Canadian Museum of History
The Canadian Museum of History is Canada's national museum of human history. It is located in the Hull area of Gatineau, directly across the Ottawa River from Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario; the museum's primary purpose is to collect, study and present material objects that illuminate the human history of Canada and the cultural diversity of its people. The Canadian Museum of Civilization, the name of the museum was changed in 2013 to the Canadian Museum of History; the Museum of History's permanent galleries explore Canada's 20,000 years of human history and a program of special exhibitions expands on Canadian themes and explore other cultures and civilizations and present. The museum is a major research institution, its staff includes leading experts in Canadian history, archaeology and folk culture. The museum organizing traveling exhibits. With roots stretching back to 1856, the museum is one of North America's oldest cultural institutions, it is home to the Canadian Children's Museum. It used to be the home of the Canadian Postal Museum.
The Museum of History is managed by the Canadian Museum of History Corporation, a federal Crown Corporation, responsible for the Canadian War Museum, the Children's Museum and the Virtual Museum of New France. The museum is a member of the Canadian Museums Association; the museum is affiliated with: Canadian Museums Association, Canadian Heritage Information Network, Virtual Museum of Canada. The museum has three permanent exhibition galleries: the Grand Hall, the First Peoples Hall, the Canadian History Hall; the museum operates a movie theatre, a children's museum and special exhibit galleries. The Grand Hall on the building's first level is the museum's architectural centrepiece, it features a wall of windows 112 m wide by 15 m high, framing a view of the Ottawa River and Parliament Hill. On the opposite wall is a colour photograph of similar size, it is believed to be the largest colour photograph in the world. The picture provides a backdrop for a dozen towering totem poles and recreations of six Pacific Coast Aboriginal house facades connected by a boardwalk.
The homes were made by First Nations artisans using large cedar timbers imported from the Pacific Northwest. The grouping of these totem poles, combined with others in the Grand Hall, is said to be the largest indoor display of totem poles in the world; the Grand Hall houses the original plaster pattern for the Spirit of Haida Gwaii, by Haida artist Bill Reid, his largest and most complex sculpture. The pattern was used to cast the bronze sculpture displayed outside the Canadian Embassy in Washington, D. C. Located at the end of the Grand Hall, by the river, is a 19 m diameter dome. On the dome is the 418 m2 abstract painting known as Morning Star; the painting, by First Nation artist Alex Janvier a Dene Suline artist, with the assistance of his son Dean, was completed in four months in 1993. On the Museum's first level, this permanent exhibition narrates the history and accomplishments of Canada's Aboriginal peoples from their original habitation of North America to the present day, it explores the diversity of the First Peoples, their interactions with the land, their on-going contributions to society.
The Hall is the result of a groundbreaking, intensive collaboration that occurred between museum curators and First Peoples representatives during the planning stages. Chronicling 20,000 years of history, the hall is separated into three larger zones: "An Aboriginal Presence" looks at Aboriginal cultural diversity and prehistoric settlement of North America. Included are traditional stories about creation and other phenomena told by Aboriginal people such as Mi'kmaq Hereditary Chief Stephen Augustine who recounts the beginning of the world in the Creation Stories Theatre film. "An Ancient Bond with the Land" examines the relationship between Aboriginal Peoples and the natural world. "Arrival of Strangers - The Last 500 Years" examines Aboriginal history from the time of European contact to today. It examines early relations, the Métis, the clash of Christianity and Aboriginal beliefs, intergovernmental relations, the introduction of a wage economy, post-World War II political and legal affirmation and civil rights.
It features a ten-minute video about sustaining Aboriginal culture, introduces visitors to Native art. The Canadian History Hall is a permanent gallery dedicated to Canadian history that encompasses both the third and fourth floors of the museum home to the Canada Hall and the Canadian Personalities Hall and meant to be more comprehensive and engaging than its precursors, it opened on July 2017, in celebration of the 150th anniversary of Confederation. World's oldest hockey stick, known as the Moffat stick The Queen's Beasts The museum was designed by Douglas Cardinal, a famous Aboriginal architect educated at the University of British Columbia and the University of Texas at Austin; the museum complex consists of two wings, the public and curatorial wings, surrounded by a series of plazas connected by a grand staircase. Naturalized park areas connect the museum and its plazas to the Ottawa River and nearby Jacques Cartier Park; the museum was founded in 1856 as the display hall for the Geological Survey of Canada, accumulating not only minerals, but biological specimens, historical and ethnological artifacts.
