Barack Hussein Obama II is an American attorney and politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the first African American, he served as a U. S. senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008. Obama was born in Hawaii. After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago. In 1988, he enrolled in Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. After graduating, he became a civil rights attorney and an academic, teaching constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004, he represented the 13th district for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 until 2004 when he ran for the U. S. Senate, he received national attention in 2004 with his March primary win, his well-received July Democratic National Convention keynote address, his landslide November election to the Senate. In 2008, he was nominated for president a year after his campaign began and after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton.
He was elected over Republican John McCain and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009. Nine months he was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Regarded as a centrist New Democrat, Obama signed many landmark bills into law during his first two years in office; the main reforms that were passed include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, Job Creation Act of 2010 served as economic stimulus amidst the Great Recession. After a lengthy debate over the national debt limit, he signed the Budget Control and the American Taxpayer Relief Acts. In foreign policy, he increased U. S. troop levels in Afghanistan, reduced nuclear weapons with the United States–Russia New START treaty, ended military involvement in the Iraq War. He ordered military involvement in Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi.
He ordered the military operations that resulted in the deaths of Osama bin Laden and suspected Yemeni Al-Qaeda operative Anwar al-Awlaki. After winning re-election by defeating Republican opponent Mitt Romney, Obama was sworn in for a second term in 2013. During this term, he promoted inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, his administration filed briefs that urged the Supreme Court to strike down same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional. He advocated for gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, indicating support for a ban on assault weapons, issued wide-ranging executive actions concerning climate change and immigration. In foreign policy, he ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U. S. combat operations in Afghanistan in 2016, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, normalized U.
S. relations with Cuba. During his term in office, America's reputation in global polling improved. Evaluations of his presidency among historians, political scientists, the general public place him among the upper tier of American presidents. Obama left office and retired in January 2017 and resides in Washington, D. C. A December 2018 Gallup poll found Obama to be the most admired man in America for an unprecedented 11th consecutive year, although Dwight D. Eisenhower was selected most admired in twelve non-consecutive years. Obama was born on August 4, 1961, at Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawaii, he is the only president, born outside of the contiguous 48 states. He was born to a black father, his mother, Ann Dunham, was born in Kansas. His father, Barack Obama Sr. was a Luo Kenyan from Nyang'oma Kogelo. Obama's parents met in 1960 in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where his father was a foreign student on a scholarship; the couple married in Hawaii, on February 2, 1961, six months before Obama was born.
In late August 1961, Barack and his mother moved to the University of Washington in Seattle, where they lived for a year. During that time, the elder Obama completed his undergraduate degree in economics in Hawaii, graduating in June 1962, he left to attend graduate school on a scholarship at Harvard University, where he earned an M. A. in economics. Obama's parents divorced in March 1964. Obama Sr. returned to Kenya in 1964, where he married for a third time and worked for the Kenyan government as the Senior Economic Analyst in the Ministry of Finance. He visited his son in Hawaii only once, at Christmas time in 1971, before he was killed in an automobile accident in 1982, when Obama was 21 years old. Recalling his early childhood, Obama said, "That my father looked nothing like the people around me – that he was black as pitch, my mother white as milk – registered in my mind." He described his struggles as a young adult to reconcile social perceptions of his multira
Senior Advisor to the President of the United States
Senior Advisor to the President is a title used by high-ranking assistants to the President of the United States. White House Senior Advisors are senior members of the White House Office; the title has been used formally since 1993. Over time, the Senior Advisor role has had responsibility for the following groups: White House Office of Strategic Initiatives Intergovernmental Affairs Political Affairs Public Liaison Communications In prior administrations before 1993, the position of "senior advisor" was a title used for various other purposes. Numerous examples of the position exist throughout the Executive Departments and in the branch's independent agencies. For example, the Food and Drug Administration includes a position called the Senior Advisor for Science. Counselor to the President White House Chief Strategist
Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
The Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is, in principle, the highest-ranking and senior most military officer at four-star rank, in the Pakistan Armed Forces who serves as a principal military adviser to the civilian government led by elected Prime minister of Pakistan and his/her National Security Council. The role of advisement is extended to the elected members in the bicameral Parliament and the Ministry of Defence; the Chairman leads the meetings and coordinates the combined efforts of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, comprising the Chairman, the Chief of Army Staff and Chief of Air Staff and the Chief of Naval Staff, Commandant of Marines, DG Strategic Plans Division, commanders of the service branches in the paramilitary command. As the Principal Staff Officer, the Chairman does not have any authority over the command of the combatant forces; the individual service chiefs are responsible for the coordination and logistics of the armed and combatant forces. Due to this constraint, the chiefs of army, air force and marines are much in command and control of their respected commands.
