Southern Poverty Law Center
The Southern Poverty Law Center is an American nonprofit legal advocacy organization specializing in civil rights and public interest litigation. Based in Montgomery, Alabama, it is known for its successful legal cases against white supremacist groups, its classification of hate groups and other extremist organizations, for promoting tolerance education programs; the SPLC was founded by Morris Dees, Joseph J. Levin Jr. and Julian Bond in 1971 as a civil rights law firm in Montgomery, Alabama. Bond served as president of the board between 1971 and 1979. In 1979, the SPLC began a litigation strategy of filing civil suits for monetary damages on behalf of the victims of violence from the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist groups, with all damages recovered given to the victims or donated to other organizations; the SPLC became involved in other civil rights causes, including cases to challenge what it sees as institutional racial segregation and discrimination and unconstitutional conditions in prisons and detention centers, discrimination based on sexual orientation, mistreatment of illegal immigrants, the unconstitutional mixing of church and state.
The SPLC has provided information about hate groups to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement agencies. Since the 2000s, the SPLC's classification and listings of hate groups and extremists have been described as authoritative; the SPLC's listings have been the subject of criticism from others, who argue that some of the SPLC's listings are overbroad, politically motivated, or unwarranted. Despite such criticism, the SPLC's assessments are accepted and cited in academic and media coverage of such groups and related issues. In 2019, founder Morris Dees was dismissed, followed by the resignation of president Richard Cohen. An outside consultant, Tina Tchen, was brought in to review workplace practices relating to accusations of racial and sexual harassment; the Southern Poverty Law Center was founded by civil rights lawyers Morris Dees and Joseph J. Levin Jr. in August 1971 as a law firm focused on issues such as fighting poverty, racial discrimination and the death penalty in the United States.
Dees asked civil rights leader Julian Bond to serve as president, a honorary position. In 1979, Dees and the SPLC began filing civil lawsuits against Ku Klux Klan chapters and similar organizations for monetary damages on behalf of their victims; the favorable verdicts from these suits served to bankrupt other targeted organizations. In 1981, the Center began its Klanwatch project to monitor the activities of the KKK; that project, now called Hatewatch, was expanded to include seven other types of hate organizations. In 1986, the entire legal staff of the SPLC, excluding Dees, resigned as the organization shifted from traditional civil rights work toward fighting right-wing extremism. In 1989, the Center unveiled its Civil Rights Memorial, designed by Maya Lin. In 1995, the Montgomery Advertiser won a Pulitzer Prize recognition for work that probed management self-interest, questionable practices, employee racial discrimination allegations in the SPLC; the Center's "Teaching Tolerance" project was initiated in 1991 and in 2013 was cited as "of the most read periodicals dedicated to diversity and social justice in education".
In 2008, the SPLC and Dees were featured on National Geographic's Inside American Terror explaining their litigation strategy against the Ku Klux Klan. In July 1983, the SPLC headquarters was firebombed, destroying records; as a result of the arson, Klansmen Joe M. Garner and Roy T. Downs Jr. along with Klan sympathizer Charles Bailey, pleaded guilty in February 1985 to conspiring to intimidate and threaten members of black organizations represented by SPLC. The SPLC built a new headquarters building from 1999 to 2001. In 1984, Dees became an assassination target of a revolutionary white supremacist group. By 2007, according to Dees, more than 30 people had been jailed in connection with plots to kill him or to blow up SPLC offices. In 1995, four men were indicted for planning to blow up the SPLC. In May 1998, three white supremacists were arrested for planning a nationwide campaign of assassinations and bombings targeting "Morris Dees, an undisclosed federal judge in Illinois, a black radio show host in Missouri, Dees's Southern Poverty Law Center in Alabama, the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles, the Anti-Defamation League in New York."
