Dance is a painting made by Henri Matisse in 1910, at the request of Russian businessman and art collector Sergei Shchukin, who bequeathed the large decorative panel to the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The composition of dancing figures is recognized as "a key point of career and in the development of modern painting". A preliminary version of the work, sketched by Matisse in 1909 as a study for the work, resides at MoMA in New York City, where it’s been labeled Dance. La Danse was first exhibited at Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées, Paris. In March 1909, Matisse painted a preliminary version of this work, known as Dance, it uses paler colors and less detail. The painting was regarded by the artist who once called it "the overpowering climax of luminosity", it was donated by Nelson A. Rockefeller in honor of Alfred H. Barr, Jr. to the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Dance is a large decorative panel, painted with a companion piece, Music for the Russian businessman and art collector Sergei Shchukin, with whom Matisse had a long association.
Until the October Revolution of 1917, this painting hung together with Music on the staircase of Shchukin's Moscow mansion. The painting shows five dancing figures, painted in a strong red, set against a simplified green landscape and deep blue sky, it reflects Matisse's incipient fascination with primitive art, uses a classic Fauvist color palette: the intense warm colors against the cool blue-green background and the rhythmical succession of dancing nudes convey the feelings of emotional liberation and hedonism. The painting is associated with the "Dance of the Young Girls" from Igor Stravinsky's famous musical work The Rite of Spring; the composition or arrangement of dancing figures is reminiscent of Blake's watercolour "Oberon and Puck with fairies dancing" from 1786. Dance is recognized as "a key point of career and in the development of modern painting", it resides in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, it was loaned to Hermitage Amsterdam for a period of six weeks from April 1 to May 9, 2010.
Two versions of The Dance
Music is a wall-size painting made by Henri Matisse in 1910. The painting was commissioned by Sergei Shchukin, who hung it with Dance on the staircase of his Moscow mansion. Matisse made the painting without any preparatory sketches, thus the painting bears many traces of modifications. One can trace the steps Matisse took to find the intended effect. Like in Dance, the aim was to show man's attainment of a state of completeness by immersion in creativity; the painting is now in the collection of the Hermitage Museum right across to The Dance II in Saint Petersburg, Russia
The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room)
The Dessert: Harmony in Red is a painting by French artist Henri Matisse, from 1908. It is considered by some critics to be Matisse's masterpiece; this Fauvist painting follows the example set by Impressionism with the overall lack of a central focal point. The painting was commissioned as "Harmony in Blue," but Matisse was dissatisfied with the result, so he painted it over with his preferred red, it is in the permanent collection of the Hermitage Museum. All About Henri Matisse- Gallery Henry MyStudios- Matisse, The Dessert: A Harmony in Red
The Back Series
The Back Series is a series of four bas-relief sculptures, by Henri Matisse. They are most monumental sculptures; the plaster originals are housed in the Musée Matisse in France. They were modeled between 1909 and 1930. Back appeared in the second PostImpressionist show in the Armory Show in New York City. All four sculptures were unique plaster casts until 1950, when Back, were cast in bronze. Back was rediscovered in 1955, a year after the artist’s death, cast; the series have been cast in a bronze edition including one for the artist's family. Nine complete sets are housed in nine major museums around the world: Musée National d'Art Moderne Tate Kunsthaus Zürich Staatsgalerie Stuttgart Museum of Modern Art Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Franklin D. Murphy Sculpture Garden Kimbell Art Museum Lillie and Hugh Roy Cullen Sculpture Garden, Museum of Fine Arts List of public art in Houston
Chapelle du Rosaire de Vence
The Chapelle du Rosaire de Vence referred to as the Matisse Chapel or the Vence Chapel, is a small Catholic chapel located in the town of Vence on the French Riviera. It was dedicated to the Dominican Order; the church was decorated between 1949 and 1951 under a plan devised by Henri Matisse. It houses a number of Matisse originals and was regarded by Matisse himself as his "masterpiece". While the simple white exterior has drawn mixed reviews from casual observers, some regard it as one of the great religious structures of the 20th century. In 1941, who lived most of the year in Nice in the south of France, developed cancer and underwent surgery. During the long recovery he was helped by a young part-time nurse, Monique Bourgeois, who had answered his advertisement seeking "a young and pretty nurse". Matisse asked her to pose for him, which she did for several paintings. In 1943 Bourgeois entered the Dominican convent in Vence, a nearby town, became Sister Jacques-Marie. Matisse bought a home at Vence, not far from the convent where the young nun was stationed.
