Stanley Cup playoffs
The Stanley Cup playoffs is an elimination tournament in the National Hockey League consisting of four rounds of best-of-seven series to determine the league champion and the winner of the Stanley Cup. Eight teams from each of the two conferences qualify for the playoffs based on regular season points totals; the final round is known as the Stanley Cup Finals, which matches the two conference champions. The NHL is the only major professional sports league in North America to refer to its playoffs by the name of its championship trophy, a tradition which has arisen because the Stanley Cup is North America's oldest professional sports trophy, dating back more than two decades before the establishment of the NHL. Inscribed the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, the trophy was donated in 1892 by Lord Stanley of Preston, then–Governor General of Canada as a "challenge trophy" for Canada's top-ranking amateur ice hockey club. From 1893 when the first Cup was awarded to 1914, the champions held onto the Cup until they either lost their league title to another club, or a champion from another league issued a formal challenge and defeated the reigning Cup champion in a final game to claim their win.
Professional teams first became eligible to challenge for the Stanley Cup in 1906. Starting in 1915, the Cup was competed between the champion of the National Hockey Association and the champion of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. After a series of league mergers and folds, including the 1917 establishment of the NHL as a successor to the NHA, the Stanley Cup became the championship trophy of the NHL prior to the 1926–27 season; the NHL has always used a playoff tournament to determine its champion. The league's playoff system has changed over the years, from the NHL's inception in 1917, to when the NHL took over the Cup in 1926, to the current setup today; the Stanley Cup playoffs consists of four rounds of best-of-seven series. Each series is played in a 2–2–1–1–1 format, meaning the team with home-ice advantage hosts games one, two and seven, while their opponent hosts games three and six. Games five and seven are only played if needed. Eight teams in each conference qualify for the playoffs.
In the playoff series format instituted in 2014, the first and third place team in each of the four divisions qualify for the playoffs automatically. Two additional teams from each conference, regardless of divisional alignment qualify for the playoffs by having the highest point totals out of the remaining teams in the conference; these teams are referred to as the Wild Cards. Since there is no attention paid to divisional alignment with the wild cards, it is possible for one division in a conference to have five teams in the postseason while the other has just three. In the First Round, the teams are split into two separate brackets by division; each bracket consists of one of the wild cards. The lower seeded wild card plays against the division winner with the best record while the other wild card plays against the other division winner, both wild cards are de facto #4 seeds; the other two series match the third place teams from the divisions. The winners of both First Round series advance to the Second Round.
The reseeding in the previous format, which ensured the top seed would play the lowest remaining seed, was discarded. The winners of these series advance to the Conference Finals and the two Conference Final winners move on to the Stanley Cup Finals. In the first two rounds, the higher-seeded team has home-ice advantage. Thereafter, it goes to the team with the better regular season record; the team with home-ice advantage hosts games one, two and seven, while the opponent hosts games three and six. Any ties in the standings at the end of the regular season are broken using the following protocols: The greater number of games won. Since the 2010–11 NHL season, shootout wins are excluded from the tie-breaking procedure, is reflected by the ROW statistic; the greater number of points earned in games between the tied clubs. If two clubs are tied, have not played an equal number of home games against each other, the points earned and available in the first game played in the city of the club that had the greater number of home games in games between the two are not included.
If more than two clubs are tied, the higher percentage of available points earned in games among those clubs, not including any "odd" games, are used to determine the standing. The "odd" games are identical to those mentioned in the previous paragraph, that is, the first game in the city of the club that has had more home games in games between each club in the tie. Note that, because of this procedure, if two teams in the multi team tie have only played once against each other, the points earned in that game are not included; the greater differential between goals for and goals against during the entire regular season. If two clubs are still tied on non-shootout wins, points earned between the tied clubs and regular season goal differential, a one-game playoff is played under Stanley Cup playoff rules. Unlike the regular season where a contest could be decided in a shootout, overtime in the playoffs is played in multiple sudden-death, 20-minute five-on-five periods until one team scores. Although a playoff game could theoretically last indefinitely, only two contests have reached six overtime periods, both of those did not go beyond six.