In March 2019, the SPLC fired founder Morris Dees for undisclosed reasons and removed his bio from its website. In a statement regarding the firing, the SPLC announced it would be bringing in an "outside organization to conduct a comprehensive assessment of our internal climate and workplace practices."Following the dismissal, a letter signed by two dozen SPLC employees was sent to management, expressing concern that "allegations of mistreatment, sexual harassment, gender discrimination, racism threaten the moral authority of this organization and our integrity along with it." One former employee wrote that the "unchecked power of lavishly compensated white men at the top" of the SPLC contributed to a culture which made black and female employees the targets of harassment. The SPLC appointed Tina Tchen, a former chief of staff for former first-lady Michelle Obama, to review and investigate any issues with the organization's workplace environment. A week President Richard Cohen and legal director Rhonda Brownstein announced their resignations amid the internal upheava
University of Vermont
The University of Vermont The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, is a public research university and, since 1862, the sole land-grant university in the U. S. state of Vermont. Founded in 1791, UVM is among the oldest universities in the United States and is the fifth institution of higher education established in the New England region of the U. S. northeast. It is listed as one of the original eight "Public Ivy" institutions in the United States; the university is incorporated in the city of Burlington–Vermont's most populous municipality. The campus's Dudley H. Davis Center was the first student center in the United States to receive a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Gold certification; the largest hospital complex in Vermont, the University of Vermont Medical Center, has its primary facility on the UVM campus and is affiliated with the Robert Larner College of Medicine. The University of Vermont was founded as a private university in 1791, the same year Vermont became the 14th U.
S. state. The university enrolled its first students 10 years later, its first president, The Rev. Daniel C. Sanders, was hired in 1800, served as the sole faculty member for seven years. Instruction began in 1801, the first class graduated in 1804. In 1865, the university merged with Vermont Agricultural College, emerging as the University of Vermont and State Agricultural College; the University of Vermont draws 6.8 percent of its annual budget of about $600 million from the State of Vermont and Vermont residents make up 35 percent of enrollment, while 65 percent of students come from elsewhere. Much of the initial funding and planning for the university was undertaken by Ira Allen, honored as UVM's founder. Allen donated a 50-acre parcel of land for establishment of the university. Most of this land has been maintained as the university's main green, where stands a statue of Allen; the citizens of Burlington helped fund the university's first edifice, when it was destroyed by fire in 1824 paid for its replacement.
This building came to be known as "Old Mill" for its resemblance to New England mills of the time. The Marquis de Lafayette, a French general who became a commander in the American Revolution, toured all 24 U. S. states in 1824-1825 and while in Vermont laid the cornerstone of Old Mill, which stands on University Row, along with Ira Allen Chapel, Billings Library, Williams Hall, Royall Tyler Theatre and Morrill Hall. A statue of Lafayette stands at the north end of the main green; the University of Vermont was the first American college or university with a charter declaring that the "rules, by-laws shall not tend to give preference to any religious sect or denomination whatsoever."In 1871, UVM defied custom and admitted two women as students. Four years it was the first American university to admit women to full membership into the Phi Beta Kappa Society, the country's oldest collegiate academic honor society. In 1877, it initiated the first African American into the society. Justin Smith Morrill, a U.
S. Representative and Senator from Vermont, author of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act that created federal funding for establishing the U. S. Land-Grant colleges and universities, served as a trustee of the university from 1865 to 1898. In 1924, the first radio broadcast in Vermont occurred from the college station, WCAX, run by students now the call sign of a commercial television station. For 73 years, until 1969, UVM held an annual "Kake Walk"; the University of Vermont comprises seven undergraduate schools, an honors college, a graduate college, a college of medicine. The Honors College does not offer its own degrees. Bachelors and doctoral programs are offered through the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Education and Social Services, the College of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, the College of Medicine, the College of Nursing and Health Sciences, the Graduate College, the School of Business Administration, the Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources.
