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Semantic feature

Semantic features represent the basic conceptual components of meaning for any lexical item. An individual semantic feature constitutes one component of a word's intension, the inherent sense or concept evoked. Linguistic meaning of a word is proposed to arise from contrasts and significant differences with other words. Semantic features enable linguistics to explain how words that share certain features may be members of the same semantic domain. Correspondingly, the contrast in meanings of words is explained by diverging semantic features. For example and son share the common components of "human", "kinship", "male" and are thus part of a semantic domain of male family relations, they differ in terms of "generation" and "adulthood", what gives each its individual meaning. The analysis of semantic features is utilized in the field of linguistic semantics, more the subfields of lexical semantics, lexicology. One aim of these subfields is to explain the meaning of a word in terms of their relationships with other words.

In order to accomplish this aim, one approach is to analyze the internal semantic structure of a word as composed of a number of distinct and minimal components of meaning. This approach is called componential analysis known as semantic decomposition. Semantic decomposition allows any given lexical item to be defined based on minimal elements of meaning, which are called semantic features; the term semantic feature is used interchangeably with the term semantic component. Additionally, semantic features/semantic components are often referred to as semantic properties; the theory of componential analysis and semantic features is not the only approach to analyzing the semantic structure of words. An alternative direction of research that contrasts with componential analysis is prototype semantics; the semantic features of a word can be notated using a binary feature notation common to the framework of componential analysis. A semantic property is specified in square brackets and a plus or minus sign indicates the existence or non-existence of that property.

Man is. Some features need not be mentioned as their presence or absence is obvious from another feature; this is a redundancy rule

Frederick Hobbs (Pennsylvania politician)

Frederick H. Hobbs is a former member of the Pennsylvania State Senate, serving as a Republican from 1967 to 1976, he was born in Pennsylvania. He was the son of H. Blake Hobbs of Nescopeck. Pa. and Marian Hause of Pottsville. His father founded the Telephone Answering Service in Allentown, Pa. in 1939 and was a high school teacher in Lehigh County. Hobbs graduated from Governor Dummer Academy in Byfield, Amherst College and Georgetown University School of Law, he also served in the US Army. Beginning in 1961 he maintained a law practice in Pottsville, while serving as solicitor for the Schuylkill County Housing Authority, the Schuylkill County Commissioners and the Blythe Township Planning Commission, among others, representing the State Workers' Insurance Fund. Hobbs served in the Pennsylvania State Senate for 10 years where he was the Republican Minority Chairman of the committee on Business and Commerce in addition to serving on the Judiciary and Justice, Insurance and State Government and Finance committees.

In 1968 Hobbs married Pamela Watkins of Butler Township, Pa. who coincidentally was the daughter of G. Harold Watkins, the Pennsylvania state senator for the same 29th District from 1941 to 1944, he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Schuylkill County Republican Committee. He was a member of the Sons of the American Revolution. In 1974 Hobbs took part in a mock trial of an alleged Mollie Maguire ringleader; the program was under the auspices of the Schuylkill County Historical Society. Hobbs acted as the presiding judge as the original evidence was presented under modern day court rules; the mock trial jury found the defendant "Not Guilty" after deliberations of thirty minutes. In suffered the loss of his seat in 1976 in an upset to Democratic candidate Joseph Gurzenda, only the second Republican to lose this seat since 1900. After his election defeat, he served on the Board of Directors of the Union Bank & Trust Co. and the Schuylkill County Drug & Alcohol Commission. He served on many community and fraternal groups.

Although he was thought to be a future candidate for a judgeship, that never came to fruition

Beaver Creek (Yukon River tributary)

Beaver Creek is a 180-mile tributary of the Yukon River in the U. S. state of Alaska. The creek begins at the confluence of Champion and Bear creeks in the White Mountains National Recreation Area, about 50 miles north of Fairbanks. From there it flows west around the southern end of the White Mountains northeast into the Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge west into the Yukon River downstream of Beaver. In 1980, The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act designated the upper 127 miles of Beaver Creek as part of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. Most of this lies within the recreation area. Beaver Creek flows from its headwaters through thick forest of white spruce and paper birch forests and tundra on the high slopes of the White Mountains, where limestone peaks reach 3,176 feet on the creek's north and east side; the creek has plentiful gravel bars, willows grow on its banks. The lower portion of the creek follows a convoluted course through Yukon Flats, an area that contains thousands of lakes.