2013 Stanley Cup playoffs
The 2013 Stanley Cup playoffs of the National Hockey League began on April 30, 2013, following the conclusion of the 2012–13 NHL regular season. The regular season was shortened to 48 games, the playoffs pushed to a date, due to a lockout; the playoffs ended on June 24, 2013, with the Chicago Blackhawks defeating the Boston Bruins in six games to win the Stanley Cup. Patrick Kane won the Conn Smythe trophy with 19 points; the Toronto Maple Leafs made the playoffs for the first time since 2004, breaking one of the NHL's longest playoff droughts. Since the 1967 expansion, only the Colorado Rockies/New Jersey Devils, the Florida Panthers, Edmonton Oilers have had longer playoff droughts; the New Jersey Devils and Philadelphia Flyers missed the playoffs this year, marking the first time this happened since the Devils' move to the East Coast in 1982. The 2013 Stanley Cup playoffs marked the first time since 1996 that every Original Six team has advanced to the playoffs in the same year; this year marks the first time since 2004 that two Canadian teams have played each other in the playoffs.
In all, four Canadian teams qualified for the playoffs, the most since 2006. For the second time in three years, all three teams from California made the playoffs. For the first time since 2007, for only the third time in history, all four former WHA teams. For the first time the final five teams remaining in the playoffs were the previous five Stanley Cup champions: Detroit, Chicago and Los Angeles. - for the first time since 1945. The 2013 Stanley Cup Finals was contested between Chicago Blackhawks and Boston Bruins, the first meeting in the Final between the two teams, the first time that two Original Six teams competed in the Final since Montreal defeated the New York Rangers in the 1979 Stanley Cup Finals; the Blackhawks became the first Presidents' Trophy winners to win the Stanley Cup since the Red Wings in 2008. They are the most recent NHL team to accomplish this feat; these playoffs featured the most since 1993 and the second-most in NHL history. After the regular season, the standard 16 teams qualified for the playoffs.
The Chicago Blackhawks were the Western Conference regular season champions and the Presidents' Trophy winners with the best record in the NHL at 77 points. The Pittsburgh Penguins earned the top seed in the Eastern Conference with 72 points. Pittsburgh Penguins, Atlantic Division champions, Eastern Conference regular season champions – 72 points Montreal Canadiens, Northeast Division champions – 63 points Washington Capitals, Southeast Division champions – 57 points Boston Bruins – 62 points Toronto Maple Leafs – 57 points New York Rangers – 56 points Ottawa Senators – 56 points New York Islanders – 55 points Chicago Blackhawks, Central Division champions, Western Conference regular season champions, Presidents' Trophy winners – 77 points Anaheim Ducks, Pacific Division champions – 66 points Vancouver Canucks, Northwest Division champions – 59 points St. Louis Blues – 60 points Los Angeles Kings – 59 points San Jose Sharks – 57 points Detroit Red Wings – 56 points Minnesota Wild – 55 points In each round, the highest remaining seed in each conference is matched against the lowest remaining seed.
The higher-seeded team is awarded home ice advantage. In the Stanley Cup Finals, home ice is determined based on regular season points; as the Presidents' Trophy winners, the Blackhawks had home ice advantage in the 2013 Finals. Each best-of-seven series follows a 2–2–1–1–1 format: the higher-seeded team plays at home for games one and two, the lower-seeded team is at home for games three and four. During the first three rounds home ice is determined by seeding number, not position on the bracket. In the Finals the team with the better regular season record has home ice; the Pittsburgh Penguins entered the playoffs as the Eastern Conference regular season champions, earning 72 points. The New York Islanders earned 55 points during the regular season to finish eighth overall in the Eastern Conference; this was the fourth playoff meeting for these two teams, with the Islanders having won all three of the previous playoff series. Their most recent meeting was in the 1993 Patrick Division Finals, where New York upset the first place Pittsburgh in seven games.