UVM is ranked tied for 97th in U. S. News & World Report's 2018 national university rankings, is ranked tied for 41st among public universities. In 2016, Forbes "America's Top Colleges" list ranks UVM 138th overall out of 660 private and public colleges and universities in America, ranks it 28th in the "Public Colleges" category and 64th among "Research Universities."The University of Vermont is ranked 40th on a list published by BusinessWeek.com of the top 50 U. S. colleges and universities whose bachelor's degree graduates earn the highest salaries. In 2014, an analysis of federal data found The University of Vermont to be among the top ten schools in the United States with the highest total rape reports. There were 27 total rape reports on their main campus; the College of Arts and Sciences is the largest of UVM's schools and colleges and has the largest number of students and staff. The college offers the bulk of the foundational courses to help ensure that students all over campus have the tools to succeed in all academic endeavors.
It offers 45 areas of study in the humanities, fine arts, social sciences, natural sciences, physical sciences. UVM's Grossman School of Business Administration is accredited by the AACSB International and offers concentrations in accounting, finance, human resource management, international management and the environment, management information systems, marke
Politics of Vermont
The politics of Vermont encompass the acts of the elected legislative bodies of Vermont, the actions of its governors, as overseen by the Vermont courts, the acts of the political parties that vie for elective power within the state. Vermont's constitution, drafted in 1777 when Vermont became an independent republic, reflects the concerns of a sovereign state. Voters may choose among several parties including the Democratic and Republican political parties, as well as several smaller parties. Vermont has been a pioneer in legislation pertaining to land gay rights and school funding. Between 1854 and 1962, the state voted Republican. Thereafter, the governor's office has alternated between the Republican parties; the legislature has been Democratic since the mid-1980s. As of 2018, Vermont was the only U. S. state. Vermont is one of four states; the other states that used to be independent are Texas as the Republic of Texas, California as the California Republic, Hawaii as the Kingdom and Republic of Hawaii.
In 1777, the state's constitution was the first in North America to provide for the abolition of slavery, suffrage for men who did not own land, public schools. The Constitution of Vermont is organized into two sections, one declaring the rights of inhabitants and the other defining the governing power. In 21 articles, the rights of the inhabitants enumerated by the Vermont constitution address, among other things, the prohibition of slavery, compensation for use of property, freedom of worship, "free and pure" elections, freedoms regarding search and seizure, freedom of speech and press, trial by jury, the right to bear arms, the right to assemble. In 76 sections the governing powers enumerated by the Vermont constitution address, among other things, the composition of the legislative and judicial bodies and their powers, the conduct of elections, general administrative powers of government; the Vermont constitution and the courts support the right of a person to walk on any unposted, land.
That is, trespass must be proven by the owner. Vermont is the only state in the union without a balanced budget requirement. From 1991 and as of 2011, it had balanced its budget. Vermont legislators sometimes have addressed the character of the state and the rights of Vermonters with landmark legislation, organized here according to the pertinent title in the Vermont Statutes Annotated, the official codification of the laws enacted by the General Assembly. Vermont is an alcoholic beverage control state. Alcoholic beverages may be sold in local grocery stores unless the town in which the store located has voted "dry" at their town meeting. Only state-licensed establishments may sell stronger alcoholic beverages in bottles; the number of these stores is limited. Prices are set by the state; the state directly controls the licensing of establishments that sell alcoholic beverages by the drink. In 2007, through the Vermont Department of Liquor Control, the state took in more than $14 million from the sale and distribution of liquor.
There are 75 State Liquor Stores and 1,350 taverns in the state. After passage of the billboard-regulating Highway Beautification Act of 1965, Vermont moved to ban off-site billboards in 1968. All roadside billboards were gone from Vermont by 1974. Vermont is one of four states, along with Alaska and Maine, to have prohibited by law all billboards from view of highway rights-of-way, except for signs on the contiguous property of the business location. After the legislature was redistricted under one-person, one-vote, it passed legislation to accommodate American emigrants from New York, which earlier legislatures had ignored; the new legislation was the Land Use and Development Law in 1970. The law, the first of its kind in the nation, created nine district environmental commissions consisting of private citizens, appointed by the governor, who must approve land development and subdivision plans that would have a significant impact on the state's environment and many small communities; as a result of Act 250, Vermont was the last state to get a Wal-Mart.