Geographical features of these lowlands include sloughs and oxbow lakes. Beaver Creek is part of an active alluvial stream system in one of the most productive waterfowl breeding areas in North America and the most productive in Alaska; the most common way to visit lower Beaver Creek is to float down from upstream, although it is possible to land small aircraft on the stream's gravel bars. The upper creek can be reached via Nome Creek, which flows into Beaver Creek a few miles from its origin. Nome Creek is accessible by highway; the lower reaches of Beaver Creek can be accessed by boating upstream from the Yukon River, if the water level is medium to high. The entire creek is rated Class I on the International Scale of River Difficulty and can be floated in a variety of watercraft; the Nome Creek approach involves difficult paddling in a winding, narrow channel with shallows and overhanging vegetation. However, Beaver Creek itself is 75 to 150 feet wide and 2 to 4 feet deep from the confluence with Nome Creek to the confluence with Victoria Creek, more than 100 miles further downstream.

Below that, in the wildlife refuge, the river becomes wider and deeper, with broad gravel bars. Overhanging or submerged trees and logs pose a hazard to boaters. Sports fishing for northern pike and Arctic grayling along Beaver Creek can be "outstanding", according to Alaska Fishing; the larger pike frequent the lower reaches of the creek as well as sloughs and oxbow lakes in the Yukon Flats. Grayling prefer the headwaters. List of rivers of Alaska Beaver Creek Wild and Scenic River - BLM page

Palazzo Braschi

Palazzo Braschi is a large Neoclassical palace in Rome, Italy and is located between the Piazza Navona, the Campo de' Fiori, the Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and the Piazza di Pasquino. It presently houses the Museo di Roma, the "museum of Rome", covering the history of the city in the period from the Middle Ages through the nineteenth century, it was built to designs by Cosimo Morelli. The site was purchased in 1790 by Braschi, supported by funds from Pope Pius VI. Construction was suspended in February 1798 during the Napoleonic occupation of the city, when the French temporarily took possession of it until 1802 and confiscated the acquired collection of antiquities it contained. In 1809, when Rome was declared an Imperial city by Napoleon, Duke Luigi moved into the palace and was declared mayor. On his death in 1816 the palace remained the family funds depleted. In 1871 the Braschi Onesti heirs sold the building to the Italian State, who made it the seat of the Ministry of Interior. During the Italian fascist period, it was used as the political headquarters of Benito Mussolini, was adorned with a giant sculpture of the dictator's face.

After the war, it housed 300 refugee families and many of the interior frescoes were damaged by the fires they lit to keep warm. In 1949 the palace passed to the civic authorities and, following extensive conservation in 1952, the present installation of the museum was effected; the main entrance is on Via San Pantaleo. The oval hall inside the main entrance overlooks Via San Pantaleo, leads to the monumental staircase with its eighteen red granite columns which came from the gallery built by the Emperor Caligula on the banks of the River Tiber. Decorating the staircase there are ancient sculptures and fine stuccoes by Luigi Acquisti inspired by the myth of Achilles. On the piazza at the Southwest corner of the palace is the statue of Pasquino; the Neoclassical architect Giuseppe Valadier designed the chapel on first floor. He designed the white marble facade on the adjacent church of San Pantaleo for, named the piazza in front of the Palazzo Braschi. Romeart lover entry Official site of Museum Palazzo Braschi

Universally unique identifier

A universally unique identifier is a 128-bit number used to identify information in computer systems. The term globally unique identifier is used in software created by Microsoft; when generated according to the standard methods, UUIDs are for practical purposes unique. Their uniqueness does not depend on a central registration authority or coordination between the parties generating them, unlike most other numbering schemes. While the probability that a UUID will be duplicated is not zero, it is close enough to zero to be negligible. Thus, anyone can create a UUID and use it to identify something with near certainty that the identifier does not duplicate one that has been, or will be, created to identify something else. Information labeled with UUIDs by independent parties can therefore be combined into a single database or transmitted on the same channel, with a negligible probability of duplication. Adoption of UUIDs is widespread, with many computing platforms providing support for generating them and for parsing their textual representation.

