United States Uniformed Services Privilege and Identification Card
A United States Uniformed Services Privilege and Identification Card is an identity document issued by the United States Department of Defense to identify a person as a member of the Armed Forces or a member's dependent, such as a child or spouse. The card is used to control access to military bases, Base exchange and Morale Welfare and Recreation facilities, it serves as proof of eligibility for medical care delivered either directly within the military health system or outside via TRICARE. The modern identification card is called a Common Access Card because it is a smart card, used with specialized card readers for automatic building access control systems, communications encryption, computer access; the Common Access Card is now used by members of Active Duty and the National Guard The primary types of U. S. military ID cards being issued today are the CAC for active duty and Reserve members, the Department of Defense Form 2 for retirees, DD Form 2765 for 100% disabled veterans and DD Form 1173-1 for dependents.
Until the CAC was phased in starting in late 2003, the DD Form 2 in branch-specific variants served as active duty members' ID. Prior to the October 1993 revision, the DD Form 2 form number was appended with one of five variant codes denoting branch of service, the typewriter-filled blank form variants were overprinted with branch names and logos. Current DD Forms 2 and 1173 are identical for all branches. Current DD Forms 2 and 1173 variants differ only in the color in which the blank form is printed, indicating the holder's status. DD Forms 2 and 1173 are confused as they are similar in appearance and purpose, however they are two distinct forms; the DD Form 2, DD Form 2765, DD Form 1173 ID\S cards are color-coded to denote the status of the holder. Possible colors are: Blue - Retired members of the U. S. Armed Forces. Tan - Dependents of active duty and retired members, Medal of Honor recipients, 100% VA Disabled Veterans and their Dependents DAVPRM. Red - Retired members of the Reserves and National Guard under the age of 60.
Green - Member of Individual Ready Reserves or Inactive National Guard.* Identity documents in the United States
Air National Guard
The Air National Guard known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U. S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories of Guam and the U. S. Virgin Islands. It, along with each state's, district's, commonwealth's or territory's Army National Guard component, makes up the National Guard of each state and the districts and territories as applicable; when Air National Guard units are used under the jurisdiction of the state governor they are fulfilling their militia role. However, if federalized by order of the President of the United States, ANG units become an active part of the United States Air Force, they are jointly administered by the states and the National Guard Bureau, a joint bureau of the Army and Air Force that oversees the United States National Guard. Air National Guard units are organized and federally recognized federal military reserve forces in each of the fifty U. S. states, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories of Guam and the U.
S. Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia of the United States; each state, the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has a minimum of one ANG flying unit with either assigned aircraft or aircraft shared with a unit of the active duty Air Force or the Air Force Reserve under an "Associate" arrangement. The ANG of the territories of Guam and the Virgin Islands have no aircraft assigned and perform ground support functions. Air National Guard activities may be located on active duty air force bases, air reserve bases, naval air stations/joint reserve bases, or air national guard bases and stations which are either independent military facilities or collocated as tenants on civilian-controlled joint civil-military airports. ANG units operate under Title 32 USC. However, when operating under Title 10 USC all ANG units are operationally gained by an active duty USAF major command. ANG units of the Combat Air Forces based in the Continental United States, plus a single air control squadron of the Puerto Rico ANG, are gained by the Air Combat Command.
CONUS-based ANG units in the Mobility Air Forces, plus the Puerto Rico ANG's airlift wing and the Virgin Islands ANG's civil engineering squadron are gained by the Air Mobility Command. The vast majority of ANG units fall under either ACC or AMC. However, there remain a few exceptions, such as the Alaska ANG, Hawaii ANG and Guam ANG, whose CAF and MAF units are operationally gained by Pacific Air Forces, while a smaller number of ANG units in CONUS are operationally gained by Air Education and Training Command, Air Force Global Strike Command, Air Force Special Operations Command, Air Force Space Command, United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa. Established under Title 10 and Title 32 of the U. S. Code, the Air National Guard is part of the state National Guard and is divided up into units stationed in each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the two U. S. territories. Each state, the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico have at least one Air National Guard wing level unit with a flying mission, while the Air National Guard in Guam and the U.
