Safety on the Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
The safety of the Mass Rapid Transit system in Singapore was questioned by the public after several accidents on the system during the 1980s and 1990s. Most problems have been addressed, many safety measures are visible to users of the system. 5 August 1993 – Two C151 trains collided with each other at Clementi, resulting in 132 injuries. The collision occurred because a work train that did maintenance work earlier that morning had spilled oil onto the tracks. One of the trains on that stretch of track that morning had been unable to brake in time because of the oil, resulting in a collision with a stationary train, waiting to move off upon the recharging of its brakes. 9 October 1997 – A maintenance train derailed in the tunnel near Toa Payoh. The derailment occurred. Disruption to train services between Bishan & Newton lasted about 8 hours. 13 April 1999 – An empty C651 train on its way back to Bishan Depot after the morning peak service derailed between the Yio Chu Kang and Ang Mo Kio. The derailment occurred.
Disruption to train services lasted about 7 hours. 23 April 2002 – 21 C751B trains were withdrawn from service due to faulty gearboxes, though there were no safety implications. There were reduced train services on all lines resulting from this shortage of trains. 3 March 2003 – A car crashed onto a stretch of at-grade track along Lentor Avenue in between Khatib and Yio Chu Kang, resulting in a light, minor collision by an oncoming train. Disruption to train services between along this section of the line lasted 3 hours. 20 April 2004 - Nicoll Highway collapse: A construction accident that occurred at 3:30 p.m. Singapore Time on 20 April 2004 in Singapore when a Circle MRT Line tunnel being constructed near Nicoll Highway station collapsed; the supporting structure for the deep excavation work failed, resulting in a 30-metre deep cave-in that spread across six lanes of Nicoll Highway. The collapse injured three; the accident delayed the construction end date for the MRT station. The accident left a collapse zone 150 m wide, 100 m long, 30 m deep.
Four workers were killed, with three more injured. Steel beams were twisted, with two construction cranes being swallowed up. A substantial chunk of the main highway running over the tunnel was knocked out; the rescue efforts were called off on 23 April 2004 because of the low chance of survival by that point, as well as danger to the rescue teams. There was the increasing need to stabilize the ground around the accident site to reduce the risk of further collapses. All six lanes of the Nicoll Highway were damaged, rendering the road unusable; the highway re-opened on 4 December 2004 after reconstruction efforts. A committee of inquiry found main contractor Nishimatsu Construction Company and its officers as well as Land Transport Authority officers responsible for the collapse. Several other officers and subcontractors were reprimanded and issued warnings in connection with the accident; as a result of the accident, Stages 1 and 2 of the Circle line were delayed. Stage 3 of the line, Bartley to Marymount stations opened first on 28 May 2009.
The built station structure was abandoned, the affected station has been shifted about 100 metres away from the accident site. Nicoll Highway station started operations on 17 April 2010. 24 July 2006 – HarbourFront, Outram Park and Clarke Quay were closed due to a loss of traction power with a train stalling after Outram Park. Attempts to bring the power back failed and hundreds of passengers were evacuated from the trains. According to investigations, a cable which supplied traction power came loose. Train service was disrupted for hours and operator SBS Transit activated shuttle bus services to ferry commuters between affected stations.21 January 2008 – There was no train service from Tanah Merah to Pasir Ris due to an accident involving a service train in the middle of Simei and Tampines at midnight. Trains were disrupted. Many commuters were affected as the incident occurred in the morning's peak hours. SBS Transit and SMRT deployed buses to replace train services. 20 September 2011 – On 20 September 2011, a power fault disrupted train services on all 16 stations on the Circle Line.
The four hours delay left thousands of commuters stranded during rush-hour. It was reported that leaks and a damaged cable along the Circle Line were the cause of the disruption; the disruption started at about 5.30am. Train services were restored from 8am and all services were restored just before 10am. Dakota and Mountbatten stations were the last two. Investigations were carried out, it was found that a faulty cable beneath the platform level at Dakota Station caused a power fault on Tuesday morning that affected train services at all 16 stations on the Circle Line. 27,000 passengers were affected by the disruption during the four hours delay, with bus bridging services plying the Circle Line route.17 October 2011 – On 17 October 2011, at 8.36am, a train heading from Labrador Park to Pasir Panjang experienced a fault and had to be taken out of service. Announcements were made in the affected stations, while bus bridging services were provided plying the affected section of the Circle Line.