As a result of Act 250, there is only one trash disposal site in the state, located in Coventry near Lake Memphremagog. Act 148 requires the towns to recycle glass and plastic in 2015, food waste by 2020. Landfills will no longer accept these wastes after those dates. After executing 26 people, Vermont put its last convict to death in 1954; the first 21 were executed by the last five by the electric chair. Vermont abolished the death penalty in 1965; as of 2015, Vermont is one of eight states along with Alaska, Arkansas, Maine, West Virginia, Wyoming in the Union to allow any adult to carry a concealed firearm without any sort of permit. There is no statute barring public nudity in Vermont unless it constitutes "open and gross lewdness and lascivious behavior", however local ordinances may bar disrobing in public. In 2010, the state enacted a law requiring that a DNA sample be taken from everyone arraigned on a felony, entered into a database controlled by the FBI; the age of consent in Vermont is 16.
In Baker v. Vermont, the Vermont Supreme Court ruled that, under the Constitution of Vermont, the state must either allow same-sex marriage or provide a separate but equal institution for same-sex couples; the state legislature chose the second option by creating the institution of civil union. The 2000 bill was signed into law by Governor Howard Dean, it granted same-sex couples nearly all the ri
The Associated Press is a U. S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City. Founded in 1846, it operates as a unincorporated association, its members are U. S. newspapers and broadcasters. Its Statement of News Values and Principles spells out its practices; the AP has earned 52 Pulitzer Prizes, including 31 for photography, since the award was established in 1917. The AP has counted the vote in U. S. elections since 1848, including national and local races down to the legislative level in all 50 states, along with key ballot measures. AP collects and verifies returns in every county, parish and town across the U. S. and declares winners in over 5,000 contests. The AP news report, distributed to its members and customers, is produced in English and Arabic. AP content is available on the agency's app, AP News. A 2017 study by NewsWhip revealed that AP content was more engaged with on Facebook than content from any individual English-language publisher; as of 2016, news collected by the AP was published and republished by more than 1,300 newspapers and broadcasters.
The AP operates 263 news bureaus in 106 countries. It operates the AP Radio Network, which provides newscasts twice hourly for broadcast and satellite radio and television stations. Many newspapers and broadcasters outside the United States are AP subscribers, paying a fee to use AP material without being contributing members of the cooperative; as part of their cooperative agreement with the AP, most member news organizations grant automatic permission for the AP to distribute their local news reports. The AP employs the "inverted pyramid" formula for writing which enables the news outlets to edit a story to fit its available publication area without losing the story's essentials. Cutbacks at rival United Press International in 1993 left the AP as the United States' primary news service, although UPI still produces and distributes stories and photos daily. Other English-language news services, such as the BBC, Reuters and the English-language service of Agence France-Presse, are based outside the United States.
The Associated Press was formed in May 1846 by five daily newspapers in New York City to share the cost of transmitting news of the Mexican–American War. The venture was organized by Moses Yale Beach, second publisher of The Sun, joined by the New York Herald, the New York Courier and Enquirer, The Journal of Commerce, the New York Evening Express; some historians believe. The New York Times became a member shortly after its founding in September 1851. Known as the New York Associated Press, the organization faced competition from the Western Associated Press, which criticized its monopolistic news gathering and price setting practices. An investigation completed in 1892 by Victor Lawson and publisher of the Chicago Daily News, revealed that several principals of the NYAP had entered into a secret agreement with United Press, a rival organization, to share NYAP news and the profits of reselling it; the revelations led to the demise of the NYAP and in December 1892, the Western Associated Press was incorporated in Illinois as The Associated Press.