S. Virgin Islands are non-flying support organizations at the group or squadron level; when not in a "federal" status, the Air National Guard operates under their respective state, commonwealth or territorial governor. The exception to this rule is the District of Columbia Air National Guard; as a federal district, the units of the DC ANG are under the direct jurisdiction of the President of the United States though the office of the Commanding General, District of Columbia National Guard. In their "state" role, the Air National Guard may be called up for active duty by the governors to help respond to domestic emergencies and disasters, such as those caused by hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. In the case of the DC Air National Guard in this role, the Adjutant General of the District of Columbia reports to the Mayor of the District of Columbia, who may only activate DC ANG assets for local purposes after consulting with the President of the United States. With the consent of state governors or equivalents, members or units of the Air National Guard may be appointed, temporarily or indefinitely, to be federally recognized members of the armed forces, in the active or inactive service of the United States.
If federally recognized, the member or unit becomes part of the Air National Guard of the United States, one of two reserve components of the United States Air Force, part of the National Guard of the United States. Because both state Air National Guard and the Air National Guard of the United States go hand-in-hand, they are both referred to as just Air National Guard. Air National Guard of the United States units or members may be called up for federal active duty in times of Congressionally sanctioned war or national emergency; the President may call up members and units of the Air National Guard using a process called "federalization", with the consent of state governors or equivalents, to repel invasion, suppress rebellion, or execute federal laws if the United States or any of its states or territories are invaded or is in danger of invasion by a foreign nation, or if there is a rebellion or danger of a rebellion against the authority of the federal government, or if the president is unable to execute the laws of the United States with the regular armed forces.
The United States Air National Guard has about 107,100 women in service. Like the Air Force Reserve Command, the ANG is described as a "reserve" force
United States Navy Reserve
The United States Navy Reserve, known as the United States Naval Reserve from 1915 to 2005, is the Reserve Component of the United States Navy. Members of the Navy Reserve, called reservists, are enrolled in the Selected Reserve, the Individual Ready Reserve, the Full Time Support, or the Retired Reserve program; the mission of the Navy Reserve is to provide strategic depth and deliver operational capabilities to the Navy and Marine Corps team, Joint forces, in the full range of military operations from peace to war. The Reserve consists of 108,718 officers and enlisted personnel who serve in every state and territory as well as overseas as of September 2012; the largest cohort, the SELRES, have traditionally drilled one weekend a month and two weeks of annual training during the year, receiving base pay and certain special pays when performing Inactive Duty Training, full pay and allowances while on active duty for Annual Training, Active Duty for Training, Active Duty for Operational Support, Active Duty for Special Work, or under Mobilization orders or otherwise recalled to full active duty.
Every state, as well as Guam and Puerto Rico, has at least one Navy Operational Support Center, staffed by Full Time Support personnel, where the SELRES sailors come to do their weekend drills. The size of these centers varies depending on the number of assigned reservists, they are intended to handle administrative functions and classroom style training. However, some NOSCs have more extensive training facilities, including damage control trainers and small boat units; some NOSCs are co-located on existing military facilities, but most are "outside-the-wire", stand alone facilities that are the only U. S. Navy representation in their communities or the entire state; because of this, NOSCs outside the fleet concentration areas are heavily tasked to provide personnel, both FTS staff and SELRES, for participation in Funeral Honors Details. This service provided to the local community is one of the NOSC's top two priority missions; those SELRES assigned to front-line operational units, such as Naval Aviators, Naval Flight Officers, Naval Flight Surgeons and enlisted personnel assigned to Navy Reserve or Active-Reserve Integrated aviation squadrons and wings, or personnel assigned to major combatant command and other major staff positions, are funded for far more duty than the weekend per month/two weeks per year construct well in excess of 100 man-days per year.
SELRES have performed additional duty in times of war or national crisis being recalled to full-time active duty for one, two or three or more years and deploying to overseas locations or aboard warships, as has been seen during Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. FTS known as TAR, serve in uniform all year round and provide administrative support to SELRES and operational support for the Navy, they are full-time career active duty personnel, but reside in the Reserve Component, perform a role similar to Active Guard and Reserve, Air Reserve Technician and Army Reserve Technician in the Air Force Reserve Command, the Air National Guard, the U. S. Army Reserve, the Army National Guard; the Individual Ready Reserve do not drill or train but can be recalled to service in a full mobilization. Some IRR personnel who are not assigned to SELRES billets senior commissioned officers in the ranks of commander or captain for whom SELRES billets are limited, will serve in Volunteer Training Units or will be support assigned to established active duty or reserve commands while in a VTU status.
