Eric Davis (baseball)
Eric Keith Davis is an American former center fielder for several Major League Baseball teams, most notably the Cincinnati Reds, to which he owes his nickname Eric the Red. Davis was 21 years old when he debuted in the major leagues with the Reds on May 19, 1984, played for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Detroit Tigers, Baltimore Orioles, St. Louis Cardinals, San Francisco Giants. A right-handed batter and fielder, Davis was blessed with a mesmerizing combination of athletic ability including excellent foot and bat speed, tremendous power, superlative defensive acumen, he became one of baseball's most exciting players during his peak. In 1987, he became the first player in major league history to hit three grand slams in one month, the first to achieve at least 30 home runs and 50 stolen bases in the same season. A native of Los Angeles, the Reds selected Davis in the eighth round of the 1980 amateur draft from John C. Fremont High School in South Los Angeles, where he was a recruited college basketball prospect.
In his major league career, he sustained injuries while winning two MLB All-Star Game selections, three Rawlings Gold Glove Awards and two Silver Slugger Awards. Over a 162-game period spanning June 11, 1986, to July 4, 1987, he batted.308.406 on-base percentage.622 slugging percentage with 47 home runs, 149 runs scored, 123 runs batted in and 98 stolen bases. In 1990, he became a World Series champion in the Reds' upset and four-game sweep of the Oakland Athletics. A series of injuries derailed what seemed to be an more promising career as he moved to the Dodgers and the Tigers, he retired in 1994. In 1996, Davis restarted his baseball career with the Reds and was named the comeback player of the year, he moved to the Orioles and, despite fighting colon cancer, he had one of his best statistical seasons in 1998. Injuries again slowed Davis over the next few seasons and he retired for good in 2001. Along with other business interests, Davis works as a roving instructor in the Reds organization.
Eric Keith Davis born in Los Angeles, one of three children to Jimmy and Shirley Davis. He has one brother named Jr. and one sister named Sharletha. Jimmy worked at grocery chain in Gardena named Boys Market, he was active with his sons in participating in sports such as pick-up basketball games. With copious all-round athletic talent, Davis competed with future Los Angeles Laker Byron Scott at Baldwin Hills Park and Recreation Center from the age of 12, developed aspirations of one day playing in the National Basketball Association. There, Davis was childhood friends with Darryl Strawberry, whose careers would become intertwined from high school to Major League Baseball. Davis attended John C. Fremont High School in South Los Angeles where he starred in both basketball and baseball, while Strawberry attended and played for crosstown rival Crenshaw; as a senior, Davis batted.635 and stole 50 bases in 15 games, in basketball averaged 29 points and 10 assists per game. Steadfast in his goal of playing in the NBA, Davis continued to exert more effort to prepare in basketball than he did in baseball until his senior year of high school.
However, Davis lacked interest in attending college, because the customary path to an NBA career at the time was through attending university for four years to play in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, he decided to focus his aspirations on baseball. The Cincinnati Reds selected Davis in the eighth round of the 1980 MLB draft at 200th overall. Strawberry was chosen in the same draft as the first overall selection by the New York Mets. In his first full year of professional baseball, Davis pilfered 40 bases in 62 games; when Davis first appeared in the major leagues in 1984, his physical talents gave him the potential to be one of the most exciting players in the game. He was a rare five-tool player with home run power as well as sheer speed on the basepaths, he elicited comparisons to Willie Mays. Davis began batting.277 with 27 homers and stealing 80 bases. He and Rickey Henderson remain the only players in major league history to be members of the "20/80 club". In a 162-game span starting June 11, 1986, to July 4, 1987, he made 659 plate appearance, batted.308/.406/.622 with 47 homers, 149 runs, 123 RBI and 98 stolen bases with 12 times caught stealing.
Davis continued to build on his success in 1987. On Opening Day, he went 3-for-3 with a home run, a stolen base, two walks. Through the first ten games, he was batting.526 with eight stolen bases. On May 1, he hit two home runs including a grand slam. Two days he hit another three home runs—one each to left and right field—including a grand slam, a stolen base, he hit another grand slam that May, making him the first player in history to hit three in one month. During an eventful play in the late innings at Wrigley Field on September 4 where he ran after and caught a fly ball, Davis crashed into the outfield brick wall and laid on the ground for several moments, he seemed to slow somewhat after that point. Davis finished the 1987 season with a.293 average, 37 homers and 50 steals, becoming the first player in history with 30 homers and 50 steals, despite playing in only 129 games. A pace that would equal 46 homers and 63 steals over 162 games. Prior to 1987, just six players had achieved the 30–30 club.