The Penguins won four of the five games in the regular season series. The Penguins defeated the Islanders in six games. Pittsburgh goalie Marc-Andre Fleury stopped all 26 New York shots in a 5–0 shutout in game one; the Islanders took game two, 4–3, as New York's Colin McDonald, Matt Martin, Kyle Okposo scored three unanswered goals in the second and third periods. In game three, Chris Kunitz scored the winning goal on a power play at 08:44 of overtime to give Pittsburgh a 5–4 victory. New York evened the series with a 6–4 win in game four, with Mark Streit, John Tavares, Casey Cizikas scoring three unanswered goals in the third period. Penguins head coach Dan Bylsma replaced Fleury with Tomas Vokoun as starting goalie for game five, who stopped all 31 shots to lead Pittsburgh to a 4–0 win. In the sixth game, the Islanders put up three leads only to have the Penguins tie it up three consecutive times. Brooks Orpik scored at 07:49 of overtime to give Pittsburgh
A single-elimination, knockout, or sudden death tournament is a type of elimination tournament where the loser of each match-up is eliminated from the tournament. Each winner will play another in the next round, until the final match-up, whose winner becomes the tournament champion; each match-up may be a single match or several, for example two-legged ties in European football or best-of series in American pro sports. Defeated competitors may play no further part after losing, or may participate in "consolation" or "classification" matches against other losers to determine the lower final rankings. In a shootout poker tournament, there are more than two players competing at each table, sometimes more than one progressing to the next round; some competitions are held with a pure single-elimination tournament system. Others have many phases, with the last being a single-elimination final stage called playoffs. In English, the round in which only eight competitors remain is called the quarter-final round.
The round before the quarterfinals has multiple designations. It's called the round of sixteen, last sixteen, or pre quarter-finals. In many other languages the term used to describe these eight matches translates to eighth-final, though this term is rare in English itself. Earlier rounds are numbered counting forwards from the first round, or by the number of remaining competitors. If some competitors get a bye, the round at which they enter may be named the first round, with the earlier matches called a preliminary round, qualifying round, or the play-in games". Examples of the diverse names given to concurrent rounds in various select disciplines: Notes: The final three rounds of the 2014 Australian Open – Women's Singles knock-out tournament: When matches are held to determine places or prizes lower than first and second, these include a match between the losers of the semifinal matches called third place playoffs, the winner therein placing third and the loser fourth. Many Olympic single-elimination tournaments feature the bronze medal match if they do not award bronze medals to both losing semifinalists.
The FIFA World Cup has long featured the third place match, though the UEFA Euro has not held one since the 1980 edition. Sometimes, contests are held among the losers of the quarterfinal matches to determine fifth to eighth places – this is most encountered in the Olympic Games, with the exception of boxing, where both fighters are deemed to be third place. In one scenario, two "consolation semifinal" matches may be conducted, with the winners of these facing off to determine fifth and sixth places and the losers playing for seventh and eighth; the number of distinct ways of arranging a single-elimination tournament is given by the Wedderburn–Etherington numbers. Thus, for instance, there are three different arrangements for five players: The players may be divided into brackets of two and three players, the winners of which meet in the final game The bottom four players may play a two-round tournament, the winner of which plays the top player The bottom two players may meet, after which each subsequent game pairs the winner of the previous game with the next playerHowever, the number of arrangements grows for larger numbers of players and not all of them are used.
Opponents may be allocated randomly. Brackets are set up so that the top two seeds could not meet until the final round, none of the top four can meet prior to the semifinals, so on. If no seeding is used, the tournament is called a random knockout tournament. One version of seeding is where brackets are set up so that the quarterfinal pairings would be the 1 seed vs. the 8 seed, 2 vs. 7, 3 vs. 6 and 4 vs. 5. This may result in some brackets consisting of stronger players than other brackets, since only the top 32 players are seeded at all in Tennis Grand Slam tournaments, it is conceivable that the 33rd-best player in a 128-player field could end up playing the top seed in the first round. A good example of this occurring was when World No. 33 Florian Mayer was drawn against then-World No. 1 Novak Djokovic in the first round of the 2013 Wimbledon Championships, in what was a rematch of a quarterfinal from the previous year. While this may seem unfair to a casual observer, it should be pointed out that rankings of tennis players are generated by computers, players tend to change ranking positions gradually, so that a more equitable method of determining the pairings might result in many of the same head-to-head matchups
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
1994 Stanley Cup playoffs
The 1994 Stanley Cup playoffs, the championship of the National Hockey League, began after the conclusion of the 1993–94 NHL season. The sixteen teams that qualified, eight from each conference, played best-of-seven game series for conference quarterfinals and championships; the playoffs ended when the New York Rangers defeated the Vancouver Canucks in the seventh game of the 1994 Stanley Cup Finals. For the first time since joining the NHL, all four former WHA teams failed to make the playoffs. Wayne Gretzky missed the playoffs for the first time in his career. Conversely, the San Jose Sharks became the first post-1990 expansion team to make the playoffs. All series played between Central and Pacific Division teams had a 2–3–2 format to reduce travel; this was the last Canadian team appearance in the Final until 2004, as of the end of 2017–18, remains the most recent time that two Canadian teams made it to the conference finals in the same year. This was the first season of the NHL's new conference-oriented playoff format, emulating the NBA's seeding format in use for the opening round.
