Chester John "Chet" Culver is an American politician who served as the 41st Governor of Iowa from 2007 to 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 29th Secretary of State of Iowa from 1999 to 2007, he was elected as the Federal Liaison for the Democratic Governors Association for 2008–2009. He founded the Chet Culver Group, an energy sector consulting firm, after he left public office in 2011. Culver was born in Washington, D. C, he is the son of Ann and John Culver, a former U. S. Senator from Iowa. Culver attended Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School in Bethesda, Maryland before attending Virginia Tech on a football scholarship, he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science in 1988. He received a Master of Arts degree in Education from Drake University in 1994. After college, Culver worked as a staff member for the state Democratic Party, he worked with Bonnie Campbell on her 1990 campaign for state attorney general, serving as field director. Culver worked as a lobbyist under the guidance of Campbell's husband.
From 1991 to 1995, Culver worked as a consumer and environmental advocate in the attorney general's office. After completing his master's degree, he took a job as a teacher in Des Moines. Working first at Roosevelt High School and Hoover High School, he taught government and history. Culver coached sophomore football and eighth grade boys basketball during his tenure. In 1998, Culver won. At the age of 32, he was the youngest Secretary of State in the United States at the time, he was reelected to a second term in 2002 by a large margin. While serving at this post, he created the Iowa Student Political Awareness Club, which attempts to get students motivated to participate in politics when they reach voting age. During his tenure, Culver received accolades for modernizing the office, increasing voter registration, ensuring voter accessibility for people with disabilities. In 2005, Culver announced his candidacy for Governor of Iowa. Culver's main opponents for the Democratic nomination were former director of the Iowa Department of Economic Development Mike Blouin and seven-term State Representative Ed Fallon.
Secretary of Agriculture Patty Judge was running for the nomination, but after she withdrew from the race, she gave her support to Culver and became his running mate. Culver won the Democratic primary with 39% of the vote. Culver's 2006 election as Governor of Iowa marked the first time that Democrats controlled both the executive and legislative branches of the Government of Iowa since the 1965–1967 session of the Iowa General Assembly. Culver is the first Democratic Governor of Iowa since Nelson G. Kraschel in 1937 to be elected to succeed another Democrat. Culver ran unsuccessfully for reelection with incumbent Lieutenant Governor Patty Judge, he was challenged by Republican four-term former governor Terry Branstad, running with State Senator Kim Reynolds. One of Culver's first initiatives was to sign legislation easing limits on types of stem cell research in Iowa. "The new legislation allows medical researchers to create embryonic stem cells through cloning. While allowing for further research, it prohibits reproductive cloning of humans."
According to National Public Radio. Culver said lifting the ban will "give hope to those suffering from diseases such as cancer, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's." Culver proposed spending $12.5 million to establish a stem cell research center at the University of Iowa. NPR called it a "Key Moment in the Stem Cell Debate." A September 2008 poll of Iowans found 60% supported Culver's handling of the major floods that struck Iowa and much of the Midwest. A year Culver and other state elected officials expressed "outrage" at the slow pace of disbursement of federal funding to affected areas. In 2010, Culver proposed a $40 million "disaster relief fund" and declared March 2010 "Flood Awareness Month." Culver touted Iowa as the leading alternative "energy capital of the world". He started a "power fund" to assist with that effort; the Associated Press wrote that "Gov. Chet Culver has bet much of his political future on alternative energy; the power fund was a centerpiece of his campaign for governor, he managed to push the program through the Legislature.
Lawmakers have allocated $49.6 million for the effort over the last two years." Culver has served as an elder. His wife Mariclare is a Roman Catholic. In contrast to his wife who supported John Edwards, on February 7, 2008 in Omaha, Nebraska, he endorsed Barack Obama as the Democratic nominee in the 2008 presidential election. Chet Culver and Patty Judge official campaign site
Ola Babcock Miller
Eunice Viola "Ola" Babcock Miller was an American politician and the first female Iowa Secretary of State. Born in Washington County, Iowa and her family moved to Washington, Iowa, she went to Iowa Wesleyan College. She taught in rural schools and married Andrew Miller, their daughter Ophelia married George Gallup. Miller was elected Iowa Secretary of State in 1932 as a Democrat. While secretary of state in 1935, Miller started the Iowa Highway Safety Patrol. Miller died of pneumonia in Des Moines, Iowa
Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of Spanish Louisiana. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, financial services, information technology and green energy production. Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U. S states, its capital and largest city by population is Des Moines. Iowa has been listed as one of the safest states in, its nickname is the Hawkeye State. Iowa derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many Native American tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east.
