" in white sans-serif font on it at regular intervals. In the original plan for the station, this would have been a four-track, two-island platform station. Although the connection only served Sixth Avenue Line trains, it was the first part of the Second Avenue line, constructed. There is a sole mezzanine at the center of the station which has two staircases to each platform, a turnstile bank, token booth, access to the street exits. On the Brooklyn-bound side, there is a small sign reading "Change Radio Channel to B1", indicating that train operators must change the channel on the route destination box from B2 to B1 before crossing the Manhattan Bridge. Southbound trains leaving this station cross over the north side of the bridge and arrive at DeKalb Avenue or Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center; as the tracks curve onto the bridge, trackways from Canal Street on the Manhattan Bridge branch of the BMT Broadway Line are visible.
The north side of the bridge led to that station before the current alignment was completed in 1967. There are three staircase exits: two going up to the northeastern corner of the intersection of Grand and Chrystie Streets, one going up to the northwestern corner; the station only had the two street stairs to the northeastern corner of the intersection, but due to growing ridership over the years—mainly by commuters from various Brooklyn neighborhoods to Manhattan's Chinatown—the third staircase to the northwestern corner was added in 1999. A painted frieze called Trains of Thought by Andrea Gardner and Sally Heller was installed at the mezzanine and platforms in the late 1990s as the "Creative Stations" program sponsored by the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, it features red clay models of R62s/R62As mounted on wood. In addition to connecting the BMT Nassau Street and IND Sixth Avenue Lines, as well as the Sixth Avenue Line to the Manhattan Bridge, the Chrystie Street Connection is one of the few completed sections of the SAS.
The Grand Street station was built to serve as a transfer point between the Sixth Avenue and Second Avenue lines. The connection was built this way because the original 1960s plans for the SAS had Second Avenue and Sixth Avenue Line trains sharing two island platforms in a four-track layout, with connections from the Second Avenue Line to the Sixth Avenue Line and the Manhattan Bridge; because Second Avenue Subway construction was halted in 1975, this station has only served Sixth Avenue Line trains since its opening. As part of the contemporary Second Avenue Subway construction, a new station is planned for construction below the current station during the fourth and final phase of the project. During modern planning, it was considered to utilize the cross-platform provision, known as the "Shallow Chrystie Option", or to place the tracks under Forsyth Street one block east, both of which could tie into an existing tunnel near the Chatham Square station site south of Canal Street; this tunnel, known as the Confucius Plaza Tunnel, was built in the 1970s along with several sections in Upper Manhattan used for Phases 1 and 2 of the SAS.
Both these options would require extensiv
The Queensboro Bridge known as the 59th Street Bridge – because its Manhattan end is located between 59th and 60th Streets – and titled the Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge, is a cantilever bridge over the East River in New York City, completed in 1909. It connects the neighborhood of Long Island City in the borough of Queens with the neighborhood of the Upper East Side Manhattan, passing over Roosevelt Island; the Queensboro Bridge carries New York State Route 25, which terminates at the west side of the bridge. The bridge once carried NY 25A as well; the western leg of the Queensboro Bridge is flanked on its northern side by the freestanding Roosevelt Island Tramway. The bridge was, for a long time called the Queensboro Bridge, but in March 2011, the bridge was renamed in honor of former New York City mayor Ed Koch. No tolls are charged for motor vehicles to use the bridge; the Queensboro Bridge is the first entry point into Manhattan in the course of the New York City Marathon and the last exit point out of Manhattan in the Five Boro Bike Tour.
The Queensboro Bridge is a two-level double cantilever bridge. It has one over the channel on each side of Roosevelt Island; the bridge does not have suspended spans, so the cantilever arm from each side reaches to the midpoint of the span. The lengths of its five spans and approaches are as follows: Manhattan to Roosevelt Island span length: 1,182 ft Roosevelt Island span length: 630 ft Roosevelt Island to Queens span length: 984 ft Side span lengths: 469 and 459 ft Total length between anchorages: 3,724 ft Total length including approaches: 7,449 ft Until it was surpassed by the Quebec Bridge in 1917, the span between Manhattan and Roosevelt Island was the longest cantilever span in North America; the upper level of the bridge has four lanes of automobile traffic, consisting of two roadways with two lanes in each directions. It provides a view of the New York skyline. Although the two upper level roadways both end at Thomson Avenue on the Queens side, they diverge in opposite directions on the Manhattan side.
The lanes used by westbound traffic, located on the northern side of the bridge, lead north to 62nd and 63rd Streets. On the other hand, the lanes used by eastbound traffic are located on the southern side of the bridge lead south to 57th and 58th Streets; the roadway to 57th and 58th Streets is used as a westbound high-occupancy vehicle lane during rush hours. The lower level has five vehicular lanes, the inner four for automobile traffic and the southern outer lane for automobile traffic as well, used for Queens-bound traffic; the North Outer Roadway was converted into a permanent pedestrian walk and bicycle path in September 2000. The Manhattan approach to the bridge is supported on a series of Guastavino tile vaults which formed the elegant ceiling of the former Food Emporium Bridge Market and the restaurant Guastavino's, located under the bridge; this open air promenade was known as Bridgemarket and was part of Hornbostel's attempt to make the bridge more hospitable in the city. Serious proposals for a bridge linking Manhattan to Long Island City were first made as early as 1838 and attempts to finance such a bridge were made by a private company beginning in 1867.
Its efforts never came to fruition and the company went bankrupt in the 1890s. Successful plans came about in 1903 – after the creation in 1898 of Greater New York City through the amalgamation of Manhattan, Queens, the Bronx and Staten Island – under the new city's Department of Bridges, led by Gustav Lindenthal, appointed to the new position of Commissioner of Bridges in 1902, in collaboration with Leffert L. Buck and Henry Hornbostel, designers of the Williamsburg Bridge. Construction soon began, but it would take until 1909 for the bridge to be completed due to delays from the collapse of an incomplete span during a windstorm, from labor unrest, which included an attempt to dynamite one span; the bridge opened for public use on March 1909, having cost about $18 million and 50 lives. There was a ten-cent toll to drive over the bridge; the bridge's ceremonial grand opening was held on June 12, 1909. At the time, it was the fourth longest bridge in the world; the grand opening included. The bridge was known as the Blackwell's Island Bridge, from an earlier name for Roosevelt Island.
The bridge's upper level contained two pedestrian walkways and two elevated railway tracks. Three lanes of roadway were installed on the south side of the upper level in 1931, replacing the former upper-level walkway. All service on the Second Avenue Elevated was discontinued in 1942. From 1955 to 1958, two additional lanes were built on the upper level; the upper-level ramps on the Queens end of the bridge were built during the same time. The lower deck hosted four motor traffic lanes, what is now the "outer roadway" and pedestrian walk were two trolley lanes. A trolley connected passengers from Queens and Manhattan to a stop in the middle of the bridge, where passengers could take an elevator or the stairs down to Roosevelt Island; the trolley operated from the bridge's opening until April 7, 1957. The trolley lanes and mid-bridge station, as well as the stairs, were removed in the 1950s – the trolley's last run was on April 7, 1957 – and for the next few decades the bridge carried 11 lanes of automobile traffic.
In 1930, an elevator was built on the bridge to transport cars and passengers to what was called Welfare Island, now Roos