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Jean-Baptiste Réveillon

Jean-Baptiste Réveillon, was a French wallpaper manufacturer. His career was an exemplary story of the self-made businessman in the Ancien Régime. Réveillon apprenticed as a tradesman and stationer. In 1753 he began to hang flock wallpapers from England. At that time, wallpaper was becoming popular among the bourgeoisie as a creative and economical way to decorate interior spaces. During the Seven Years' War Reveillon started to produce wallpaper himself, marrying well and using his wife's dowry to produce velvet paper, pasted up into rolls and using vibrant colours, developed by Jean-Baptiste Pillement. In 1759 he moved to the Faubourg Saint-Antoine a neighbourhood dominated by the various crafts associated with furnishing. Réveillon launched production of a full range of wallpapers; the nobility began to patronize his business and in 1765—--already wealthy--—he bought a mansion, with a parc and a theatre inside La Folie Titon owned by Évrard Titon du Tillet. Reveillon installed his wallpaper factory on the ground floor, retaining the upper floors for his private residence.

In 1775 Réveillon opened a paper mill to improve both the quality of his paper supply. In 1776 he opened a shop near the Tuileries; the papier bleu d'Angleterre became popular when Queen Marie Antoinette decorated her apartments with them. Réveillon himself dabbled in chemistry enough to discover a new process for making vellum paper in 1782; the following year he was granted permission to use the title of Manufacture Royale. His purchase of the paper mill and expertise in paper production brought him into contact with Etienne de Montgolfier, it was from Réveillon's garden at Folie Titon that the first hot-air balloon was launched on 12 September 1783. Réveillon delivered a colourful wallpaper, used as a cover for the balloon. A second balloon, called Le Réveillon, with a rooster, a duck and a sheep was launched a week at Versailles. On 19 October his employee André Giroud de Villette and Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier went into the sky, as pioneers of flight. N ° 31 bis. "Since bread was the foundation of our national economy," he stated in an essay, "its distribution should be deregulated, permitting lower prices.

That in turn would allow lower wage costs, lower manufacturing prices and brisk consumption." This musing was misinterpreted by an angry Parisian populace, who believed that Monseigneur Reveillon was advocating a lowering in wages. On 28 April 1789 his mansion was attacked and looted by an angry mob, all the wallpaper, glue and paintings were burned, his wine cellar, containing 2,000 bottles of wine, was pillaged and consumed by the riotous mob. Réveillon and his family escaped by fleeing to the nearby Bastille, it was a bloody day, some say 25 people dying in the ensuing melee. The rioters were dispersed in an opening episode of the French Revolution. Today plaques mark the site of the Reveillon riot. Réveillon emigrated to England with his fortune intact, after the French Revolution, leased his manufacture to Jacquemart & Bénard, who continued to produce wallpaper till 1840. Leonard N. Rosenband, "Jean-Baptiste Réveillon: A Man on the Make in Old Regime France," French Historical Studies, 20, 1997, 481-510.

Christine Velut, "L'industrie dans la ville: les fabriques de papiers peints du faubourg Saint-Antoine," Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, 49e, 2002, 115-137. An example of Réveillon's Neo-Classic wallpaper in Kassel http://www.artnet.com/library/07/0716/T071654.asp https://web.archive.org/web/20110721000945/http://cerig.efpg.inpg.fr/histoire-metiers/nicolas-robert/page02.htm

2004 Calder Cup playoffs

The 2004 Calder Cup playoffs of the American Hockey League began on April 14, 2004. Twenty teams, the top five from each division, qualified for the playoffs; the fourth- and fifth-placed teams in each division played best-of-3 series in the qualifying round. The four winners, in addition to the other twelve teams that qualified, played best-of-7 series for division semifinals and conference finals; the conference champions played a best-of-7 series for the Calder Cup. The Calder Cup Final ended on June 6, 2004 with the Milwaukee Admirals defeating the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins four games to none to win the first Calder Cup in team history. Milwaukee's Wade Flaherty won the Jack A. Butterfield Trophy as AHL playoff MVP. Several league records were set during the 2004 Calder Cup Playoffs. A total of 93 games were played throughout the playoffs, the most of any Calder Cup Playoffs Wilkes-Barre/Scranton lost 12 times during the 2004 playoffs, the most games lost in a single playoff Wilkes-Barre/Scranton played in a record 11 overtime games in one playoff There were 17 shutouts overall, the most in any single playoff 27 overtime games were played, the most in a single playoff Milwaukee tied a record by recording six overtime victories in one playoff Wade Flaherty became the first goaltender to win 16 games in a single playoff After the 2003–04 AHL regular season, 20 teams qualified for the playoffs.

The top five teams from each division qualified for the playoffs. The Milwaukee Admirals were the Western Conference regular season champions as well as the Macgregor Kilpatrick Trophy winners with the best overall regular season record; the Hartford Wolf Pack were the Eastern Conference regular season champions. Hartford Wolf Pack – Eastern Conference regular season champions, 102 points Manchester Monarchs – 92 points Worcester IceCats – 90 points Providence Bruins – 87 points Portland Pirates – 85 points Philadelphia Phantoms – 101 points Bridgeport Sound Tigers – 98 points Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins – 86 points Binghamton Senators – 80 points Norfolk Admirals – 79 points Hamilton Bulldogs – 96 points Syracuse Crunch – 93 points Rochester Americans – 89 points Cleveland Barons – 89 points Toronto Roadrunners – 81 points Milwaukee Admirals – Western Conference regular season champions. In each round after the Qualification Round, the higher seed receives home ice advantage, meaning they can play a maximum of four home games if the series reaches seven games.

There is no set series format for each series after the Qualification Round due to arena scheduling conflicts and travel considerations. Note 1: All times are in Eastern Time. Note 2: Game times in italics signify games to be played only if necessary. Note 3: Home team is listed first. Template:AHLPlayoffs 1 – Game played at HSBC Arena – Buffalo, NY2 – Game played at Blue Cross Arena at the War Memorial – Rochester, New York 2003–04 AHL season List of AHL seasons