It was founded in Montreal, was moved to Ottawa in 1881. In 1910, upon recommendation from Franz Boas, the anthropologist-linguist Edward Sapir was appointed as the first anthropo
Central Experimental Farm
The Central Experimental Farm known as the Experimental Farm, is an agricultural facility, working farm, research centre of the Research Branch of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. As the name indicates, this farm is centrally located in and now surrounded by the City of Ottawa, Canada; the 4 square kilometres farm is a National Historic Site of Canada and most buildings are protected and preserved as heritage buildings. The CEF original intent was to perform scientific research for improvement in agricultural methods and crops. While such research is still being conducted, the park-like atmosphere of the CEF has become an important place of recreation and education for the residents of Ottawa. Furthermore, over the years several other departments and agencies have encroached onto the CEF property, such as Natural Resources Canada, National Defence, the Ottawa Civic Hospital; the CEF is bordered by the Rideau Canal to the east, Prince of Wales Drive to the South-East, Baseline Road to the south, Merivale and Fisher Roads to the west, Carling Avenue to the north.
The Victorian era was a time of great interest in the advancement of natural sciences and many nations built zoos, botanical gardens, experimental farms. Canada followed suit and as the result of lobbying by John Carling, the Minister of Agriculture, William Saunders, the first director of the research branch, the "Act Respecting Experimental Stations" came into force in 1886; the CEF started out with 188 hectares, chosen because of their proximity to Parliament Hill but outside the city. Over the next few years the site was prepared by improving the land, building the facilities, planting the Arboretum and forest belt. Early research projects focused only on entomology and horticulture; the Chief Dominion Architect designed a number of prominent public buildings in Canada including those at the CEF: Thomas Seaton Scott. David Ewart embraced the Scottish baronial style. In 1887-8, Chief Dominion Architect Thomas Fuller designed the Museum, barn and Staff Residences on Prince of Wales Drive In 1887, Charles F. Cox lay out of the site and design of farm buildings.
In 1887-1888, William John Beckett, a contractor, served as foreman during the building of the residences and barns. In 1889, livestock was introduced to the CEF. Chief Dominion Architect David Ewart designed the Dominion Observatory, Carling Avenue in 1902. Chief Dominion Architect Edgar Lewis Horwood designed the Cereal and Agrostology Building, 1915-16. Chief Dominion Architect Richard Cotsman Wright designed a number of buildings including: the Poultry Office Building, 1920. John Bethune Roper designed the Administration Building, Carling Avenue, 1934. William James Abra designed the Biological Building, 1935. Over the years the scope of research grew and changed, prompting a need to increase the farm's lands and buildings; the Horticulturalist's house and staff residences were removed by the 1930s, the forest belt disappeared, new larger centralized facilities were built, starting with the Saunders Building in 1935, followed by the Neatby Building, Geophysical Lab, Laboratory Services Building, the Carling Building.
From 1940-47, building 136, operated as a high frequency Naval Radio Station -CFF which intercepted enemy transmissions. On May 1, 1993, a memorial was erected by NOAC and Royal Canadian Naval Association Ottawa and dedicated to the Naval Veterans and those who served at this station which provided a link during World War II between Canadian naval headquarters and ships at sea, allied naval headquarters and operational naval authorities. In 1983, the agricultural museum was created in the former Dairy Barn; the Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office recognized or classified a number of CEF buildings on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings between 1984-1997. The Cereal Barn Building 76 was classified in 1984; the Victoria Memorial Museum was classified in 1986. The Main Dairy Barn Building 88 was classified in 1987. In 1988, the Botanical Laboratory / Horticulture Building 74 and the Sheep Showcase / Small Dairy Barn Building 95 were recognized; the Nutrition Building 59 was recognized in 1992.
