Selma is a city in Bexar and Guadalupe counties in the U. S. state of Texas. It is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 5,540 at the 2010 census, up from 788 at the 2000 census. The estimated population in 2015 was 9,108; the Retama Park horse racing track is located in Selma. The town was famous as a speed trap as referenced in the Steve Earle song "Guitar Town". Selma was settled in 1847 by immigrants from various European countries; the name Selma is a traditional German girl name. In 1849, the Harrison and Brown stagecoach stop was built in Selma to handle passengers and freight on the San Antonio to Austin stagecoach line. John Harrison and his wife Martha moved to Selma in 1852, he became the first postmaster of the town when the post office opened in 1856. Harrison was co-owner of the Harrison and McCulloch stage line, which ran a postal route through Selma. Harrison's house still stands by Cibolo Creek, where it was built and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
German and Polish immigrants constituted most of the next wave of immigrants that settled in the area. By 1885, the population was 145, at the turn of the century, the population peaked at 600; the population began a quick decline. Selma's population dropped to 100 in 1940; the city incorporated in 1964 and has seen tremendous growth along the Interstate 35 corridor since 2000. The Retama Racing Park opened in 1995, The Forum, a 110-shop outdoor mall, opened in 2000; the old Harrison and Brown Stagecoach Stop was restored and rechristened the Selma Stage Stop, along with a visitor's center and park. Today Selma is a bustling suburb of San Antonio, but it retains it's German and European Heritage in its name and in the descendants of Europeans that still call this town home. Selma has territory in Guadalupe and Comal counties; the coordinates of the city center, 29°35′4″N 98°18′21″W, is located in northern Bexar County. But City Hall, at 9375 Corporate Drive, is located in Guadalupe County, across the border from the city center.
The city is bordered by Schertz to the east, Universal City to the south, Live Oak to the southwest, part of San Antonio to the northwest. The center of Selma is 18 miles northeast of downtown San Antonio and 13 miles southwest of New Braunfels. Interstate 35 runs through the south-central part of the community, with access from exits 173 and 174. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles, of which 0.004 square miles, or 0.09%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 788 people, 286 households, 217 families residing in the town; the population density was 161.9 people per square mile. There were 298 housing units at an average density of 61.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 86.55% White, 4.57% African American, 1.14% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.38% Pacific Islander, 3.93% from other races, 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 30.46% of the population. There were 286 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.1% were non-families.
17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.17. In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $51,979, the median income for a family was $62,344. Males had a median income of $39,479 versus $27,222 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,492. About 5.1% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. Kenneth Raymond Fleenor, brigadier general in the U. S. Air Force, mayor of Selma City of Selma official website Inventory of the Retama Park records, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections
Selma (lake monster)
In Norwegian folklore, Selma is a large snake-like lake monster said to live in the 13 km long Lake Seljord in Seljord, Norway. Various expeditions have visited Seljord in a vain attempt to prove that Selma exist. Swedish cryptozoologist, Jan Ove Sundberg, has been trying to capture Selma for a number of years, but has not succeeded; the sea serpent Selma has been depicted in the coat of arms of Seljord since 1989. Designed by local artist, Halvor Holtskog, the arms show Selma in a gold-color on a red background; the animal has been discussed for a long time and there is a plethora of witness descriptions of encounters with Seljordsdormen from hot, quiet summer. The oldest written account of the creature is from 1750, when it should have rounded a rowboat with a move lass who belonged to a man from Bø, but in our time alleges certain that they have observed worm or lakeside Skien river. Various expeditions have visited Seljord in a vain attempt to prove that Seljord Serpent exists. Article from Aftenposten The Seljord Orm TV2
Selma Union Depot
Selma Union Depot known as Selma Union Station, is a train station and museum in Selma, North Carolina. Built in 1924, it is served by two Amtrak passenger trains, the Palmetto and the Carolinian, it is located at 500 East Railroad Street in the heart of downtown Selma. The Silver Meteor and the Silver Star do not stop in Selma; the current station was built as a replacement for the original 1897 wood frame structure in 1924 by architect A. M. Griffin, for the Atlantic Coast Line and Southern Railroads, closed in 1971, when Amtrak took over passenger service throughout much of the country. In 1975, the people of the city thwarted the station's demolition, beginning the year after this reopened the station as a museum devoted to the city's railroad heritage, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 24, 1982. Amtrak service to Selma began on October 1982, when the Palmetto began stopping there; the old freight house is located to the west of the station on Railroad Street and South Webb Avenue.
A maintenance shed. Two tracks exist along the east side of the station, another one exists along the south side, the fourth is a section of curved track behind the station that connects two of the tracks. Three platforms exist at the station, one of, along the curved track. A parking space for the handicapped can be found between the curve and the station house. Carolinian Palmetto Media related to Selma-Smithfield at Wikimedia Commons Selma-Smithfield – Amtrak Selma, North Carolina.
Selma is a 2014 historical drama film directed by Ava DuVernay and written by Paul Webb. It is based on the 1965 Selma to Montgomery voting rights marches led by James Bevel, Hosea Williams, Martin Luther King Jr. and John Lewis. The film stars actors David Oyelowo as King, Tom Wilkinson as President Lyndon B. Johnson, Tim Roth as George Wallace, Carmen Ejogo as Coretta Scott King, Common as Bevel. Selma premiered at the American Film Institute Festival on November 11, 2014, began a limited US release on December 25, expanded into wide theatrical release on January 9, 2015, two months before the 50th anniversary of the march; the film was re-released on March 2015 in honor of the 50th anniversary of the historical march. Selma had four Golden Globe Award nominations, including Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director and Best Actor and won for Best Original Song, it was nominated for Best Picture and won Best Original Song at the 87th Academy Awards. In 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference accepts his Nobel Peace Prize.
