Second Battle of Komárom (1849)

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Second Battle of Komárom
Part of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
Komáromi csata II Than 2.jpg
The Second Battle of Komárom. A painting by Mór Than
Date 2 July 1849
Location Komárom, Kingdom of Hungary
Result Hungarian pyrrhic victory[1]
Belligerents
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Hungarian Revolutionary Army Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Austrian Empire
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917).svg Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Artúr Görgei (WIA)
Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png György Klapka
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Julius Jacob von Haynau
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Franz Schlik
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Ludwig von Wohlgemuth
Flag of Russian Empire for private use (1914–1917).svg Feodor Sergeyevich Panyutyin
Strength
Total: 26,884 men
- II. corps: 5925
- III. corps: 7766
- VII. corps: 10,661
- VIII. corps: 2444
131 cannons[2]
Total: 52,185 men
- I. corps: 18,523
- Reserve corps: 15,549
- Cavalry division: 4259
- Panyutyin division: 11,672
- Other units: 2187
234 cannons
Did not participated:
III. corps: 12,558 men
42 cannons[3]
Casualties and losses
Total: 1500 men Total: 890 men
- 140 dead
- 588 wounded
- 162 missing and captured[4]
Memorial column for the Battle of Ács

The Second Battle of Komárom, sometimes known as the Battle of Ács, started on 2 July, the Austrian Supreme Commander Julius Jacob von Haynau and Schlik jointly attacked Komárom at 5 am. Görgey commanded the right flank and the middle, and Klapka commanded the left flank. Károly Leiningen-Westerburg fought against the Austrian army at Mocsa, but after the first couple of successes the Hungarian army had to withdraw. Klapka, seeing the bigger Austrian army, withdrew his legion from Szőny to Újszőny.

Leiningen started the fight, but the Austrian army won it. Major Rakovszky and Ernő Poeltenberg's attacks were more successful, they occupied the monastery and Herkálypuszta. After this, Klapka gave the order to retake Ószőny, the fight at Ószőny ended with Hungarian success.

Meanwhile, at the monastery the Austrians were successful: they occupied the vineyard on the hill and got nearer towards to the Hungarians, after they put their flag as a symbol of victory, they fought with the hiding Hungarians on Elisabeth Island. The Hungarians made them retreat to Ács.

After the attack on the monastery, around 5 pm, Klapka started to attack Ószőny. The Austrians won two attacks, but they lost the third and had to retreat to Mocsa, at the same time Poeltenberg and Görgey attacked the Ausrians and won. At Csém he confronted the Russian army and lost. Görgey had other unsuccessful attacks and he himself was injured, the battle ended around 8 pm. The Austrian army lost 900 men, the Hungarian loss was approximately 1,500 men.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hermann 2013, pp. 43.
  2. ^ Hermann 2004, pp. 303.
  3. ^ Hermann 2004, pp. 303.
  4. ^ Hermann 2004, pp. 303.

Sources[edit]

  • Az 1848–1849-es szabadságharc története ("The history of the Hungarian War of Independence of 1848–1849) (in Hungarian). Budapest. ISBN 963-8218-20-7. 
  • Bóna, Gábor (1987). Tábornokok és törzstisztek a szabadságharcban 1848–49 ("Generals and Staff Officers in the War of Independence 1848–1849") (in Hungarian). Budapest: Zrínyi Katonai Kiadó. p. 430. ISBN 963-326-343-3. 
  • Hermann, Róbert (2001). Az 1848–1849-es szabadságharc hadtörténete ("Military History of the Hungarian War of Independence of 1848–1849") (in Hungarian). Budapest: Korona Kiadó. p. 424. ISBN 963-9376-21-3. 
  • Hermann, Róbert (2004). Az 1848–1849-es szabadságharc nagy csatái ("Great battles of the Hungarian War of Independence of 1848–1849") (in Hungarian). Budapest: Zrínyi. p. 408. ISBN 963-327-367-6. 
  • Hermann, Róbert (2013). Nagy csaták. 16. A magyar függetlenségi háború ("Great Battles. 16. The Hungarian Freedom War") (in Hungarian). Budapest: Duna Könyvklub. p. 88. ISBN 978-615-5129-00-1. 
  • Pusztaszeri, László (1984). Görgey Artúr a szabadságharcban ("Artúr Görgey in the War of Independence") (in Hungarian). Budapest: Magvető Könyvkiadó. p. 784. ISBN 963-14-0194-4.