Senate of the Dominican Republic

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The Senate of the Republic is the upper legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the Dominican Republic, and together with the Chamber of Deputies makes up the National Congress.

The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Third Tittle, Chapter 1 in the First Section of the Dominican Constitution Each provinces and the Distrito Nacional, regardless of population, is represented by one senator who serve for a four-years-term, with possibility of reelection. The Senate Chamber is located in the west wing of the Congress Palace, in Santo Domingo The Chamber of Deputies convenes in the east wing of the same building.

The Senate has several advice and consent powers not granted to the Chamber, including consenting to treaties, loans and contracts as a precondition to their ratification and consenting to or confirming appointments the members of Chamber of Accounts, Central Electoral Board and ambassadors. The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the Chamber of Deputies, due to its smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere.

History[edit]

Membership[edit]

Qualifications[edit]

Senate of Dominican Republic
Coat of arms or logo
Flag of the United States Senate
Flag of the Dominican Republic Senate
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
August 16, 2016 (2016-08-16)
Leadership
President
Reinaldo Pared Pérez, PLD
Since August 16, 2016
Vice-President
Dionis Sánchez, PLD
Since August 16, 2016
Majority Leader
Rubén Darío Cruz, PLD
Since August 16, 2016
Minority Leader
Santiago Zorrilla, PRM
Since August 16, 2016
Structure
Seats 32
Diagrama Senado 2016.svg
Political groups
PLD and allies (28)
  PLD: 26 seats
  PRD: 1 seat
  PLR: 1 seat
Minority (3)
  PRM: 2 seats
  PRSC: 1 seat
Independent (1)
  BIS: 1
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Last election
May 15, 2016
Next election
May 17, 2020
Meeting place
Senate chamber
Congress Palace
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

The constitution of the Dominican states that to be a senator must be a Dominican in full exercise of civil and political rights, have twenty-five years old, a native of the territorial demarcation that choose or have resided there for at least five years consecutive; in consequence:

  • The senators and senators elected by a demarcation reside in the same during the period for which they are elected;
  • Naturalized persons may be elected to the Senate ten years after having acquired Dominican nationality, provided they have resided in the jurisdiction that point during the five years preceding his election.

Election and Terms[edit]

The members of the Senate in Dominican Republic are elected by the D'Hondt method in relationship with the deputies, the terms for serving as senator are unlimited, one term correspond to 4 year.

Oath[edit]

The internal rules of procedure of the Senate requires that senators take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution. Congress has prescribed the following oath for all senators:

The oath to be provided is:

"I SWEAR TO GOD, THE HOMELAND AND MY HONOR, RESPECT CONSTITUTION AND LAWS AND COMPLY WITH DIGNITY AND THE FAITHFULLY OTHER DUTIES OF MY OFFICE",

what will be answered as follows:

"IF I DO SO, GOD AND THE PEOPLE WHAT OS REWARD IF I NOT, THAT I DEMAND IT. "

Majority and minority parties[edit]

The "Majority party" is the political party that either has a majority of seats or can form a coalition or caucus with a majority of seats; if two or more parties are tied, the vice president's affiliation determines which party is the majority party. The next-largest party is known as the minority party.

Seating[edit]

The majority party or the party with more senators traditionally sits to the presiding officer's right, and the minority party or the party with less senator traditionally sits to the presiding officer's left, regardless which party has a majority of seats.

Functions and Powers[edit]

The exclusive powers of the Senate are:

  1. Know the allegations made by the Chamber of Deputies against and public officials. The plea leaves the person removed from office, and may not perform any public function, whether or not popularly elected for a term of ten years, the destitute person shall be subject, if any, to be charged and tried by the ordinary courts, in accordance with the law. This decision shall be taken by a vote of two-thirds of enrollment;
  2. To approve or disapprove the appointment of ambassadors and heads of permanent missions accredited abroad to submit to the President of the Republic;
  3. To elect the members of the Chamber of Accounts of the lists presented by the Chamber of Deputies, with the vote of two thirds of the senators present;
  4. To elect the members of the Central Electoral Board and their deputies, with the vote of two thirds of those present;
  5. Choose the Ombudsman, their deputies and their deputies from the triads to submit to the House of Representatives, by a vote of two-thirds of those present;
  6. To authorize, upon request of the President of the Republic, in the absence of agreement permitted, the presence of foreign troops in military exercises in the territory of the Republic, as well as determine the time and conditions of their stay;
  7. To approve or disapprove of sending troops abroad in peacekeeping missions authorized by international organizations, setting the conditions and duration of the mission.

