A convenience store, convenience shop, or corner store is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries and magazines. In some jurisdictions, convenience stores are licensed to sell alcohol beer and wine; such stores may offer money order and wire transfer services, along with the use of a fax machine or photocopier for a small per-copy cost. They differ from general stores and village shops in that they are not in a rural location and are used as a convenient supplement to larger stores. A convenience store may be part of a gas/petrol station, so customers can purchase goods conveniently while filling their vehicle with fuel, it may be located alongside a busy road, in an urban area, near a railway or railroad station, or at another transport hub. In some countries, convenience stores have long shopping hours, some remain open 24 hours. Convenience stores charge higher prices than conventional grocery stores or supermarkets, as these stores order smaller quantities of inventory at higher per-unit prices from wholesalers.
However, convenience stores make up for this loss by having longer open hours, serving more locations, having shorter cashier lines. A convenience store may be called a c-store, cold store, party store, carry out, mini-market, mini-mart, corner shop, deli or milk bar, superette, depanneur or dep. Various types exist, for liquor stores, mini-markets, general stores or party stores. Confectionery, lottery tickets and magazines are sold although merchandise varies from store to store. Unless the outlet is a liquor store, the range of alcohol beverages is to be limited or non-existent. Most stores sell other tobacco products. Varying degrees of food and grocery supplies are available, from household products to prepackaged foods like sandwiches and frozen burritos. Automobile-related items—such as motor oil and car kits—may be sold. Toiletries and other hygiene products are stocked, as well as sanitary products and contraception. Stores may carry home furnishings, CDs and DVDs; some of these stores offer money orders and wire transfer services.
Convenience stores may carry small appliances as well as other household items such as coolers and backpacks. Convenience stores have been known to carry candles, stationery and crockery. Many convenience shops offer food ready-to-eat, such as breakfast fry-ups. Throughout Europe, it is now common for convenience stores to sell fresh French bread. A process of freezing parbaked bread allows baking in-store; some shops have a delicatessen counter, offering custom-made baguettes. Others have racks offering fresh baked doughnuts from local doughnut shops; some shops have a self-service microwave oven for heating purchased food. In the United States, some fast-food chains offer a counter in convenience stores. Instead of cooking food in the store, these counters offer a limited menu of items delivered several times a day from a local branch of the restaurant. Convenience stores may be combined with other services, such as general stores and pawn shops, a ticket counter for purchasing railway tickets, a post office counter, or gasoline pumps.
In Asian countries, like Japan or Taiwan, convenience stores are more common because of the higher population density. They are found with gasoline and train stations, but can be stand-alone stores. Here, items like soft drinks or snacks are sold. Hot dogs, hard boiled tea eggs, fish cakes can be found in stores. Delicatessens are absent, pre-made sandwiches can be bought. Non-food products like magazines are sold but to a lower degree. Many convenience stores have a fountain that offers a variety of beverages such as coffee, soft drinks and frozen beverages; the smaller convenience stores have few perishable items because it is not economically viable to rotate perishable items with such a low number of staff. Smaller convenience stores do not generate the business needed to sustain food spoilage rates typical of grocery stores or supermarkets; as such, products with a long shelf life are the rule unless a product is aimed at attracting customers on the chance they may buy something profitable too.
Although larger, newer convenience stores may have quite a broad range of items, the selection is still limited compared to supermarkets, in many stores only one or two choices are available. Prices in a convenience store are higher than those at a supermarket, mass merchandise store, or auto supply store, as convenience stores order smaller quantities of inventory at higher per-unit prices from wholesalers. However, there are some exceptions like milk and fuel which are priced similar to larger stores, as convenience stores traditionally do high volume in these goods and sometimes use them as loss leaders. Product containers in a convenience store are smaller with reduced product quantity, to allow more products on the store shelves; this reduces the apparent cost differences between full-size packaging in supermarkets. Smaller packaging reduces waste when a traveller such as a hotel guest does not want or is unable to carry the leftover product with
Seoul Metropolitan Subway
The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 22 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. The system serves most of the Seoul Metropolitan Area including the Incheon metropolis and satellite cities in Gyeonggi province; some regional lines in the network stretch out to rural areas in northern Chungnam province and western Gangwon province that lie over 100 km away from the capital as well as Suwon. The network consists of numbered lines 1–9, which serve Seoul City proper and its surroundings and named regional railways that serve the greater metropolitan region and beyond. Most of the system is operated by three companies – Seoul Metro and Metro 9. However, there are several other lines stretching out to regional provinces, its first metro line, Line 1, started construction in 1971 and opened in 1974, with through-operation to Korail suburban railways. Today, the network is one of the largest and most efficient urban railway systems in the world, with 331.5 km of track on lines 1–9 alone.
