Gangnam Station is a station in the Gangnam District of Seoul, South Korea, on the Seoul Subway Line 2. This station serves as a crucial transfer point between Line 2 and buses to all over Seoul and southern Gyeonggi Province, it became the northern terminus of the Shinbundang Line on October 29, 2011, the southern terminus being at Jeongja Station. Both stations have two side platforms. December 23, 1982 - Line 2 station completed. October 29, 2011 - Shinbundang Line station completed; the area surrounding the station is an important entertainment district. The station is located at the western end of Teheranno, home to many corporate headquarters and impressive towers, while the area to the north of the station is densely packed with bars and clubs. There are many shops in the subway station below ground. In 2007, the area was the 10th most expensive shopping street in the world with an average rent of US$431 per square foot; the section of Gangnam Boulevard from exit No.2 of this station to exit No.5 of Sinnonhyeon Station of Line 9 is designated as a smoke-free zone by the Gangnam District office.
Line 2 runs on the right hand track. This can be confusing to tourists making a transfer here, as many tourists are accustomed to riding on either the left-hand track or the right-hand track. In 2007, it was the busiest subway station in the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system, with 123,000 daily passengers using it on average. In a survey conducted in 2011 by the Ministry of Land and Maritime Affairs on 92 Administrative divisions across the country, it reported that Gangnam Station had a daily average of 110,129 people boarding and 114,338 people alighting the subway. Making this the busiest public transit stop, with more than 100,000 people every day. Exit 1: KIPO Seoul Office Exit 8: Kukkiwon The headquarters of South Korean skincare and cosmetics manufacturer Skin Food is in the DaeRyung Scecho Tower in Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu nearby to this station
Yangjae Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 3 and Shinbundang Line. It was the southern terminus of Line 3 until October 30, 1993, when the line was extended to Suseo Station, it became a transfer station with the Shinbundang Line on October 28, 2011, it is located in Seocho-gu, Seoul. It serves as an important mass transit hub for commuters who travel between Seoul and suburban cities such as Bundang and Suwon. Exit 1: Hanjin Art Center Exit 2: Yeongdong Middle School, Woosung APT Exit 3: Eungseong Middle & Eungwang girls'High Schools Exit 4: Eonju Elementary School Exit 5: Seocho Social Welfare Center Exit 6: Yangjae Il-Dong Exit 7: Korean Educational Development Institute Exit 8: Seocho District Office, Yangjae High School, Institute of Foreign Affairs & National Security Yangjae Citizens' Forest is located near Yangjae Tollgate on the Gyeongbu Expressway, the entrance to Seoul City. Built for the 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Seoul Olympics, the land was prepared on July 1983 as part of Gaepo-dong Land Arrangement Plan.
The construction of the Forest continued for about three years and completed on November 1986. The total area is 358,992 sq. meters. The park's major facilities include landscaped facilities, such as Grass Field, Octagonal Pavilion, Pagora; the Forest has sports facilities, such as tennis and basketball courts. Other major structures in the Forest include the Memorial Hall for Patriot Yun Bonggil, a parking lot, children's playground, an outdoor wedding hall. Location: 236, Yangjae 2-dong Admission: Free Parking: capacity for 571 cars Yangjae station exit 7, 20 minutes walk or transfer to bus. Yangjae Citizens' Forest Yangjae Stream, or Yangjaecheon in Korean, is a 5.5 km long body of water that stretches from Gwanak-san through the southern area of Gangnam-gu. There are two swimming areas for kids, a number of stepping stone bridges to cross, two sites for an ecosystem watch. Yangjae station exit 7, 18 minutes walk. Yangjae Stream
Cosmetics are substances or products used to enhance or alter the appearance of the face or fragrance and texture of the body. Many cosmetics are designed for use of applying to the face and body, they are mixtures of chemical compounds. Cosmetics applied to the face to enhance its appearance are called make-up or makeup. Common make-up items include: lipstick, eye shadow, foundation and contour. Whereas other common cosmetics can include skin cleansers, body lotions and conditioner, hairstyling products and cologne. In the U. S. the Food and Drug Administration, which regulates cosmetics, defines cosmetics as "intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions". This broad definition includes any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product; the FDA excludes pure soap from this category. The word cosmetics derives from the Greek κοσμητικὴ τέχνη, meaning "technique of dress and ornament", from κοσμητικός, "skilled in ordering or arranging" and that from κόσμος, meaning amongst others "order" and "ornament".
Cosmetics have been in use for thousands of years. The absence of regulation of the manufacture and use of cosmetics has led to negative side effects, deformities and death through the ages. Examples are the prevalent use of ceruse, to cover the face during the Renaissance, blindness caused by the mascara Lash Lure during the early 20th century. Egyptian men and women used makeup to enhance their appearance, they were fond of eyeliner and eye-shadows in dark colors including blue and black. Ancient Sumerian men and women were the first to invent and wear lipstick, about 5,000 years ago, they crushed gemstones and used them to decorate their faces on the lips and around the eyes. Around 3000 BC to 1500 BC, women in the ancient Indus Valley Civilization applied red tinted lipstick to their lips for face decoration. Ancient Egyptians extracted red dye from fucus-algin, 0.01% iodine, some bromine mannite, but this dye resulted in serious illness. Lipsticks with shimmering effects were made using a pearlescent substance found in fish scales.
