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Hurd (band)

Hurd is a Mongolian rock band. Formed in 1987 as Skorost by drummer Dambyn Ganbayar, Hurd is considered the first band to have introduced the heavy metal genre into the Mongolian music landscape. Along with Chingis Khaan, Haranga or Niciton, they are considered "veterans" of the Mongolian pop rock scene, and, as such, they have contributed to its diversification and encouraged the emergence of many new rock acts. Hurd has released eight studio albums, one live album, one compilation album, two video albums and one box set; the band has won numerous Pentatonic Awards and Golden Microphone Awards. Guitarist Dambyn Otgonbayar is a member of the Pentatonic Academy. Drummer Dambyn Ganbayar is a board member of the Mongolian Drummers Association. In November 2009, singer Dambyn Tömörtsog and bassist Namsraijavyn Naranbaatar were awarded with the Merited Artist of Mongolia and the Polar Star awards. In 1987, drummer Dambyn Ganbayar founded his first rock band with his fellow workers of Ulaanbaatar's train depot.

The formation was dubbed Skorost by the depot's director, but Ganbayar renamed the group to the Mongolian Hurd. This early incarnation of Hurd won second place at the first Mongolian Pop and Rock Festival in 1989; as the members didn't get along, this first line-up didn't last. In 1991, lead guitarist Dambyn Otgonbayar joined Hurd after having finished secondary school, he was followed the next year by bassist Namsraijavyn Naranbaatar. With the arrival of singer Dambyn Tömörtsog in 1993, this second formation was complete and thus began the modern band. Rhythm guitarist T. Naranbaatar joined Hurd at some point between 1993 and 1995; the first major concert by Hurd, called Khar salkhi, was held at the State Circus in March 1995. For this reason, Hurd is considered to be founded in 1995, although they were active since 1987. Hurd started to be famous among music listeners with the song Tsergiin bodol, which became a hit. From 1996 to 1997, Hurd made the Kharankhui tour and released their first two albums - The Best Collection I and The Best Collection II.

These albums have become rarities. In 1997, the band made their first tour outside of Mongolia, traveling to China's Inner Mongolia region. Prior to 1997, the drummer's duties were filled by Ganbayar, until D. Otgonbaatar has joined the band. From that point on, Ganbayar concentrated more on the band's management and playing secondary instruments. In another never-been-done move, in May 1998, Hurd held a series of acoustic concerts released on CD as Unplugged; the best of Hurd's songs were re-arranged for this event and performed accompanied by a string ensemble, a saxophonist, a morin khuur player and a pianist. From 1999 to 2007, the band was under the patronage of Erel and its owner B. Erdenebat; the founder of the Motherland Party provided the band with new equipment and a rehearsal space, in exchange for their electoral support and participation in the party campaigns. For the release of their 1999 album Ödör Shönö, the band used a new name - "Erel-Hurd", although it remains the sole occurrence other than a cassette tape compilation, Shildeg duu, from that era.

In 2001, the band released a third studio album, The Best Collection III. It contained the hit single Ekh oron, released in 1999, Ekh oron's B-sides and some more unreleased material from The Best Collection I and II's sessions, plus a new track, Shine jil, put in their next album Myangan Jild Gants, which included nu metal styled songs. In 2004, they released Mongold Törsön, an album of patriotic songs, dedicated to the entire Mongol diaspora; the album is more hard rock'n roll based. In 2004, they experimented with industrial metal and recorded 16 songs with that theme, releasing them as Züirlekh Argagüi in 2005. On Naadam day, they played a concert in Sukhbaatar Square, releasing it as Talarkhalyn Kontsert in 2009. In 2006, they recorded a second unplugged album, a DVD named Unplugged II, releasing it in 2009. In July 2007, when the band returned from a 4-month stay in the United States, Erel's managers ordered the band to leave the rehearsal space and ceased any further cooperation; the reasons that led the company management to proceed in that manner remain still unclear today.

Both sides came out of this 8-year partnership with their reputations damaged - the company for having exploited the band to achieve their political goals before rejecting them, the band for having fraternized with politicians by interest. Rhythm guitarist T. Naranbaatar has left Hurd at some point in late 2008 for reasons undisclosed yet. In 2010, they announced the release of their album Khairyn Salkhi, which contains 12 songs revolving around the theme of love; the album did not get released properly - only a few promotional card-sleeve CD copies, homemade CDrs and cassette tapes and at least one semi-official pressing for the Inner Mongolian market were released. In 2013, they released a box set called "Black Box - 20th anniversary limited edition" which contains all their studio albums, "Unplugged", a CD version of "Acoustic Unplugged-II kontsert" and two bonus CDs, thus putting their older albums back into print and giving Khairyn Salkhi its first official release. A new album, Narlag Divaajin, was recorded in 2014 and was released in 2016.

2018 marked Hurd's official 25th anniversary and the 40th anniversary of the song "Tsergiin bodol" written in 1978. Influenced by h

Edward Cobden

Edward Cobden, D. D. was a British divine and Archdeacon of London, from 1742–1764. He was educated and took a B. A. degree at Trinity College, Oxford. A. in 1713, again changed to Oxford for his B. D. and D. D. degrees, the last being taken in 1723. Bishop Gibson, to whom he was chaplain, gave him the prebend of Erpingham in Lincoln Cathedral in 1721, the prebend of Buckden in 1726, resigned 1727, he published nine sermons separately. One, delivered at St. James's before George II in 1748, led to the resignation of his chaplaincy, he published it in self-defence in 1749, under the title'A Persuasive to Chastity.' It had been censured, the preacher had been lampooned in a court ballad]. Dr. Whiston calls it'that seasonable and excellent sermon' delivered'when crime between the sexes was at its greatest height.' In 1748, he published a volume entitled'Poems on several Occasions,' London, 8vo, printed for the widow of a clergyman his curate. In this work he eulogises Stephen Duck's poetic fame, glorifies somebody's squirrel and a lady's canary, laments over a dead cow.

He fell from his horse in 1749, impaired his memory. In 1751, he was elected president of Sion College, in 1752 resigned his warrant for chaplain, he says all his preferments together did not amount to £350. A year clear. Soon after he met with losses of £2,000, his earliest works were:'A Letter from a Minister to his Parishioners,' London, 1718, 8vo, and'A Poem on the Death of... Addison,' London, 1720, 8vo. In 1753, appeared'Concio ad Clerum,' and in 1755'An Essay tending to promote Religion,' London, 8vo, a curious piece, half prose, half verse showing his disappointment at not having a canonry of St. Paul's to add to the archdeaconry, he speaks of his chaplaincy, affirms that the sum total of reward received for his twenty-two years' service was one meal a fortnight and no salary. In 1756, he published'A Poem sacred to the Memory of Queen Anne for her Bounty to the Clergy,' London, 4to. In 1757, he published a collection called'Twenty-eight Discourses on various Subjects and Occasions,' London, 4to, the next year, when residing at Acton, he republished the whole of his works, under the title of'Discourses and Essays in Prose and Verse by Edward Cobden, D.

D. arch-deacon of London, chaplain,' &c. Cobden died on 22 April 1764, his wife, a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Jessop of Tempsford, died in 1762. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gibson, John Westby. "Cobden, Edward". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 11. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 147-148