The Chairman's mandate is to transmit strategic communications to the combatant commanders from the Prime minister and President as well as allocate additional funding to the combatant commanders if necessary. The Chairman is appointed by the Prime Minister. Unlike United States's Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the appointment of Chairman does not need confirmation via majority vote by the Parliament. Although, the appointment needs confirmation from the Prime minister. By statute, the Chairman is appointed as a four-star general, four-star air chief marshal and/or four star admiral. By law required, all four-star officers are required to have vast experience in joint uniformed services of Pakistan during their 40-year-long military careers; the post of CJCSC was created by former Prime minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in March 1976, the first Chairman was four star rank officer, General Muhammad Shariff. The current holder of the office is General Zubair Mahmood Hayat appointed in 2016.
Graduated from Cantt Public School Malir Cantt Karachi in 1976. Despite the post of the chairmanship is bound constitutionally for the rotation, the army generals are preferred for such post, despite coming short of their qualifications, by the civilian prime ministers in a view of stabilizing the civil military relations. Unlike the American system where the balance is made between the branches of the U. S. military, the majority of the chairmen are appointed from the department of the army, superseding the officers in the navy and the air force. In 1999, Prime Minister Sharif notably refused to appoint the senior most officer, Admiral Fasih Bokhari, to such post in favor of appointing junior-most officer, Gen. Pervez Musharraf; this action of Prime Minister Sharif led towards Adm. Bokhar revolting against this decision in public in 1999, creating strain in the relation between the civilian government and the military; the four-star admirals in the Pakistan Navy have been notably superseded by the junior army officers, in instances took place in 2005 when Adm. Karim was superseded by junior-most Lt-Gen.
Ehsan ul Haq and, in 2011. Wynne. In 2014, the practice continued by the civil government when Adm. Asif Sandila was bypassed and overlooked when the junior most officer, Lt-Gen. Rashad Mahmood was appointed as Chairman joint chiefs. Due to such preferential treatments given to army department, the retired admirals have given a strong criticism of such criterion, expressing their dissatisfaction towards the appointment processes. Army - 13 Navy - 2 Air Force - 1 Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Chief of Army Staff Grade 22 Chief of Air Staff Chief of Naval Staff Chief of General Staff Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Inter-Services Public Relations
Stephen Miller (political advisor)
Stephen Miller is an American far-right political activist who serves as a senior advisor for policy for President Donald Trump. He was the communications director for then-Senator Jeff Sessions, he was a press secretary for Republican representatives Michele Bachmann and John Shadegg. As a speechwriter for Trump, Miller helped write Trump's inaugural address, he has been a key adviser since the early days of Trump's presidency. An immigration hardliner, Miller was a chief architect of Trump's travel ban, the administration's reduction of refugees accepted to the United States, Trump's policy of separating migrant children from their parents. On February 12, 2017, he appeared to question the power of the judiciary to limit the executive's role in setting immigration policy; as a White House spokesman, Miller has on multiple occasions made false and unsubstantiated claims regarding widespread electoral fraud. Miller was born on August 23, 1985, the second of three children in the Jewish family of Michael D. Miller, a real estate investor, Miriam Miller.
