Secure Shell is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network. Typical applications include remote command-line and remote command execution, but any network service can be secured with SSH. SSH provides a secure channel over an unsecured network in a client–server architecture, connecting an SSH client application with an SSH server; the protocol specification distinguishes between two major versions, referred to as SSH-1 and SSH-2. The standard TCP port for SSH is 22. SSH is used to access Unix-like operating systems, but it can be used on Microsoft Windows. Windows 10 uses OpenSSH as its default SSH client. SSH was designed as a replacement for Telnet and for unsecured remote shell protocols such as the Berkeley rlogin and rexec protocols; those protocols send information, notably passwords, in plaintext, rendering them susceptible to interception and disclosure using packet analysis. The encryption used by SSH is intended to provide confidentiality and integrity of data over an unsecured network, such as the Internet, although files leaked by Edward Snowden indicate that the National Security Agency can sometimes decrypt SSH, allowing them to read the contents of SSH sessions.
SSH uses public-key cryptography to authenticate the remote computer and allow it to authenticate the user, if necessary. There are several ways to use SSH. Another is to use a manually generated public-private key pair to perform the authentication, allowing users or programs to log in without having to specify a password. In this scenario, anyone can produce a matching pair of different keys; the public key is placed on all computers that must allow access to the owner of the matching private key. While authentication is based on the private key, the key itself is never transferred through the network during authentication. SSH only verifies whether the same person offering the public key owns the matching private key. In all versions of SSH it is important to verify unknown public keys, i.e. associate the public keys with identities, before accepting them as valid. Accepting an attacker's public key without validation will authorize an unauthorized attacker as a valid user. On Unix-like systems, the list of authorized public keys is stored in the home directory of the user, allowed to log in remotely, in the file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys.
This file is respected by SSH only if it is not writable by anything apart from the root. When the public key is present on the remote end and the matching private key is present on the local end, typing in the password is no longer required. However, for additional security the private key itself can be locked with a passphrase; the private key can be looked for in standard places, its full path can be specified as a command line setting. The ssh-keygen utility produces the private keys, always in pairs. SSH supports password-based authentication, encrypted by automatically generated keys. In this case, the attacker could imitate the legitimate server side, ask for the password, obtain it. However, this is possible only if the two sides have never authenticated before, as SSH remembers the key that the server side used; the SSH client raises a warning before accepting the key of a new unknown server. Password authentication can be disabled. SSH is used to log into a remote machine and execute commands, but it supports tunneling, forwarding TCP ports and X11 connections.
SSH uses the client-server model. The standard TCP port 22 has been assigned for contacting SSH servers. An SSH client program is used for establishing connections to an SSH daemon accepting remote connections. Both are present on most modern operating systems, including macOS, most distributions of Linux, OpenBSD, FreeBSD, NetBSD, Solaris and OpenVMS. Notably, versions of Windows prior to Windows 10 version 1709 do not include SSH by default. Proprietary and open source versions of various levels of complexity and completeness exist. File managers for UNIX-like systems can use the FISH protocol to provide a split-pane GUI with drag-and-drop; the open source Windows program WinSCP provides similar file management capability using PuTTY as a back-end. Both WinSCP and PuTTY are available packaged to run directly off a USB drive, without requiring installation on the client machine. Setting up an SSH server in Windows involves enabling a feature in Settings app. In Windows 10 version 1709, an official Win32 port of OpenSSH is available.