Six thousand year old relics of the hollowed out tombs of the Ancient Egyptian pharaohs are discovered. According to one source, early major developments include: Kohl used by ancient Egypt as a protectant of the eye. Castor oil used by ancient Egypt as a protective balm. Skin creams made of beeswax, olive oil, rose water, described by Romans. Vaseline and lanolin in the nineteenth century; the Ancient Greeks used cosmetics as the Ancient Romans did. Cosmetics are mentioned in the Old Testament, such as in 2 Kings 9:30, where Jezebel painted her eyelids—approximately 840 BC—and in the book of Esther, where beauty treatments are described. One of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines is the fungus Tremella fuciformis, used as a beauty product by women in China and Japan; the fungus increases moisture retention in the skin and prevents senile degradation of micro-blood vessels in the skin, reducing wrinkles and smoothing fine lines. Other anti-aging effects come from increasing the presence of superoxide dismutase in the brain and liver.
Tremella fuciformis is known in Chinese medicine for nourishing the lungs. In the Middle Ages, it seemed natural that the face should be whitened and the cheeks rouged. During the sixteenth century, the personal attributes of the women who used make-up created a demand for the product among the upper class. Cosmetic use was frowned upon at many points in Western history. For example, in the 19th century, Queen Victoria publicly declared make-up improper and acceptable only for use by actors. Many women in the 19th century liked to be thought of as fragile ladies, they emphasized their delicacy and femininity. They aimed always to look interesting. Sometimes ladies discreetly used a little rouge on the cheeks and used "belladonna" to dilate their eyes so it would make them stand out more. Make-up was frowned upon in general during the 1870s when social etiquette became more rigid. Teachers and clergywomen were forbidden from the use of cosmetic products. During the 19th century, there was a high number of incidences of lead-poisoning because of the fashion for red and white lead makeup and powder.
This led to swelling and inflammation of the eyes, weakened tooth enamel, caused the skin to blacken. Heavy use was known to lead to death. However, in the second part of the 19th century, great advances were made in chemistry from the chemical fragrances that enabled a much easier production of cosmetic products, it was acceptable for actresses in the 1800s to use makeup, famous beauties such as Sarah Bernhardt and Lillie Langtry could be powdered. Most cosmetic products available were still either chemically dubious or found in the kitchen amid food coloring and beetroot. By the middle of the 20th century, cosmetics were in widespread use by women in nearly all industrial societies around the world. In 1968 at the feminist Miss America protest, protestors symbolically threw a number of feminine products into a "Freedom Trash Can." This included cosmetics, which were among items the protestors called "instruments of female torture" and accouterments of what they perceived to be enforced femininity.
As of 2016, the world's
Seoul Subway Line 2
Seoul Subway Line 2 known as the Circle Line, is a circular line of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway. The line running clockwise is called the "inner circle line" and the counter-clockwise line is called the "outer circle line"; this is Seoul's most used line, consists of the main loop, the Seongsu Branch and the Sinjeong Branch for a total line length of 60.2 km. The Line 2 loop is the second longest subway loop in the world after Beijing Subway Line 10. Headways on the line vary from 2 minutes 18 seconds on peak periods and 5–6 minutes off-peak periods; the line connects the city centre to Teheran Valley and the COEX/KWTC complex. Line 2 was built in 1978–84 together with the Seongsu Branch. Dangsan bridge was closed for reconstruction in 1996 and reopened November 22, 1999; the old steel girder bridge was replaced by a 1.3-kilometre long concrete bridge between Dangsan on the southern side of the river and Hapjeong on the northern bank. Yongdu station on the Seongsu Branch is the first station in the Seoul Subway system with operating platform screen doors.