He grew up in California. His mother's ancestors immigrated to the United States in the early 1900s from Belarus, escaping the 1903–06 anti-Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire; when his great-grandmother arrived in the US in 1906, she spoke only Yiddish, the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern Europe. But most of the family learned English and they opened businesses in Pennsylvania that became successful. Miller claims he became a committed conservative after reading Guns and Freedom, a book against gun control by Wayne LaPierre, CEO of the National Rifle Association. While attending Santa Monica High School, Miller began appearing on conservative talk radio. In 2002, at the age of 16, Miller wrote a letter to the editor of the Santa Monica Outlook criticizing his school's response to the September 11 attacks. Miller invited conservative activist David Horowitz to speak, first at the high school and at Duke University. Miller was in the habit of "riling up his fellow classmates with controversial statements".
In 2007 Miller received his bachelor's degree from Duke University, where he studied political science. He served as president of the Duke chapter of Horowitz's Students for Academic Freedom and wrote conservative columns for the school newspaper. Miller gained national attention for his defense of the students who were wrongly accused of rape in the Duke lacrosse case. While attending Duke, Miller accused poet Maya Angelou of "racial paranoia" and described student organization Chicano Student Movement of Aztlán as a "radical national Hispanic group that believes in racial superiority."Miller and the Duke Conservative Union helped co-member Richard Spencer, a Duke graduate student at the time, with fundraising and promotion for an immigration policy debate in March 2007 between Peter Laufer, an open-borders activist and University of Oregon professor, journalist Peter Brimelow, founder of the anti-immigration website VDARE. Spencer became an important figure in the white supremacist movement and president of the National Policy Institute.
Spencer is noted for coining the term "alt-right". Spencer said in a 2016 media interview. Describing their close relationship, Spencer said that he was "kind of glad no one’s talked about this", for fear of harming Trump. In a blog post he said the relationship had been exaggerated. Miller has said he has "absolutely no relationship with Mr. Spencer" and that he "completely repudiate his views, his claims are 100 percent false."Duke University's former senior vice president, John Burness, told The News & Observer in February 2017 that, while at Duke, Miller "seemed to assume that if you were in disagreement with him, there was something malevolent or stupid about your thinking—incredibly intolerant." History professor KC Johnson criticized Duke for "not an atmosphere conducive to speaking up" and praised Miller's role at Duke: "I think it did take a lot of courage, he has to get credit for that." After graduating from college, Miller worked as a press secretary for Congresswoman Michele Bachmann and Congressman John Shadegg, both members of the Republican Party.
In 2009 Miller started working for Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions, appointed Attorney General. He rose to the position of Sessions' communications director. In the 113th Congress, Miller played a major role in defeating the bipartisan Gang of Eight's proposed immigration reform bill; as communications director, Miller was responsible for writing many of the speeches Sessions gave about the bill. Miller and Sessions developed what Miller describes as "nation-state populism," a response to globalization and immigration that influenced Donald Trump's 2016 campaign. Miller worked on Dave Brat's successful 2014 House campaign, which unseated Republican Majority Leader Eric Cantor. In January 2016, Miller joined Trump's 2016 presidential campaign as a senior policy adviser. Starting in March 2016, Miller spoke on behalf of the Trump campaign, serving as a "warm-up act" for Trump. Miller wrote the speech. In August 2016 Miller was named the head of Trump's economic policy team. Miller was seen as sharing an "ideological kinship", has had a "long collaboration", with former White House Chief Strategist Steve Bannon.
But Miller distanced himself from Bannon. In November 2016
Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan known as the 1973 Constitution is the supreme law of Pakistan. Drafted by the government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, with additional assistance from the country's opposition parties, it was approved by the Parliament on 10 April and ratified on 14 August 1973; the Constitution is intended to guide Pakistan's law and its political culture, system. It identifies the state and their fundamental rights, state's constitutional law and orders, the constitutional structure and establishment of the institutions and the country's armed forces; the first three chapters establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the government: a bicameral legislature. The Constitution designates the President of Pakistan as a ceremonial Head of State, to represent the unity of the state; the first six articles of the constitution outline the political system as federal parliamentary republic system. The Constitution encapsulates provisions stipulating the legal system's compliance with Islamic injunctions contained in the Quran and Sunnah.
