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CNN International Asia Pacific

CNN International Asia Pacific is the Asia-Pacific edition of the CNN International pay-TV cable network. The feed originates from Hong Kong. CNN International began transmissions in August 1989. From 1989 until 2005, this edition included exclusive programmes to the Asia-Pacific region such as Asia This Day, CNN Morning News, News Biz Today and Asia News. Since mid-2003, News Biz Today and Asia News were simulcast on the other editions of CNN International. In addition, from 1990 to 2005, to differentiate it from the other feeds, the network logo on the lower-right hand of the screen had a static globe with the Asian continent facing the audiences. Today, the differences between this edition and the other editions are minimal and are now limited to advertising and weather updates. CNN has reported that their broadcast agreement in mainland China includes an arrangement that their signal must pass through a Chinese-controlled satellite. In this way, Chinese authorities have been able to black out CNN segments at will.

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47th British Academy Film Awards

The 47th British Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts in 1994, honoured the best films of 1993. Steven Spielberg's Schindler's List won the award for Best Film. Shadowlands was voted Best British Film of 1993. Schindler's List won the awards for Best Director, Supporting Actor, Adapted Screenplay, Cinematography and Editing. Anthony Hopkins won the award for Best Actor and Holly Hunter was voted Best Actress for her role in The Piano; the Age of Innocence won one award: Best Supporting Actress, Miriam Margolyes. Schindler's List The Piano The Remains of the Day Shadowlands Farewell My Concubine A Heart in Winter Like Water For Chocolate Indochine Anthony Hopkins in The Remains of the Day Daniel Day-Lewis in In the Name of the Father Anthony Hopkins in Shadowlands Liam Neeson in Schindler's List Holly Hunter in The Piano Emma Thompson in The Remains of the Day Debra Winger in Shadowlands Miranda Richardson in Tom & Viv Ralph Fiennes in Schindler's List Tommy Lee Jones in The Fugitive John Malkovich in In the Line of Fire Ben Kingsley in Schindler's List Miriam Margolyes in The Age of Innocence Winona Ryder in The Age of Innocence Holly Hunter in The Firm Maggie Smith in The Secret Garden Steven Spielberg - Schindler's List Jane Campion - The Piano James Ivory - The Remains of the Day Richard Attenborough - Shadowlands Groundhog Day - Danny Rubin and Harold Ramis The Piano - Jane Campion In the Line of Fire - Jeff Maguire Sleepless in Seattle - Nora Ephron, David S. Ward, Jeff Arch Schindler's List - Steven Zaillian Scent of a Woman - Bo Goldman The Remains of the Day - Ruth Prawer Jhabvala In the Name of the Father - Terry George, Jim Sheridan Shadowlands - William Nicholson Schindler's List - Janusz Kamiński The Age of Innocence - Michael Ballhaus The Piano - Stuart Dryburgh The Remains of the Day - Tony Pierce-Roberts The Piano - Janet Patterson Schindler's List - Anna Sheppard Dracula - Eiko Ishioka Much Ado About Nothing - Phyllis Dalton Orlando - Sandy Powell The Fugitive - John Leveque, Bruce Stambler, Becky Sullivan, Scott D. Smith, Donald O. Mitchell, Michael Herbick, Frank A. Montaño Schindler's List - Charles L. Campbell, Louis L. Edemann, Robert Jackson, Ron Judkins, Andy Nelson, Steve Pederson, Scott Millan Jurassic Park - Richard Hymns, Ron Judkins, Gary Summers, Gary Rydstrom, Shawn Murphy The Piano - Lee Smith, Tony Johnson, Gethin Creagh Schindler's List - Michael Kahn In the Line of Fire - Anne Coates The Fugitive - Dennis Virkler, David Finfer, Dean Goodhill, Don Brochu, Richard Nord, Don Hoenig The Piano - Veronika Jenet Jurassic Park - Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Phil Tippett, Michael Lantieri The Fugitive - William Mesa, Roy Arbogast Dracula - Roman Coppola, Gary Gutierrez, Michael Lantieri, Gene Warren Jr. Aladdin - Don Paul, Steve Goldberg Schindler's List - John Williams Aladdin - Alan Menken Sleepless in Seattle - Marc Shaiman The Piano - Michael Nyman Franz Kafka's It's a Wonderful Life Orlando Addams Family Values Dracula Schindler's List The Piano - Andrew McAlpine The Age of Innocence - Dante Ferretti Dracula - Thomas Sanders Schindler's List - Allan Starski Wallace & Gromit in The Wrong Trousers Shadowlands - Richard Attenborough, Brian Eastman Raining Stones - Sally Hibbin, Kenneth Loach Naked - Simon Channing Williams, Mike Leigh Tom & Viv - Marc Samuelson, Harvey Kass, Peter Samuelson, Brian Gilbert Douglas Slocombe Michael Grade 66th Academy Awards 19th César Awards 46th Directors Guild of America Awards 51st Golden Globe Awards 5th Golden Laurel Awards 14th Golden Raspberry Awards 9th Independent Spirit Awards 20th Saturn Awards 46th Writers Guild of America Awards