A 1900 Illinois Supreme Court decision —that the AP was a public utility and operating in restraint of trade—resulted in AP's move from Chicago to New York City, where corporation laws were more favorable to cooperatives. When the AP was founded, news became a salable commodity; the invention of the rotary press allowed the New York Tribune in the 1870s to print 18,000 papers per hour. During the Civil War and Spanish–American War, there was a new incentive to print vivid, on-the-spot reporting. Melville Stone, who had founded the Chicago Daily News in 1875, served as AP General Manager from 1893 to 1921, he embraced the standards of accuracy and integrity. The cooperative grew under the leadership of Kent Cooper, who built up bureau staff in South America, Europe and, the Middle East, he introduced the "telegraph typewriter" or teletypewriter into newsrooms in 1914. In 1935, AP launched the Wirephoto network, which allowed transmission of news photographs over leased private telephone lines on the day they were taken.
This gave AP a major advantage over other news media outlets. While the first network was only between New York and San Francisco AP had its network across the whole United States. In 1945, the Supreme Court of the United States held in Associated Press v. United States that the AP had been violating the Sherman Antitrust Act by prohibiting member newspapers from selling or providing news to nonmember organizations as well as making it difficult for nonmember newspapers to join the AP; the decision facilitated the growth of its main rival United Press International, headed by Hugh Baillie from 1935 to 1955. AP entered the broadcast field in 1941. In 1994, it established a global video newsgathering agency. APTV merged with WorldWide Television News in 1998 to form APTN, which provides video to international broadcasters and websites. In 2004, AP moved its world headquarters from its longtime home at 50 Rockefeller Plaza to a huge building at 450 West 33rd Street in Manhattan—which houses the New York Daily News and the studios of New York's public television station, WNET.
In 2009, AP had more than 240 bureaus globally. Its mission—"to gather with economy and efficiency an accurate and impartial report of the news"—has not changed since its founding, but digital technology has made the distribution of the AP news report an interact
Seven Days (newspaper)
Seven Days is an alternative weekly newspaper, distributed every Wednesday in Vermont. Seven Days is published by Da Capo Publishing, Inc. and owned by Pamela Polston, Paula Routly, Don Eggert, Cathy Resmer and Colby Roberts. It is distributed free of charge throughout the following areas: Burlington, Montpelier, the Mad River Valley, Rutland, St. Albans, Plattsburgh, New York. Seven Days deals with many aspects of life in Vermont. Columns and stories in the newspaper concern such topics as state and local politics, Vermont organizations and charities, general human interest stories, it features local music listings. Each year, Seven Days asks its readers to place votes for the "Seven Daysies", a compilation of favorite people and places to visit throughout the state. Seven Days was founded in 1995 by reporters Pamela Paula Routly; the original capital investment of $68,000 by angel investors was repaid within three years. The paper's title was going to be the Vermont Voice, however a dispute over the name caused them to settle on Seven Days instead.
Angelo Lynn and publisher of the Addison County Independent was a valued mentor to the pair of owners as they got their start. From 1995 - 2002 Seven Days saw a 20% increase in revenue each year. Circulation of the newspaper in 1995 was around 12,000. In 2013 Seven Days expanded its weekly circulation to 36,000 by including the Northeast Kingdom in its distribution radius. 2000 - Business of the Year 2008 - Business of the Year 2013 - Editor and Publisher - 10 Newspapers that Do It Right2013 - The Atlantic article Strange Tales from the North Country: A Profitable Newspaper Official website
Killington, Vermont secession movement
At the 2004 and 2005 Town Meetings, the citizens of the ski resort community of Killington, voted in favor of pursuing secession from Vermont and admission into the state of New Hampshire, which lies 25 miles to the east. Supporters claim that the townspeople pay the state $10 million per year in property taxes and $10 million a year in sales taxes, but receive only $1 million a year to help fund their school system. In the words of Town Selectman Butch Findeisen, "There is a point where sharing turns to looting."An economic study commissioned by the town determined Killington would save a minimum of $7 million per year, excluding individual state income tax savings. The town states that it has suffered long term economic problems with restrained development under the state's Act 250 environmental law; this statute controlled growth by establishing environmental review boards, where those affected by the planned development can challenge a proposed development plan. Supporters claim the expense of dealing with this has led Killington Ski Resort to have the highest lift ticket prices in the country.