Normal train services resumed at 11.12am.14 December 2011 – A communication network problem caused service disruption between Marymount and one-north at 6 am. Partial train service was restored by 6.40am but extra trains could not be de
SBS Transit is a public transport operator in Singapore operating bus and taxi services. Owned by ComfortDelGro, it was known as Singapore Bus Service until November 2001, it is the major bus operator in Singapore. Singapore Bus Service was established on 1 July 1973 when private bus companies Amalgamated Bus Company, Associated Bus Services and United Bus agreed to merge their operations with each taking shareholdings of 53%, 19% and 28% in the new company; the government-sanctioned merger was undertaken to improve service standards of the bus transport system. On 26 June 1978, SBS was listed on the Stock Exchange of Singapore as Singapore Bus Service Limited. Between 1995 and 2000, a series of route handovers took place between SBS and TIBS. SBS gave up its Bukit Panjang, Choa Chu Kang and Bukit Batok routes to TIBS, in exchange for the Sengkang and Punggol routes from TIBS; this was done as part of SBS Transit's upcoming operation of the North East line in the north east. The Sengkang and Punggol routes were operated by SBS until they were transferred to TIBS in 1995.
In November 1997, Singapore Bus Service Limited was renamed DelGro Corporation, with SBS restructured as a subsidiary of DelGro Corporation and listed separately on the SES. SBS operated taxis as ComfortDelgro Taxis, which had a different livery as SBS buses. ComfortDelgro Taxis merged with Singapore Technologies Automotive in 1995 to form CityCab, which remained part of Delgro Corporation. In November 2001, Singapore Bus Services was rebranded as SBS Transit to reflect it becoming a multi-modal transport operator with the impending opening of the Sengkang LRT line and North East MRT line. On 29 March 2003, DelGro Corporation merged with Comfort Group to form ComfortDelGro. ComfortDelGro owns 75% of the shares in SBS Transit. In 20 June 2003, SBS Transit commenced operating the Mass Rapid Transit North East line, followed on 22 December 2013 by the Downtown line; until the introduction of the Bus Contracting Model, SBS Transit operated the majority of routes in all areas of Singapore, with the notable exception of the North and Northwest areas, where bus services were run by SMRT Buses.
However, with the introduction of the BCM, some SBS Transit bus services were taken over by Tower Transit Singapore and Go-Ahead Singapore. As of 27 May 2018, there are 222 wheelchair-accessible bus services. SBS Transit became the first local operator to win a tender under the BCM in April 2017, began operating the Seletar Bus Package on 18 March 2018, it was announced in 2018 by LTA that SBS Transit had won the subsequent package, the Bukit Merah Bus Package. As at December 2017, SBS Transit operated more than 3,200 buses; when operations commenced in July 1973, SBS operated 2,079 single deck buses including Albion Viking VKs, Ashok Leylands and Mercedes-Benz OF1413s. In June 1977, double deck buses were introduced when the first of 220 Duple Metsec and Walter Alexander bodied Leyland Atlanteans entered service. In 1979, it ordered 200 New Zealand Motor Bodies bodied Volvo B57s. In the 1980s, SBS purchased Mercedes-Benz O305s, Scania N113s and Volvo B10Ms. Purchases in the 1990s included Mercedes-Benz O405s and Volvo Olympians.