John Evelyn Duigan

Major General Sir John Evelyn Duigan, was an officer who served with the New Zealand Military Forces during the First and Second World Wars. He was Chief of the General Staff of the New Zealand Military Forces from 1937 to 1941. Born in Wanganui, New Zealand, in 1883, Duigan joined a unit of colonial volunteers during the Boer War, he was wounded and repatriated to New Zealand, but returned to South Africa with the 10th New Zealand Contingent. After the war, he joined the New Zealand Military Forces as a professional soldier. During the First World War, he commanded the New Zealand Tunnelling Company and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his service. From 1917 to 1918 he served in training positions, he served in staff positions in the postwar military rising to the rank of colonel and commanding Northern Command by 1930. In 1937, he was appointed the Chief of the General Staff, he oversaw a reduction in the size of the New Zealand Territorial Force and did little to prevent the New Zealand Government from directing its attention on the Royal New Zealand Air Force to the detriment of the army.

Overlooked for command of the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force, raised for service abroad during the Second World War, he retired from the military in 1941. He died nine years at the age of 66. John Evelyn Duigan was born in Wanganui, New Zealand, on 30 March 1883, his father, James Duigan, worked as a miller at the time of his son's birth but became the editor of the local newspaper. Duigan was educated at Wanganui Collegiate. After leaving school, he went to South Africa, where he joined Brabant's Horse, a local unit of colonial volunteers raised to fight in the Boer War. Within weeks of Duigan's arrival in South Africa, he was wounded during the siege of Wepener. Although he recovered, he was injured when his horse fell on him, he was repatriated to New Zealand in December 1900 but rejoined his volunteer unit in South Africa once he had recovered. After returning to New Zealand for a second time at the end of 1901, he enlisted in the 10th Contingent, a New Zealand unit destined for service in the Boer War, as an officer.

The fighting was over by the time the contingent arrived in mid-1902 and it saw no fighting. Duigan joined the New Zealand Military Forces in 1903 as a cadet and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the Royal New Zealand Engineers in 1905. After attending courses in England on engineering and signalling, he became an instructor at the Defence Department in Wellington, he was transferred to the New Zealand militia and to the New Zealand Staff Corps in January 1911. From 1912, Duigan spent two years at the Staff College in India. In late 1914, Duigan was seconded to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, preparing to depart for service overseas. After the NZEF reached the Middle East, Duigan suffered a nervous breakdown, he returned after a period of recuperation in England. In late 1915 he was promoted to major and appointed commander of the formed New Zealand Tunnelling Company; the company arrived in France in March 1916 and served on the Western Front in the vicinity of Arras. In late June, Duigan was involved in a motor vehicle accident that left him in hospital for over a month.

His service with the company was recognised with an award of the Distinguished Service Order. From 1917, Duigan held a series of staff officer positions, he had a short stint with the headquarters of the New Zealand Division, VI Corps. He was mentioned in despatches for his service. By mid-1917, Duigan's health was declining and he was transferred to England for service with the New Zealand Infantry Reserve Group as brigade major, he held an instructor position at an officers' training school in England. In March 1918, he was sent to the United States to assist in the promotion of war bonds, returned to New Zealand in October 1918, his service with the NZEF terminated, Duigan returned to the New Zealand Staff Corps. He was posted as a staff officer in the Auckland Military District, by 1930 was in overall command of the district; the following year he was promoted to colonel. In 1935, he was awarded the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal. On 1 April 1937, Duigan was promoted to major general and appointed commandant and general officer commanding of the New Zealand Military Forces, the first New Zealand-born soldier to achieve this position.