That season, three others—including Strawberry, Joe Carter, Howard Johnson—joined Davis in the 30–30 club. He led the league in power-speed number, with what through 2018 was the third-highest single season mark ever. From 1986 to 1990, Davis averaged 30 home runs and
In baseball, a complete game is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game without the benefit of a relief pitcher. A pitcher who meets this criterion will be credited with a complete game regardless of the number of innings played - pitchers who throw an entire official game, shortened by rain will still be credited with a complete game, while starting pitchers who are relieved in extra innings after throwing nine or more innings will not be credited with a complete game. A starting pitcher, replaced by a pinch hitter in the final half inning of a game will still be credited with a complete game; the frequency of complete games has evolved since the early days of baseball. The complete game was an expectation in the early 20th century and pitchers completed all of the games they started. In modern baseball, the feat is much more rare and no pitcher has reached 30 complete games in a season since 1975. In the early 20th century, it was common for most good Major League Baseball pitchers to pitch a complete game every start, barring injury or ejection.
Pitchers were expected to complete games. Over the course of the 20th century, complete games became less common, to the point where a good modern pitcher achieves only 1 or 2 complete games per season. To put this in perspective, as as the 1980s, 10–15 complete games a year by a star pitcher was not unheard of, in 1980, Oakland Athletics pitcher Rick Langford threw 22 consecutive complete games. Years earlier, Robin Roberts of the Philadelphia Phillies threw 28 consecutive complete games, spanning the 1952 and 1953 seasons; this change has been brought about by strict adherence to pitch counts as a basis for removing a pitcher though he may appear to be pitching well, new pitching philosophies in general. Many have come to believe that the risk of arm injuries becomes far more prevalent after a pitcher has thrown 100 to 120 pitches in a single game. Though Hall-of-Famer Nolan Ryan once threw well over 200 pitches in a single game, it is now rare for a manager to allow a pitcher to throw more than 120 pitches in a start.
Former pitcher Carl Erskine noted the increase in ex-pitchers on coaching staffs since the 1950s, whom he considered better evaluators of a pitchers' ability to pitch late into games. Given this, sabermetricians regard Cy Young's total of 749 complete games as the career baseball record that will never be broken. Further supporting the belief is that only three pitchers made at least 749 starts in their careers. James Shields threw 11 complete games in the 2011 season for the Tampa Bay Rays, becoming the first pitcher to reach double digits in a single season since CC Sabathia threw 10 complete games for the Cleveland Indians and Milwaukee Brewers in 2008; the last pitcher to throw as many as 15 complete games in a single season was Curt Schilling, who accomplished that feat for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1998. The last pitcher to throw 20 complete games in a single season was Fernando Valenzuela, who did so for the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1986; the last pitcher to throw 25 complete games in a season was Rick Langford, who had 28 for the Oakland Athletics in 1980.
The last pitcher to throw 30 complete games in a season was Catfish Hunter, who did so for the New York Yankees in 1975. Cy Young – 749 Pud Galvin – 646 Tim Keefe – 554 Walter Johnson – 531 Kid Nichols – 531 Bobby Mathews – 525 Mickey Welch – 525 Charley Radbourn – 489 John Clarkson – 485 Tony Mullane – 468 Jim McCormick – 466 Gus Weyhing – 448 Grover Cleveland Alexander – 437 Christy Mathewson – 434 Jack Powell – 422 Eddie Plank – 410 Will White – 394 Amos Rusie – 392 Vic Willis – 388 Tommy Bond – 386All pitchers above are right-handed, except for Eddie Plank. All played most or all of their careers before the start of the modern live-ball era of baseball, which began during the 1920 season and was established in 1921. Among pitchers whose entire careers were in the live-ball era, the all-time leader in complete games is Warren Spahn, whose total of 382 places him 21st all-time. Through August 27, 2018, the top 10 active players who lead MLB in career complete games were: Will White – 75 Charley Radbourn – 73 Pud Galvin – 72 Guy Hecker – 72 Jim McCormick – 72 Pud Galvin – 71 John Clarkson –68 John Clarkson – 68 Tim Keefe – 68 Bill Hutchinson – 67 Jim Devlin – 66 Matt Kilroy – 66 Matt Kilroy –66 Charley Radbourn – 66 Toad Ramsey – 66 Pud Galvin – 65 Bill Hutchinson – 65 Jim McCormick –65 Silver King – 64 Tony Mullane – 64 Mickey Welch – 64 Will White – 64 - All pitchers right-handed except Matt Kilroy and Toad Ramsey.