She visited him and told him of the plans the Dominicans had to build a chapel beside the girls' high school which they operated in Vence. She asked Matisse, he had never done anything like it, but Matisse agreed to help, beginning in 1947. Father Marie-Alain Couturier, who collaborated on several artistic Catholic churches after World War II, was involved in the project. At the age of 77, Matisse began the project and spent more than four years working on the chapel, its architecture, stained glass windows, interior furnishings and the priests' vestments. While Matisse had been baptized a Catholic, he had not practiced the religion for many years; the story of the friendship and collaboration of Matisse and Sister Jacques Marie is related in her 1992 book Henri Matisse: La Chapelle de Vence and in the 2003 documentary Model for Matisse. Sister Jacques Marie died in 2004, aged 84; the chapel is built on a hillside and is entered by descending a flight of stairs, turning to the right. The chapel is with the longer portion directly inside the door.
The altar is placed at an angle. The chapel is 15 meters long by 6 meters wide; the longer/larger segment is for townspeople. Both sides face the altar; the altar is made of warm brown stone, chosen for its resemblance to the color of bread and the Eucharist. Matisse designed the bronze crucifix on the altar, the candle holders in bronze, the small tabernacle; the wrought iron candle holder with a flame always burning and hanging from the ceiling was made by local craftsmen who have a special tradition of making wrought iron. There are three sets of stained glass windows, upon. All three sets make use of just three colors: an intense yellow for the sun, an intense green for vegetation and cactus forms, a vivid blue for the Mediterranean Sea, the Riviera sky and the Madonna; the two windows beside the altar are named the Tree of Life. The color from the windows floods the chapel's interior, otherwise all white. For the walls, Matisse designed three murals to be made by painting white tiles with black paint and firing the large sections of tile.
Each tile measures 12 in.2. Matisse was so crippled with ailments by this time that he could only work from a wheelchair, he had a long stick with a brush strapped to his arm and pieces of construction paper placed on the wall, he drew the images, which were transferred to tiles by skilled craftsmen. Behind the altar is a large image of Saint Dominic, founder of the Order of Preachers and by tradition founder of the practice of the rosary for Catholics, he was a 13th-century wandering preacher from Spain. His followers wear habit, with a white scapular hanging straight down the front. Simple but powerful lines was created by Matisse to depict the saint. On the side wall there are abstract images of flowers and an image of the Madonna and Child, all created in black outlines on the white tiles. Rather than clasping the child to herself, as she is depicted, Matisse chose to show Mary offering her son to the world. On the back wall of the chapel are the traditional 14 stations of the cross. Although the 14 stations are depicted individually, Matisse incorporated all of them on one wall in one cohesive composition.
The series begins at the bottom left as Jesus condemned. The stations follow Jesus' progress carrying the cross. At the top in the center are the three most powerful images - The Raising of the Cross with Jesus' body nailed to it, the actual Crucifixion, Taking the Body of Jesus Down; the center panel has a straight vertical and horizontal composition, while the two surrounding stations have strong diagonal lines leading to the head of Jesus on the cross. The French artist Jean Vincent de Crozals served Matisse as model for the Christ. Matisse designed the priests' vestments for the chapel, using the traditional ecclesiastical colors of the religious seasons: purple, pink/rose and red. Pope Pius XII requested that the nuns send the vestments to Rome to be put in the Vatican's new museum of modern religious art; the nuns made copies of five of the sets of vestments, including chasubles, maniples and coverings of the chalice, sent them to Rome. The outside of the chapel is white; the top of the roof is decorated with a blue-and-white zigzag pattern and carries an elaborate metal cross with a bell.
The Conversation (painting)
The Conversation, a painting by Henri Matisse dating from 1908–1912, depicts the artist and his wife facing each other before a background of intense blue. It is in the collection of the Hermitage Museum in Russia; this was among several works acquired directly from Matisse in Paris by the Russian collector Sergei Shchukin. After the Russian Revolution, the Shchukin collection was confiscated and, by 1948, was donated to the public along with the Ivan Morozov collection, at the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow and the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg. Matisse painted The Conversation at a time when he had abandoned the open, spontaneous brushwork of his Fauve period in favor of a flatter and more decorative style; the painting is large, shows Matisse in profile, standing at the left in striped pajamas, while his wife, Amélie, sits to the right. The flatly painted blue wall behind them is relieved by a window opening onto a garden landscape. Art historian Hilary Spurling has described this "stern encounter" as "portray the profound underlying shape or mechanism of a relationship laid down for both parties on the day, soon after they first met in 1897, when Matisse warned his future wife that, dearly as he loved her, he would always love painting more."The pajamas worn by Matisse were fashionable as leisure wear in early 20th century France.
They had been introduced to Europe from India, where they were worn by tea planters, Matisse habitually thereafter wore pajamas as his studio working clothes. Spurling, Hilary, "Matisse's Pajamas", The New York Review of Books, 52, pp. 33–36, retrieved 17 April 2017
Madras Rouge is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1907. The woman depicted is Amélie Noellie Parayre Matisse; the painting was illustrated in Gelett Burgess, "The Wild Men of Paris", The Architectural Record, May 1910, New York