In 1993, Heritage House, Building 60 was recognized. The William Saunders Building 49 was recognized in 1994. In 1995, Heritage House, Building 54. In 1996, the Main Greenhouse Range, Building 50 was recognized. In 1997, a number of buildings were recognized: ARC Biotech, Building 34; the CEF was designated as a National Historic Site in 1998. In 2003, Public Works and Government Services Canada bought the Skyline office complex on the corner of Merivale and Baseline Roads from Nortel Networks; the complex has been renamed to "NHCAP". The head offices of Agricult
Ottawa Bluesfest is an annual outdoor music festival that takes place each July in downtown Ottawa, Canada. While the festival's lineup focused on blues music at its inception, it has showcased mainstream pop and rock acts in recent years. Bluesfest has become the second largest in North America. Since its inception, the festival has been managed by executive and artistic director Mark Monahan; the organization manages CityFolk Festival and the Ontario Festival of Small Halls. In 2002, Cisco Ottawa Bluesfest won the Best Event Award from the Ottawa Tourism and Convention Authority and in 2003 the organization received the Keeping the Blues Alive award for arts education from the Memphis Blues Foundation. Mark Monahan is a past recipient of the Toronto Blues Society's Blues with a Feeling award. In December 2011, Bluesfest reached a five-year sponsorship deal with RBC Royal Bank to ensure its financial stability. Henceforth, the event will be known as RBC Bluesfest; the festival was first held in 1994 at Majors Hill Park with the performance of Clarence Clemons, attracting 5,000 spectators.
The following year the festival attracted larger crowds with entertainers like John Hiatt and Buddy Guy. In 1996, 25,000 fans attended Bluesfest to see Los Lobos and others, it was that the Mitel corporation became the first major sponsor of the event. In 1997, the festival was moved to Confederation Park to provide more space for the increasing number of fans to see musicians such as Dr. John and Little Feat. In 1998, over 80,000 people showed up for the festival. Bell Mobility and CIBC Wood Gundy joined the list of sponsors. In 1999, the festival was moved to LeBreton Flats. Bluesfest became a registered charitable organization while attracting over 95,000 fans; the Royal Canadian Mint became a sponsor. Cisco Systems became the Bluesfest Title Sponsor in 2001, while the Ottawa Citizen and the National Post became Presenting Sponsors. In 2002, Cisco Ottawa Bluesfest moved to Festival Plaza in 200,000 fans. In 2003, the festival expanded to eight stages to celebrate its tenth anniversary with 220,000 people in attendance.
2005 saw the festival further diversify its offerings, reaching out to a younger audience as well as those interested in more than just blues. The 2006 edition saw continued growth with increased crowds and the move of the MBNA stage to Lisgar Collegiate Institute to provide more capacity. In 2007, Cisco Ottawa Bluesfest relocated to LeBreton Flats Park, a move from the site at Festival Plaza the previous year; the new site offered five stages around the Canadian War Museum. The stage set-up featured twin main stages akin to the Austin City Limits Music Festival, which allowed audiences to transfer between headlining acts; the festival continues to be held in July annually for 9–12 days. Headliners such as B. B King and the Dixie Chicks, Blake Shelton and Lady Gaga, Kanye West, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Foo Fighters attracting 300,000 attendees each year. Along with showcasing international musical talent, Bluesfest is a non-profit charitable organization with year-round music education initiatives such as Blues in the Schools, Be in the Band, the Bluesfest School of Music and Art, augmenting a focus on developing local artists in the Ottawa region.
