In Canada, a separate school is a type of school that has constitutional status in three provinces and statutory status in three territories. In these Canadian jurisdictions, a separate school is one operated by a civil authority—a separate school board—with a mandate enshrined in the Canadian Constitution or in federal statutes. In these six jurisdictions a civil electorate, composed of the members of the minority faith, elects separate school trustees according to the province's or territory's local authorities election legislation; these trustees are accountable to their electorate and to the provincial or territorial government. No church has a constitutional, proprietary interest in a separate school; the constitutionally provided mandate of a separate school jurisdiction and of a separate school is to provide education in a school setting that the separate school board considers reflective of Roman Catholic theology and practices. This mandate can manifest itself in the Program of Studies and the curriculum and practices, staffing.
The limits of this mandate are determined by the application of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, judicial decisions. The different experience in Ontario as compared to Alberta and Saskatchewan is principally the result of the same constitutional provisions having effect on settlement at different stages in Canadian history; the Constitution of Canada does not establish separate school education as a natural or unconditional right available to all. Only Protestants or Roman Catholics, whichever is the minority faith population compared to the other in a community, can consider the establishment of separate school education; the separate school establishment right is not available to citizens of any other faith. In addition, the minority faith must establish that they wish to leave the public school system and create a separate school system; when France's colonies in North America were conquered by Britain during the 18th century, British authorities were faced with the dilemma of ruling over a large Roman Catholic community.
This was significant, as Catholic-Protestant violence in England and Ireland had been nearly constant since the beginning of the English Reformation. Since the Glorious Revolution of 1688, Protestantism had been the official religion of the British state as evidenced by the Act of Settlement 1701 which forbade Catholics to become monarch; this was the beginning of a long period of anti-Catholic laws and policies in the British Empire, most famously expressed through the Irish "Penal" Laws. In the case of the New World French there was the fear that the new population was more loyal to a foreign king, that of France, than to Britain; the first French colony to fall to the British was Acadia on the Atlantic coast in 1713. Here the problem of dealing with a French Catholic community was solved through the simple but brutal method of expulsion; the Expulsion of the Acadians of 1755 saw some 12,000 Acadians killed and/or forcibly resettled to the Thirteen Colonies, France, etc. Some returned, but their land and villages had been given away to Anglo-Protestant settlers.
However, the trigger for expulsion was about the fear that Acadians would side with France during the "French and Indian War". When the much larger colony of Canada fell in 1763, deportation was seen as less practical. Instead British officials promised to allow French Canadians to keep their religion and customs: His Britannick Majesty, on his side, agrees to grant the liberty of the Catholick religion to the inhabitants of Canada: he will, in consequence, give the most precise and most effectual orders, that his new Roman Catholic subjects may profess the worship of their religion according to the rites of the Romish church, as far as the laws of Great Britain permit, his Britannick Majesty farther agrees, that the French inhabitants, or others, subjects of the Most Christian King in Canada, may retire with all safety and freedom wherever they shall think proper... This guarantee was threatened on several occasions by assimilationist legislation such as the Royal Proclamation of 1763, but this was reversed by the Quebec Act of 1774.
After the American Revolution, the new colony was flooded with Anglo-Protestant refugees. The colony was divided by Constitutional Act of 1791, with the Anglican Church becoming the established religion in Upper Canada while Lower Canada remained secular but dominated by the Catholic church. Somes people ended up on the "wrong" side of this division, with a French Catholic minority in Upper Canada and an Anglo-Protestant minority in Lower Canada. Schools of the era were entirely parochial schools controlled by the various churches. Only when government mandated standardization and public funding for education were introduced did this become a political issue. By the time of Confederation in 1867, the majority of Catholics in Upper Canada were of Irish extraction as well as English speaking. In the 1840s Methodist minister and Reformist politician Egerton Ryerson championed "common schools" that would educate the children of all faiths under one system, he became Chief Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada in 1844.