These personnel are not eligible for Annual Training with pay. However, they remain eligible for other forms of active duty with mobilization; the largest source of IRR Officers in the Navy Reserve are commissioned from the United States Merchant Marine Academy and comprise more than 75% of the Navy's Strategic Sealift Officer Community, focused on strategic sealift and sea-based logistics. Reservists are called to active duty, or mobilized, as needed and are required to sign paperwork acknowledging this possibility upon enrollment in the reserve program. After the September 11 attacks of 2001, Reservists were mobilized to support combat operations; the War on Terrorism has seen the activation of a Reserve squadron, the VFA-201 Hunters, flying F/A-18 Hornet aircraft, which deployed on board the USS Theodore Roosevelt. Additionally, more than 52,000 Navy Reservists have been mobilized and deployed to serve in Iraq and Afghanistan, including more than 8,000 who have done a second combat tour, they have served alongside Army, Air Force, Coast Guard and service personnel from other countries, performing such missions as countering deadly improvised explosive devices, constructing military bases, escorting ground convoys, operating hospitals, performing intelligence analysis, guarding prisoners, doing customs inspections for units returning from deployments.
Reflecting the importance of Reservists in the naval history of the United States, the first citizen sailors put to sea before the Continental Congress created the Continental Navy, forerunner of today’s U. S. Navy. On 12 June 1775, inspired to act after hearing the news of Minutemen and British regulars battling on the fields of Lexington and Concord, citizens of the seaside town of Machias, commandeered the schooner
United States Marine Corps Reserve
The Marine Forces Reserve known as the United States Marine Corps Reserve and the U. S. Marine Corps Forces Reserve, is the reserve force of the United States Marine Corps, it is the largest command in the U. S. Marine Corps. Marines in the Reserve go through the same training and work in the same Military Occupational Specialties as their active-duty counterparts. Marine Forces Reserve is the headquarters command for 40,000 Reserve Marines and 184 Reserve Training Centers located throughout the United States; the mission of Marine Forces Reserve is to augment and reinforce active Marine forces in time of war, national emergency, or contingency operations. The United States Marine Corps Reserve was established when Congress passed the Naval Appropriations Act of 29 August 1916 and is responsible for providing trained units and qualified individuals to be mobilized for active duty in time of war, national emergency or contingency operations. Marine forces Reserve provides personnel and operational tempo relief for active component forces in peacetime.
MARFORRES comprises two groups of Sailors. The first, known as the Selected Marine Corps Reserve, are Marines who belong to reserve units and drill one weekend a month and two weeks a year; the second group is known as the Individual Ready Reserve. The IRR is composed of Marines who have finished their active duty or USMCR obligations, however their names remain on record to be called up in case of a war or other emergency – the Individual Ready Reserve is administered by the Marine Corps Individual Reserve Support Activity. IRR Marines participate in annual musters to check in with the Corps. Ground combat element: 4th Marine Division Aviation combat element: 4th Marine Aircraft Wing Logistics combat element: 4th Marine Logistics Group Force Headquarters Group Command element: Deployment Processing Command West Environmental Services Division Marine Corps Band New Orleans Reserve Support Unit Environmental Services DetachmentReserve units utilize infrastructure when mobilized through Reserve Support Units located at various bases throughout the U.
S.. Enlistment in the Marine Forces Reserve occurs through a process similar to that for enlistment in the regular active Marine Corps. Recruits must take the ASVAB, pass a comprehensive physical exam, be sworn in, they may enter through a billet in the Delayed Entry Program. Reserve Recruits attend recruit training along with active duty recruits, earning the title United States Marine upon successful completion of the training, they have a mandatory leave of 10 days before further training at the School of Infantry and their designated Military Occupational Specialty. Only after completing the training program does a Reserve Marine's enlistment begin to differ from that of an active duty Marine. There is a program called the Select Reserve Incentive Program, which provides enlistment bonuses for Reservists enlisting for needed MOSs. Half is payable upon completion of training and the other half is spread out over the term of enlistment. For those who have earned a college degree, the Reserve Officer Commissioning Program provides a path into the Marine Corps Reserve leading to a commission as an Officer of Marines.
Upon selection from a regional Officer Selection Office, applicants attend Officer Candidate School. Upon successful completion of OCS, candidates are commissioned Second Lieutenant and subsequently attend The Basic School. Following graduation of TBS and follow-on MOS training, officers report to their reserve unit where they will serve their Reserve drills and Annual Training requirements. Reserve Marines enlist for eight-year terms. There are three options on how these terms may be served, one of, designated upon enlistment. 6x2 – Under this option the Reservist spends 6 years in active drill and fulfills the remaining two in Individual Ready Reserve. This is the only option which makes Reservists eligible for the benefits of the Montgomery GI Bill, is the most common. 5x3 – Under this option the Reservist spends 5 years in active drill and fulfills the remaining three in Individual Ready Reserve. 4x4 – Under this option the Reservist spends 4 years in active drill and fulfills the remaining four in Individual Ready Reserve.