On July 17, 2011, just 20 minutes into Cheap Trick’s set, a thunderstorm blew through the festival area. The band and crew narrowly escaped the collapse of the stage's 50-ton roof, it fell away from the audience and landed on the band's truck, parked alongside the back of the stage, breaking the fall and allowing everyone about 30 seconds to escape. Robin Zander was released from hospital the same day. During preparations for the 2018 festival, a pair of killdeer was found nesting on some cobblestones, which help camouflage the eggs, it was right. Killdeer and their nesting grounds are protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act. With permission from Environment and Climate Change Canada, help from the Woodlands Wildlife Sanctuary, the nest was moved 25 meters, one meter at a time, to a protected area behind the stage site, stage construction was allowed to continue after a 12-hour delay, it marked a first for successful killdeer nest relocation. List of festivals in Ottawa List of festivals in Canada Music of Canada List of blues festivals List of folk festivals RBC Bluesfest official website Ottawa Festivals website
Canadian Museum of Nature
The Canadian Museum of Nature called the National Museum of Natural Sciences, is Canada's national natural history and natural sciences museum in Ottawa, Ontario. Its four main collections, which were started by the Geological Survey of Canada in 1856 and now include ca. 14.6 million specimens, are Botany, Mineralogy and Zoology. The museum is affiliated with the Canadian Museums Association, the Canadian Heritage Information Network, the Alliance of Arctic Natural History Museums, the Alliance of Natural History Museums of Canada and the Virtual Museum of Canada; the exhibits and main programmes are housed in the Victoria Memorial Museum Building in Ottawa, at the museums public engagement campus. The museum has eight permanent galleries: Fossil Gallery - skeletons and dioramas about dinosaurs and marine reptiles, the events that led to their extinction and the rise of mammals 85 to 35 million years ago. Nearly 85% of the specimens displayed in the gallery are genuine fossils; the Canadian Museum of Nature is one of only a handful of museums in North America to display original fossil material.
Earth Gallery - minerals and rocks, how geological forces have shaped our planet. Mammal Gallery - Canada's wild animals, including mounts of grizzly bears, polar bears, moose, caribou and cougars. Water Gallery - a blue whale skeleton, exhibits about life found in marine and fresh water environments and the critical role that water plays in sustaining all living things. Bird Gallery - nearly 500 mounts of 450 species of Canadian birds, multimedia experiences and interactive displays. Nature Live - live insects and slugs. Stone Wall Gallery - changing displays of art and photography about natural science. Landscapes of Canada Gardens - an outdoor botanical exhibit with zones representing three different ecosystems of Canada: Arctic tundra, boreal forest and prairie grasslands; the Canada Goose Arctic Gallery—a permanent gallery—opened in June, 2017. Contains specimens from the Arctic through authentic specimens and artifacts, stunning multimedia, indigenous perspectives, fun interactive games, guided learning and more.
Features Arctic geography and sustainability, as well as the impacts of climate change. The National Film Board of Canada collaborated with the Museum that harnesses the power of real ice to create a window into the Arctic. Collections-based scientific research has been a core component of the museum since its inception. Today, research at the museum is focused in two cross-disciplinary centres of expertise: the Centre for Species Discovery and Change and the Centre for Arctic Knowledge and Exploration; each of the museum's four main collections have several subcollections: Botany Geological Collections Palaeontology Zoology From 1972-2005 the museum published the scientific journal Syllogeus. The Natural Heritage Campus in Gatineau, opened in 1997, it is the 76 hectare site of the museum's administrative operations and its extensive research and collections facility. The campus is not open to the public except for an annual Open House that showcases its 14.6 million specimens, its research labs and its fossil preparation facility.
The library, does allow visitors. The Canadian Museum of Nature has its origins in the Geological Survey of Canada, formed in 1842. Nearly 150 years on July 1, 1990, the museum became a Crown Corporation by an Act of Parliament; the Museums Act was a significant event in the history of the museum. With Crown Corporation status came a new name, a new "arms-length" status and an expanded mandate: "The purpose of the Canadian Museum of Nature is to increase throughout Canada and internationally, interest in, knowledge of and appreciation and respect for the natural world by establishing and developing for research and posterity a collection of natural history objects, with special but not exclusive reference to Canada, by demonstrating the natural world, the knowledge derived from it and the understanding it represents." The building, known as the Victoria Memorial Museum Building and referred to as the "castle", was built in former farm fields known as Appin Place, the estate of the Scottish-born merchant William Stewart.