Under the Japanese ODA loans, the first line of the Seoul Subway network started construction in 1971. The first section of subway was cover construction method. Line 1 opened in 1974 with through services joining surrounding Korail suburban railway lines similar to the Tokyo subway. Today, many of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway's lines are operated by Korail, South Korea's national passenger and freight railway operator; this is similar to Europe and Japan, where the national railroad operates local mainline urban railways, such as the S-Bahns in Germany, operated by subsidiaries of Deutsche Bahn, or JR East in Japan, which operates many other urban rail systems in Japanese cities. It has been described as the world's longest multi-operator metro system by route length; the system was rated as one of the world's best subway systems by CNN, Jalopnik It is notable for its cleanliness and ease of use along with advanced technology such as 4G LTE, WiFi, DMB, WiBro accessible in all stations and trains.
Nearly all stations have platform screen doors installed. By 2017, Korail will install screen doors in every station and platform; the world's first virtual mart for smartphone users opened at Seolleung station in 2011. All directional signs in the system are written in Korean and Hanja. In trains there are in addition many LCD screens giving service announcements, upcoming stop names, YTN news, stock prices and animated shorts. There are prerecorded voice announcements that give the upcoming station, any possible line transfer, the exiting side in Korean, followed by English. At major stations, this is followed by Japanese Mandarin Chinese, as well. Seoul Subway uses full-color LCD screens at all stations to display real-time subway arrival times, which are available on apps for smartphones. Most trains have digital TV screens, all of them have air conditioning and climate controlled seats installed that are automatically heated in the winter. In 2014, it became the world's first metro operator to use transparent displays for ads when it installed 48 transparent displays on major stations of Line 2 in Gangnam District.
All lines use the T-money smart payment system using RFID and NFC technology for automatic payment by T-money smart cards, smartphones, or credit cards and one can transfer to any of the other line within the system for free. Trains on numbered lines run on the right-hand track, while trains on the named lines run on the left-hand track; the exceptions are the trains on Line 1, as well as those on Line 4 south of Namtaeryeong station. These lines run on the left-hand track because these rail lines are operated by Korail, South Korea's national railway operator; the system is organised such that numbered lines, with some exceptions, are considered as urban rapid transit lines located within the Seoul National Capital Area, whereas wide-area commuter lines operated by Korail provide a metro-like commuter rail service that extends far beyond the boundaries of the SNCA, rather similar to the RER in Paris. The AREX is an airport rail link that links Incheon International Airport and Gimpo Airport to central Seoul, offers both express service directly to Incheon International Airport and all-stop commuter service for people living along the vicinity of the line.
While operating hours may vary depending on the line in question, the Seoul Metropolitan Subway operates from 5.30 am until 1 am on weekdays, from 5.30 am until midnight on weekends. Line 1, from Seongbuk station to Incheon station and Suwon station, opened on 15 August 1974. On 9 December 1978, the Yongsan-Cheongnyangni line was added to Line 1. Line 2 opened on 10 October 1980. In 1985, the fare system changed from charging by distance to zone and the Edmondson railway ticket changed to a magnetic paper ticket. Line 4 opened on 20 April 1985, Line 3 on 12 July. On 1 April 1994, the Indeogwon-Namtaeryeong extension of Line 4 opened; the Bundang Line, from Suseo station to Ori station, opened on 1 September. On 15 November 1995, Line 5 opened; the Jichuk-Daehwa extension of Line 3 opened on 30 January 1996. On 20 March, the Kkachisan-Sindorim extension of Line 2 opened. Line 7 opened on 11 October, Line 8 on 23 November. On 6 October 1999, Incheon Subway Line 1 opened. Seoul Subway Line 6 opened on 7 August 2000.