SSH is important in cloud computing to solve connectivity problems, avoiding the security issues of exposing a cloud-based virtual machine directly on the Internet. An SSH tunnel can provide a secure path over the Internet, through a firewall to a virtual machine. In 1995, Tatu Ylönen, a researcher at Helsinki University of Technology, designed the first version of the protocol prompted by a password-sniffing attack at his university network; the goal of SSH was to replace the earlier rlogin, TELNET, FTP and rsh protocols, which did not provide strong authentication nor guarantee confidentiality. Ylönen released his implementation as freeware in July 1995, the tool gained in popularity. Towards the end of 1995, the SSH user base had g
1+2＝Paradise is a Japanese manga series by Sumiko Kamimura. The story has been adapted into two original video animations released by Toei Video, a subsidiary of the Toei Company; because of the sexual content the series was one of the manga placed on "Harmful manga" lists by local and national governmental agencies. The negative publicity resulted in Kodansha discontinuing the series; the story focuses on the teenage son of two gynaecologists. As a boy, he was castrated by his two childhood friends, the twin sisters Yuka and Rika Nakamura, his neighbours, why he is afraid of women; as a child, he saved the twins from an attacking dog. They grow up with a dream. At the beginning of the story, they re-appear at the home of Yusuke, his father invites the young women in, to live with them, hoping they will heal his son's gynophobia. The therapeutic benefits of this intended treatment are not clear from the series of, sexually tinted, events that unfold; the manga was serialized in Monthly Shōnen Magazine, published by Kodansha, from 1989 to 1990 but discontinued after it met opposition due to the depiction of nudity and sexually tinted content.
The manga was re-released by Shōbunkan in 1994 to 1995. Yuusuke Yamamoto Voiced by: Kappei Yamaguchi Yuka Nakamura Voiced by: Riyako NagaoThe elder twin who keeps her hair down, is more modest and reserved. Rika Nakamura Voiced by: Chieko HondaThe younger twin who keeps her hair in a ponytail, she is more playful and is more direct and shamelessly presents herself to Yuusuke in lewd situations. Yuusuke's Father Voiced by: Kei TomiyamaHe is the owner of a gynaecology clinic. In a preview for the, February 23, 1990, release of the OVA, the reviewer for the January 1990 issue of Animage magazine notes that 24 year old Kamimura's popular manga is a little naughty but that the female creator has attracted a loyal fan base among women despite its erotic content. Writing a review for Asian Trash Cinema, Jim McLennan observed about the first part of the video adaptation: "The delight of this episode is its sheer, cheerful tackiness. Yes the girls are utter airheads but charges of sexism must be countered by the fact that the original manga was created by a woman, Junko Uemura.
The Borgio Verezzi Caves named Valdemino, are a karst cave system located in the municipality of Borgio Verezzi, in the province of Savona, Liguria. They are a show cave. Located in the outskirts of Borgio, the main town and seat of the municipality, the cavese were discovered in 1933; the touristic route, opened in 1970, is 800m long and counts some little lakes, due to the presence of a little river named Rio Battorezza. The Valdemino are touristically defined as "the most colorful show caves of Italy", due to the presence of various minerals. Main colors are white, yellow and related shades; some prehistoric bone remains, dated between 500,000 and 750,000 years ago, have been found in various hollows. Toirano Caves List of caves List of caves in Italy Media related to Borgio Verezzi Caves at Wikimedia Commons Grotte di Borgio Verezzi official site Borgio Verezzi Caves on showcaves.com
The 2010–11 New Orleans Hornets season was the 9th season of the franchise in the National Basketball Association. The 2011 Playoffs was the final time the New Orleans Hornets made the playoffs before changing the team's mascot to "Pelicans" in 2013; the Hornets fell to the back-to-back reigning champions the Los Angeles Lakers in six first-round games. The Lakers would go on to be swept by the Dallas Mavericks in four Western Conference Semifinal games; the Mavericks would on go to be NBA Champions that year, a franchise first and their second time making the finals. After 6 years, this season marked the end of the Chris Paul era as he was traded to the Los Angeles Clippers during the lockout after the season. Believed by many as the greatest Hornet/Pelican of all time, Paul was going to be traded to the Lakers in a 3-team deal that would send Lamar Odom, Goran Dragic, Luis Scola, Kevin Martin to the Hornets and Pau Gasol to the Houston Rockets, but NBA Commissioner David Stern had controversially vetoed the trade.