The neighbourhood became known as Stewarton and residential development started in the area during the 1870s. The government purchased the land in 1905 hoping to develop the site as a sort of'end piece' to complement the stone structure of the Canadian Parliament Buildings at the opposite end of Metcalfe Street, on Parliament Hill; this massive stone structure is an excellent example of early 20th-century architecture in Ottawa, was built for $1,250,000 by architect David Ewart, responsible for many similar structures around the city. The construction of the building involved the importing of 300 skilled stonemasons from Scotland; the architectural style is sometimes described as Scottish baronial. Ewart was sent to Britain to study the architecture of Hampton Court and Windsor Castle, which influenced his design of this building; because of the presence of unstable Leda clay in the geology of the site, a tall tower, situated at the front of the building had to be taken down in 1915 due to settling and the concern that the foundation could not support the weight.
Canada Science and Technology Museum
The Canada Science and Technology Museum is located in Ottawa, Canada, on St. Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway; the role of the museum is to help the public to understand the technological and scientific history of Canada and the ongoing relationships between science and Canadian society. The National Museum of Science and Technology was established in 1967 as a Centennial project by the Canadian Government. In October 1966 the government appointed David McCurdy Baird as the first director of the museum, he found and arranged the purchase of a large former bakery on St. Laurent Boulevard with truck bays and high ceilings; the government had an aeronautical collection and a collection of railroad artifacts, within a few months these were installed in the building. A collection of farm equipment from Massey Ferguson arrived soon after. In 2001, the museum began looking for a new location to move to, citing a lack of space and accessibility; the desire for more scenic surroundings was a factor, as the museum is surrounded by warehouses and strip malls.
Four locations were considered: the western section of LeBreton Flats, on the Rockcliffe Parkway next to the Canada Aviation and Space Museum, in Jacques Cartier Park on Rue Laurier, a site on Rue Montcalm. In 2006, Conservative cabinet minister and MP for Pontiac Lawrence Cannon put his support behind the Jacques Cartier Park option. During routine maintenance on a leaky roof in September 2014, workers discovered that the roof was in danger of collapse and that mould was spreading from the building's south wall; the museum closed to visitors, the staff offered to lend out some of the exhibits to other museums while renovation and repairs were made to the building. Most of the original building was demolished, leaving only the "crazy kitchen" and the hall of trains. $80 million was spent to create a modern replacement on the same site. The museum reopened on November 17, 2017; the main museum building on St Laurent Boulevard houses a number of permanent displays, as well as temporary exhibits of the museum's collection and visiting exhibitions.
The most famous of these exhibitions is the crazy kitchen, a room, built on a tilted surface, thus causing gravity to pull visitors towards the wall, but has all its furniture nailed to the floor so they won't fall, thus creating the illusion that the room is on an ordinary, flat surface. This competing information confuses visitors' brains. Artifact Alley, which runs diagonally across the building, displays about 700 historical objects at any one time; the Ingenium storage facility, located at 1867 St. Laurent Blvd, it includes more than over 268,000 artifacts, such as a prototype for the Bombardier Innovia ART 100, a driverless rail car, an Iron Lung once used at the Ottawa Civic Hospital, the FIU-301, the Ontario Provincial Police's first Unmanned Aerial vehicle; the museum is operated by Ingenium, a Crown corporation that reports to the Department of Canadian Heritage, responsible for preserving and protecting Canada's scientific and technical heritage. The Corporation has a staff of about 275 and is responsible for three museums: the Canada Science and Technology Museum, the Canada Agriculture and Food Museum and the Canada Aviation and Space Museum.
The museum is affiliated with: Canadian Museums Association, Canadian Heritage Information Network, Virtual Museum of Canada. Canadian university scientific research organizations Canadian industrial research and development organizations Technological and industrial history of Canada Natural scientific research in Canada Canada lunar sample displays Invention in Canada Official website CSTM Origins: A History of the Canada Science and Technology Museum Canada Science and Technology Museum at Google Cultural Institute
Nepean Sailing Club
The Nepean Sailing Club is located on Lac Deschênes in Ottawa, Canada. The club is based in Dick Bell Park, along Carling Avenue, adjacent to Andrew Haydon Park in the former city of Nepean; the club was opened on July 29, 1979 with an initial membership of 350. Construction on the original 300 metre breakwater was completed by 1983. Griffiths Rankin Cook Architects won an architectural award in 1990 for the design of the main clubhouse; the main areas include vehicle launch ramps. Membership today is 1900 members; the club maintains its emphasis on sailing. The club has floating dock facilities for over 500 boats; the club maintains an active dry sail program for day-sailing. The sailing season extends from mid-April to late October. Sail training programs are active during the summer months for adults; every year the club hosts sailing regattas that attract sailors from across Canada and internationally. The local racing scene consists of fleet, PY and PHRF races on an daily basis along with special racing events on weekends throughout the season.