The Parliament cannot make any laws which may be repugnant or contrary to the Constitution, however the Constitution itself may be amended by a two-thirds majority in both the houses of the bicameral Parliament, unlike the previous legal documents of 1956 and 1962. It has been amended over time, most recent impulses for political upgrades and reforms has been amended. Although enforced in 1973, however, celebrates the adoption of the constitution on 23 March—when the first set was promulgated in 1956—each and every year as Republic Day. In a radio talk addressed to the people of Pakistan broadcast in February 1948, Jinnah expressed his views regarding Pakistan's constitution to be in the following way: The Constitution of Pakistan is yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly, I do not know what the ultimate shape of the constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principles of Islam. Today these are as applicable in actual life.
Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man and fair play to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. Pakistan was founded in 1947. Before writing a constitution, a Constituent Assembly passed the Objectives Resolution, on the insistence of the ulama and Jamaat-e-Islami, in March 1949 to define the basic directive principles of the new state and to declare state recognition of the sovereignty of Allah over the universe; the Objectives Resolution affirmed the role of democracy and contained religious provisions to enable society to adhere to the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah. The Objectives Resolution has henceforth been inserted as a preamble into each of Pakistan's subsequent constitutions; the country's first constitution was approved in 1956 but abrogated in 1958 after a military Coup d'état. Pakistan's second constitution was approved in 1962.
It abolished the office of the prime minister. It institutionalised the intervention of military in politics by providing that for twenty years, the president or the defence minister must be a person who had held a rank not lower than that of lieutenant-general in the army; the 1962 constitution was suspended in 1969 and abrogated in 1972. The 1973 constitution was the first in Pakistan to be framed by elected representatives. Unlike the 1962 constitution it gave Pakistan a parliamentary democracy with executive power concentrated in the office of the prime minister, the formal head of state—the president—limited to acting on the advice of the prime minister; the Constitution states that all laws are to conform with the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah. The 1973 Constitution created certain institutions such as the Shariat Court and the Council of Islamic Ideology to channel the interpretation and application of Islam. After another coup in 1977, the constitution was held in abeyance until it was "restored" in 1985 but with an amendment shifting power from the parliament and Prime Minister to the president.
Another Amendment in 2004 continued this shift, but in 2010, the Eighteenth amendment reduced presidential powers, returning the government to a parliamentary republic. The successful movement led the establishment of Pakistan, independent from British India in 1947; the British Empire divided British India into two and Pakistan. The provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, had influenced the state and served its legal document until 1956. In 1950, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan authored the first annexe that would pave a path to the drafting of the Constitution. Elected in 1947, the first Constituent Assembly drafted and adopted its first constitution in 1956. Following the adoption of a constitution in India in 1950, Pakistan's lawmakers were incentified to work on their constitution. Prime Minister Muhammad Ali and his government officials worked with the opposition parties in the country to formulate a constitution for Pakistan; the joint work led to the promulgation of the first set of the constitution on 23 March 1956—a day when Pakistan celebrates its Republic Day over the adoption of the constitution.
The constitution provided for parliamentary form of government with a unicameral legislature. It adopted Pakistan as "Islami
President of the Republic of China
The President of the Republic of China is the head of state of the Republic of China known as Taiwan. Since 1996, the President is directly elected by plurality voting to a four-year term, with at most one re-election; the incumbent, Tsai Ing-Wen, succeeded Ma Ying-jeou on 20 May 2016 as the first female president in the nation's history. Established in Nanking in 1912, the Republic of China and its president relocated to Taiwan in 1949 after losing the Chinese Civil War; the president is elected by a plurality voting direct election of the areas administered by the Republic of China for a term of four years. Before 1991, the president was selected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China for a term of six years; the Constitution names the president as head of state and commander-in-chief of the Republic of China Armed Forces. The president is responsible for conducting foreign relations, such as concluding treaties, declaring war, making peace; the president has no right to veto. Other powers of the president include granting amnesty, pardon or clemency, declaring martial law, conferring honors and decorations.