The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U. S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed by rivers. Iowa has 99 counties; the state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. Iowa's bedrock geology increases in age from west to east. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old. Iowa is not flat. Iowa can be divided into eight landforms based on glaciation, soils and river drainage. Loess hills lie along the western border of the state. Northeast Iowa along the Upper Mississippi River is part of the Driftless Area, consisting of steep hills and valleys which appear mountainous. Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa. To the east lies Clear Lake. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa, Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, Rathbun Lake.
The state's northwest area has many remnants such as Barringer Slough. Iowa's natural vegetation is tallgrass prairie and savanna in upland areas, with dense forest and wetlands in flood plains and protected river valleys, pothole wetlands in northern prairie areas. Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; the Southern part of Iowa is categorised as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorised as the Central tall grasslands and is thus considered to be part of the Great Plains. There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; as of 2005 Iowa ranked 49th of U. S. states in public land holdings. Threatened or endangered animals in Iowa include the interior least tern, piping plover, Indiana bat, pallid sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene land snail, Higgins' eye pearly mussel, the Topeka shiner. Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, northern wild monkshood.
There is little proof to suggest that the explosion in the number of high-density livestock facilities in Iowa has led to increased rural water contamination and a decline in air quality. In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. Other factors negatively affecting Iowa's environment include the extensive use of older coal-fired power plants and pesticide runoff from crop production, diminishment of the Jordan Aquifer. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state with extremes of both cold; the average annual temperature at Des Moines is 50 °F. Winters are harsh and snowfall is common. Spring ushers in the beginning of the severe weather season. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year; the 30 year annual average Tornadoes in Iowa is 47. In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001.
Iowa summers are known for heat and humidity, with daytime temperatures sometimes near 90 °F and exceeding 100 °F. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing dropping below −18 °F. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934. Iowa has a smooth gradient of var
Matt Schultz is a Republican politician who served as Iowa Secretary of State. Schultz grew up in West Des Moines and graduated from Valley High School, Brigham Young University–Idaho, the University of Iowa, the Creighton University School of Law, he is an Eagle Scout, is active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He served a two-year mission for the church in Argentina, he and his wife, live in Madison County with their five children. He was elected to public office in 2005 as a city councilman in Council Bluffs, where he served for five years, he was elected to the position of Secretary of State in 2010, was the youngest secretary of state in the country. While in office, Schultz has created a new statewide lien registration system and focused on a new voter-ID law, he has worked to ease the voting process for active members of the military from Iowa. On July 20, 2012 Schultz approved two emergency voter fraud rules that would allow him to challenge the registration of voters if their names are similar to names found on state and federal lists of foreign nationals, approved a rule allowing people to file complaints of voter fraud without oaths via e-mail.
In December 2013, it was reported that an investigation by the office of the Secretary of State was passing along 16 cases of voter fraud to local county officials. As of December 17, 2013, five people pleaded guilty to attempted voter fraud, five other cases were dismissed. On January 22, 2014, Schultz announced charges in nine additional voter fraud cases. Many of the original 16 charges, all 9 of the charges were on citizens convicted of felonies whose voting rights had not been restored. State Auditor Mary Mosiman has stated that Schultz' use of HAVA funds might be in violation of their intended use. Mosiman stated; the Des Moines Register on Feb 24, 2014 reported more than 80 have been referred to county attorneys for possible prosecution. **Note -- Cases "referred" and prosecutions are two different things. The Des Moines Register on May 15, 2014 reported that Iowa Secretary of State, Matt Schultz's voter fraud investigation cost taxpayers $250,000 and resulted in a total of 6 guilty pleas.