However, Ryerson was not able to convince the Catholic minority and grudgingly agreed to clauses in his education reforms that allowed for minority-faith schools within the publicly funded system. The Catholic case
Cannibal Girls is a 1973 Canadian independent comedy horror film, directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin, Ronald Ulrich. A couple are relaxing in a snowy forest near a small town in Ontario called Farnhamville. An axe wielding female assailant kills the boyfriend, rips the girlfriend's shirt open, puts a dab of blood between her female victim's breasts. Clifford Sturges and Gloria Wellaby are having trouble with their car, their car manages to last until they reach the small and secluded town called Farnhamville, where it breaks down. At the same time, they come across another traveler, looking for his missing sister. Stranded and Gloria check into a small motel owned by an old lady named Mrs. Wainwright. While inside, the old lady tells the couple about an urban legend, the'Cannibal Girls', it is about three beautiful but psychotic women named Anthea and Leona, who lured men with their seductive charm to their home only to feast on them while alive. By eating their victims and drinking their blood, the girls maintained their youthfulness and immortality.
They have a freakish little servant called'Bunker'. Clarissa kills the first victim with both of them naked, she stabs him in the gut with a pair of scissors. For the second victim, Leona stalks him with a knife, providing a diversion for Anthea to hack the man with an axe; the third victim wakes up the next day, wondering. On, he makes love to Anthea; when he wakes up, he finds himself tied to a bed, surrounded by all three girls. At first they lick his belly they eat him alive right on the spot. Meanwhile, the traveler, looking for his sister gets murdered by the local police as a special request from the Reverend himself. Mrs. Wainwright takes Clifford and Gloria to a small bed and breakfast where the Cannibal Girls lived years before; the meet the host only known as the Reverend Alex St. John; the couple does not realize it, but their dinner is being served by the three Cannibal Girls themselves. The Reverend is the force behind the women's activities and possesses a charismatic hold on the entire town as well.
The town residents hold a gathering dedicated to the Reverend Alex St. John. Anthea and Leona are naked standing around a small table offering their blood in a chalice to the Reverend, while chanting: "Within me and without me I honor the blood which gives me life." Clifford and Gloria try to leave, but a thunderstorm and a warning of an escaped lunatic from the Reverend prompts the couple to stay overnight. Gloria has a scary nightmare of Clifford tied to the bed; the Reverend and the three girls force her to sacrifice Clifford. She wakes up from the nightmare, Clifford tells her it was all a dream. Clifford speaks to her in a demanding way. Gloria cannot place a call to her parents since the phone lines are not working, cannot leave town because the buses will not leave until the next morning. Clifford develops a craving for the food, served in the town's small diners, they are picked up by the sheriff and are taken back to the bed and breakfast occupied by the Cannibal Girls. When they walk inside, it is revealed that Clifford will offer Gloria as a sacrifice to the Reverend in exchange for his life.
However, the Reverend has a change of heart. Fueled by the anger of her boyfriend's betrayal, Gloria mercilessly swings the mace into Clifford's stomach, killing him. During the final scene, the Reverend, Clarissa, Leona and Gloria are seated at the table, with Clifford as the meal. At first Gloria is hesitant to eat her former boyfriend, but after a sign of encouragement from the Reverend, she digs in. In the epilogue, it turns out that this entire event is being told by Mrs. Wainwright, this time about four Cannibal Girls to another couple stranded in their town. Cannibal Girls was filmed between 1971 and 1972, in rural areas surrounding Toronto, Canada; the town scenes were all shot in Ontario. The home was owned by May Jarvis in Ontario. Other scenes were shot in Ontario; the film was made with a low budget and much of the dialogue was improvised. In November 1973, Ivan Reitman took the film to Spain for their Sitges Film Festival, for horror and fantasy. Eugene Levy won the best actor award, Andrea Martin won best actress.
