Senoko Power Station

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Senoko Power Station
Senoko Power Station.JPG
Senoko Power Station as seen from Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
Official nameSenoko Power Station
CountrySingapore
LocationSenoko, Sembawang
Coordinates1°28′N 103°48′E / 1.467°N 103.800°E / 1.467; 103.800Coordinates: 1°28′N 103°48′E / 1.467°N 103.800°E / 1.467; 103.800
StatusOperational
Commission date1976 (1976)
Construction costSGD 1.2 billion
Owner(s)Lion Power Holdings (Senoko Energy)
Thermal power station
Primary fuelNatural gas
Secondary fuelCrude Oil
Combined cycle?Yes
Power generation
Units operational9
Make and modelHitachi
Siemens
Alstom
MHI
Nameplate capacity3300 MW (authorised)
External links
Websitesenokoenergy.com

The Senoko Power Station is the largest power station in Singapore. It is located in Senoko, Sembawang and was commissioned in 1976, it is owned by Senoko Energy Pte Ltd, formerly known as Senoko Power Ltd.

Description[edit]

The Steam Plant Stage I, which was completed in 1976, comprised three steam thermal plants with 120 MW of capacity each.

The Steam Plant Stage II, which was completed in 1979, comprised three steam thermal plants with 250 MW of capacity each.

The Steam Plant Stage III which was completed in 1983 comprises another two steam thermal plants with 250 MW of capacity each. In 1992, Stage III 250 MW boilers were modified with gas burners to enable it to fire both Natural Gas and Fuel Oil.

The combined cycle plants include combined cycle plants 1 and 2, combined cycle plants 3 to 5 and combined cycle plants 6 and 7.

The Gas Plant Stage I was an open cycle plant with 4 open cycle gas turbines with 131 MW capacity when commissioned in 1991. In 1994, the 4 open cycle gas turbines were converted into two blocks of combined cycle plants with 425 MW of capacity each and renamed CCP 1 and 2. In 2010, Gas Turbine GT22 of CCP 2 was upgraded with new vanes and blades for its stage 1 and 2

The combined cycle plants 3 to 5 were completed and fully operational by 2004 with 365 MW of capacity each, which involved the repowering of the Stage I oil-fired steam thermal plant.

The combined cycle plants 6 and 7 were completed and commissioned by 2012 with 431 MW of capacity each, which involved the repowering of the Stage II oil-fired steam thermal plant.

In its early years, the plant used crude oil as fuel to power its turbines; however, this was replaced by natural gas piped from Terengganu on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia after 1992. Oil, however, is still used as a back-up.

Plant development stage Commission date Status Installation cost (in S$) Capacity Plant type Turbine manufacturer
Steam Stage I 1976 (1976) Decommissioned
Repowered to CCP 3 – 5
600,000,000 3 x 120 MW Steam Thermal Plant Hitachi
Steam Stage II October 1978

April 1979

September 1979

Decommissioned

Repowered to CCP 6 – 7

600,000,000 3 x 250 MW Steam Thermal Plant Hitachi
Steam Stage III June 1983
November 1983
Operational 400,000,000 2 x 250 MW Steam Thermal Plant Hitachi
Gas Stage I 1990 (1990)
1991 (1991)
Upgraded to

CCP 1 & 2

4 x 131 MW Open Cycle Plant Siemens
CCP 1 & 2 1994 (1994) Operational 2 x 425 MW Combined-Cycle Plant Siemens
CCP 3 – 5 February 2002
July 2004
December 2004
Operational 3 x 365 MW Combined-Cycle Plant Alstom
CCP 6 – 7 2012 Operational 1,000,000,000 2 x 431 MW Combined-Cycle Plant MHI

In 1992, a fire broke out at one of its plants resulting in a major power outage in the island.[1]

Based on a mutual agreement between Malaysia and Singapore on electricity, the plant is linked by a submarine cable to the Sultan Iskandar Power Station in Pasir Gudang, Johor. In the event of a power outage in Peninsular Malaysia, the plant would supply electricity to the Johor plant. Likewise, if there is a power outage in Singapore, the Johor plant would supply electricity to Senoko.

The plant's only standing concrete chimney which belongs to Stage 3, at 182 metres high, is the tallest structure in the northern part of Singapore and one of the tallest structures on the island, it is clearly visible across the Tebrau Straits and in most parts of Johor Bahru. The plant's second chimney which belongs to Stage 2 was demolished in July 2010 as part of the repowering process.

Sell-off[edit]

On 5 September 2008, Temasek Holdings sold Senoko Energy Pte Ltd to Lion Power Holdings for S$3.65 billion. Lion Power is owned by a consortium led by Japan's Marubeni Corporation. Other members of the consortium are GDF Suez of France, The Kansai Electric Power Company, Kyūshū Electric Power Company and Japan Bank for International Cooperation.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1992". Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  2. ^ Nicholas Fang (5 September 2008). "Temasek sells Senoko Power to Marubeni-led group for S$3.65b". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 5 September 2008.

External links[edit]