Schultz initiated the Rock Iowa program which partners with the national Rock the Vote organization to educate high school seniors about the electoral process and encourage them to register to vote. Schultz has supported legislation to require photo identification for voters, he says a voter ID requirement is necessary to prevent voter fraud. Iowa Democrats say that he is attempting to disenfranchise voters, the ACLU of Iowa says that voter fraud is not a problem. Iowa Senate Democrats blocked the legislation, The Gazette, an eastern Iowa newspaper reported, "Schultz has turned a reasonable, principled position into a political sideshow". On January 9, 2014, Schultz announced he would be a candidate for the U. S. House of Representatives, he ran to represent Iowa's 3rd congressional district, after the announcement by Congressman Tom Latham that he would be retiring from Congress in 2014. He finished third in the primary, he was instead the Republican nominee for Madison County attorney, winning the general election with 61%, defeating incumbent Democrat Julie Bardwell-Forsyth.
Matt Schultz for Congress
Paul Danny Pate Jr. is an American businessman and politician serving as the 32nd and current Secretary of State of Iowa since 2015 holding the office from 1995 to 1999. Pate is the President-Elect for the National Association of Secretaries of State. A member of the Republican Party, he served in the Iowa Senate from 1989 to 1995 and as Mayor of Cedar Rapids from 2002 to 2006, he was an unsuccessful candidate for his party's nomination for Governor of Iowa in 1998. Pate was born in 1958 to parents Paul Velma Pate, he received an Associate of Arts degree from Kirkwood Community College. He married his wife Jane in 1978, they have three children, Jennifer and Paul III, five grandchildren. Pate, a third-generation builder, is the owner of Pate Asphalt, he was previously the president of Premier Group Corporation, the president of Pavco Paving Company. Pate was a member of U. S. Small Business Administration District Advisory Board from 1987 to 1989, he served as executive director for the Youth Entrepreneurship Program of East Central Iowa.
He has been recognized as Iowa Young Entrepreneur of the Year by the U. S. Small Business Administration, with a Blue Chip Award by the United States Chamber of Commerce, an Outstanding Community Leader by The Des Moines Register. Pate was first elected to the Iowa Senate for the 24th district, he was reelected for the 26th district. Both districts were located in Linn County, he was unopposed in the Republican primary. In the general election, he defeated Democrat Anne Pedersen, the Lee County Auditor, by 473,371 votes to 425,626, he did not run for reelection in 1998, instead running for the Republican nomination for Governor of Iowa. Incumbent Republican Governor Terry Branstad chose not to run for a fifth term, so the seat was open. Pate came third out of three candidates in the Republican primary, with 13,299 votes, behind telecommunications executive and Branstad's Chief of Staff David A. Oman, who took 35,402 votes, former U. S. Representative and 1996 Senate nominee Jim Ross Lightfoot. Lightfoot went on to lose the general election to Democratic State Senator Tom Vilsack.
In 2001, Pate ran for Mayor of Cedar Rapids, winning the non-partisan election with 20,210 votes to three-term incumbent Democratic Mayor Lee Clancey's 16,450 votes. Pate ran for reelection in 2003 and defeated Paul T. Larson by 26,001 votes to 7,463, he was an advocate of strong-mayor form of city government and chose not to run for reelection in 2005 after a city referendum backed a weak-mayor form of government instead. He returned to running Pate Asphalt in Marion, Iowa. On January 18, 2010, Pate filed paperwork to notify the Iowa Election Board that he was considering a run for his former position as Iowa Secretary of State against Democratic incumbent Michael Mauro, he was intrigued at the idea of being able to run for office alongside former Iowa Governor Terry Branstad. However, he decided not to run for the office, he did however decide to run four years after Republican incumbent Matt Schultz instead ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for Iowa's 3rd congressional district.
Pate was unopposed in the Republican primary and faced Democrat Brad Anderson in the 2014 general election. Pate defeated Anderson 49% to 47%, returning to the office of Iowa Secretary of State 20 years after he was first elected to the position. Upon returning to the Secretary of State's office, Pate set out to institute a Safe at Home program in Iowa. Safe at Home is an address confidentiality program for survivors of domestic violence, sexual abuse and stalking; the bill passed both chambers of the Iowa Legislature unanimously and was signed into law by Governor Terry Branstad in May 2015. Secretary Pate's Office administers the program. Paul Pate was selected to participate in the prestigious 2015 Toll Fellowship Program, it is a leadership development program for state government officials, bringing 48 of the nation’s top officials from all three branches of state government together for an intensive six-day intellectual boot camp. Google awarded Secretary Pate in July 2015 for his efforts to increase voter participation in Iowa.