The following teams qualified for the playoffs: New York Rangers, Atlantic Division champions, Eastern Conference regular season champions, Presidents' Trophy winners – 112 points Pittsburgh Penguins, Northeast Division champions – 101 points New Jersey Devils – 106 points Boston Bruins – 97 points Montreal Canadiens – 96 points Buffalo Sabres – 95 points Washington Capitals – 88 points New York Islanders – 84 points Detroit Red Wings, Central Division champions, Western Conference regular season champions – 100 points Calgary Flames, Pacific Division champions – 97 points Toronto Maple Leafs – 98 points Dallas Stars – 97 points St. Louis Blues – 91 points Chicago Blackhawks – 87 points Vancouver Canucks – 85 points San Jose Sharks – 82 points During the first three rounds home ice is determined by seeding number, not position on the bracket. In the Finals the team with the better regular season record has home ice; the New York Rangers entered the playoffs as the Presidents' Trophy winners, the Eastern Conference regular season and Atlantic Division champions with 112 points.
The Islanders qualified as the eighth seed earning 84 points during the regular season. This was the eighth playoff series between these two teams, with the Islanders winning five of the previous seven series, they last met in the 1990 Patrick Division Semifinals. The Islanders won the season series earning six of ten points during this year's five game regular season series; this was the third playoff series between these two teams, with Pittsburgh winning both previous series, the most recent series being in the 1992 Patrick Division Semifinals which Pittsburgh won in seven games after erasing a 3-1 deficit. Until 2018, this was the only time the Capitals had defeated the Penguins in their first ten playoff matchups. Game six was the final playoff game in the Montreal Forum; this was the first playoff series between these two teams. This was the eighth playoff series between these two teams, with Toronto winning five of the seven previous series, they last met in the 1986 Division Semifinals.
Game six was the last NHL game played at Chicago Stadium. This was the tenth playoff series between these two teams, with St. Louis winning five of the nine previous series, they last met in the 1991 Division Final. This was the first time the city of Dallas was represented in the Stanley Cup playoffs. Game four was the last game at St. Louis Arena; this was the fourth playoff series between these two teams, with Washington winning two of the previous three series. They last met in the 1991 Division Semifinals, they would not meet in the playoffs again until 2009. This was the second playoff series between these two teams, with New York winning the only previous series, they last met in the 1992 Division Semifinals. This was the first Conference Final since 1985 not to feature either the Boston Bruins or the Montreal Canadiens. New York made their first conference finals appearance since 1986, while the Devils made their second conference finals appearance and first since 1988; the Rangers and Devils finished 1–2 in the NHL during the regular season.
Despite the two teams strong regular season records, the Rangers entered the series favored as they swept the regular season six game series with the Devils. With a minute remaining in game one at Madison Square Garden New York was leading 3–2. However, Devils forward Claude Lemieux tied the game on a scramble in front of New York goaltender Mike Richter; the Devils went on to win the game on Stephane Richer's breakaway goal at 15:23 of the second overtime. The Rangers evened the series winning game two in a 4–0 shutout; the series turned to the Meadowlands in East Rutherford, New Jersey, for games three and four. Like game one, game three went into double overtime but this time it was New York who won 3–2 on Stephane Matteau's goal at 6:13 of the second overtime period; the Devils won game four by a final score of 3–1 and evened the series at 2–2. The Devils took the series lead with a 4–1 win at Madison Square Garden in game five. Despite the fact that his team trailed in the series 3–2, Rangers captain Mark Messier made a publicized guarantee that New York would win game six.