In the early 2000s, Dennis Trident 3 and Volvo B10BLEs were purchased. Inherited from Chinese predecessors and Singapore Traction Company Albion Viking VK41L, EVK41L, EVK41UL, EVK55AL Ashok Leyland ALCOP3/1, Leyland Comet 13C/6RP Austin 1100FF Bedford SB5 Fargo Kew KS600 Ford R192/R226 Mercedes-Benz LP1113 Mercedes-Benz OF1113, OF1413 Nissan RX102K3/4R94 Seddon Pennine 354U New to SBS Berliet PGK205 3RD Albion Viking EVK55CL, EVK55CUL, EVK41AL Leyland Victory Mark 2 Mercedes-Benz OF1417 Volvo B57 Mercedes-Benz OF1413 aircon Nissan U21S Volvo B10M Scania N113CRB Mercedes-Benz O405 Nissan Civilian minibus Mercedes-Benz 811D minibus Dennis Dart Demonstrators SBS4096Z: Berliet PGK205 3RD SBS6702U: Hino AK176MA SBS4664J: Ford B-1617 SBS3366B: Mercedes-Benz OF1417 SBS6790P: Volvo B57 SBS1517X: Isuzu BDTIZCHSS SBS4687T: Nissan UAZDN SBS6791L: Leyland Leopard SBS6820L: Leyland National 2 SBS2452S: Nissan Diesel U21SXN SBS9C: Volvo B10M aircon SBS3572Y: Leyland Lynx SBS30P: Renault PR100-2 SBS81S: MAN 16.240 HOCL SBS997A: Volvo B10M superlong SBS998Y: Volvo B10MA SBS999U: Mercedes-Benz O405G SBS1688K: Volvo B10BLE SBS2888T: Scania L94UB SBS8031J: MAN 18.240 HOCL-NL SBS8000Z-8001X: Sunlong SLK6121UF14H Hybrid SBS8002T: Volvo B5RLEH Hybrid Leyland Atlantean AN68 (BACo, Metal Sections, W
Thomson–East Coast MRT line
The Thomson–East Coast Line is a medium-capacity Mass Rapid Transit line in Singapore, under construction, being the sixth line to be built. The line was announced on 15 August 2014 by the Land Transport Authority as a merger of the planned Thomson Line and the Eastern Region Line; the stretch from Woodlands North to Gardens by the Bay costs around S$18 billion. The line will open in five stages from 2019 onwards, interchanges with all existing lines; when the line opens, it is expected to serve about 500,000 commuters daily in the initial years, rising to one million commuters daily in the long term. It will be the fourth MRT line to be operated by SMRT, after the North South Line, East West Line and the Circle Line and the fourth to be automated and driverless; the line is coloured brown on the rail map. The underground line is 43 km long and consists of 32 stations, will be among the world's longest driverless rapid transit lines, it will run through a combined north-south and east-west corridor, starting in the north at Woodlands town passing through the towns of Ang Mo Kio and Bishan, after that heading south to the residential estates of Thomson and Stevens, the shopping districts of Orchard Road and Marina Bay running eastwards along the east coast through Kallang, Marine Parade and Bedok South, before ending at Upper East Coast.
The line will be served by East Coast Integrated Depot. By 31 December 2024, the planned Rapid Transit System Link will interchange the line's Woodlands North terminus, allowing it to extend to Malaysia; the Land Transport Authority announced on 11 August 2017 that stations along the line will accept only cashless payments after the existing lines were converted in December 2018. The Thomson line was first announced on 25 January 2008. Several architectural and engineering consultancy packages were released in 2010 which indicated an increase in the number of stations from 18 in the initial announcement to the current 22 and length of the line from 27 to 30 km. On 16 June 2011, the Land Transport Authority announced the location of the depot for the line, due to begin construction at the end of 2012, it announced Woodlands as an interchange with the existing North South Line and an additional station located near to Republic Polytechnic. In addition, the northern terminus will house the Johor Bahru RTS link.
On 29 August 2012, it was announced the Thomson Line will be ready from 2019 onwards instead of the indicative timeline of 2018 announced in the Land Transport Masterplan. Construction of the Thomson Line began in January 2014. On 27 June 2014, the groundbreaking ceremony took place at Woodlands. All the working station names were confirmed as the final names except for Sin Ming station, changed to Bright Hill; the Eastern Region Line was first announced on 18 October 2001. In its preliminary plans, Eastern Region Line was to have been a 40 kilometre rectangular loop that would complement the existing East West Line and enhance inter- and intra-town travelling in the eastern region, it would have looped around the Jalan Besar and East Coast areas, intersecting the Circle line and other lines along the way, benefiting residents in Tampines, Marine Parade, MacPherson and Kaki Bukit. However, the northern part of the loop which includes Jalan Besar, MacPherson, Bedok North and Kaki Bukit is now part of the Downtown Line Stage 3.