The award was presented during the National Association of Secretaries of State's annual conference. Secretary Pate was named the co-chair of the National Association of Secretaries of State’s Standing Committee on Business Services in July 2015. Pate was named the co-chair of the NASS Business ID Theft Task Force in March 2016. Secretary Pate was elected the Midwestern Region Vice-president of the National Association of Secretaries of State in July 2016, Treasurer for NASS in 2017 and was unanimously chosen as President-Elect for NASS in July 2018. Secretary Pate's Office partnered with the Iowa Department of Transportation to launch online voter registration in Iowa on January 1, 2016. 70,000 Iowans utilized the system to register to vote in 2016. Iowa continually broke voter registration records during Secretary Pate's current tenure, reaching an all-time high of 2,045,864 active registered voters in January 2017. Pate's efforts in voter education for Iowa's youth were recognized in March 2017 when he was named the winner of the National State Boards of Education Award for Outstanding Leadership in Voter Education.
Pate was rewarded for his efforts in conducting two statewide Iowa Youth Straw Polls and the Iowa Youth Caucus, which included hundreds of schools and tens of thousands of student participants. Pate was the recipient of the Election Center's 2018 Professional Practice State Award for his office's training materials for
John A. T. Hull
John Albert Tiffin Hull was a ten-term Republican U. S. Representative from Iowa's 7th congressional district, he had earlier served two terms as the Lieutenant Governor of Iowa and three terms as Iowa Secretary of State. Born in Sabina, Hull moved with his parents to Iowa in 1849, he attended public schools, Indiana Asbury University in Greencastle and Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa. He graduated from the Cincinnati Law School in the spring of 1862, was admitted to the bar the same year, commenced practice in Des Moines, Iowa. In July 1862, during the Civil War, he enlisted in the Twenty-third Regiment of the Iowa Volunteer Infantry, he was a first lieutenant and captain, resigning due to wounds in October 1863. Hull engaged in agricultural pursuits and banking, he was elected Secretary of the Iowa Senate in 1872 reelected in 1874, 1876, 1878. He was elected Iowa Secretary of State in 1878, he was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1885. In 1890, Hull was elected as a Republican to the U.
S. House seat for Iowa's 7th congressional district, which included Iowa's largest city; the Fifty-second Congress was unusual for its era, for the first time since the Civil War, Iowans had elected more Democrats than Republicans to the U. S. House. Two years however, there was a Republican resurgence in Iowa, commencing a two-decade era in which Republicans held at least ten of Iowa's eleven House seats. During that era, Hull was re-elected nine times, he served as chairman of the House Committee on Military Affairs from the Fifty-fourth through Sixty-first Congresses. He was considered a "standpatter," and a lieutenant of controversial House Speaker "Uncle Joe" Cannon. In 1910, U. S. Senator Albert B. Cummins, the leader of the Iowa Republican Party's progressive wing, targeted Hull for defeat, by giving his early endorsement to a progressive adversary, Solomon F. Prouty, whom Hull had defeated in three earlier contests for Republican renomination; this time, Prouty defeated Hull in the Republican primary.
However, two voters wrote in Hull's name for the Prohibition Party nomination, enough to give Hull that party's nomination. Prouty went on to win the general election. In all, Hull served in Congress from March 4, 1891 to March 3, 1911. After leaving Congress, Hull resumed the practice of law, this time in Washington, D. C.. He retired in 1916, died in Clarendon, Virginia on September 26, 1928, was interred in Arlington National Cemetery, his son, Major General John A. Hull, served as Judge Advocate General and as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. United States Congress. "John A. T. Hull". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Works by or about John A. T. Hull at Internet Archive John A. T. Hull at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Republican Party of Iowa
The Republican Party of Iowa is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party in Iowa. The State Central Committee is led by Chairman Jeff Kaufmann; the RPI operates the Republican side of the Iowa caucuses and sponsored the Iowa Straw Poll. As of 2018, the Republican Party controls four of the seven statewide offices in Iowa and holds a majority in the Iowa House of Representatives. Republicans hold both of the state's U. S. Senate seats and only one of its four U. S. House seats. Chuck Grassley Joni Ernst Steve King, 4th District Governor: Kim Reynolds Lieutenant Governor: Adam Gregg Secretary of State: Paul Pate Secretary of Agriculture: Mike Naig The State Central Committee of the Republican Party of Iowa is composed of the National Committeeman and National Committeewoman, representatives elected by the District Caucus from each congressional district; the number of Central Committee members that each congressional district is allotted is based on the following table:. The Republican Party of Iowa's State Central Committee consists of several executive officers, including Chairman, Co-Chairman, State Finance Chair, State Co-Finance Chair.
