Second Battle of Komárom (1849)

The Second Battle of Komárom, sometimes known as the Battle of Ács, took place at 2 July 1849, between the Hungarian army led by General Artúr Görgei and the imperial army of Austria led by Field Marshal Julius von Haynau, which had an 12 000 strong Russian contingent led by Lieutenant General Fyodor Sergeyevich Panyutyin. The imperial army outnumbered the Hungarian troops by 2 to 1, was superior regarding the multitude of infantry and light as well as heavy cavalry unit types, the quality of the weapons. Except the problems of military kind, problems of other kind influenced negatively the Hungarian army. Short before the battle, the conflict between the Hungarian commander, Görgei, the political leadership of Hungary, Lajos Kossuth and the Szemere-Government, escalated abruptly; the government lead by Kossuth, decided to retreat the Hungarian troops from the defensible Komárom to Southern Hungary, leaving half of the country in the hands of the enemy, without consulting the war minister Görgei, the only person with the right to take a military decision.

Görgei considered this illegal decision as wrong, but he accepted to execute it, in order to avoid the confrontation with the political leadership in such a critical military situation, fixing the date of the depart towards southern Hungary to 3 July. But despite of this, on 31 June Kossuth laid off Görgei from the high command of the Hungarian army, because he had read two of the latters letters in the wrong order. All these caused uncertainty and conflicts among the Hungarian officers and soldiers before this important enemy attack. Kossuth sent Lieutenant General Lázár Mészáros to Komárom, to take the leadership from Görgei, send him to Pest, but when Mészáros approached on 2 July, on a steam boat, to Komárom, he heard the gunshots of the battle, returned to Pest. The Austrian Supreme Commander Field Marshal Julius Jacob von Haynau's plan was to force the Hungarian troops to retreat in the fortress of Komárom, to lay, with a part of his army, a siege against it from the south, opening in this way the road towards Buda and Pest.

After accomplishing this goal the bulk of Haynau's troops had to advance towards East, occupy the Hungarian capitals, before his allies, the Russian main troops led by Ivan Paskevich, arrived there. The battle started on the early morning of 2 July with the attack of the I corps led by General Franz Schlik of the imperial troops from the direction of Ács, chasing away the Hungarians from the Ács forest pushing them into the fortifications lying South from Komárom, capturing the Monostor-trenches, thus entering in the fortifications, menacing to occupy the whole southern fortification and trench system of the fortress, putting in danger the Hungarian troops from there, to be encircled. Artúr Görgei was not expecting a major enemy attack in that day, foreseeing that he will be dismissed from the military leadership, knowing the animosity of the political class against him, in that night and early morning, right when the enemy attack started, he was writing a letter in which he explained the causes of his military decisions, accusing Kossuth for the military and political problems.

He stopped the writing when he heard the sound of the gunshots of the battle, rushed to the battlefield. He arrived on the battlefield, faced the disastrous situation, in which the Hungarian VIII corps was fleeing from the battlefield, letting the Western external trenches of the fortress and some of the fortifications in the hands of the Austrians; the Hungarian main commander, after trying in vain to convince them to fight the advancing Austrians, stopped the rout of the Hungarian soldiers of the VIII corps by commanding grapeshots and volley fire against them, managing with this extreme method to stop them ordering them to regroup, with the support of the VII and II corps, to chase away Schlik's troops from the fortifications, as well as from the Ács forest. The Hungarian counter attack, supported from South by the Hungarian cavalry of the VII corps, led by General Ernő Poeltenberg, put in danger the Austrian left flank commanded by General Franz Schlik to be cut from the rest of the imperial army, but the latter was saved by the involvement in the fights of the Russian division led by Lieutenant General Fyodor Panyutyin and the Austrian Simbschen-brigade of the I. corps, which forced Poeltenberg to retreat, in order to escape the encirclement, thus stopping the Hungarian advancement.

During these fights on the imperial troops left flank, on the right flank, the Austrian brigade of the IV corps, led by General Lajos Benedek occupied Ószőny, which opened the way of the imperials towards Buda and Pest. General György Klapka, the commander of the Hungarian III corps, ordered several counter attacks to reoccupy this crucial locality, but despite some initial successes, his troops were forced to retreat. During these events Haynau was unaware of the situation on the battlefield, thought that his troops had won the battle, ordering his center to retreat from the battlefield, thus putting his army in danger to be destroyed by a Hungarian attack, by cutting his lines in two. Görgei noticed the opportunity, tried to concentrate his cavalry in the middle, massing important artillery units there. Luckily for Haynau, his brigade commanders, as well as Panyutyin, understood the danger and intervened with their troops, closing the gap from their forefront. Görgei unde

Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 is a Micro Four Thirds System digital still and video camera released in May 2014. At the time of its release, the GH4 was notable for being the world's first Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera with 4K Video recording capability; the GH4 is physically similar to its predecessor, the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3, adding only a locking mode dial and more detailed rear LCD screen and Electronic Viewfinder. The emphasis of the camera is the video with Venus Engine IX processor allow for 4K video and 12 fps continuous shooting; as a 4K video camera, it can be categorized as a pro-level video camera that can record in Cinema 4K mode or standard 4K-UHD using IPB compression in 100Mbit/s. In Full 1080p HD there are two options, 200Mbit/s in ALL-Intra compression, or 100Mbit/s with no recording time limit; the camera, mp4, AVCHD Progressive, AVCHD video formats at a variety of frame rates according to the usage. Autofocus needs only 0.07 seconds with the'Depth from Defocus' autofocus system.