On 11 July 2012, Josephine Teo, Minister of State, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Transport, announced that the Land Transport Authority are starting architectural and engineering consultancy studies for the Eastern Region Line, which will connect to the Thomson line. On 29 May 2013, Land Transport Authority director of rail services, Melvyn Thong said at the Modern Railways conference, there are plans to extend the ERL to the future Changi Airport Terminal 4, at that time, set to be ready by 2017 but on 1 June 2013, LTA clarified that ERL will not provide an MRT link to the planned Terminal 4. Instead, on 30 August 2013, Minister of State for Transport Josephine Teo unveiled plans that it will be linked to the future Changi Airport Terminal 5, a mega terminal, which will be the largest terminal in Singapore upon completion in the 2030s. On 15 August 2014, it was announced that the Eastern Region line would be merged with the Thomson line to form the Thomson–East Coast line, extending the project to five stages, with nine more stations.
This is more than the number of stations planned on the line. On 21 July 2016, the groundbreaking ceremony for the East Coast stretch took place at Marine Parade. All the working station names, including Xilin on the Downtown Line extension, were confirmed as the final names except for Amber station, changed to Tanjong Katong; the authorities are considering extending the TEL to all terminals at Changi Airport, including the upcoming Terminal 5, announced Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan. On 15 September 2017, SMRT Trains was appointed as the operator of the line. On 20 January 2017, it was announced that studies are ongoing for the possibility of extending the TEL from Sungei Bedok to serve the future Changi Airport Terminal 5, further extending to Changi Airport Terminal 1, 2 and 3, to Changi Village; this way, commuters in the future can travel to any of the terminals in Changi Airport seamlessly without having to change two lines at Sungei Bedok and Expo. The Thomson–East Coast line is equipped with Alstom Urbalis 400 Communications-based train control moving block signalling system with Automatic train control under Automatic train operation GoA 4.
The subsystems consist of Automatic train protection to govern train speed, I
Public Transport Security Command
The Public Transport Security Command is a specialised transit police unit of the Singapore Police Force. It was first established as the Police MRT Unit in 2005 as a component unit of the Special Operations Command in response to the need for greater security in public transport operations in Singapore influenced by security concerns at the time. On 15 August 2009, the unit was upgraded into a separate specialist division and took its present name. In April 2005, during the annual Police Workplan seminar of the Singapore Police Force in April 2005, Minister for Home Affairs Wong Kan Seng announced plans to set up a specialised unit; the unit was part of the Special Operations Command. Officers began operational patrols on the Mass Rapid Transit network from 15 August 2005. Plans to enlarge the PMU into an independent unit within the SPF was announced in 2008; the transition was completed on 15 August 2009 when the unit was upgraded took its present name, reflecting its expanded role to police the entire public transportation network in Singapore.
It shifted from its base at Queensway Base to the former Geylang Police Division headquarters building at the end of 2009. It is planned to have two more bases set up due to the expansion of the railway lines in Singapore, the bases will be at Woodlands by 2018 in the new division and in Outram Park by 2020 TransCom draws its manpower from the regular as well as the conscript full-time national servicemen resources, with the build of officers amongst the selection criteria. Taller and well-built officers are chosen to project a tougher presence. Officers are trained to conduct policing work in confined and crowded spaces, are familiarised with the MRT system's operations. In 2007, the unit began to include Volunteer Special Constabulary officers in its ranks; each TransCom officer is armed with T-baton, set of handcuffs and portable radio. Regulars, as well as selected NSFs, are trained in the use of the Taser, as a less-than-lethal option to diffuse situations where lethal force would not be deemed necessary.