The record for complete games in a live-ball season is 33, set at the dawn of the era by Grover Cleveland Alexander in 1920 and Burleigh Grimes in 1923, by Dizzy Trout in 1944, when baseball's player pool was diluted due to World War II. Jack Taylor completed 187 consecutive games he started between 1901 and 1906. Leon Cadore and Joe Oeschger share the record for the longest complete game, achieved when they pitched against each other in a 26-inning marathon that ended in a 1–1 tie on May 1, 1920. Baseball Prospectus Team of Experts. Baseball Between the Numbers: Is Wrong. New York, New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00547-5. Retrieved March 5, 2011. List
Strikeouts per 9 innings pitched
In baseball statistics, strikeouts per 9 innings pitched is the mean of strikeouts by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. It is determined by multiplying the number of strikeouts by nine, dividing by the number of innings pitched. To qualify, a pitcher must have pitched 1,000 innings, which limits the list to starters. A separate list is maintained for relievers with 300 innings pitched or 200 appearances; the all-time leader in this statistic through 2018 was Chris Sale. The only other players who had averaged over 10 were Randy Johnson, Stephen Strasburg, Max Scherzer, Kerry Wood, Pedro Martínez. Among qualifying relievers, Rob Dibble was the all-time leader in strikeouts per nine innings through 2018 with 200 appearances, followed by David Robertson and Brad Lidge. Active leader David Robertson, Craig Kimbrel, Aroldis Chapman were the only other qualifying relievers averaging more than 12. One effect of K/9 is that it may reward or "inflate" the numbers for pitchers with high batting averages on balls in play.
Two pitchers may have the same K/9 rates despite striking out a different percentage of batters since one pitcher will pitch to more batters to obtain the same cumulative number of strikeouts. For example, a pitcher who strikes out one batter in an inning, but gives up a walk or a hit, strikes out a lower percentage of batters than a pitcher who strikes out one batter in an inning without allowing a baserunner, but both have the same K/9
In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for one's team. A batter or hitter is a person; the three main goals of batters are to become a baserunner, to drive runners home, or to advance runners along the bases for others to drive home, but the techniques and strategies they use to do so vary. Hitting uses a motion, unique to baseball, one, used in other sports. Hitting is unique because unlike most sports movements in the vertical plane of movement hitting involves rotating in the horizontal plane. In general, batters try to get hits. However, their primary objective is to avoid making an out, helping their team to score runs. There are several ways, they may draw a walk if they receive and do not swing the bat at four pitches located outside the strike zone. In cases when there is a runner on third and fewer than two outs, they can attempt to hit a sacrifice fly to drive the runner in by allowing the runner on third to tag up and score; when there are fewer than two outs and runners on base, they can try to sacrifice bunt to advance the runner or, with a runner on first or with runners on first and third, they can try a hit and run play designed to advance the runner.
They might be hit by a pitch, reach on an error or—if first is empty or there are two outs—on a dropped third strike. The defense attempts to get the batter out; the pitcher's main role in this is to throw the ball in such a way that the batter either strikes out or cannot hit it cleanly so that the defense can get him or her out. Batting is cited as one of the most difficult feats in sports because it consists of hitting a small round ball moving at high velocity, with a thin round bat. In fact, if a batter can get a hit in three out of ten at bats, giving him a batting average of.300, he or she is considered a good hitter. In Major League Baseball, no batter has had over a.400 average at the end of the season since Ted Williams'.406 in 1941, no batter has hit over.367 in a lifetime—Ty Cobb hit.3664. In modern times, the statistic on-base plus slugging is seen as a more accurate measure of a player's ability as a batter. An OPS at or near 1.000 is considered to be the mark of an exceptional hitter.
A sustained OPS at or above 1.000 over a career is a feat only a few hitters have been able to reach. Batters vary in their approach at the plate; some are aggressive hitters swinging at the first pitch. Others are patient, attempting to work the pitch count in order to observe all the types of pitches a pitcher will use, as well as tire out the pitcher by forcing him to throw many pitches early. Contact hitters are more aggressive, swinging at pitches within the strike zone, whereas power hitters will lay off borderline strikes in order to get a pitch they can drive for extra bases. In preparation of hitting, every baseball player has their own particular warm-up routine. Warming up before the game is done as a team, at the amateur level, focuses on helping the hitter get in the correct mindset to hit the ball; the most notable drill used is the "Tee Drill", where you hit a ball off a baseball tee and correct any issues you found during previous games or practices. There are various hitting devices used during warm up in the "on deck circle" to try and increase the batter's bat velocity.