June 7 – The Hornets hired Portland Trail Blazers assistant coach Monty Williams to head coach. June 24 – The 2010 NBA draft was held in New York City. July 1 – The free agency period begun. July 13 – The Hornets and GM Jeff Bower mutually parted ways. July 22 – The Hornets hired San Antonio Spurs Vice President of Basketball Operations Dell Demps to GM. August 11 – The Hornets hired Washington Wizards Player Personnel Director Tim Connelly to Assistant GM. August 11 – The Hornets hired Houston Rockets Director of Scouting Gerald Madkins to Vice President of Player Personnel; as of September 2010: Chris Paul was selected as a starter to his 4th NBA All Star game
Achille Essebac was a French writer known for his novel Dédé about an ill-fated homoerotic friendship between two schoolboys. Essebac was a pseudonym. Essebac was a friend of Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen and defended him against accusations of indecency caused by Fersen's penchant for tableaux vivants at his house in Avenue de Friedland. In 1909, Essebac contributed an article for Fersen's short-lived gay-interest journal Akademos. However, apart from the article, Essebac avoided writing about homosexuality after the Fersen scandal. Essebac was a photographer of young men, preferably clothed in Renaissance or medieval theatrical costumes. A rediscovered album with 156 photographs by him was sold for €3,500 in Paris. In the 1920s and early 1930s the Dédé-bar existed in Berlin, a gay bar named after Essebac's best-known gay character from his novels. Partenza... vers la beauté!, 1898 Dédé, 1901 Luc, 1902 L’Élu, 1902 Les Boucs, 1903 Les Griffes, 1904 Nuit païenne, 1907 Jean-Claude Féray, Achille Essebac, romancier du désir, Quintes-Feuilles, 2008.
ISBN 978-2-9516023-9-7 Achille Essebac, Dédé. Translated from the French into German by Georg Herbert. With an afterword by Jean-Claude Féray. Hamburg: Männerschwarm Verlag, 2008, 256 pp. illus. ISBN 978-3-939542-47-6 Caspar Wintermans: The Rediscovery of Achille Essebac in Gay News
Judith Ivory is the pen name of Judy Cuevas, a best-selling American author of historical romance novels. As a child, Judith Ivory liked to gather the other neighborhood children together and tell them stories, she carried a notebook with her and would jot down poems and short stories. In her first semester at the University of Florida, Ivory's English professor invited her to join the invitational honors program based on writing ability and told her to consider a career as an author. While she enjoyed the honors program, Ivory decided, she earned an undergraduate degree in applied mathematics and a master's degree in theoretical mathematics, completed post-graduate work in English at Cambridge University. She taught math at the junior high and high school level before accepting a position as a professor at the University of Miami, she began her writing career in earnest. At first, she concentrated on non-fiction articles for parenting magazines. After finishing her first novel, Starlit Surrender, Ivory sent it to twelve publishing houses.
It sold nine weeks and was published in 1988 by Zebra. The week the book was published she received a rejection letter for the same book from Pocket Books." Ivory switched publishing houses, for her second novel, Black Silk. Berkley had a backlog of novels by other writers and were unable to schedule her book quickly, leading to a three-year gap between the novels, it took another four years before her third book, was published. This time, the gap was due to personal event. In 1992, within a four-month span Ivory's children fell ill with collapsed lungs, her husband filed for divorce, their home was hit by Hurricane Andrew; the children recovered, the house was rebuilt, Ivory has gotten on with her life, but it caused a major delay in the completion of her book. After her 1996 release Dance, Ivory left Berkley for a publishing deal with Avon. Avon requested, her previous books had been published under Judy Cuevas. They hoped that a new marketing campaign under a new name would enable her books to sell in larger quantities because bookstores did not have a preconceived notion of how many books she might be able to sell.
Under Avon's guidance, Ivory has become much more successful, graduating to the super lead position for their romance line by. She has been awarded the Romance Writers of America RITA Award and the Romantic Times Reviewer's Choice Award. Ivory uncles, her family is supportive, to the point that her father has been known to buy all the copies of her latest book at a local bookstore and demand that the owner reorder. One of Ivory's aunts likes to attend her book signings and tell passersby that Ivory is the best writer alive. Ivory is most productive, she works eight to ten hours a day, six days a week, with a more abbreviated schedule on Sundays. After completing a book, she takes a break choosing to travel. Since the mid-2000s back problems have prevented Ivory from completing her latest work in progress, a Victorian-set novel, the first in a series. Ivory has a daughter, both of whom are now on their own, she lives in Florida. Angel in a Red Dress Untie My Heart Black Silk The Indiscretion The Proposition Sleeping Beauty Beast Dance Bliss Starlit Surrender