The Souk Sharq is a major shopping center in Kuwait City, Kuwait. The center began as a traditional souq but as the city has undergone investment it has expanded into a modernized shopping mall of 55,567m³ area, with a vivacious atmosphere and one of Kuwait's liveliest social venues. On its two floors, there is a wide variety of retail outlets and many well-known high-street shops in Britain such as Debenham's, River Island, Next, GNC, Mothercare and The Body Shop, it contains designer Charles Jourdan and Sony. There are numerous restaurants; the water-clock on the ground floor is a 5.5m structure, constructed by Professor Bernard
Historical, Vintage, and Classical Cars Museum
The Historical and Classical Cars Museum is located in Kuwait's Shuwaikh Industrial Area, near the intersection of road 80 and road 55. The museum was opened in October 2010, it consists of 2 buildings and an outside display area: one building houses the permanent exhibition of 30 restored important cars. Additional cars are displayed on loan in other museums in Kuwait, e.g. the Bait al-Othman museum in Hawally. The main collection can be grouped into 4 parts: the display of former state limousines of Kuwait state limousines from other countries or from Royal households a collection of 3 Aston Martins related to James Bond movies other important cars owned by the museum or by private collectors The museum is closed on Fridays and open on all other days 9:00 - 12:00 in the morning and 5:00 - 8:00 in the evening. List of museums in Kuwait Kuwait Motor Network Official website with location map Arab Times online announcement of the opening
Al Jahra is a town located 32 kilometres west of Kuwait City in Kuwait. Al Jahra is the capital of the Al Jahra Governorate of Kuwait as well as the surrounding Al Jahra District, agriculturally based. Encyclopædia Britannica recorded the population in 1980 as 67,311. Al Jahra began as a small oasis village, it became known as a notable trading point for camels and a stopping place on the way to Kuwait City. It grew into a town along the historic Kuwait Red Fort. Al Jahra was a conflict between Kuwaiti and Saudi forces. Today, there is a national monument commemorating the battle; the conflict was settled in 1922 when King Abdul Aziz al-Saud recognized the independence of Kuwait in exchange for territory. During the Gulf War, the outskirts of Al Jahra was the site of an infamous shootout with the Allied destruction of a stalled Iraqi convoy as it retreated up Mutla Ridge on Highway 80 between February 25 and 26, 1991; the US Army received orders by General Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr. to not let anybody in or out of Kuwait City and to blockade the retreating Iraqi convoys within a 100-mile radius.
He ordered the dispatching of Apache helicopters armed with anti-tank missiles to block the Iraqis. Schwarzkopf commented in 1995 on the military action: A number of damaging fires have been known to have occurred in recent times in Al Jahra. On 25 August 2007, politician Massouma al-Mubarak was forced to resign from her post as health minister following a fire in a hospital which killed two patients. On August 15, 2009 a fire broke out at a wedding in Al Jahra. At least 49 people were killed and about 80 others wounded when the grooms' 23-year-old first wife, sought revenge for her husband's second marriage, poured petrol on a tent where women and children were celebrating and set it on fire. Within three minutes the whole tent, which had only one exit and did not meet fire safety regulations, was engulfed in flames, trapping many inside, it was the deadliest civilian disaster in Kuwait in the last 40 years. Al Jahra is located 32 kilometres north-west of Kuwait City and is connected by a series of ring roads.
Highway 80 connects the town to Abdaly on the Iraqi border. The highway has become known as "The Highway of Death" due to its involvement in the Gulf War when the Allied troops destroyed an Iraqi convoy; the road was repaired during the late 1990s, was used in the initial stages of the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U. S. and British forces. Today there is a blue sign at the Multa'a Ranch turnoff reading, "God Bless U. S. Troops"; the surrounding area is desert but tents are seen located along the highway. The nearest airport is at Kuwait International Airport; the main football team is Al Jahra. They play at the 25,000 capacity Al Shabab Mubarak Alaiar Stadium, they won the Kuwaiti Premier League once, in 1990. They participated in the Kuwaiti Premier League 21 times during the 2007-2008 season. Al Jahra have reached the Kuwait Emir Cup Final twice in 1996 and 2002, when they lost to Al Arabi 1-2 and Kuwait Club 0-1 respectively
Kuwait Science and Natural History Museum
The Kuwait Science and Natural History Museum is a museum in Safat, Kuwait City, located on Abdullah Al-Mobarak Street. The museum was opened in 1972, it explores the country's technological and scientific progress and it contains artifacts and demonstrations of the Petroleum industry in Kuwait. It is a member of the International Council of Museums; the museum is organized in the following departments: Natural history department, space science department, electronics department, machinery department, zoology department, aviation department and a health hall. Tourism in Kuwait Official website
Sadu House is an artistic house and museum in Kuwait City, located near the Kuwait National Museum. It was established by the Al Sadu Society in 1980 to protect the interests of the Bedouins and their ethnic handicrafts, Sadu weaving, an embroidery form in geometrical shapes hand woven by Bedouin people; the original house existed as a mud building in the early twentieth century but was destroyed during the 1936 Kuwaiti floods. By 1984, Sadu House had registered 300 Bedouin women. A major tourist attraction in Kuwait City, Sadu House has several chambers each decorated with pottered motifs of houses, mosques etc. Official website
Kuwait National Assembly Building
The Kuwait National Assembly Building, designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon in 1972, was completed in 1982 under the direction of his son Jan. The structural design was by Max Walt; the building was damaged in February 1991 when retreating Iraqi troops set it on fire but has since been restored. In late 1969, as part of a plan to construct new institutions following independence, the Kuwait authorities invited Jørn Utzon to participate in a competition for a National Assembly building to be located on Arabian Coast Street on the city's waterfront. Utzon, living in Hawaii at the time, prepared preliminary sketches which he sent to Oktay Nayman in London, who made construction drawings, to his son Jan in Denmark who produced models. Familiar with Islamic architecture, Utzon based his competition design on a walled miniature city consisting of departments arranged around courtyards and accessed through a central hall, rather like a souk. In his own words, "We had the idea of constructing the building around a central hall, a bazaar street, in such a way that all departments met in side roads off the bazaar road, just as we know from the bazaars in the Middle East and North Africa..."