As of 2008 platform screen doors are operating at all stations along Line 2. New rolling stock has progressively came on line, replacing older vehicles. October 31, 1980: Sinseol-dong – Sports Complex section opened December 23, 1982: Sports Complex – Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Education section opened September 16, 1983: Euljiro 1-ga – Seongsu section opened. It averaged 2.56 times more than the other 14 subway lines fitted with WiFi service zones. In 2011, retailer Home plus opened the world's first virtual supermarket at Seolleung station, where smartphone users can photograph the bar code of life-size pictures, on the walls and platform screen doors, of 500 items of food, electronics etc. for delivery within the same day. There is a possible extension in the conception stage to extend the Sinjeong Branch to 3.7 km to Gayang Station on Line 9. The path would include a new station named Gangseo-gu Office in between Gayang. Subways in South Korea List of Korea-related topics Seoul Metropolitan Subway Seoul Metro Map and route finder
Seocho Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2. It is located in Seocho-gu, Seoul. Exit 1: Korea Research Institute for Local Administration Exit 5: Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office Exit 5: National Library of Korea Exit 5: Supreme Court of Korea Exit 5: Seocho Police Station Exit 6: Seoul Central Public Prosecutor's Office
Seocho District is one of the 25 gu which make up the city of Seoul, South Korea. Seocho is referred to as a part of Greater Gangnam Area, along with Gangnam District and Songpa District. Seocho District is served by the Seoul Subway Line 2, Line 3, Line 4, Line 7, Bundang Line, Line 9. South Korea's longest highway, Gyeongbu Expressway, ends here. In South Korea, there are two types of dong or neighborhoods, one of, called Beopjeong-dong denoting "dong designated by law"; the other is called Haengjeong-dong referring to "dong assigned for administrative purpose". Beopjeong-dong has a long history, tradition or convention of each place, while as a population of residents in beopjeong-dong increases or decreases, the administration in charge divides one dong to several haengjeong-dong or integrates several beopjeong-dong to one haengjeong-dong such as the following example. Wonji-dong is administered by the Yangjae 2-dong office. Seocho 1-dong is one of hangjeong-dongs of Seocho-dong; the below are beopjeong-dong.
NeighborhoodSeocho-dong Jamwon-dong Banpo-dong Bangbae-dong Yangjae-dong Umyeon-dong Wonji-dong Naegok-dong Yeomgok-dong Sinwon-dong The area is home to the Supreme Court and the Supreme Prosecutors' Office. Seocho Samsung Town in Seocho-dong, near Gangnam Station, is the headquarters of several corporations of the Samsung Group including Samsung Electronics. In DaeRyung Scecho Tower is the headquarters of South Korean skincare and cosmetics manufacturer Skin Food, it is the location of the infamous Sampoong Department Store collapse of 1995. K-pop label Starship Entertainment is located in the area. Seorae Village in Banpo-dong, is a small French enclave, with a large concentration of French residents and European-style restaurants, dessert cafes, as well as wineries and cafes stand along its main street. Umyeonsan Guryongsan Cheonggyesan Yangjaecheon, a stream Supreme Court of South Korea National Library of Korea Seoul Art Center National Gugak Center Citizen Park Heonin Tomb Seoul MetroSeoul Subway Line 2 Circle Line ← Seoul National Univ. of Education - Seocho - Bangbae → Seoul Subway Line 3 ← Jamwon - Express Bus Terminal - Seoul National Univ. of Education - Nambu Bus Terminal - Yangjae → Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit CorporationSeoul Subway Line 7 ← Banpo - Express Bus Terminal - Naebang → Seoul Metro Line 9 CorporationSeoul Subway Line 9 ← Gubanpo - Sinbanpo - Express Bus Terminal - Sapyeong → Torch Trinity Graduate University is located in Yangjae-dong, Seocho District.
International schools in the district: French School of Seoul Dulwich College Seoul Rainbow International School Suginami, Japan Hongkou District, China Laoshan District, China Çankaya District, Turkey Irvine, United States Gangnam District List of Korea-related topics Geography of South Korea Media related to Seocho-gu, Seoul at Wikimedia Commons Seocho-gu website Seocho-gu website
Teheranno is a street in the Gangnam district of Seoul, South Korea. It runs from Gangnam Station into Samseong-dong, it is colloquially known as "Teheran Valley" due to the number of internet-related companies operating there. The district of Gangnam-gu experienced phenomenal growth and waves of construction, with Teheranno becoming one of the busiest streets in South Korea, its counterpart, Seoul St. in Tehran, runs in the north of that city, close to the Evin district. Teheranno is a 3.5 km section of Seoul City Route 90, runs eastwards from Gangnam Station to Samseong Station and the COEX/KWTC complex. Yeoksam and Seolleung stations are on Teheranno. All stations are on Seoul Subway Line 2; some of Korea's tallest skyscrapers and most expensive real estate are in Teheranno, while Seoul Metropolitan Government estimates that more than half of Korea's venture capital, some 200,000,000,000 won, is invested in Teheran Valley. On 27 June 1977, the Seoul Metropolitan Government suggested that the city of Seoul and Tehran, pre-revolutionary Iran exchange the names of streets on the occasion of the visit to Korea of Gholamreza Nikpey, Mayor of Tehran.
The following year, Samneungno street was renamed Teheranno, which ran through a underdeveloped area that been annexed into Seoul in 1963. The area hosts major domestic internet portals Naver as well as Google. Samsung Electronics and Hynix both operate offices there. Various Korean and international financial and business institutions including POSCO, Standard Chartered and Citibank maintain offices there; the headquarters of LOEN Entertainment, one of the largest music companies in the country, is located in Teheranno. Seoul Street