Supporters further claim that the state of Vermont has steadfastly refused to redress the grievances of the town and its people, that their own state legislator, who represents Killington and Mendon, refuses to stand up for the town's interests. On March 2, 2004 200–300 residents voted, by voice vote, for the secession proposal, passing it by a wide margin. On March 1, 2005, the measure was passed again, this time by ballot, with nearly 2⁄3 voting in favor. Others dispute many of the town's claims: The town manager would love to tell you how many millions of dollars Killington sent to the state. Well many of those millions of dollars are meals taxes; those weren’t sent from Killington to the state. They were sent from tourists and others that were in Killington and were required to pay taxes levied by the state of Vermont. -- Rep. Mark Young New Hampshire lacks a general sales tax; the Granite State has what amounts to a statewide property tax, like Vermont's. Like all other states, both Vermont and New Hampshire levy high taxes on tobacco.
Like Vermont, New Hampshire does not guarantee that a given municipality will get any minimum percentage of tax revenues back as state aid. State aid in both states is allocated according to population and other factors not directly related to tax revenues. School funding has long been a matter of contention in Vermont centering on the substantial disparity in ability to fund schools through property taxes, between towns with large grand lists and those with small ones. In 1997, the Vermont Supreme Court, in the case of Brigham v. State, decided that the disparity was such as to unconstitutionally deprive children in poorer towns of equal opportunity to an education; the court left it to the legislature to come up with a remedy. The legislature responded by passing a controversial law known as Act 60; this law provided for a statewide school property tax, per-pupil block grants, sharing of tax revenue from property wealthy towns to property poor towns. Act 60 retains the statewide property tax.
It is as a result of these pieces of legislation that Killington pays more property tax to the state than it receives in the form of block grants. The extent to which a town such as Killington may receive benefits in addition to the block grant, such as lower social welfare costs and higher worker productivity as a result of a better educated population in the state, as well as from general state services, is less quantified; the legal decision will be made by the states of Vermont and New Hampshire and the United States Congress. Article IV of the U. S. Constitution requires that when the boundaries of existing states are altered, the action needs the consent of the legislatures of all states involved, as well as of Congress; the New Hampshire state legislature passed a law in 2005 authorizing a commission which would negotiate with the State of Vermont, if Vermont chooses to establish a corresponding commission. The Vermont legislature is expected to reject the idea of ceding Killington to New Hampshire.
If Vermont votes in favor of Killington's secession, the New Hampshire bill does not obligate the Granite State to accept Killington: the bill authorizes the beginnings of negotiations. If no deal can be reached, Killington would remain part of Vermont. Supporters have threatened a federal court battle, but the legal grounds for such a lawsuit remain unclear, since the US Constitution explicitly prohibits Killington's unilateral secession from Vermont. In 2005, Vermont state Reps. Mark Young, Richard Marron and Kathleen Keenan introduced House Bill 426 that would have required Killington to pay "exit fees" to reimburse the state for "stranded assets of the state, including those relating to education and public service"; the legislation would have stripped Killington residents of all benefits of Vermont resident status, including instate tuition and tuition assistance. The bill was not acted upon by the House, died with the adjournment of the 2005–2006 Legislative session on June 1, 2006
Bread and Puppet Theater
The Bread and Puppet Theater is a politically radical puppet theater, active since the 1960s based in Glover, Vermont. Its founder and director is Peter Schumann; the name Bread & Puppet is derived from the theater's practice of sharing its own fresh bread, served for free with aïoli, with the audience of each performance to create community, from its central principle art should be as basic as bread to life. Some have heard echoes of the Roman phrase "bread and circuses" or the labor slogan "Bread and Roses" in the theater's name as well, though these are not mentioned in Bread & Puppet's own explanations of its name; the Bread and Puppet Theater participates in parades including Independence Day celebrations, notably in Cabot, with many effigies including a satirical Uncle Sam on stilts. Peter Schumann began The Puppet Theater in 1962 -- 1963 in New York City, it was active during the Vietnam War in anti-war protests in New York City, prompting Time reviewer T. E. Kalem to remark in 1971, "This virtual dumb show is as contemporary as tomorrow's bombing raid."
