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Italian trust law

In Italian trust law, a trust is a particular juridical instrument by which a settler can transfer a property to a trustee, who has to exercise and manage this right for a beneficiary who has the "equitable right". In civil law systems, the beneficiary’s right is not a "diritto reale" but a "personal right" towards the "trustee". If it is not foreseen by the constitutive contract, the property assets cannot be alienated by either the trustee or the beneficiary. Trust property cannot be foreclosed by the personal creditors of the trustee, the beneficiary, or their heirs. In Italy, trusts can be used thanks to the adoption of the Hague Convention, effective from 1 January 1992; the "trust interno" is a domestic trust, but refers to a foreign regulation because as of August 2010 Italy does not have a complete and organic internal regulation on trust. Trusts can be used for various aims: administration, transfer of family business assets, transfer of goods for charity purposes, protection of patrimony, etc.

The main advantages are the flexibility of its use and its economic convenience compared to Italian traditional juridical instruments. They have not enjoyed widespread usage in Italy because of the scarce knowledge of their functioning. Italy has proposed its own regulation on trust; the Italian government has been tasked by the Community Law 2010 with adopting a specific regulation on trusts within the Italian juridical system. The "disegno di legge n. 2284/2010", an unexamined bill presented by the Ministry of Justice in July 2010, charges the Government with modifying the civil code as concerns trusts and that particular form of security contract. The proposed Italian regulation on trusts is inspired by the French fiducie, which encompassed individuals and corporations excluded from the payment of corporate taxes. Argentinian law number 24.441 of 1994. Australian trust law Henson trust Trust law in Civil law jurisdictions Trust law in England and Wales Trust Law of the People's Republic of China United States trust law Waqf Trust law Fiducie

One Voice (Andrew Johnston album)

One Voice is the debut album by British boy soprano Andrew Johnston, who rose to fame in 2008 after his appearance on the second series of Britain's Got Talent. The album was released on 29 September 2008 by Syco Music, Britain's Got Talent judge Simon Cowell's record label. Recorded in London, the album features both classical and popular songs, some of, performed by Johnston, including a duet with Faryl Smith. Johnston made a number of media appearances to publicise the album's launch, appeared in his hometown of Carlisle on the day of the release, where the album sold out. Upon release, One Voice debuted at number five in the British album charts, finishing the week at number four, it charted in Ireland, reaching number six. Critics responded positively to the album, favourably comparing Johnston to Aled Jones, One Voice was rated gold in the UK. Johnston first rose to fame when he tried out for the second series of reality show Britain's Got Talent. Johnston reached the final, held on 31 May 2008, finished in third place.

Despite this, it was announced that he had been signed by judge Simon Cowell's label Syco Music in June, that his debut album would be released in late 2008. It was on the show that Johnston first performed a rendition of "Pie Jesu" described as "the song that made him famous", as well as a cover of Eric Clapton's "Tears in Heaven". Both of these songs were recorded for One Voice, so was a duet of "Walking in the Air" with fellow contestant Faryl Smith, first performed on the Britain's Got Talent Live Tour; the album was recorded after Johnston finished the Britain's Got Talent live tour over a six-week period in London. The track listing, which contained both religious and popular songs, was chosen by Cowell, but I knew them all and, anyway, I like a challenge." Johnston described recording the album as "great", said "All I’ve wanted to do is go into a studio and record an album and it was everything I’ve dreamed of." Johnson recorded "Walking in the Air" as a duet with fellow Britain's Got Talent contestant Faryl Smith, the song was tipped as a potential Christmas number-one.

The recording was finished by September 2008, after which Johnston began to make appearances to publicise the release, including appearances on GMTV, Channel 5 News, BBC Breakfast, This Morning and Radio 2's Friday Night Is Music Night. In preparation for the album's promotion, Johnston received confidence tutoring, he said that "I've got no confidence and sometimes people get on at me for being moody so I've had some help with that." Johnston received vocal training from Yvie Burnett, who was, at the time, coaching Leona Lewis and Leon Jackson, with whom Smith trained during Britain's Got Talent. The album was produced by Nigel Wright; the release of One Voice was anticipated, demand was so great that it charted on both Amazon's pre-sales chart and the easy listening chart before its release. The album was released on 29 September than first announced, was Syco's first release in the fourth quarter. Johnston made an appearance at the city-centre Woolworths store in his home town of Carlisle to celebrate the album launch on 1 October, spoke to reporters for the local paper The Cumberland News, saying "I am grateful to my local supporters and it is great to take part in my first signing here in Carlisle."

In February 2009, the album was released in South Korea. Critics responded positively to the album. Writing for the United Kingdom's Daily Express, Robert Spellman said that "anyone missing Aled Jones since nature had its way will lap up Andrew's butter-wouldn't-melt renditions of Pie Jesu, Agnus Dei and One Voice." Kate Leaver, writing for South Korea's JoongAng Daily, said Johnston "has truer talent than hoards of his musical elders" and that "the vulnerability of this One Voice makes for a haunting musical experience."One Voice entered the UK Album Chart at number five, finished the week at number four. It stayed in the top 75 for five weeks. Demand for the album in Johnston's local area was so great that many Carlisle stores had sold out of the album the day after its release. In an interview published in the Daily Record, Johnston said "Thanks to everyone that has bought the album. You've made my dreams come true"; the album has sold over 120,000 copies, was rated gold in the UK. Johnston was presented a gold disk by Penny Smith, said that "it was such a surprise to see how well the album did".

The album charted in the Irish Album Charts, entering at ten, peaking at six and spending a total of seven weeks in the top 75. "One Voice > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved 23 September 2010. "One Voice > Credits". Allmusic. Retrieved 23 September 2010