The over weighted supplemental devices include swinging multiple bats, Schutt Dirx, Pitcher's Nightmare, Power Fin, Standard 23 oz softball bat, heavier 26 oz softball bat, lighter 18 oz softball bat and Doughnut ring. Weighted warm-up devices are used because players feel that warming-up with heavier bats will help them increase bat velocity because after the warm-up with a heavier bat, the normal bat feels lighter and they feel they could swing it faster; the effect of these devices is not only mental, but it may be physical. Heavy warm up loads stimulate the neural system, allowing for increased muscle activation during lighter bat swings; the use of weighted bats is based on the theory of complex training where sets of heavier and lighter resistances are alternated to increase muscle performance. This theory revolves around the idea that muscle contractions are stronger after reaching near maximal contractions; the postactivation potentiation improves motor neuron pool excitability and increases the number of recruited motor units, both leading to greater power output.
The additional weight may help strengthen the muscles of the forearms and wrist thus increasing bat velocity, though some evidence suggests that the effect is psychological rather than biomechanical. The lineup or batting order is a list of the nine baseball players for a team in the order they will bat during the game. During the game the only way to change the lineup is via substitution, as batting out of turn is not allowed. Once the ninth person in the lineup finishes batting, the first person bats again. Lineups are designed to facilitate manufacturing runs. Depending on batters' skills, they might be placed in different parts of the lineup. Of course, when it comes down to it, all batters are attempting to create runs for the team; the player batting in a game is said to be at the plate, at bat, or up to bat. To keep the game moving at an orderly pace, the next batter due up waits to take his turn in a circle (actuall
In baseball, a no-hitter is a game in which a team was not able to record a single hit. Major League Baseball defines a no-hitter as a completed game in which a team that batted in at least nine innings recorded no hits. A pitcher who prevents the opposing team from achieving a hit is said to have "thrown a no-hitter"; this is a rare accomplishment for a pitcher or pitching staff: only 299 have been thrown in Major League Baseball history since 1876, an average of about two per year. In most cases in MLB, no-hitters are recorded by a single pitcher; the most recent no-hitter by a single pitcher was thrown on May 8, 2018 by James Paxton of the Seattle Mariners against the Toronto Blue Jays at Rogers Centre. The most recent combined no-hitter was thrown on May 4, 2018 by Walker Buehler, Tony Cingrani, Yimi Garcia, Adam Liberatore of the Los Angeles Dodgers against the San Diego Padres at Estadio de Béisbol Monterrey, it is possible to reach base without a hit, most by a walk, error, or being hit by a pitch.
A no-hitter in which no batters reach base at all is a much rarer feat. Because batters can reach base by means other than a hit, a pitcher can throw a no-hitter and still give up runs, lose the game, although this is uncommon and most no-hitters are shutouts. One or more runs were given up in 25 recorded no-hitters in MLB history, most by Ervin Santana of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in a 3–1 win against the Cleveland Indians on July 27, 2011. On two occasions, a team still lost the game. On a further four occasions, a team has thrown a no-hitter for eight innings in a losing effort, but those four games are not recognized as no-hitters by Major League Baseball because the outing lasted fewer than nine innings, it is theoretically possible for opposing pitchers to throw no-hitters in the same game, although this has never happened in the majors. Two pitchers, Fred Toney and Hippo Vaughn, completed nine innings of a game on May 2, 1917 without either giving up a hit or a run. A no-hitter is defined by Major League Baseball as follows: "An official no-hit game occurs when a pitcher allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings."
This definition was specified by MLB's Committee for Statistical Accuracy in 1991, causing recognized no-hitters of fewer than nine innings or where the first hit had been allowed in extra innings to be stricken from the official record books. Games lost by the visiting team in 8½ innings but without allowing any hits do not qualify as no-hitters, as the visiting team has only pitched eight innings. Major League Baseball has recognized 299 no-hitters thrown since 1876. Two no-hitters have been thrown on the same day twice: Ted Breitenstein and Jim Hughes on April 22, 1898. Eight no-hitters were thrown by major league pitchers in the 1884 season. In the modern era, seven no-hitters were thrown in 1990, 1991, 2012, 2015; the longest period between any two no-hitters in the modern era is 3 years, 44 days between Bobby Burke on August 8, 1931, Paul "Daffy" Dean on September 21, 1934. There was a drought of 3 years, 11 months, without a no-hitter after the first National League no-hitter on July 15, 1876, pitched by George Bradley.