Current composition (2016- )[edit]

Senators elected in the May 2016 elections.

Senator Electoral List Party Province
RAFAEL PORFIRIO
CALDERÓN MARTÍNEZ
PLD PLD Azua
MANUEL ANTONIO
PAULA
PLD PLD Bahoruco
EDIS FERNANDO
MATEO VÁSQUEZ
PLD PLD Barahona
ROSA SONIA
MATEO ESPINOSA
PLD PLD Dajabón
REINALDO DE LAS MERCEDES
PARED PÉREZ
PLD PLD D.N.
AMÍLCAR JESÚS
ROMERO PORTUONDO
PLD PLD Duarte
ADRIANO DE JESUS
SÁNCHEZ ROA
PLD PLD Elías Piña
SANTIAGO JOSÉ
ZORRILLA
PRM PRM El Seibo
JOSÉ RAFAEL
VARGAS PANTALEÓN
PLD PLD Espaillat
RUBÉN DARÍO
CRUZ UBIERA
PLD PLD Hato Mayor
LUIS RENÉ
CANAÁN ROJAS
PLD PLD Hermanas Mirabal
JUAN ORLANDO
MERCEDES SENA
PLD PLD Independencia
AMABLE
ARISTY CASTRO
PLD PLR La Altagracia
AMARILIS SANTANA
CEDANO DE MARTÍNEZ
PLD PLD La Romana
EUCLIDES RAFAEL
SÁNCHEZ TAVÁREZ
PLD PLD La Vega
ARÍSTIDES
VICTORIA YEB
PLD PLD Maria Trinidad Sanchez
FÉLIX MARÍA
NOVA PAULINO
PLD PLD Monseñor Nouel
HEINZ SIEGFRIED
VIELUF CABRERA
PLD PLD Monte Cristi
CHARLES NOEL
MARIOTTI TAPIA
PLD PLD Monte Plata
DIONIS ALFONSO
SÁNCHEZ CARRASCO
PLD PLD Pedernales
WILTON BIENVENIDO
GUERRERO DUMÉ
PLD PLD Peravia
JOSÉ IGNACIO RAMÓN
PALIZA NOUEL
PRM PRM Puerto Plata
PRIM PUJALS
NOLASCO
PLD PLD Samaná
FÉLIX MARÍA
VÁSQUEZ ESPINAL
PLD PRD Sánchez Ramírez
TOMMY ALBERTO
GALÁN GRULLÓN
PLD PLD San Cristóbal
PEDRO JOSÉ
ALEGRIA SOTO
PLD BIS San José de Ocoa
FÉLIX RAMÓN
BAUTISTA ROSARIO
PLD PLD San Juan
JOSÉ MARÍA
SOSA VÁSQUEZ
PRSC PRSC San Pedro de Macorís
JULIO CÉSAR
VALENTÍN JIMINIÁN
PLD PLD Santiago
ANTONIO DE JESÚS
CRUZ TORRES
PLD PLD Santiago Rodríguez
CRISTINA ALTAGRACIA
LIZARDO MÉZQUITA
PLD PLD Santo Domingo
MANUEL DE JESÚS
GÜÍCHARDO VARGAS
PLD PLD Valverde


Party strengths in the Senate[edit]

The following table shows the composition of the Senate at the start of the most recent legislative periods.

Party 1998 2002 2006 2010 2016
  Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD)
24
29
7
0
1
  Dominican Liberation Party (PLD)
3
1
22
28
26
  Modern Revolutionary Party (PRM)
-
-
-
-
2
  Social Christian Reformist Party (PRSC)  
3
2
3
4
1
  Institutional Social Democratic Bloc (BIS)
0
0
0
0
1
  Liberal Reformist Party (PLR)
-
-
-
-
1
   Total
30
32
32
32
32

See also[edit]

External links[edit]