In 2004 the fare system reverted to charging by distance, free bus transfers were introduced. The
Jamsil-dong is a neighbourhood, dong, of Songpa-gu, South Korea. Its name is derived from silkworm breeding during the Joseon dynasty. Jamsil translates to a place for sericulture; the state encouraged people to raise silkworms. Lotte World Jamsil Baseball Stadium Jamsil Hangang Park Lee Hyeri Sincheon Schools located in Jamsil-dong: Seoul Beodeul Elementary School Seoul Jamil Elementary School Seoul Jamjeon Elementary School Seoul Jamsin Elementary School Seoul Sincheon Elementary School Seoul Songjeon Elementary School Aju Middle School Chungshin Girls' Middle School Jamsin Middle School Sincheon Middle School Chungshin Girls' High School Jamil High School Jamsin High School Youngdongil High School Jamsil Station of and of Jamsilsaenae Station of Sports Complex Station of Administrative divisions of South Korea Jamsil bon-dong resident center site Songpa-gu map
Yongdap Station is a station on the Seongsu Branch of the Seoul Subway Line 2. It is located in Seongdong-gu, Seoul. Exit 1: Sageun Elementary School Exit 2: Gunja Train Depot
Mixed-use development or simply Live-work space is a type of urban development strategy for living spaces that blends residential, cultural, institutional, or entertainment uses, where those functions are physically and functionally integrated, that provides pedestrian connections. Mixed-use development can take the form of a single building, a city block, or entire neighbourhoods; the term may be used more to refer to a mixed-use real estate development project—a building, complex of buildings, or district of a town or city, developed for mixed-use by a private developer, governmental agency, or a combination thereof. Traditionally, human settlements have developed in mixed-use patterns. However, with industrialisation as well as the invention of the skyscraper, governmental zoning regulations were introduced to separate different functions, such as manufacturing, from residential areas. In the United States, the heyday of separate-use zoning was after World War II, but since the 1990s, mixed-use zoning has once again become desirable as the benefits are recognized.
In most of Europe, government policy has encourage the continuation of the city center's role as a main location for business, retail and entertainment activity, unlike in the United States where zoning discouraged such mixed use for many decades. As a result, much of Europe's central cities are mixed use "by default" and the term "mixed-use" is much more relevant regarding new areas of the city, when an effort is made to mix residential and commercial activities – such as in Amsterdam's Eastern Docklands – rather than separate them. One of the earliest cities to adopt a policy on Mixed-use development is Ontario; the local government first played a role in 1986 with a zoning bylaw that allowed for commercial and residential units to be mixed. At the time, Toronto was in the beginning stages planning a focus on developing mixed-use development due to a growing popularity of more social housing; the law has since been updated as as 2013, refining much of its focus outside the downtown area, amalgamated into the main city since 1998.
With the regulations in place, the city has oversaw the development of high-rise condominiums throughout the city with the supply of amenities and transit stops nearby. Toronto case of developing Mixed-uses has expand to encompass other North American cities in Canada and The United States to bring in similar changes. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency collaborates with local governments by providing researchers developing new data that estimates how a city can be impacted by Mixed-use development. With the EPA putting models in the spreadsheet, it makes it much easier for municipalities, developers to estimate the traffic, with Mixed-use spaces; the linking models used as a resource tool measures the geography and land use characteristics in a city. The Environmental Protection Agency has conducted an analysis on six major metropolitan areas using land usage, household surveys, GIS databases. States such as California, New Mexico, Virginia has adopted this standard as statewide policy when assessing how urban developments can impact traffic.
Preconditions for the success of Mixed-use developments is employment and consumer spending. The three preconditions ensures that a development can attract quality tenants and financial success. Other factors determining the success of the Mixed-use development is the proximity of production time, the costs from the surrounding market. Mixed-use zones has been implemented in Portland, Oregon since the early 1990's as the local government was trying to figure out how to lower auto oriented development, prominent in the city at the time. In the state of Oregon alone, that housing must provide a clear objective towards design review; the city of Portland bureau of Planning and Sustainability has released a report in 2014 discussing the development trends in the city. The report eventuates the development of mixed-use spaces by focusing on the city center and its corridors. Portland's light rail system, MAX provides the encouragement of mixing up residential and work spaces into one zone. With this one zoning planning system, the use of land at increased densities provides a return in public investments throughout the city.
Main street corridors provide flexible building heights and high density uses to provide opportunities for gathering places. Mixed-use development allows the creation of plazas and outdoor corridors between buildings and sidewalks. Street facing facades have a maximum setback to how much space is allocated for pedestrians to gather in. Landscaping another feature in outdoor spaces allow trees and plants to grow on buildings vertically rather than being faced out in a front row. Public Infrastructure Mixed-use in centers that have increased in population density has allowed people to access places through public transit and has helped encourage walking and cycling to places of work and errands. Transportation has played a role in mitigating climate change by reducing congestion on roads and building up freight movement for goods and services. With street-level design in place in cities like Boston and Denver Mixed-uses allowed the designs of pedestrian walkways and eye distances to shops and workplaces.