The most recent year without any no-hitters is 2005. The greatest span of games without a no-hitter anywhere in the Major Leagues is 6,364, between Randy Johnson's perfect game on May 18, 2004, for the Arizona Diamondbacks, Aníbal Sánchez's no-hitter on September 6, 2006, for the Florida Marlins; the previous record was a 4,015-game streak without a no-hitter from September 30, 1984, to September 19, 1986. The pitcher who holds the record for the most no-hitters is Nolan Ryan, who threw seven in his long career, his first two came two months apart, while he was with the California Angels: the first on May 15, 1973, the second on July 15. He had two more with the Angels on September 28, 1974, June 1, 1975. Ryan's fifth no-hitter with the Houston Astros on September 26, 1981, broke Sandy Koufax's previous record, his sixth and seventh no-hitters came with the Texas Rangers on June 1, 1990, May 1, 1991. When he tossed number seven at age 44, he became the oldest pitcher to throw a no-hitter. Only Ryan, Sandy Koufax, Cy Young, Bob Feller, Larry Corcoran have pitched more than two no-hitters.
Corcoran was the first pitcher to throw a second no-hitter in a career, as well as the first to throw a third. Thirty-six pitchers have thrown more than one combined no-hitters not counting. Randy Johnson has the longest gap between no-hitters: he threw a no-hitter as a member of the Seattle Mariners on June 2, 1990, a perfect game as an Arizona Diamondback on May 18, 2004; the pitcher who holds the record for the shortest time between no-hitters is Johnny Vander Meer, the only pitcher in history to throw no-hitters in consecutive starts, while playing for the Cincinnati Reds in 1938. Besides Vander Meer, Allie Reynolds, Virgil Trucks and Max Scherzer are the only other major leaguers to throw two no-hitters in the same regular season. Jim Maloney had two no-hitters under the previous rules in the 1965 season
A bunt is a batting technique in baseball or fastpitch softball. To bunt, the batter loosely holds the bat in front of the plate and intentionally taps the ball into play; the goal in bunting is to ground the ball into fair territory, as far from the fielders as possible while staying within the infield. This requires not only physical dexterity and concentration, but an awareness of the fielders' positions in relation to the baserunner or baserunners, their reactions to the bunt, knowledge of the pitcher's most pitches; the bunt is executed by the batter turning his body toward the pitcher and sliding one hand up the barrel of the bat to help steady it. This is called squaring up. Depending on the situation, the batter might square up either before the pitcher winds up, or as the pitch is batted. Sometimes, a batter may square up quickly retract the bat and take a full swing as the pitch is delivered. In a sacrifice bunt, the batter will put the ball into play with the intention of advancing a baserunner, in exchange for the batter being thrown out.
The sacrifice bunt is most used to advance a runner from first to second base, though the runner may be advanced from second to third base, or from third to home. The sacrifice bunt is most used in close, low-scoring games, it is performed by weaker hitters by pitchers in games played in National League parks. A sacrifice bunt is not counted as an at-bat. In general, when sacrifice bunting, a batter will square to bunt well before the pitcher releases the ball; the squeeze play occurs when the batter sacrifices with the purpose of scoring a runner from third base. In the suicide squeeze, in which the runner on third base starts running for home plate as soon as the pitcher starts to pitch the ball, it is integral that the batter bunt the ball or the runner will be tagged out easily. Due to the high-risk nature of this play, it is not executed, but can be an exciting moment within the game. If a runner scores in a squeeze play, the batter may be credited with an RBI. A batter may bunt for a base hit.
This is not a sacrifice play, because the batter is trying to reach base safely, without any intention of advancing a runner. A batter may try to bunt. In this case, if the runner advances and the batter is thrown out, if the official scorer judges that the intention of the batter was to bunt for a base hit the batter will not receive credit for a sacrifice bunt. A batter bunting for a base hit will hold back his bunt while the pitcher begins delivering the ball, in order to surprise the fielders. If successful, the bunt is scored as a hit single. Does a bunt result in an extra base hit; when attempting to bunt for a base hit, the batter will begin running as he is bunting the ball. This is called a drag bunt. Left-handed batters perform this more than right-handed hitters, because their stance in the batter's box is closer to first base, they do not need to run across home plate, where the ball will be pitched, as they bunt; the action of squaring to bunt is compromised during a drag bunt. Players sometimes get one hand up the barrel, other times bunt with both hands at the base of the bat.