The President can appoint Senior Advisors, National Policy Advisors and Strategy Advisors, but they do not form a council. The Constitution does not define whether the president is more powerful than the premier, as it names the Executive Yuan as the "highest administrative authority" with oversight over domestic matters while giving the president powers as commander-in-chief of the military and authority over foreign affairs. Prior to his election as president in 1948, Chiang Kai-shek had insisted that he be premier under the new Constitution, while allowing the president be a mere figurehead. However, the National Assembly overwhelmingly supported Chiang as president and once in this position, Chiang continued to exercise vast prerogatives as leader and the premiership served to execute policy, not make it. Thus, until the 1980s power in the Republic of China was personalized rather than institutionalized which meant that the power of the president depended on who occupied the office. For example, during the tenure of Yen Chia-kan, the office was ceremonial with real power in the hands of Premier Chiang Ching-Kuo, power switched back to the presidency when Chiang became president.
After President Lee Teng-hui succeeded Chiang as president in 1988, the power struggle within the KMT extended to the constitutional debate over the relationship between the president and the premier. The first three premiers under Lee, Yu Kuo-hwa, Lee Huan, Hau Pei-tsun were mainlanders who had opposed Lee's ascension to power; the appointment of Lee and Hau were compromises by President Lee to placate conservatives in the KMT. The subsequent appointment of the first native Taiwanese premier Lien Chan was taken as a sign of Lee's consolidation of power. Moreover, during this time, the power of the premier to approve the president's appointments and the power of the Legislative Yuan to confirm the president's choice of premier was removed establishing the president as the more powerful position of the two. After the 2000 election of Chen Shui-bian as president, the presidency and the Legislative Yuan were controlled by different parties which brought forth a number of latent constitutional issues such as the role of the legislature in appointing and dismissing a premier, the right of the president to call a special session of the legislature, who has the power to call a referendum.
Most of these issues have been resolved through inter-party negotiations. The Constitution of the Republic of China gives a short list of persons who will succeed to the presidency if the office were to fall vacant. According to the Additional Articles of the Constitution, Article 2: Should the office of the vice president become vacant, the president shall nominate a candidate within three months, the Legislative Yuan shall elect a new vice president, who shall serve the remainder of the original term until its expiration. Should the offices of both the president and the vice president become vacant, the president of the Executive Yuan shall exercise the official powers of the president and the vice president. A new president and a new vice president shall be elected in accordance with Paragraph 1 of this article and shall serve out each respective original term until its expiration; the pertinent provisions of Article 49 of the Constitution shall not apply. As no president of the Executive Yuan has succeeded to the presidency under these provisions, it is untested whether, should the office of the premier be vacant as well, pursuant to the Additional Articles, Article 3, the vice president of the Executive Yuan, who would be acting premier, would act as president.
There is no constitutional provision for a succession list beyond the possibility that the vice president of the Executive Yuan might succeed to the presidency. Assuming that the vice president of the Executive Yuan would be third in line for the presidency, the current line of succession is: Chen Chien-jen, Vice President of the Republic of China Su Tseng-chang, President of the Executive Yuan Chen Chi-mai, Vice President of the Executive YuanPresidential succession has occurred three times under the 1947 Constitution: President Chiang Kai-shek declared incapacity on 21 January 1949 amid several Communist victories in the Chinese Civil War and was replaced by Vice President Li Tsung-jen as the Acting President. However, Chiang continued to wield authority as the Director-General of the Kuomi
Jared Corey Kushner is an American investor, real-estate developer, newspaper publisher, senior advisor to his father-in-law, Donald Trump, the President of the United States. Kushner is the elder son of the former real-estate developer Charles Kushner, the son of Jewish immigrants from the USSR, is married to Ivanka Trump, President Trump's daughter and advisor; as a result of his father's conviction for fraud and incarceration, he took over management of his father's real estate company Kushner Companies, which launched his business career. He also bought Observer Media, publisher of the New York Observer, he is the part owner of Cadre, an online real-estate investment platform. During the 2016 Trump presidential campaign, Kushner helped develop and run Trump's digital media strategy. On January 9, 2017, he was named as a senior White House advisor. Kushner was born in Livingston, New Jersey, to Seryl Kushner and Charles Kushner, a real-estate developer, his paternal grandparents and Joseph Kushner, were Holocaust survivors who came to the U.