Officers are dressed in dark blue tactical uniforms similar to those worn by Police Tactical Unit officers. Officers wore blue-coloured berets, but were given light grey-coloured berets on 30 December 2009, with the dual purpose of signifying their distinction as an independent department and increasing visibility during operations. TransCom officers operate in pairs or larger groups in and around stations and trains on the MRT network; these patrols, which may include the inspection and searching of suspicious packages and persons, are deliberately kept random to retain an element of surprise for greater operational effectiveness. Deployed only on the MRT system, TransCom Officers now have their area of operations extended to the bus interchanges and terminals, which were patrolled by Neighbourhood Police Centre officers
Bukit Panjang LRT line
The Bukit Panjang LRT line is a 7.6-kilometre automated guideway transit line opened on 6 November 1999 as part of Singapore's LRT system. As an elevated people mover system, it is automated, the project was contracted to Adtranz, Keppel Corporation and Gammon Construction; the line uses Innovia APM. A complete loop journey on the line takes 28 minutes, it is the first line of the LRT system in Singapore and like all other LRT lines, it is elevated and uses automated trains. It is the only LRT line to be operated by SMRT Light Rail; the idea of Bukit Panjang LRT was first pitched in 1991 before the government announced that it would pilot the system there. Two years in 1996, construction began for the Bukit Panjang LRT, along which a few changes were distinguished from the MRT lines: It became the first line with a automated train with no drivers There are 14 stations, a loop will be formed between stations for Bukit Panjang There is an integrated development at the former Ten Mile Junction LRT station, comprising a station and shopping centre.
The LRT is planned to run above ground to avoid the road safety issues of trams, because it is obstructing the KTM tracks, according to Low Seow Chay. Recalling "terrible" traffic jams at the junction of Woodlands Road and Choa Chu Kang Road during the early 90s, he explained: "The Bukit Panjang residents had trouble accessing the Choa Chu Kang MRT station and bus interchange including towards the city due to the poor traffic flow." The KJE was opened in 1994, solving the problem. He asked for a dedicated bus viaduct to be built to relieve congestion, but the request was rejected since LRT became the only main option. Back in 1994, then-Transport Minister Mah Bow Tan, told Parliament of the need for "efficient and affordable" public transport, that the potential of LRT as an internal feeder service was being studied. There are other intentions of the LRT to replace all the feeder buses. Today, residents have few feeder bus services. In 10 December 2010, the Ten Mile Junction LRT Station was closed down due to retrofitting of station, reopened again on 30 December 2011.
Due to this, the branch leading to Bukit Panjang LRT station ceased its operation. An LRT train with 20 passengers crashed into an empty one at Phoenix station on 19 November 2000 after an operations officer failed to do a manual check of the lines before restarting the network system; the impact threw standing passengers to the floor of the train, injuring five of them. The service was disrupted for seven hours but it was restored in stages and was functional again by 2.30 pm the same day. Communications and Information Technology Minister Yeo Cheow Tong visited the site soon after being told of the accident. However, the cause of the accident was never uncovered to this day. On 9 March 2015, during the evening peak hours, the Bukit Panjang LRT was suspended from service for a full 24 hours due to a power trip, caused by a fire at Senja station; the fire was caused due to a sudden power surge and the fuse box failed to handle the surge. The fuse box will trip the system and activate safety measures, but on that day the fuse box failed to do so and instead burst into flames.
The problem was identified as arcing problem, why the power "jumped". The reason for how the fire started, however, is still a mystery to this day. On the late morning of 28 July 2016, a train departed Segar for Jelapang on Service B. However, the train sped past Jelapang and Bukit Panjang stations. One of the passengers said that the Emergency Stop Button was not working, there was no response on the Emergency phone. According to a passenger, the train stopped before Phoenix station after another passenger managed to make a call on her mobile phone. Subsequent investigations showed that the train had a faulty antenna which resulted in the stations not being able to receive information about the train and thus did not stop the train at the stations. On the evening of 27 September 2016, a track fault resulted in the damage of the collector shoes on 15 train cars; this resulted in multiple delays and disruptions across the entire network and the damaged collector shoes further damaged the entire network's tracks.