The hall led through to a ceremonial entrance beside a covered square facing the sea. The complex consisted of a parliamentary chamber, a large conference hall, each with sag roofs, a free-standing, flat-roofed mosque. Together with the covered square, they formed the corners of an incomplete rectangle. After discussions with the Kuwait authorities, costs had to be lowered to a point at which Utzon realized it would no longer be possible to use a Danish engineer, he fell back on Max Walt from Zurich who agreed to accept a more modest fee, for his services both as structural engineer for the project and draftsman for the construction drawings. Utzon worked on the project for three years before deciding, at a late stage in the planning, that the structural elements should be round rather than rectilinear, he demonstrated his new approach by lining up beer bottles. The new columns were tapered cylinders creating colonnades reminiscent of ancient Egypt. Cylindrical vaulting was to be used for the ceiling of the central hall, giving the building the appearance of flowing fabric.
After further delays, in 1975 the Emir of Kuwait gave the go ahead for construction to begin. Utzon moved to Zurich together with Oktay Nayman, Børge Nielsen and his son Jan and set up office next door to Max Walt, facilitating communications. Adopting an additive approach, he was able to standardize the design approach as the drawings could be based on repetitive grids. However, further modifications to the overall design were still to come, it was decreed that the conference hall should now be eliminated and the mosque should be brought inside the complex. It was suggested that the covered square should be removed but Utzon was successful in keeping it, explaining that it was "an architectonically necessary link between the great open natural space over the sea and the enclosed building."Construction work began in July 1978. It had been decided to make maximum use of precast concrete components, facilitating the best use of local resources. Apart from the elements for the two wide-span roofs, which were cast on site and moved into position on so-called "railway tracks", all the components were indeed prefabricated in standard sizes.
The building was completed in 1982. The Islamic design of the Kuwait National Assembly was inspired by Utzon's visit to Iran in 1959. In Isfahan, he was impressed by the structure of the town, his plans for the Assembly with its central axis in the form of a covered main street are reminiscent of Isfahan's enormous dome-covered bazaar. Like traditional Islamic architecture, Utzon's interior, including the debating chamber, has no windows while the offices are illuminated only from the courtyards. Indirect light is provided to corridors, the library and the cafeteria by means of skylights in the form of half-barrel vaults which can be seen jutting up from the flat roof; the complex is inspired by the expansive structure of a tree: the central walkway, 130 m long and 10 m wide, serves as the trunk with corridors and stairs — the branches — supporting ministerial rooms and offices as their foliage. The overall area of the complex is 18,000 square metres; the main structure consists of a basement housing the services and two upper levels with offices, meeting rooms, the library and the cafeteria.
In the centre is the vast assembly chamber, 82 m by 34 m, with 50 seats for the members and the possibility of expansion to 150 seats. The upper tiers offer 1,000 places for spectators; the public square, similar in structure to the assembly hall, has a huge roof covering the entrance to the complex. Apart from these two halls, all the structures in the complex are in reinforced concrete consisting of 12,800 specially shaped precast elements made up of 150 basic types. All the elements are of white cement concrete with a smooth exposed concrete finish. Covering an area of some 40 by 80 metres, the public square has an inclined roof which rises up towards the Persian Gulf, it is supported by two rows of columns with semi-cylindrical shells. Unlike traditional constructions, it consists of 11 inclined semi-cylinders, 7.5 metres wide, post-tensioned with steel cables. The columns display an innovative approach to the economical use of concrete, gaining strength, visual attraction, from their creative shaping.
The huge shell-concrete canopies are in striking contrast with the modular courtyard structures covered by flat roofs. The first canopy inside the enclosure faces northeast while the second, rather more elongated, lies just outside it, facing northwest towards the sea. Both are su
Souq Al Mubarakeya
Souq Al-Mubarakiya is a souq in Kuwait City, Kuwait. It is one of the oldest souqs in Kuwait, was the center of trade prior to the discovery of oil; this popular traditional market is located in Kuwait City, between Abdullah Al-Mubarak, Abdullah Al-Salem & Palestine Streets. This market has been around for at least 200 years; the market was damaged during the Iraqi invasion in 1990, however it was renovated and it got back its traditional flavor. You can spend hours in this market strolling around and discovering reasonable bargains on heritage goods such as Persian silk carpets, real Arab antiques, perfumes like musk and oud, traditional costumes; this place is perfect whether you want to eat, or for sightseeing. Al-Mubarakiya features a variety of shops such as dates, spices, vegetables, fruits and fish. In addition to a range of shops accessories and silver jewelries; the market hosts two mini museums: Sheikh Mubarak Kiosk and the first Islamic pharmacy in Kuwait, admission is free. There is a courtyard near Al-Bahar or Sea Mosque, where you can find traditional cafes brewing their teas over coals, several small restaurants are lined-up where they serve authentic Arabic, Persian food to the customers in the open air.
The prices are the cheapest in Kuwait. On hot summer days, water mist is sprayed from pipes over the tables to give you a cooling feeling. A children playground is nearby and shisha is available