After serving several years in the Reserves and attaining leadership rank it is possible for an enlisted Reservist to receive a commission through the Reserve Enlisted Commissioning Program. Marines who have served on active duty, whether officer or enlisted, can join the Select Marine Corps Reserve directly. Veteran Marines wishing to do this go through a Marine Corps Prior Service Recruiter; the mission of the Prior Service Recruiter is to join members from the Individual Ready Reserve to SMCR units close to their home. Marine reservists are allowed to serve in the United States Marine Corps Reserve and in the naval militia of their state of residence. Comparable organizations Army National Guard United States Army Reserve United States Navy Reserve United States Coast Guard Reserve Air National Guard Air Force Reserve Command Official website
Individual Ready Reserve
The Individual Ready Reserve is a category of the Ready Reserve of the Reserve Component of the Armed Forces of the United States composed of former active duty or reserve military personnel and is authorized under 10 U. S. C. § 1005. For soldiers in the National Guard of the United States, its counterpart is the Inactive National Guard; as of 22 June 2004, the IRR had 112,000 members composed of enlisted personnel and officers, with more than 200 Military Occupational Specialties are represented, including combat arms, combat support, combat service support. An individual assigned to the IRR receives no pay and is not obligated to drill, conduct annual training, or participate in any military activities unless activated by Presidential Reserve Callup Authority or electing to drill, train, or serve in a "Drill without Pay" or an "Active Duty" role. Unlike members of the Standby Reserve and Retired Reserve, IRR personnel are members of the Ready Reserve and as such, they retain their status as uniformed military personnel, their military specialty and rank/pay grade.
The IRR, Selected Reserve, Inactive National Guard comprise the three Ready Reserve programs. IRR personnel receive benefits similar to other members of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces to include entitlement to the United States Uniformed Services Privilege and Identification Card and for their dependents, PX/BX/NEX/MCX/CGX benefits, commissary benefits, MWR benefits. Note that these benefits are only available to IRR members in the "CONUS". An individual assigned to the IRR may receive pay and full benefits for voluntarily performing specific types of active duty; because members of the IRR serve on extended active duty and are not retired from military service, most are not eligible for TRICARE. However, if honorably discharged, they do have the VA for medical benefits. By law, IRR members are required to retain possession of their service uniforms, retain their military identification card, notify their service branch if they move and change their address. Upon being called up, service members will be screened for their medical and personal status in order to qualify or disqualify them for activation.
During the process, IRR members who seek to delay, defer, or exempt their activations have the opportunity to present their case to the mobilization authority for a decision. An enlisted service member's IRR service ends after the completion of their mandatory service obligation eight years. "Presidential Reserve Callup Authority" is a provision of a public law that provides the President a means to activate, without a declaration of national emergency, not more than 200,000 members of the Selected Reserve and the Individual Ready Reserve, for not more than 400 days to meet the support requirements of any operational mission. Members called under this provision may not be used for disaster relief; this authority has particular utility when used in circumstances in which the escalatory national or international signals of partial or full mobilization would be undesirable. Forces available under this authority can provide a tailored, limited-scope, deterrent or operational response, or may be used as a precursor to any subsequent mobilization.
When the nation is under a presidentially declared state of national emergency in accordance with the National Emergencies Act the President has broader authority, allowing him to activate not more than 1,000,000 members of the Ready Reserve with no further limitation. The United States has been in a state of national emergency since November 14, 1979; when activated by Presidential Reserve Callup Authority, soldiers are required to follow the activation instructions contained in Army Regulation 135-91 specifying that members of the IRR can be required to join an Army Reserve unit if they are statutorily obligated and have a skill needed by the Army. Reserve soldiers are obligated to serve up to two years active duty, a requirement, waiverable by the individual soldier, mission constraints, or the needs of the Army; the Uniform Code of Military Justice, the portion of the public law that governs the military as a subset of the general population, is applicable to soldiers activated from the Individual Ready Reserve as of the date that their activating orders require them to report.