This in turn has reduced parking lots in garages. Historic Preservation Older cities such as Chicago and San Francisco landmark preservation policies to allow more flexibility on older buildings being reused as third spaces. Benefits of mixed-use development include: greater housing variety and density, more affordable housing, life-cycle housing (start
Lotte Corporation, is a Japanese and Korean multinational conglomerate. Lotte began its history on June 1948 in Tokyo by Japanese-Korean businessman Shin Kyuk-ho. Shin expanded Lotte to his ancestral country, South Korea with the establishment of Lotte Confectionery in Seoul on April 3, 1967. Lotte grew to become South Korea's fifth largest business conglomerate. Lotte Corporation consists of over 90 business units employing 60,000 people engaged in such diverse industries as candy manufacturing, hotels, fast food, financial services, heavy chemicals, electronics, IT, construction and entertainment. Lotte runs additional businesses in China, Malaysia, Vietnam, United States, United Kingdom, Philippines and Poland. Today, Lotte is the largest confectionery manufacturer in South Korea. Lotte was founded in June 1948 in Tokyo, by Korean Businessman Shin Kyuk-ho, two years after he graduated from Waseda Jitsugyo High School. Called Lotte Co. Ltd, the company has grown from selling chewing gum to children in post-war Japan to becoming a major multinational corporation.
The source of the company's name is Japanese, but German. Shigemitsu was impressed with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther and named his newly founded company Lotte after the character Charlotte in the novel. Lotte's current marketing slogan in Japan is "The sweetheart of your mouth, Lotte". Lotte Corporation – Lotte group's world headquarters – are located in Myeongdong and Lotte Holdings Co. Ltd. in Shinjuku, Tokyo. It is controlled by the founder Shin Kyuk-Ho's extended family. Lotte group's major businesses are food products, finance, amusement parks, trade and sports. Food Products: Lotte Confectionery, Lotte Chilsung, Lotteria, E Wedel, Lotte Ham/Lotte Milk, Lotte Samkang, Angel-in-us, T. G. I. Friday's, Lotte Cool, Lotte Fresh Delica, Lotte Pharm. Lotte Shopping Food Division, Lotte Kolson Shopping: Lotte Duty Free, Lotte Shopping, Lotte Mart, Lotte Department Store, Lotte-Assi Plaza Entertainment: Lotte Cinema, Lotte Entertainment Finance: Lotte Insurance, Lotte Card, Lotte Capital Housing: Lotte Castle High Rise Apartment Complex Amusement parks: Lotte Cinema, Lotte World in Seoul, one of the world's largest indoor theme parks.
Hotels: Lotte Super Tower 123, skyscraper in Seoul, South Korea, 2014 and Busan Lotte Tower skyscraper in Busan, South Korea, 2013, Lotte City Hotel in Daejeon, Lotte New York Palace in New York City Trade: Lotte international IT / Electronics: Korea Fuji Film, Lotte Canon, Lotte IT, Lotte.com, Mobidomi Heavy chemicals / construction / machinery: Honam Petrochemical, KP Chemical, Lotte Engineering & Construction, Lotte Engineering & Machinery, Lotte Aluminum Car rental: Lotte rent-a-car Transport service: Andi Mack-Lotte Transport Corporation Lotte owns professional baseball teams Chiba Lotte Marines in Japan Lotte Giants in Busan, South Korea. Korea R&D Center: 23,4-ga, Yangpyeong-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, South Korea Japan R&D Center: Saitama, Japan In June 2016, companies of the group were raided by South Korean prosecutors, investigating into a possible slush fund as well as breach of trust involving transactions among the group's companies; the investigation forced its Hotel Lotte unit to abandon an initial public offering and Lotte Chemical Corp to withdraw from bidding for Axiall Corp.
Vice chairman, Lee In-won, was found dead in August same year. He was suspected of suicide just hours before being questioned by prosecutors. Lee was considered the top lieutenant of Chairman Shin Dong-bin. Lotte Card Lotte Capital Lotte Chilsung Lotte Confectionery Lotte Department Store Lotte World Tower Shin Dong-bin known as Akio Shigemitsu Official website Official website
Euljiro 1-ga station
Euljiro 1-ga Station is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2. The station is located on the north end of the Myeongdong shopping district and is the station closest to the main branch of the Lotte Department Store. Walkthrough video of Euljiro 1-ga Station