James Rowell

Colonel James Rowell was an English-born Australian politician and horticulturalist. Born in Cambridge, he was educated in state schools, he served in the military 1877–1917 before becoming aide-de-camp to the Governor-General. He was a horticulturalist, served on West Torrens Council. In 1917, he was appointed to the Australian Senate as a Nationalist Senator for South Australia, filling the casual vacancy caused by the resignation of William Story, contesting the House of Representatives, he contested the 1922 election as a candidate for the Liberal Party, a group of disaffected Nationalists opposed to the leadership of Prime Minister Billy Hughes. Rowell died in 1940

Ab Kettleby

Ab Kettleby is a village and civil parish in the Melton district of Leicestershire, located 3 miles north of Melton Mowbray, on the A606 road. It had a population of 501 in 2001, it is situated 3 miles southeast of the border with Nottinghamshire. The village is situated 460 feet above sea level; the neighbouring hamlets of Wartnaby and Holwell form part of the civil parish of Ab Kettleby. A Roman mosaic and pavement were found beneath the present churchyard, indicating the presence of a villa. Ab Kettleby was first recorded in the Domesday Book as Chetelbi. Ab Kettleby is of Danish origin; the name Wartnaby is of Danish origin, meaning Waerenoth's homestead. The name Holwell however is of Old English origin meaning stream in a hollow; this may refer to the spring at Holwell Mouth, close to the Six Hills to Eastwell road. St. James's Church has a Norman font, a memorial to Everard Digby one of the Gunpowder plotters; the remains of the villa, a ditch running from north to south underneath the nave have caused serious structural problems for the church.

The church closed in 2006 due to its structural problems and, following the raising of over £250,000 for repairs, it re-opened in 2013. The church was built in the 13th century but restored in 1852-3; the north aisle is Victorian. St Michael's Church, Wartnaby was built in the 13th century and restored in 1867-8, it has a double bellcote with a saddleback roof on medieval wall painting inside. Iron ore was obtained in all three parts of the parish. Holwell was the most important centre. Iron ore was first quarried to the north of Holwell on the south side of the narrow part of Landyke Lane in 1875 and continued in various places to the north and east of the hamlet until 1930. From 1931 until 1943 iron ore was mined rather than quarried east of Brown's Hill; the mine was a drift mine and the tunnel emerged from the north side of the hill in 1943. Quarrying was resumed at that point and continued until 1962; the last quarrying took place close to the road to Scalford Hall. Quarrying was done by hand with the help of explosives at first.

The first quarrying machine was a petrol parrafin digger introduced in 1930. The first diesel digger arrived in 1943; the ore was at first taken away by horse and cart, but the Holwell Iron Company built a standard-gauge mineral railway in 1877 which connected with the Midland Railway's Syston to Peterborough line west of Melton Mowbray. Most of this mineral railway was taken over and improved by the Midland in two stages: first as part of their Nottingham to Melton line and as their Holwell branch in 1887; this was extended the same year northwards to Wycomb Junction on the Great Northern's Waltham branch. This branch transported the ore from Holwell as well as some of that from Eaton; the Holwell company built their own iron works close to the Holwell Branch which operated from 1881. The works was called Holwell Works because it was built by the Holwell Company but was at Asfordby Hill; the quarries and the mine fed the standard gauge line by means of narrow-gauge tramways. These were at first worked by gravity or horses, but diesel locomotives were introduced in 1933.

The tramways were replaced by lorries in 1948. Part of the quarry area has been returned to agriculture. One entrance to the mine tunnel has been blocked. In 1986, the area above the mine carried warning notices; the railway has been lifted. Iron ore was quarried to the east and west of Wartnaby, to the west of the A606 and to the north of the village on both sides of the Six Hills to Eastwell Road. Quarrying began in 1879 near to Stonepit House on the north side of the latter road; the last ore was obtained close to the A606 south of the crossroads in 1929. Quarrying always seems to have been done by hand with the help of explosives. No mechanical diggers were used; the ore was taken away by narrow gauge tramway to a tipping dock on the Midland Railway's Nottingham to Melton line to the north of the Old Dalby tunnel. From there it was taken by train to the Stanton Ironworks near Nottingham; the part of the tramway close to the tipping dock was a cable-operated incline, the loaded wagons going down the incline.

The line from the quarries to the top of the incline was worked by horses at first but steam locomotives were introduced in 1880. The quarries were shallow but traces can be seen near to Stonepit House. Elsewhere as a result of the quarrying the fields are at a lower level than the roads; however at one place the Six Hills Road was diverted onto land, quarried and the old course was quarried. Parts of the tramway's earthworks can still be seen. Quarrying took place at Ab Kettleby between 1892 and 1907; the quarries were to the north of the village: on either side of the lane to Holwell. Quarrying was done by hand with the aid of explosives and the ore was taken by narrow gauge tramway to a tipping dock at the Midland Railway Holwell Branch north of Potter Hill. From there the ore was taken by train to Holwell Iron Works at Asfordby Hill; the lower end of the tramway was a cable-worked incline. At the quarry end the line was worked by horses which were replaced by steam locomotives; the gauge was, unusuall