SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Deccan Chronicle

Deccan Chronicle is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded by Rajagopal Mudaliar in the 1930s & owned by SREI. It is published in Telangana, by Deccan Chronicle Holdings Limited; the newspaper's name derives from the Deccan regions of India. Deccan Chronicle has eight editions in Andhra Telangana, they publish from Chennai and Kochi. The DCHL is owned by SREI; the Indian Premier League cricket franchise of the Deccan Chargers was owned by Deccan Chronicle. The Deccan Chargers represented the city of Hyderabad in the Indian Premier League. Gayatri Reddy and WPP GroupM were the owner of Deccan Chargers; the DCHL is owned by Committee of Creditors. Financial Chronicle – published by Deccan Chronicle and International Herald Tribune List of newspapers in India by circulation List of newspapers in the world by circulation List of newspapers in India Media related to Deccan Chronicle at Wikimedia Commons Official website Deccan Chronicle Ad Booking

Language education in Singapore

Singapore embraces an English-based bilingual education system. Students are taught subject-matter curriculum with English as the medium of instruction, while the official mother tongue of each student - Mandarin Chinese for Chinese, Malay for Malays and Tamil for ethnically Tamil Indians – is taught as a second language. Additionally, Higher Mother Tongue is offered as an additional and optional examinable subject to those with the interest and ability to handle the higher standards demanded by HMT; the content taught to students in HMT is of a higher level of difficulty and is more in-depth so as to help students achieve a higher proficiency in their respective mother tongues. The choice to take up HMT is offered to students in the Secondary level. Thereafter, in junior colleges, students who took HMT at the secondary level have the choice to opt out of mother tongue classes entirely. Campaigns by the government to encourage the use of official languages instead of home languages have been successful, although English seems to be becoming the dominant language in most homes.

To date, many campaigns and programmes have been launched to promote the learning and use of mother tongue languages in Singapore. High ability students may take a third language; the language education in Singapore has been a controversial topic in Singapore - although Singaporeans are becoming English-dominant speakers, many have not achieved a good grasp of their mother tongue. This results in a separate controversy regarding the assigned weightage of mother tongue in major examinations such as the PSLE and GCE Ordinary Level as parents worry that children who are taught English as a first language and whom are brought up in English-speaking families are at a disadvantage for not knowing their mother tongue well. Singapore is a racially and linguistically diverse city-state, with four official languages: English, Mandarin Chinese and Tamil. During British colonial rule, a variety of school systems were in place and most schools taught in one of the above four languages. After World War II, schools were brought under government control and the government recognised that a lingua franca was needed to facilitate communication among the different racial and dialect groups.

Malay was considered for this role, in anticipation of the merger with Malaysia. However, English was selected as the common language. Due to the status of English as a world language and the desire for Singaporeans to retain their cultures, the government encourages Singaporeans to be fluent in both English and their mother tongue. In this context, the mother tongue of a Singaporean refers to the official language assigned to their racial group, regardless of the language spoken at home; the bilingual education policy was introduced in 1966 and in its early stages, English could be taught as either the first language or the second language. However, schools teaching English as a second language saw a rapid decline in enrolment and many closed down or switched to teaching English as the first language; this resulted in the mother tongue being taught only as an academic subject. Thus all other lessons and activities conducted beyond the classroom are conducted in English, with the exception of moral education and mother tongue.

This applies throughout secondary school and junior college education. However, Special Assistance Plan schools, where some activities are conducted in Mandarin, private schools such as madrasahs, international schools and special education schools are exceptions to the system. In tertiary institutions, such as universities and the Institute of Technical Education, languages are no longer academic subjects all content is taught in English, with the exception of some courses on Chinese Studies. In 2011, the Lee Kuan Yew Fund for Bilingualism was set up to aid the Ministry of Education in their efforts to promote the teaching and learning of the English language and the mother Tongue languages; the Ministry of Education places heavy emphasis on English, believing that "mastery of English is vital to Singapore's pupils" because English is "the language of administration, commerce, science and global communication". English skills are assessed through written examinations, oral examinations and listening comprehension.

Written examinations include composition writing and comprehension passages, while in oral examinations, students are asked to verbally read passages and describe pictures. The primary school syllabus aims to develop speaking and listening skills, as well as to nurture students into independent readers who can express their ideas in writing. In secondary school, students are expected to speak and write in grammatically correct English tailored to purpose and context. Junior college students are assumed to be fluent in English. Hence, at this level English as an academic subject is replaced by General Paper, where students formulate analysis and arguments about current issues. English language teaching focused on grammar and oral skills. A syllabus review in 1981 removed many enrichment activities to enable more students to develop functional literacy in English. Ten years another syllabus review replaced grammar teaching with compulsory fiction reading. However, the increasing prevalence of Singlish sparked