UUIDs were used in the Apollo Network Computing System and in the Open Software Foundation's Distributed Computing Environment. The initial design of DCE UUIDs was based on the NCS UUIDs, whose design was in turn inspired by the unique identifiers defined and used pervasively in Domain/OS, an operating system designed by Apollo Computer; the Microsoft Windows platforms adopted the DCE design as globally unique identifiers. RFC 4122 registered a URN namespace for UUIDs and recapitulated the earlier specifications, with the same technical content. By the time RFC 4122 was published as a proposed IETF standard, the ITU had standardized UUIDs, based on the previous standards and early versions of RFC 4122. UUIDs are standardized by the Open Software Foundation as part of the Distributed Computing Environment. UUIDs are documented as part of ISO/IEC 11578:1996 "Information technology – Open Systems InterconnectionRemote Procedure Call" and more in ITU-T Rec. X.667 | ISO/IEC 9834-8:2005. The Internet Engineering Task Force published the Standards-Track RFC 4122, technically equivalent to ITU-T Rec.

X.667 | ISO/IEC 9834-8. In its canonical textual representation, the 16 octets of a UUID are represented as 32 hexadecimal digits, displayed in 5 groups separated by hyphens, in the form 8-4-4-4-12 for a total of 36 characters. For example: 123e4567-e89b-12d3-a456-426655440000 xxxxxxxx-xxxx-Mxxx-Nxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxxThe 4 bit M and the 1 to 3 bit N fields code the format of the UUID itself; the 4 bits of digit M are the UUID version, the 1 to 3 most significant bits of digit N code the UUID variant. In the example, M is 1, N is a, meaning that this is a version-1, variant-1 UUID; the canonical 8-4-4-4-12 format string is based on the record layout for the 16 bytes of the UUID: These fields correspond to those in version 1 and 2 UUIDs, but the same 8-4-4-4-12 representation is used for all UUIDs for UUIDs constructed differently. RFC 4122 Section 3 requires that the characters be generated in lower case, while being case-insensitive on input. Microsoft GUIDs are sometimes represented with surrounding braces: This format should not be confused with "Windows Registry format", which refers to the format within the curly braces.

RFC 4122 defines a Uniform Resource Name namespace for UUIDs. A UUID presented as a URN appears as follows: urn:uuid:123e4567-e89b-12d3-a456-426655440000 The binary encoding of UUIDs varies between systems. Variant 1 UUIDs, nowadays the most common variant, are encoded in a big-endian format. For example, 00112233-4455-6677-8899-aabbccddeeff is encoded as the bytes 00 11 22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 aa bb cc dd ee ff. Variant 2 UUIDs used in Microsoft's COM/OLE libraries, use a mixed-endian format, whereby the first three components of the UUID are little-endian, the last two are big-endian. For example, 00112233-4455-6677-8899-aabbccddeeff is encoded as the bytes 33 22 11 00 55 44 77 66 88 99 aa bb cc dd ee ff. One of the variants defined by RFC 4122, variant 0, is for backwards compatibility with the now-obsolete Apollo Network Computing System 1.5 UUID format developed around 1988. In this format, the first 6 octets of the UUID are a 48-bit timestamp. Though different in detail, the similarity with modern version-1 UUIDs is evident.

The variant bits in the current UUID specification coincide with the high bits of the address family octet in NCS UUIDs. Though the address family could hold values in the range 0..255, only the values 0..13 were defined. Accordingly, the variant-0 bit pattern 0xxx avoids conflicts with historical NCS UUIDs, should any still exist in databases; the 3-bit variant bit pattern 111x2 is reserved for possible future variants. The other two variants, variants 1 and 2, are used by the current UUID specifications. Variant-1 UUIDs are referred to as RFC 4122/DCE 1.1 UUIDs, or "Leach–Salz" UUIDs, after the authors of the original Internet Draft. Variant 2 is characterized in the RFC as "reserved, Microsoft Corporation backward compatibility" and was used for early GUIDs on the Microsoft Windows platform. Variant bits aside, the two variants are the same, except that when reduced to a binary form for storage or transmission, v


Even-weave fabric or canvas is any woven textile where the warp and weft threads are of the same size. Even-weave fabrics include even-weave aida cloth and needlepoint canvas; these fabrics are required as foundations for counted-thread embroidery styles such as blackwork, cross-stitch, needlepoint, so that a stitch of the same "count" will be the same length whether it crosses warp or weft threads. Bath, Virginia Churchill. Needlework in America. Viking Press. ISBN 0-670-50575-7. Caulfield, Sophia Frances Anne & Saward, Blanche C.. The Dictionary of Needlework. Complete Guide to Needlework. Readers Digest Association. 1979. ISBN 0-89577-059-8. "Embroidery fabric for counted thread projects". Needlework Tips and Techniques