This subjects them to the possibility of punishment under UCMJ for being Absent Without Leave if they choose to resist activation. To date no personnel have been prosecuted under UCMJ for ignoring IRR orders; until the War on Terror, members of the Individual Ready Reserve had not been called up since Operation Desert Shield. A major difficulty in activating the IRR stems from the fact that many of its members those from the junior enlisted ranks, are unaware that they are in the military; this results from such members being informed that they are "discharged" upon release from active duty when in fact they have been transferred to the inactive reserves. To solve this situation, many military separation transition courses now spend additional time explaining the nature of the inactive reserve; as of 2005, the military began to enact "IRR Musters" which were once a year occurrences where an IRR member would b
United States Army Reserve
The United States Army Reserve is the reserve force of the United States Army. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard constitute the Army element of the Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces. On 30 June 2016, Lieutenant General Charles D. Luckey became the 33rd Chief of Army Reserve, Commanding General, United States Army Reserve Command. On 2 November 2012, Command Sergeant Major James Lambert was sworn in as the Interim Command Sergeant Major of the Army Reserve, serving as the Chief of the Army Reserve's senior advisor on all enlisted soldier matters areas affecting training, leader development, employer support, family readiness and support, quality of life. On 23 April 1908 Congress created the Medical Reserve Corps, the official predecessor of the Army Reserve. After World War I, under the National Defense Act of 1920, Congress reorganized the U. S. land forces by authorizing a Regular Army, a National Guard, an Organized Reserve of unrestricted size, which became the Army Reserve.
This organization provided a peacetime pool of trained Reserve officers and enlisted men for use in war. The Organized Reserve included the Officers Reserve Corps, Enlisted Reserve Corps, Reserve Officers' Training Corps; the Organized Reserve infantry divisions raised after World War I continued the lineage and geographic area distribution of National Army divisions that had served in the war. They were maintained on paper with one-third of their enlisted men. Units in other arms of the Army besides infantry, most notably cavalry, field artillery and engineers were formed. Organized Reserve units, depending upon their geographic area, maintained relationships with one or several colleges or universities, which populated them with officers through the ROTC. In the event of war, Organized Reserve officers and enlisted men would be called to duty to form the cores of the divisions they were assigned to, be moved to other parts of the Army that needed officers. Service in the Organized Reserve during the interwar period was not as appealing as the Army expected.
Most divisions reached their full complement of officers, but had less than 100 enlisted men, since there was no incentive for them to serve. The 101st Infantry Division was designated a division of the Organized Reserve after World War I and assigned to the state of Wisconsin. A tentative troop basis for the Organized Reserve Corps, prepared in March 1946, outlined 25 divisions: three armored, five airborne, 17 infantry; these divisions and all other Organized Reserve Corps units were to be maintained in one of three strength categories, labeled Class A, Class B, Class C. Class A units were divided into two groups, one for combat and one for service, units were to be at required table of organization strength; the troop basis listed nine divisions as Class A, nine as Class B, seven as Class C. Major General Ray E. Porter therefore proposed reclassification of all Class A divisions as Class B units; the War Department agreed and made the appropriate changes. Although the dispute over Class A units lasted several months, the War Department proceeded with the reorganization of the Organized Reserve Corps divisions during the summer of 1946.
That all divisions were to begin as Class C units, progressing to the other categories as men and equipment became available, undoubtedly influenced the decision. The War Department wanted to take advantage of the pool of trained reserve officers and enlisted men from World War II. By that time Army Ground Forces had been reorganized as an army group headquarters that commanded six geographic armies; the armies replaced the nine corps areas of the prewar era, the army commanders were tasked to organize and train both Regular Army and Organized Reserve Corps units. The plan the army commanders received called for twenty-five Organized Reserve Corps divisions, but the divisions activated between September 1946 and November 1947 differed somewhat from the original plans; the First United States Army declined to support an airborne division, the 98th Infantry Division replaced the 98th Airborne Division. After the change, the Organized Reserve Corps had four airborne, three armored, eighteen infantry divisions.