The camera has Wi-Fi with NFC, PC sync port and shadow control, a'silent mode' which uses the electronic shutter only. Video features added to the DMC-GH4 include Focus peaking, zebra overlay, luminance level adjustment, cinema gamma presets. Along with the GH4, Panasonic released the YAGH interface unit, a camera-attached device to increase input and output options for the GH4; the YAGH connects to the GH4 via attachment screw on the bottom of the camera, as well as a sliding mechanism which plugs into the camera's HDMI port on the side. The interface contains two 3-pin XLR Connector inputs, which are controlled by a pair of preamplifiers inside the unit, offering phantom power, more control over input gain levels and microphone choice, input metering via LED meters on the interface; the YAGH provides a timecode input for multi-device synchronization. For outputs, the YAGH offers four BNC connector terminals for Serial Digital Interface use with outboard recorders and monitors. In addition, a full-size HDMI port is present.

These video outputs differ from the camera's native recording in that they offer a 10-bit 4:2:2 signal rather than the camera's internal 8-bit 4:2:0. The YAGH interface is not powered by the camera, instead relying on 12-volt DC power provided by a separate battery or power supply using a four-pin XLR type connector. Official specifications DMC-GH4 User Manual DMW-YAGH User Manual

Mary Alice Powell Lindsay

Mary Alice Powell Lindsay became the first registered nurse in Utah, United States. She studied at the LDS College, the Relief Society Home Nursing program, the Hospital Nurses Training School in Battle Creek and the University of Utah, she was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and participated in the Young Women Mutual Improvement Association and volunteered for the Boy Scouts of America. Mary Alice Powell was born April 1883, in Granite, Utah Territory, her family were members of the LDS Church. Her parents were Mary Ann Cunningham, her parents had converted to the church in England and moved to Salt Lake City. She was the fourth of their seven children, her family moved to Wasatch Resort since her father worked at the granite quarry for the Salt Lake Temple. He owned the first set of encyclopedias in their community, her father died before her seventh birthday, after his death, the family moved back to Granite and to Sandy, Utah. Her mother was remarried to John Mattson.

As a youth, Mary was involved with the YWMIA. She served as treasurer at age 14, she was a literature teacher for the Relief Society at age 15. After graduating eighth grade, she attended the LDS College, she was called by the church to serve as a Relief Society missionary and was to enroll in nursing classes. She studied for three years, she helped out with housework. She graduated in June 1903 from the Relief Society Home Nurse Course and received a perfect score on her final exam, she was expected to stay and work for the organization to pay for the classes she had taken. She worked with many women giving birth, she accepted a position with the LDS Hospital, but felt torn between her career and her family. She furthered her education by taking classes under Dr. John T. Miller, she was encouraged to attended the Battle Creek Sanitarium and Hospital Nurses Training School in Battle Creek, Michigan. She passed out three times while watching her first operation at the hospital. During this time of study, she could not attend church meetings.

She graduated from the school in June 1910. She was offered a position as the Surgical Division Supervisor that she declined to return home to Utah. After returning to Utah, Powell found, she joined a committee to get more registered nurses in 1914. Because of her work, Powell became the first woman in the state of Utah to become a registered nurse, she returned to school for two years and attended the University of Utah from 1914–1915. She became the assistant superintendent of nurses at the LDS Hospital in 1916, she held that position for four years. She met Samuel J. Lindsay while on a nursing call, they were married on June 1916, in the Salt Lake Temple. The couple had six children, they built their home in Taylorsville. Shortly after her marriage, Mary was called by local church leaders to serve as a member of the Cottonwood Relief Society Stake Board. In this position she helped organize the Cottonwood Maternity Hospital, she organized Child Health Conferences in Murray, Utah. She worked with that organization as a volunteer.

She organized health conference with the Utah State Board of Health during this time. After the death of her husband and oldest son in 1932, Lindsay taught Red Cross classes and became a public health nurse in Salt Lake, she became the PTA president of her children's school. She served as PTA president for three years. In 1951, she regained strength, she retired in 1951 due to her health problems. Lindsay was called by church leaders to serve in various responsibilities, she was a teacher of YWMIA at the local level. She was a merit badge counselor for the Boy Scouts of America in 1950. Lindsay traveled to Tonga to visit one of her sons. In 1965, she was awarded Mother of the Year in Utah, she died on February 1979 in Taylorsville. Mary Alice Powell Lindsay papers, MSS SC 1044 at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Brigham Young University