Four black girls walking down stairs in the Birmingham, Alabama 16th Street Baptist Church are killed by a bomb set by the Ku Klux Klan. Annie Lee Cooper attempts to register to vote in Selma, Alabama but is prevented by the white registrar. King meets with Lyndon B. Johnson and asks for federal legislation to allow black citizens to register to vote unencumbered, but the president responds that, although he understands Dr. King's concerns, he has more important projects. King travels to Selma with Ralph Abernathy, Andrew Young, James Orange, Diane Nash. James Bevel greets them, other SCLC activists appear. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover tells Johnson that King is a problem, suggests they disrupt his marriage. Coretta Scott King has concerns about her husband's upcoming work in Selma. King calls singer Mahalia Jackson to inspire him with a song. King, other SCLC leaders, black Selma residents march to the registration office to register. After a confrontation in front of the courthouse, a shoving match occurs as the police go into the crowd.
Cooper fights back, knocking Sheriff Jim Clark to the ground, leading to the arrest of Cooper and others. Alabama Governor George Wallace speaks out against the movement. Coretta meets with Malcolm X, who says he will drive whites to ally with King by advocating a more extreme position. Wallace and Al Lingo decide to use force at an upcoming night march in Marion, using state troopers to assault the marchers. A group of protesters runs into a restaurant to hide, but troopers rush in, beat and shoot Jimmie Lee Jackson. King and Bevel meet with Jackson's grandfather, at the morgue. King speaks to ask people to continue to fight for their rights. King receives harassing phone calls with a recording of sexual activity implied to be him and another woman leading to an argument with Coretta. King is criticized by members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; as the Selma to Montgomery march is about to begin, King talks to Young about canceling it, but Young convinces King to persevere. The marchers, including John Lewis of SNCC, Hosea Williams of SCLC, Selma activist Amelia Boynton, cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge and approach a line of state troopers who put on gas masks.
The troopers order the marchers to turn back, when the marchers hold their ground, the troopers attack with clubs, tear gas, other weapons. Lewis and Boynton are among those badly injured; the attack is shown on national television as the wounded are treated at Brown Chapel, the movement's headquarter church. Movement attorney Fred Gray asks federal Judge Frank Minis Johnson to let the march go forward. President Johnson demands that King and Wallace cease their activities, sends John Doar to convince King to postpone the next march. White Americans, including Viola Liuzzo and James Reeb, arrive to join the second march. Marchers cross the bridge again and see the state troopers lined up, but the troopers turn aside to let them pass. King, after praying, turns around and leads the group away, again comes under sharp criticism from SNCC activists; that evening, Reeb is beaten to death by a white mob on a street in Selma. Judge Johnson allows the march. President Johnson speaks before a Joint Session of Congress to ask for quick passage of a bill to eliminate restrictions on voting, praising the courage of the activists.
The march on the highway to Montgomery takes place, when the marchers reach Montgomery, King delivers a speech on the steps of the State Capitol. On June 18, 2008, Variety reported that screenwriter Paul Webb had written an original story about Martin Luther King Jr. and Lyndon B. Johnson for Celador's Christian Colson, which would be co-produced with Brad Pitt's Plan B Entertainment. In 2009, Lee Daniels was in early talks to direct the film, with financing by Pathé. Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner of Plan B joined as co-producers along with participation of Cloud Eight Films. In 2010, reports indicated that The Weinstein Company would join Pathe and Plan B to finance the $22 million film, but by the next month Daniels had signed on with Sony to re-write and direct The Butler. In an interview in August 2010, Daniels said that financing was there for the Selma project, but he had to choose between The Butler and Selma, chose The Butler. In July 2013, it was said that Ava DuVernay had signed on to direct the film for Pathé UK and Plan B, that she was revising the script with the original screenwriter, Paul Webb.
DuVernay estimated. Those revisions included rewriting King's speeches, because, in 2009, King's estate licensed the
Selma is an unincorporated community in Drew County, United States. Selma is the location of a historic Rosenwald School, the Selma Rosenwald School, built in 1924 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Selma is a town in Liberty Township, Delaware County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 866, it is part of the Muncie, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Selma was platted in 1852; the Selma post office was established in 1853. Affected by the Indiana Gas Boom and oil were the primary industries of Selma in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Selma was incorporated as a town in 1907. Selma is located at 40°11′28″N 85°16′21″W. Indiana State Road 32 runs along the northern edge of the town. According to the 2010 census, Selma has a total area of 0.912 square miles, of which 0.91 square miles is land and 0.002 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 866 people, 337 households, 239 families residing in the town; the population density was 951.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 377 housing units at an average density of 414.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.2% White, 0.7% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population. There were 337 households of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age in the town was 39 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 47.2% male and 52.8% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 880 people, 336 households, 250 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,037.2 people per square mile. There were 349 housing units at an average density of 411.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.84% White, 0.57% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races.
0.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 336 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.3% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.00. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $44,423, the median income for a family was $50,357. Males had a median income of $35,333 versus $23,625 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,361. 4.7% of the population and 4.5% of families were below the poverty line.
Out of the total population, 7.1% of those under the age of 18 and 3.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Jeremy Hazelbaker, professional baseball player
Selma (Eastville, Virginia)
Selma is a historic plantation house located at Eastville, Northampton County, Virginia. The original section of the manor house was built about 1785, was a two-story, three-bay with a side-passage and single pile plan topped with a gambrel roof; the house was modified and expanded and is in the form of a "big house, little house, kitchen." On the property are the contributing attached kitchen, two cemeteries, a shed, the brick foundation floor of a former kitchen, a boxwood garden. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006