The Second Army insisted upon the number 80 for its airborne unit because the division was to be raised in the prewar 80th Division's area, not that of the 99th. The 103rd Infantry Division, organized in 1921 in New Mexico and Arizona, was moved to Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota in the Fifth United States Army area; the Seventh Army, allotted the 15th Airborne Division, refused the designation, the adjutant general replaced it by constituting the 108th Airborne Division, which fell within that component's list of infantry and airborne divisional numbers. Thus the final tally of divisions formed after World War II appears to have been the 19th, 21st, 22d Armored Divisions. A major problem in forming divisions and other units in the Organized Reserve Corps was adequate housing. While many National Guard units owned their own armories, some dating back to the nineteenth century, the Organiz
United States Coast Guard Reserve
The United States Coast Guard Reserve is the reserve component of the United States Coast Guard. It is organized, trained and supplied under the direction of the Commandant of the Coast Guard through the Director of Reserve and Military Personnel; the mission of the Coast Guard Reserve is stated in the Reserve Policy Statement issued in 2018: America's Coast Guard is an Armed Service, a critical instrument of national security, a key component to the Nation's emergency response capability. As the Coast Guard's ready force in garrison, the Reserve Component provides operationally capable and ready personnel to support Coast Guard surge and mobilization requirements in the Homeland and abroad. For over seventy-five years, our extraordinary reservists have accomplished this through augmenting the Service's day-to-day missions while standing ready to mobilize in times of crisis. Serving as the Coast Guard's only dedicated surge force the Reserve Component is a contingency-based workforce, trained locally and deployed globally to provide appropriately trained personnel to meet mission requirements within the prioritized focus areas of Defense Operations, Ports and Coastal Security, Incident Response and Management, & Mission Support.
It is the duty of every commander, commanding officer, officer-in-charge and program manager to provide the leadership and training necessary for assigned Reserve Component members to be expertly trained and prepared for active-duty when and where they are required. Active Duty for Training, Inactive Duty Training and assigned competencies should relate to the prioritized focus areas. Additionally I place the same level of responsibility on every reservist to acquire and maintain the skills and personal readiness that our Coast Guard mission sets and core values demand; the Reserve Component is as relevant and critical to the Coast Guard's organizational success today as at any time since 1941. We will continue to honor our citizen-sailors and meet the needs of the Nation by adhering to our core values and bringing a total workforce perspective to solve complex problems; the United States Coast Guard Reserve was established on 23 June 1939 as a civilian reserve. This civilian reserve was renamed the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary on the passage of the Coast Guard Reserve and Auxiliary Act of 19 February 1941 and the military reserve commenced operations at that time.
Persons joining the Coast Guard after 1 February 1942 were signed on as Regular Reservists and were obligated to serve for "the duration plus six" months. These Reservists served in every type of job. Other volunteers and Coast Guard Auxiliary members formed what was termed the Temporary Reserve and they served without pay, receiving only reimbursement for fuel expenses on their owned boats to perform coastal patrols and port security; the Women's Reserve was authorized by act of Congress on 23 November 1942 and soon became known as SPARS. SPARS served in administrative and training functions in the United States. Lieutenant Commander Dorothy C. Stratton was selected to head the SPAR Program and is credited with naming the group; because all of the personnel inducted in the Coast Guard after the start of the war were Reservists, only 8% of the 214,000 Coast Guardsmen that served during World War II were non-reservists. An additional 125,000 Temporary Reservists contributed to the war effort. At the end of the war most Reservists were discharged.
The SPARS were disbanded in July 1947. Due to increased tensions during the Korean War period, the SPARS were re-established in 1949 and Congress authorized funding of the first Coast Guard Reserve Units; the first units were known as ORTUPS and consisted of reserve officers and enlisted training in port security operations. Meetings were held once a week for 4 hours on a week night. Four hours paid the reservist the equivalent of one day's pay for active duty Coast Guardsmen. There were 35 ORTUPS Units and 8300 Reservists serving by July 1951. During the Vietnam War period and shortly thereafter, the Coast Guard considered abandoning the Reserve program, but the force was instead reoriented into force augmentation; the Coast Guard Reserve reached its peak strength of 17,815 during the Vietnam War. In 1973 the Reserve exercised its first involuntary recall in support of flood operations in the Midwest; the next involuntary recall was in support of the Mariel Boat Lift exodus from Cuba in 1980. Reserve Units were used to augment regular Coast Guard operations during the 1980s but the mission of the Reserves was still training for mobilization.
Port Security Units were formed during this time period and are made up of a small active duty element that handles the daily unit administration duties and a hundred or more reservists to complete the unit roster. Most of the enlisted reservists in a PSU are in the Maritime Enforcement Specialist rating; the ME rating was the old Port Security Specialist rating, a reserve only rating, integrated into the ME rating. Other rates assigned to the PSU's include Boatswains Mate, Machinery Technician, Gunners Mate, Yeoman and Health Services Technician. In 1990, the first PSU was called up to active duty to support Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. Various PSU's have taken turns rotating out of Southwest Asia since that time. 1994 saw the restructuring of the Reserve Program with the advent of the "Team Coast Guard" concept. This l