Second Rockingham ministry

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Second Rockingham ministry
March–July 1782
2nd Marquess of Rockingham cropped.jpg
Date formed 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)
Date dissolved 4 July 1782 (1782-07-04)[note 1]
People and organisations
Head of state George III
Head of government Lord Rockingham
Total no. of ministers 16 appointments
Member party Rockingham Whigs
Status in legislature Majority
Opposition party Grenvillites
History
Legislature term(s) 15th GB Parliament
Predecessor Third North ministry
Successor Shelburne ministry

This is a list of the principal holders of government office during the second premiership of the Marquess of Rockingham for four months in 1782.

The North ministry resigned on 22 March 1782 after losing a motion of no confidence following the British defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence. The Whig Lord Rockingham, previously Prime Minister from 1765–1766, formed a government, the Rockingham Whigs had generally been sympathetic to the cause of the Colonists and under Rockingham the British government began the negotiations leading to the Peace of Paris that concluded the war.

The death of Rockingham on 1 July 1782 caused a split in the ministry, the Home Secretary Lord Shelburne was appointed to succeed him but several members of the government refused to serve under him and resigned. These "Portland Whigs" (named after their nominal leader the Duke of Portland, but in reality led by Charles James Fox) allied in opposition with Lord North and brought down the Shelburne ministry in March 1783, coming to power as the Fox–North coalition.

Cabinet[edit]

March to July 1782[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
  The Marquess of Rockingham* 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 1 July 1782 (1782-07-01) Whig
Lord Chancellor   The Lord Thurlow 3 June 1778 (1778-06-03) 7 April 1783 (1783-04-07) Independent
Lord President of the Council   The Lord Camden 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 2 April 1783 (1783-04-02) Whig
Lord Privy Seal   The Duke of Grafton 1782 (1782) 1783 (1783) Whig
Chancellor of the Exchequer   Lord John Cavendish 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 10 July 1782 (1782-07-10) Whig
Secretary of State for the Home Department   The Earl of Shelburne 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 10 July 1782 (1782-07-10) Whig
  Charles James Fox 27 March 1782 (1782-03-27) 5 July 1782 (1782-07-05) Whig
First Lord of the Admiralty   The Viscount Keppel 1782 (1782) 1783 (1783) Whig
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster   The Lord Ashburton 17 April 1782 (1782-04-17) 29 August 1783 (1783-08-29) Independent
Master-General of the Ordnance   The Duke of Richmond 1782 (1782) 1783 (1783) Whig

Ministers not in cabinet[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although Rockingham died on 1 July 1782, his ministry did not dissolve until the appointment of Lord Shelburne as Prime Minister.

References[edit]

Preceded by
Third North ministry
Government of Great Britain
1782
Succeeded by
Shelburne ministry