During the morning peak of the following day, the damaged track resulted in further disruption of 4 hours after train service started. When the trains did arrive at the stations, more problems occurred, including stalled trains and stuck doors that staff had to open manually. With damaged tracks and half of the usual fleet running, the delays were more severe than previous cases this year. In the afternoon, SMRT announced on social media and Twitter, stating that only Service B is available and train service towards Choa Chu Kang station are unavailable. However, they announced again that train service has been temporarily suspended as engineers were carrying out maintenance and repair works. Train service resumes at 5:45pm with only half of the usual fleet operating. In the wee hours of 24 March 2017, a man was killed in a train accident after the last train left Fajar LRT station. Residents, reported nothing unusual around the time of incident, the body was found when a staff went to the platform levels to do routine checks.
Straits Times revealed that in the past there were 2 cases of accidents along the sa
Taurus Model 85
The Taurus Model 85 is a small-frame revolver manufactured by the Brazilian firearm company Taurus International. In the United States, the guns are marketed for personal protection; the Model 85 is available in several configurations. These include blued steel, stainless steel, polymer frame, "Ultralite" variants constructed of aluminum and titanium, with steel lockwork components. Much like Smith & Wesson revolvers, Model 85s can come equipped with exposed, "bobbed", or shrouded hammers. However, there are a number of significant internal differences between the Taurus 85 and similar Smith & Wesson revolvers; because of these differences, Taurus has been able to keep costs low. However, those same differences can make customization of the Model 85 more expensive. There are numerous cosmetic options, including gold-plated hardware and grips of pearl; the Model 85 is available with either 2" or 3" barrels, is capable of firing +P rated.38 Special rounds, utilizes a transfer bar safety. Models manufactured after 1997 feature the Taurus Security System, which consists of a keyed, quarter-turn style socket-head screw which can be set to prevent the hammer from pivoting back into the frame, thus rendering the weapon inoperative.
The Model 85 line has been enlarged to include the Model 856. This model is similar to the Model 85, but adds an additional round in the cylinder to bring the Model 856's capacity to 6 rounds; the View known as the model 85VTA, was introduced in 2014. It has a 1.41 inch barrel, an aluminum frame and titanium cylinder, a clear polycarbonate side plate for an unloaded weight of 9.5 ounces. Unlike other models, the View is only rated for standard pressure.38 Special ammunition. Reviews on the 85VTA were mixed. Noted author Massad Ayoob found the View he shot had accuracy problems and bullets tended to prairie dog and bind the cylinder. Another reviewer did not have those problems; the View was not a commercial success, was pulled from production in December 2014. A revised model, the "No View" with an aluminum side plate replacing the clear one was introduced in 2015. One primary international user of the Taurus Model 85 revolver is Singapore. Singapore: Singapore Police Force Central Narcotics Bureau Immigration and Checkpoints Authority Internal Security Department Singapore Prison Service Along with these listed Singapore Home Team agenices, the revolver is used by several auxiliary police forces in the country, such as Certis Cisco, AETOS and SATS Security, together with older Smith & Wesson.38-calibre revolvers.
Taurus Model 605 Taurus USA - Revolvers
Facilities on the Mass Rapid Transit (Singapore)
Some MRT stations interchange stations, are deep enough to be shielded from conventional bomb attacks from the air and act as bomb shelters. This status is enhanced by the fact that underground MRT systems have prebuilt ventilation systems with air-conditioning to ensure a degree of comfort in the unlikely event of a conventional air assault. Most stations have island platforms; this is because island platforms are seen to be less costly than side platforms, or to make it convenient for passengers to transfer to another train on the same line but running in the opposite direction. All stations are made to be as straight as possible because the degree that trains would turn at when approaching and leaving a station would be too great if curved stations were built.. Singapore Press Holding's The New Paper is distributed at most stations every weekday morning and Saturdays. Wireless @ SG is deployed at many of the stations including some in the North East and Downtown lines. Buskers were deployed to various crowded MRT stations in order to ease overcrowding on the MRT, started at City Hall and Raffles Place during the mornings.
Escalator announcements were put up in Simei and Tanjong Pagar, charging points were put up at City Hall and Kent Ridge