When the commandant and GOC role was restructured shortly after commencement of his term, he remained in the senior leadership role in the New Zealand Military Forces as its first Chief of the General Staff. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath; as CGS, Duigan proved to be an undistinguished appointment and was not well regarded by the politicians of the day. He implemented several organisational changes, one of, the disestablishment of the GOC position and its replacement with an army board to control the military; when the board was established in November 1937, it included Fred Jones, the Minister of Defence, Duigan as first military member. Duigan offered little counter to the favouring of the fledgling Royal New Zealand Air Force by the New Zealand Government of the time, this affected morale within the army. One of Duigan's most significant changes resulted in the downsizing of the Territorial Force, in a state of decline. Current recruitment was insufficient to support the theoretical infantry division and three mounted rifle brigades that the TF mobilisation plans called for.

Duigan downsized the division to a brigade group and three lots of fortress t


L'apache is a 1919 American silent drama film directed by Joe De Grasse and written by Adele Buffington in her first screenplay, John Lynch, R. Cecil Smith; the film stars Dorothy Dalton, Robert Elliott, Macey Harlam, Austin Webber, George Furry, Frank Cluxon, Alice Gale. The film was released on November 1919, by Paramount Pictures, it is not known whether the film survives. Dorothy Dalton as Natalie'La Bourget' Bourget / Helen Armstrong Robert Elliott as Otis Mayne Macey Harlam as Jean Bourget Austin Webber as Harrison Forbes George Furry as Professor Armstrong Frank Cluxon as Tom Gordon Alice Gale as Jane Louis Darclay as The Mouse Clara Beyers as Zelie Apaches L'apache on IMDb

Battle of Amstetten

The Battle of Amstetten was a minor engagement during the War of the Third Coalition between the First French Empire and the alliance of Austria and Russia. It occurred on 5 November 1805, when the retreating Russo-Austrian troops, led by Mikhail Kutuzov, were intercepted by Marshal Joachim Murat's cavalry and a portion of Marshal Jean Lannes' corps. Pyotr Bagration defended against the advancing French troops and allowed the Russian troops to retreat; this was the first fight in which a major part of the Russian Army opposed a significant number of French troops in the open. The total number of Russo-Austrian troops was around 6,700, while the French troops numbered 10,000 troops; the Russo-Austrian forces suffered more casualties but were still able to retreat. The Battle of Amstetten took place during the War of the Third Coalition, which lasted from 1803 to 1806; this battle took place after the Austrian surrender in the Ulm Campaign. Following the surrender of Karl Mack von Leiberich in the Battle of Ulm, the Russian forces led by Kutuzov decided to retreat along the Danube to regroup with other Russian troops.

Napoleon was determined to pin down the Russian army and sent Joachim Murat and Jean Lannes to intercept the retreating Russian army. The French army caught up the Russians around Enns, Austria 50 km west of Amstetten and again at Oed, 3 km west of Amstetten. Bagration decided to fend off the French Army at Amstetten and posted his infantry and cavalry atop the hills on both sides of the main road; the artillery was positioned on the main road for the best line of fire. Murat led an initial charge with his cavalry escort of two squadrons against three Austrian cavalry regiments, his troops were forced to fall back. Murat's troops were reinforced by Nicolas Oudinot’s grenadiers who were able to prevent Bagration’s advance and forced his line to retreat back into Amstetten. Murat waited for the balance of his column to arrive with Lannes. Lannes proceeded to attack. Bagration requested reinformancements and was joined by Miloradovich along with four infantry regiments, ten cavalry regiments and extra artillery.

As the battle persisted, The Russian Jägers were forced to fall back and a further attack upon Amsetten routed a Grenz infantry battalion. The battle dwindled down by nightfall. One thousand Austrian soldiers were wounded, or captured. Three hundred Russian soldiers were killed or wounded, fewer than seven hundred were captured. Bagration performed his duty as the rear guard and allowed the remaining Russo-Austrian troops to retreat overnight; the Russo-Austrian troops suffered more casualties than the French army, but there is still confusion regarding who won the battle with both sides stating they were outnumbered. George Bruce. Harbottle's Dictionary of Battles.. Scott Bowden. Napoleon and Austerlitz. Frederick W. Kagan; the End of the Old Order: Napoleon and Europe, 1801–1805. Napoleonic wargame site featuring an article with orders of battle and a map. Rickard, J, Battle of Amstetten, 5 November 1805,