There have been instances of one-handed drag bunts as well. A swinging bunt occurs. A swinging bunt is the result of a checked swing, only has the appearance of a bunt, it is not a true bunt, if the scorer judges that the batter intended to hit the ball, it cannot be counted as a sacrifice. There is a "slug" bunt, intended to surprise the opposing defense, as the desired effect is a hard-hit ball into the infield defense, expecting a standard bunt. Fielding a bunt can be more difficult than fielding a batted ball. Bunted balls are slow, so fielders must charge the ball to get to it in order to throw out a runner in time. Well-placed bunts can sometimes be impossible to field, result in base hits; the tactic in bunting for a base hit is to hit the ball fast enough to get it past the pitcher, but slow enough to not allow time for the other infielders to make a play. Bunting a ball into no-man's land – the triangle between the locations of the pitcher, first baseman, second baseman, or between the pitcher and third baseman – can succeed because of uncertainty among the fielders as to which should field the ball and which should receive the throw to first base.
It is not unusual for all three fielders to try to field the ball, for nobody to cover the bag, or for no one to try to field the ball, assuming someone else will handle it. Teams use a rotation play to defend against the bunt: the first baseman will charge the bunt and the second baseman "rotates" out of his usual position to cover first base and receive the throw; the shortstop covers the base towards. A foul bunt, not caught in flight is always counted as a strike if it is a third strike and thus results in a strikeout of the batter; this is distinct from all other foul balls which, if not caught in flight, are only counted as a strike if not a third strike. This special exception applies only to true bunts, not on any bunt-like contacts that might occur during a full swing or check-swing. If a batter bunts the ball and his bat hits the ball again after initial contact, it is a dead ball if by accident. Additionally, the infield fly rule is not applied to bunts popped-up in the air. Instead, the intentional drop rule that applies to line drives can b
In baseball, an at bat or time at bat is a batter's turn batting against a pitcher. An at bat is different from a plate appearance. A batter is credited with a plate appearance regardless of what happens during his turn at bat, but a batter is credited with an at bat only if that plate appearance does not have one of the results enumerated below. While at bats are used to calculate certain statistics, including batting average and slugging percentage, a player can qualify for the season-ending rankings in these categories only if he accumulates 502 plate appearances during the season. A batter will not receive credit for an at bat if his plate appearance ends under the following circumstances: He receives a base on balls, he is hit by a pitch. He hits a sacrifice bunt, he is awarded first base due to interference or obstruction by the catcher. He is replaced by another hitter before his at bat is completed, in which case the plate appearance and any related statistics go to the pinch hitter. In addition, if the inning ends while he is still at bat, no at bat or plate appearance will result.
In this case, the batter will come to bat again in the next inning, though the count will be reset to no balls and no strikes. Rule 9.02 of the official rules of Major League Baseball defines an at bat as: "Number of times batted, except that no time at bat shall be charged when a player: hits a sacrifice bunt or sacrifice fly. The American League record is held by Carl Yastrzemski, whose 11,988 career at bats were all in the AL; the single season record is held by Jimmy Rollins, who had 716 at bats in 2007. 14 players share the single game record of 11 at bats in a single game, all of which were extra inning games. In games of 9 innings or fewer, the record has occurred more than 200 times; the team record for most at bats in a single season is 5,781 by the 1997 Boston Red Sox. "At bat", "up", "up at bat", "at the plate" are all phrases describing a batter, facing the pitcher. Note that just because a player is described as being "at bat" in this sense, he will not be given an at bat in his statistics.
This ambiguous terminology is clarified by context. To refer explicitly to the technical meaning of "at bat" described above, the term "official at bat" is sometimes used. Official Baseball Rule 5.06 provides that " batter has completed his time at bat when he is put out or becomes a runner". The "time at bat" defined in this rule is more referred to as a plate appearance, the playing rules uses the phrase "time at bat" in this sense. In contrast, the scoring rules use the phrase "time at bat" to refer to the statistic at bat, defined in Rule 9.02, but sometimes uses the phrase "official time at bat" or refers back to Rule 9.02 when mentioning the statistic. The phrase "plate appearance" is used in Rules 9.22 and 9.23 dealing with batting titles and hitting streaks, but is not defined anywhere in the rulebook. Batting order At bats with runners in scoring position