These executive members do not need to be seated members of the state central committee. These members do not have a vote on standard proceedings; the State Chairman may vote only in the case of a tie or to create a tie during a meeting which he is presiding over. The Republican Party of Iowa is unique in that it has committees of the state party that can conduct local business. In particular, the party can have a Legislative Campaign Committee in each Congressional District with the purpose of helping Republicans win legislative races. In addition to the Legislative Campaign Committee there are several other standing committees of the Republican Party of Iowa they include: the Budget Committee, the Campaign Committee, the Organization Committee, the Personnel Committee; each county in Iowa may form a County Central Committee. These committees include two members elected by each precinct in the county, though additional members may be elected based on the number of votes for Republican candidates in the previous general election from each precinct.
Additionally, the county central committee elects a: Chairman, Co-Chairman and Secretary from either seated members of the county central committee or from Republicans within the county. The Republican Party of Iowa develops an in-depth platform about what the state party stands for. In general this statement is a general document cementing the principle of the Republican Party while leaving some issues up to individual party voters; the RPI was founded on an anti-slavery platform in 1856 by citizens dissatisfied with the existing Whig and Democratic Parties. Samuel J. Kirkwood and Iowa's Civil War governor, is credited as one of the principal founders. Summoned from his mill at Coralville and still coated in flour dust, Kirkwood gave a rousing speech at the founding meeting of the Republican Party of Iowa in February 1856 in Iowa City. Many people credited Kirkwood's speech and subsequent work with the success of the party in Iowa. Another principal founder was Edward Russell, an outspoken abolitionist editor who turned the Davenport Gazette into an award-winning Republican newspaper and one of the largest dailies in Iowa.
At the Republican State Convention in 1865, Russell introduced the resolution declaring negro suffrage in Iowa and carried it by a decisive majority. His more famous son, Charles Edward Russell, went on to found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Pro-Union sentiment during and after the Civil War helped the party to expand in importance. Between 1858 and 1932 the Republicans won every Iowa gubernatorial election, with the exception of 1890, when Horace Boies, a former Republican, was elected because of his opposition to Prohibition. In 1932 electoral frustration with the Great Depression and Prohibition led to the re-emergence of the Democratic Party in Iowa; the party has held the Governor's office – 30 of Iowa's 41 governors have been Republicans. Since 1979, the RPI has held a straw poll in Iowa in each year preceding a presidential election, except when there is a Republican incumbent; this straw poll is separate from the Republican caucuses. The straw poll includes a dinner, multiple speeches by candidates, a variety of booths set up by various candidates and causes, in addition to an actual straw poll of participants' presidential preferences.
The Iowa Caucuses are the kickoff for the national presidential selection process. Iowa holds a powerful position in that process because it can serve as a sounding board for the strength of a candidate's campaign. A win in the Iowa Caucuses can propel them from relative obscurity. In particular the Iowa Republican Caucuses hold the most power when either the GOP is not the party in the presidency or an incumbent is not on the ballot; as Iowa is the first state to cast its votes on the nominee the media focus on opinion polls from the state to determine which way Republican voters are leaning. In 2008 former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee grew in name recognition because of his Iowa victory and grew his national profile. In 2000 with a heated nomination fight between Texas Governor George W. Bush and Arizona Senator John McCain, who carried the state with 41% of the vote, set the tone for his campaign and set up a successful run for the Republican nomination and the presidency. During the 2012 Republican primaries the Republican Party of Iowa partnered with various news organizations such as Fox News to bring a series of debates that were nationally televised, but directed toward voters in Iowa.
This national attention is a potential poli