After trailing New Jersey by a score of 2–1 after two periods Messier himself scored a third-period hat trick to rally the Rangers to a 4–2 victory. Rangers coach Mike Keenan said of the guarantee, "Mark was sending a message to his teammates that he
Florian Mayer is a German retired professional tennis player. He played on both the Challenger Tour. Mayer reached his career-high singles ranking of world No. 18 in June 2011. In 2011, Mayer won his first ATP title after four previous defeats in ATP finals. At the 2004 Wimbledon Championships, Mayer reached the quarter-finals, his best Grand Slam result to date, he received the ATP Newcomer of the Year award in 2004. Eight years Mayer made his second Grand Slam quarter-final, once again at Wimbledon; the biggest win of his career came at the 2011 Shanghai Rolex Masters when he upset eleven-time Grand Slam champion Rafael Nadal in the round of 16. Mayer was known for his unorthodox style of play, he had a long backswing on his forehand and backhand and used a lot of different slices and spin on his backhand side. He was known for his jumping backhand dropshots which caught many of his opponents on the backfoot. Mayer retired from professional tennis after the 2018 US Open. Florian made a return from injury reaching the final of the Nouméa Challenger but losing to Brendan Evans.
Mayer qualified for the main draw of the Australian Open by beating Sergei Bubka, Blaž Kavčič and Amer Delic. There he beat Lamine Ouahab in the first round, lost to Juan Martín del Potro in the second round. Mayer reached the third round at the 2010 Australian Open, defeating Philipp Petzschner and Viktor Troicki, he lost to Juan Martín del Potro in four sets. At Wimbledon in 2010, Mayer beat 11th seed Marin Čilić in straight sets to reach the second round, where he defeated Mardy Fish in four sets, he lost to Lu Yen-hsun in the third round. He reached the quarterfinals at the Mercedes Cup in Stuttgart, losing to Gaël Monfils, the semifinal in Hamburg, losing to eventual champion Andrey Golubev. At the Shanghai Rolex Masters, he lost to Jo-Wilfried Tsonga in the third round, after defeating Kevin Anderson and Mikhail Youzhny in the first two rounds. Mayer reached the final at the If Stockholm Open, after beating Jarkko Nieminen in a tight semifinal, saving a match point. Mayer beat world No. 5 Robin Söderling and two-time Wimbledon quarterfinalist Feliciano López en route to the final, where he lost 4–6, 3–6, to the 16-Grand Slam titles holder Roger Federer.
He went 23–18 on the season and earned $513,955. Mayer started the new season in style. In preparation for the Australian Open, he reached the quarterfinals of the Brisbane International and the semifinals of the Medibank International in Sydney. At the first Grand Slam tournament of the season in Melbourne, Mayer defeated Doha finalist Nikolay Davydenko in four sets, only to lose against Japanese Kei Nishikori in the second round. Two weeks he came through to his second semifinals of the year in Zagreb. On his way to this stage, he defeated top seed Marin Čilić, 6–3, 6–4, he lost the semifinal against countryman Michael Berrer. With this result, he was the new German no. 1 in the ATP Ranking. At the 2011 BMW Open in Munich, Mayer reached his fourth career final, he was again not able to capture his maiden ATP World Tour title, after losing to Nikolay Davydenko in three sets. Two days after this loss, he managed to beat Viktor Troicki in three sets in the first round of the Mutua Madrid Open, he had to retire in the second round against Thomaz Bellucci.
He rose to a new career-high rank of no. 28. Mayer reached the quarterfinals of the Italian Open in Rome. After three straight-set wins, Mayer could not keep up the momentum against Andy Murray, after having won the first set, he went on to lose, 6–1, 1–6, 1–6. Again he rose to a new career-high rank of no. 21. By winning three out of three matches at the World Team Cup in Düsseldorf, Mayer was the key player in the German team to capture the trophy for the fifth time, he improved to no. 19. The German, could not overcome the second round of Roland Garros and Wimbledon, losing in fourth sets in both cases against Alejandro Falla and Xavier Malisse, as he did in the Australian Open. In addition, he lost his Davis Cup quarterfinal match against Richard Gasquet, despite serving for the match in the third set. Two weeks he reached the Hamburg ATP 500 quarterfinals, losing in straight tiebreaks to third seed Nicolás Almagro. However, in the ATP World Tour Masters 1000 of Montreal and Cincinnati, he lost in first round to Richard Gasquet and Ivo Karlović, respectively.