Many racing events are held in cooperation with the nearby Britannia Yacht Club and Club de Voile Grande-Rivière. Mondays see the women's racing. Tuesdays are PHRF. Wednesdays see 5o5s, Lasers racing one design and Albacores and Fireballs combining for handicap racing. Thursdays see C&C27s, Tanzer 22s, Sharks race one design, J24s and Kirby 25s racing level, with three fleets of JAM racing PHRF. A distance race or regatta can be observed every weekend; the Nepean Sailing Club maintains an active Able Sail program with a fleet of Martin 16 boats, wheel-chair access, an active team of volunteers who escort the boats. A number of trophies and awards are presented for evening and series events in addition to the trophies listed in Special events; the aggregate trophies awarded on basis of points earned in evening and weekend events include the Nautilus Trophy, Journal Trophy, Kelpie Cup, C&C 27 Overall Champion, Jam Dish. Interclub awards are scored for series racing: The Chandlery Cup, Kirby 25 Best Performance Trophy, Authentic Yachts Trophy, NSC Beagle Bown, Keepers.
Mondays see the women's PHRF racing and the skiffs and Lasers racing. Tuesdays are PHRF keelboats. Wednesdays see 5o5s, Lasers racing one design and Albacores and Fireballs combining for handicap racing. Thursdays see C&C27s, Tanzer 22s, Mirage 24s race one design with three fleets of jib and main racing PHRF. NSC has a racing program involving both. NSC fields teams to compete against other clubs in team racing. BYC has a regular weekday evening racing schedule and a weekend racing schedule organized by the membership. Members of the NSC High Performance Team have the opportunity to learn what it is like to compete against the best in the world, the experience they gain at races and regattas will help them as they progress in their sailing careers. A distance race or regatta can be observed every weekend; some events are open to any member of a club of the Canadian Yachting Association. Some events are interclub, which means that boats from all sailing clubs on Lac Deschênes may participate. Many racing events are held in cooperation with the nearby Britannia Yacht Club and Club de voile Grande-Rivière.
BYC & NSC have a schedule of cruising and day sailing events organized by the membership for fun, as memorials for members who serve in the Canadian Forces, as fundraisers for local charities. Nepean Sailing Club features a restaurant named "The Galley", it is open to the public, features a patio overlooking the harbour. The Galley can be found on the upper floor of the clubhouse, has a large room that can be rented for events. For birdwatchers, species in or passing through the area include Arctic tern, black tern, New World blackbirds, black brant, Canada geese, common goldeneye, common merganser, common tern, double-crested cormorants, great blue heron, green-winged teal, killdeer, northern pintails, red-throated loon, ring-billed gull, spotted sandpiper, loggerhead shrike, least bittern, wood ducks; the fish species in the Ottawa River near BYC include small mouth bass and walleye. The reptiles and salamanders include American eels, American ginseng, American bullfrog, green frog, painted turtles, snapping turtles, spotted turtle, spring peeper.
The mammals in the area include beaver, eastern chipmunks, muskrat, porcupine, red foxes, red squirrels, woodchucks. As a Provincial Training Centre for 2012, NSC supports the training of Athletes at the Olympic level; as a Development Training Centre for 2012, NSC supports the training of Athletes from the Grassroots to the National Team Level and supports the development of Coaches from Level 1 to Level 4-5. The Britannia Yacht Club is developing a joint marketing campaign with the Nepean Sailing Club to increase awareness of recreational and competitive sailing in Ottawa. Through Advantage Boating, there are adult and children`s Learn to Sail Programs. Media related to Nepean Sailing Club at Wikimedia Commons Official website