The film premiered on 8 June 1973, was re-released as part of the South by Southwest Film Conference, on March 13, 2010. The film was released on DVD through Shout! Factory on October 26, 2010 During a montage of New York City being overrun by ghosts in Ghostbusters II, Cannibal Girls is the film showing at a cinema where movie-goers are chased out by a winged ghost. Cannibal Girls on IMDb Cannibal Girls at AllMovie Cannibal Girls trailer is available for free download at the Internet Archive Cannibal Girls at Rotten Tomatoes
Newark Collegiate Academy is a four-year charter public high school located in Newark in Essex County, New Jersey, United States, operating as part of the TEAM Academy Charter School network of charter schools in Newark run by the Knowledge Is Power Program which serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. NCA opened in August 2007 and will serve over 570 students matriculating from TEAM's middle schools, Rise and TEAM Academies; as of the 2017–18 school year, the school had an enrollment of 4,059 students and 200.8 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 20.2:1. There were 500 eligible for reduced-cost lunch; the school was the 288th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools". The Newark Collegiate Academy Panthers compete in the Super Essex Conference under the auspices of the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. With 487 students in grades 10-12, the school was classified by the NJSIAA for the 2015-16 school year as North II, Group I for most athletic competition purposes, which included schools with an enrollment of 73 to 457 students in that grade range.
School colors are navy white. Sports offered by the school include volleyball, basketball, cross country, cross country, soccer, soccer and field spring and field spring and field winter and track and field winter. Newark Collegiate Academy website School data for TEAM Academy Charter School, National Center for Education Statistics Newark Collegiate Academy's 2015–16 School Performance Report from the New Jersey Department of Education
Hallmark is a trading name of Hallmark Connections Limited. Hallmark is a luxury coach and corporate cars business, part of the Rotala group, it is based in the West Midlands and has a depot at Heathrow Airport. Flights Hallmark was established, in 1913 in its current home of Birmingham. Over the years it has developed in the coach industry, as at March 2008 operated over 172 buses and coaches and 51 cars; the company was purchased by Rotala in August 2005. Flights Hallmark bought the Surrey Connect business, it sold Surrey Connect to Wiltax in June 2007. Hallmark operates bus route 458 in Surrey, which links Staines-upon-Thames; the Flights Hallmark's Avonmouth and Keynsham depots have since closed due to Wessex Bus pulling out of Bristol, these depots have been taken over by Stagecoach South West in mid to late 2018 The company runs buses and coaches from a number of depots in various parts of England. These services include shuttle bus services, airline or crew transfers, private hires, VIP services such as providing coaches for football teams.
Clients include: Aston Villa, Burton Albion, Nottingham Forest and West Bromwich football clubs Worcester Warriors rugby club. The chauffeur driven cars division of the business is Flights Corporate Transfers; this is airport transfer work. In 2011 Flights Hallmark became a National Express Coaches contractor; these services have since ceased. Hallmark website Showbus gallery
Joseph Nelson Rose was an American botanist. He was born in Indiana, his father died serving during the Civil War. He graduated from high school in Liberty, Indiana, he received his Ph. D. in Biology from Wabash College in 1889. Having received his B. A. in Biology and M. A. Paleobotany earlier at the same institute, he produced with her three sons and three daughters. Rose worked for the U. S. Department of Agriculture and became an assistant curator at the Smithsonian in 1896. While Rose was employed by the national museum, he was an authority on several plants families, including Apiaceae and Cactaceae, he made several field trips to Mexico, presented specimens to the Smithsonian and the New York Botanical Garden. With Nathaniel Lord Britton, Rose published many articles on the Crassulaceae, he took a leave of absence from the Smithsonian to do further fieldwork in South America and publish with Britton, the four-volume work, The Cactaceae, illustrated by Mary Emily Eaton. Rose returned making further contributions to Botany.
Biographical material and related botany Joseph Nelson Rose letters to Walter Deane
David Roos is a Paralympian athlete from South Africa competing in category F46 sprints and high jump events. Roos has competed in three Paralympic Games. In the 2000 Summer Paralympics he competed in the T46 100 metres and F46 long jump as well as winning a bronze medal in the F46 high jump. Four years in Athens in 2004 he went home without a medal after competing in the T46 200m, F46 long jump and F44/46 high jump, he had better luck in the 2008 Summer Paralympics winning a silver in the F46 long jump and competed in the T46 100 and 200 metres and the F44/46 high jump. In 2011 he won a Gold Medal at the IPC World Championships as part of the South African team for the Men's 4 x 100 metres relay. Results for David Roos from the International Paralympic Committee