Many people remember it as central to the political spectacle of the time, as its enormous puppets were a fixture of many demonstrations. A Sicilian puppet show had inspired Schumann, TB&PT inspired other groups across the continent, including Gary Botting's Edmonton-based People & Puppets Incorporated, which in the early 1970s used effigies yards-high to depict political themes and social commentary in radical street theatre. In 1970 the Theater moved to Vermont, first to Goddard College in Plainfield, to a farm in Glover where it remains; the farm is home to a cow, several pigs and puppeteers, as well as indoor and outdoor performance spaces, a printshop and large museum showcasing over four decades of the company's work. TB&PT has received National Endowment for the Arts grants, awards from the Puppeteers of America, other organizations. In 1984 and 1985 they toured colleges with an indoor play, The Door, which told the story of "the massacre of Guatemalan and El Salvadorian Indians and the plight of refugees trying to escape through a diabolically opening and closing door to the North."
With "only minimal use of the spoken word", the play made its points "with great simplicity and beauty." Until 1998, Bread & Puppet hosted its annual Pageant and Circus, in and around a natural amphitheater on its Glover grounds. In the 1990s, the festival began drawing crowds of tens of thousands, who camped on nearby farmers' land over the summer week long of the pageant; the event became unmanageable, concerned itself less with the theater's performance. In 1998, a man was killed by accident in a fight while camping overnight for the festival, forcing director Peter Schumann to cancel the festival. Since the theater offers smaller weekend performances all summer, traveled around New York and New England, with occasional tours around the U. S. and abroad. The theater runs a program where apprentices help act in performances. In New York City, Bread & Puppet performs at Theater for the New City during the holiday season each year. Specific causes over the years have been: Opposition to warfare Opposition to registering for the draft Opposition to the World Trade Organization To shut down Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant Support for the Sandinista National Liberation Front revolution in Nicaragua The Zapatista Uprising of 1994 The MOVE Organization Bread & Puppet volunteers were among the seventy-nine people arrested at a warehouse in Philadelphia during the 2000 Republican National Convention.
The Associated Press reported the scene of the "SWAT-style" raid was broadcast live by news helicopters. Years the AP explained there "was tense talk of terrorist plots being hatched in the'puppetista' headquarters, of bomb building and anarchist-fueled mayhem." Its report did not include the police's side of the story. "A couple of our folks were down there, helping to build puppets", said Linda Elbow, company manager for Bread & Puppet. "The cops went into the studio...arrested people, took the puppets. So, puppets are criminals." The Bread & Puppet Theater is a regular participant in New York's Village Halloween Parade, noted for its use of giant puppets. In 2001, Bread & Puppet did not march in the parade; the Theater's plans that year included a presentation protesting the War in Afghanistan. The Halloween parade was to occur fifty days after and 1.5 miles away from the September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center. It was this attack, the pretext for starting the war which Bread & Puppet Theater was protesting, the company's "anti-war stance" "...already placed it at odds with some New Yorkers", according to Dan Bacalzo of TheaterMania.com.
Many of the parade's macabre elements were suspended that year by its director Jeanne Fleming. It was not known until October 25 whether it would take place. Linda Elbow commented, "We weren't saying'Hooray for the terrorists.' We were saying,'Look what you're doing to the people of Afghanistan.'" An unattributed quote in Bacalzo's report — "What you're bringing, we don't want" — suggests it was the group's selection of material, unwelcome, not the group itself. The report did not make it clear who made it. Fleming, not interviewed by Bacalzo, says that Bread and Puppet was not "disinvited", adding that it was she who first invited the company to march in the parade when she took over