Mayer reached the third round in the US Open, to achieve his best Grand Slam result of the year. He won his first title in Bucharest, defeating Pablo Andújar in the final 6–3, 6–1. On 13 October 2011, Mayer defeated world No. 2 Rafael Nadal in a brilliant display of tennis 7–6, 6–3. Mayer withdrew from the Australian Open due to injury, he couldn't win consecutively until the Miami Masters, where he defeated Ivan Dodig and Indian Wells finalist John Isner. He lost in the fourth round to Jo-Wilfried Tsonga. Mayer reached the Wimbledon quarter-finals for the first time since 2004 Wimbledon. In the quarter finals, he lost to top seed Novak Djokovic. Mayer defeated French Open finalist David Ferrer. Mayer first played in Doha, he defeated Michał Przysiężny third seeded Andy Murray who returned from injury layoff Victor Hanescu who upset Fernando Verdasco. He lost to Gaël Monfils in the semi-finals, he reached the fourth round for the first time at the Australian Open. He defeated 14th seed Mikhail Youzhny in the second round 20th seed Jerzy Janowicz in straight sets in the third round.
In the fourth round, he was defeated by 3rd seed David Ferrer in 4 sets. Mayer won the Gerry Weber Open in Halle, defeating Andreas Se
MLS Cup Playoffs
The MLS Cup Playoffs is the annual postseason elimination tournament of Major League Soccer. The final match of the tournament is the league's championship game. Under the current format adopted in 2019, 14 teams qualify for the tournament based on regular-season point totals—the seven highest-placed teams from both the Eastern Conference and Western Conference. Audi is the title sponsor of this tournament. Awarding a championship through a postseason tournament differs from most other soccer leagues around the world, where the team with the most points at the end of the season is deemed champion. MLS awards the regular-season champions with the Supporters' Shield and a direct berth in the CONCACAF Champions League, the continental tournament. Since the 2019 season, the top seven teams in each conference will qualify for the playoffs, playing in separate brackets; the top seed in each conference is given a bye to the Conference Semifinals, while the remaining six teams compete in the first round of the playoffs.
All rounds are single-match eliminations hosted by the higher seed and there is no re-seeding in subsequent rounds, with the winner of the 4th and 5th place match advancing to face the conference leader and the 2nd–7th and 3rd–6th winners in the other semifinal match. The winners of the conference semifinals advance to the conference finals; the conference semifinals and conference finals were conducted in a home-and-away, aggregate-goal format. From 2014 to 2018, the away goals rule was used for these rounds. In both rounds, the lower-seeded team hosted the first game and the higher-seeded team hosted the second. If the teams were tied after two games, the team that scored more goals on the road advanced. If there was still a tie after the away goals rule has been applied, the teams played 30 minutes of extra time, followed by a penalty kick shootout if necessary; the away goals rule did not apply to goals scored in these extra time periods. Ties after full-time are broken as follows: two straight 15-minute extra time periods will be played.
Fourteen teams qualify for the playoffs: the top seven teams from each conference that have accumulated the most points during the 34-game regular season. The highest-placed team in each conference receives a bye to the conference semifinals, while the second- through seventh-placed teams play in the first round. If at least two teams finish the regular season with an equal number of points, the following criteria are used to break the tie. Most wins goal differential goals scored fewer disciplinary points away goal differential away goals scored home goal differential home goals scored coin toss or drawing of lots Note: If two clubs remain tied after another club with the same number of points advances during any step, the tie breaker reverts to step 1 for the two remaining clubs. Head-to-head competition results have not been used in tie-breakers since the 2012 season. Records include all knockout playoff matches, individual legs of aggregate-goal rounds, MLS Cup appearances. Matches determined by shoot out counted as win-loss, not drawAs of December 9, 2018 As of October 28, 2018Miami Fusion and Tampa Bay Mutiny folded after completion of the 2001 season Chivas USA folded after completion of the 2014 season MLS began implementing a shoot out to determine the winner of a playoff series in 2004.
From 2014 to 2018 the away goals rule was used. As of December 1, 20181 – Game played at neutral location MLS Cup Playoffs MLS standings