S. in 1949 from Navahrudak, now in Belarus. Morris Stadtmauer was the maternal grandfather of Jared Kushner. Kushner was raised in a Modern Orthodox Jewish family, he graduated from the Frisch School, a Modern Orthodox yeshiva high school, in 1999. He was an honors student and a member of the debate and basketball teams. Kushner enrolled at Harvard University in 1999. Journalist Daniel Golden has alleged that Kushner was accepted due to his father's donations and history with the school, he was elected into the Fly Club, supported the campus Chabad house, bought and sold real estate in Somerville, Massachusetts, as a vice president of Somerville Building Associates. Its other vice president was his maternal uncle, Richard Stadtmauer vice chairman of Kushner Companies; the venture was dissolved in 2005 after returning a profit of $20 million. Kushner graduated from Harvard in 2003 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in government. Kushner graduated from New York University in 2007 with dual JD/MBA degrees.
He interned at Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau's office, at Paul, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP. Following his father's conviction for fraud in 2005 and subsequent incarceration, Jared Kushner took over the management of his father's real estate company. Kushner was a real-estate investor, increased Kushner Companies' presence in the New York City real-estate market. Kushner Companies purchased the office building at 666 Fifth Avenue in 2007, for a then-record price of $1.8 billion, most of it borrowed. He assumed the role of CEO in 2008. Following the property crash that year, the cash flow generated by the property was insufficient to cover its debt service, the Kushners were forced to sell the retail footage to Stanley Chera and bring in Vornado Realty Trust as a 50% equity partner in the ownership of the building. By that time, Kushner Companies had lost more than $90 million on its investment, he was the face of the deal but his father Charles Kushner pushed him to do the deal.
On August 18, 2014, Kushner acquired a three-building apartment portfolio in Middle River, for $38 million with Aion Partners. In 2013–2014, he and his company acquired more than 11,000 units throughout New York, New Jersey, the Baltimore area. In May 2015, he purchased 50.1% of the Times Square Building from Africa Israel Investments Ltd. for $295 million. In 2014, with his brother Joshua and Ryan Williams, co-founded Cadre, an online real-estate investment platform, his business partners included Goldman Sachs and billionaire George Soros, a top Democratic Party donor. In early 2015, Soros Fund Management financed the startup with a $250 million credit line. Kushner did not identify these business relationships in his January 2017 government financial-disclosure form. In 2006, Kushner purchased The New York Observer, a weekly New York City newspaper, for $10 million, using money he says he earned during his college years by closing deals on residential buildings in Somerville, with family members providing the backing for his investments.
After purchasing the Observer, Kushner published it in tabloid format. Since he has been credited with increasing the Observer's online presence and expanding the Observer Media Group. With no substantial experience in journalism, Kushner could not establish a good relationship with the newspaper's veteran editor-in-chief, Peter W. Kaplan. "This guy doesn't know what he doesn't know", Kaplan remarked about Kushner, to colleagues, at the time. As a result of his differences with Kushner, Kaplan quit his position. Kaplan was followed by a series of short-lived successors until Kushner hired Elizabeth Spiers in 2011, it has been alleged. Spiers left the newspaper in 2012. In January 2013, Kushner hired Ken Kurson. Kurson had been a consultant to Republican political candidates in New Jersey. According to Vanity Fair, under Kushner, the "Observer has lost all of its cultural currency among New York's elite, but the paper is now profitable and reporting traffic growth... boasts 6 million unique visitors per month, up from 1.3 million in January 2013".
In April 2016, the New York Observer became one of only a handful of newspapers to endorse United States presidential candidate Donald Trump in the Republican primary, but the paper ended the campaign period by choosing not to back any presidential candidate at all. Kushner stepped down from his newspaper role in January 2017 to pursue a role in President Donald Trump's administration, he was replaced by his brother-in-law. Jared Kushner ha