United Kennel Club
The United Kennel Club is a kennel club founded in 1898 in the United States. UKC was founded on February 10, 1898, by Chauncey Z. Bennett, motivated by dissatisfaction with the other dog registries, which were, he felt, geared too much for the conformation-only show dog or the wealthy hobby man, what Bennett called "the big city idle rich". Bennett conceived and promoted the concept of the "Total Dog", that is, a dog that performs as well as it looks. Bennett found a niche such as herding and hunting dogs. Chauncey Z. Bennett initiated the system of numbering the registered dogs; the first dog registered, UKC Number 1, was Bennett's Ring. Frances Bennett Fuhrman, daughter of Chauncey Bennett, improved the editorial content and appearance of the UKC magazine, Bloodlines. E. G. Fuhrman, husband of Frances Fuhrman and son-in-law to Chauncey Bennett, promoted dog shows and introduced the four types of UKC coonhound events: bench shows, night hunts, field trials, water races. Fred T. Miller, took many steps towards modernization, which improved customer service and turnaround time on registration applications.
Wayne R. Cavanaugh, furthered UKC's mission as a proactive and performance-based registry where the health and vitality of each breed were at the forefront of all decisions and advancements. Cavanaugh was chairman of the board from 2014 until his retirement in October 2015. Tanya Raab, has been with the organization since 1989. With a focus on increased customer service and promotion of the organization's "Total Dog" philosophy; the programs at UKC include obedience trials, rally obedience trials, agility trials, weight-pull events, dragging races, dock-jumping events, lure coursing, nose-work, coonhound field trials, water races, night hunts, bench shows, hunt tests for retrieving breeds, pointing-dog events, beagle events, among others. UKC offers field events for all types of hunting dog enthusiasts; the events offered by the Hunting Programs Department at UKC are designed to simulate an actual hunt as as possible with the exception of taking of game, prohibited. Dogs compete individually or in groups for points towards Championship and Grand Championship titles.
For the United Kennel Club Championship, a combination of points and competition wins are required. In UKC, a dog must receive 100 points with at least three competition wins under three different judges. A competition win is when a dog receives points. A UKC Grand Champion title is earned by winning in competition with other champions of the breed in at least five shows under at least three different judges. American Kennel Club American Bulldog Registry Official United Kennel Club site
The Bloodhound is a large scent hound bred for hunting deer, wild boar and, since the Middle Ages, for tracking people. Believed to be descended from hounds once kept at the Abbey of Saint-Hubert, Belgium, it is known to French speakers as the Chien de Saint-Hubert; this breed is famed for its ability to discern human scent over great distances days later. Its extraordinarily keen sense of smell is combined with a strong and tenacious tracking instinct, producing the ideal scent hound, it is used by police and law enforcement all over the world to track escaped prisoners, missing people, lost pets. Bloodhounds weigh from 36 to 72 kg, they are 58 to 69 cm tall at the withers. According to the AKC standard for the breed, larger dogs are preferred by conformation judges. Acceptable colors for bloodhounds are black, liver and red. Bloodhounds possess an unusually large skeletal structure with most of their weight concentrated in their bones, which are thick for their length; the coat typical for a scenthound is hard and composed of fur alone, with no admixture of hair.
This breed is gentle, is tireless when following a scent. Because of its strong tracking instinct, it can be willful and somewhat difficult to obedience train and handle on a leash. Bloodhounds have an even-tempered nature with humans, making excellent family pets. However, like any pet, they require supervision when around small children. Up to at least the seventeenth century bloodhounds were of all colours, but in modern times the colour range has become more restricted; the colours are listed as black and tan and tan, red. White is not uncommon on the chest, sometimes appears on the feet. Genetically, the main types are determined by the action of two genes, found in many species. One produces an alternation between brown. If a hound inherits the black allele from either parent, it has a black nose, eye rims and paw-pads, if it has a saddle, it is black; the other allele suppresses black pigment and is recessive, so it must be inherited from both parents. It produces liver noses, eye rims, paw-pads, saddles.
The second gene determines coat pattern. It can produce animals with no saddle; these last are sometimes referred to as'blanket' or'full-coat' types. In a pioneering study in 1969 Dennis Piper suggested 5 alleles in the pattern-marking gene, producing variants from the red or saddle-less hound through three different types of progressively greater saddle marking to the'blanket' type. However, more modern study attributes the variation to 3 different alleles of the Agouti gene. Ay produces the non saddle-marked "red" hound, As produces saddle-marking, at produces the blanket or full-coat hound. Of these Ay is dominant, at is recessive to the others; the interaction of these variants of the two genes produces the six basic types shown below. It is that a third gene determines whether or not there is a melanistic mask. Em, the allele for a mask, is dominant over E, the allele for no mask. Compared to other purebred dogs, Bloodhounds suffer an unusually high rate of gastrointestinal ailments, with gastric dilatation volvulus being the most common type of gastrointestinal problem.
The breed suffers an unusually high incidence of eye and ear ailments. Owners should be aware of the signs of bloat, both the most common illness and the leading cause of death of Bloodhounds; the thick coat gives the breed the tendency to overheat quickly. Bloodhounds in a 2004 UK Kennel Club survey had a median longevity of 6.75 years, which makes them one of the shortest-lived of dog breeds. The oldest of the 82 deceased dogs in the survey died at the age of 12.1 years. Bloat took 34 % of the animals; the second leading cause of death in the study was cancer, at 27%. In a 2013 survey, the average age at death for 14 Bloodhounds was 8.25 years. The St. Hubert hound was, according to legend, first bred ca. 1000 AD by monks at the Saint-Hubert Monastery in Belgium. It is held to be the ancestor of several other breeds, like the extinct Norman hound, Saintongeois, the modern Grand Bleu de Gascogne, Gascon Saintongeois and Artois Normande, as well as the bloodhound, it has been suggested, not at all uniform in type.
Whether they originated there, or what their ancestry was, is uncertain, but from ca. 1200, the monks of the Abbey of St Hubert annually sent several pairs of black hounds as a gift to the King of France. They were not always thought of in the royal pack. Charles IX 1550-74, preferred his white hounds and the larger Chiens-gris, wrote that the St Huberts were suitable for people with gout to follow, but not for those who wished to shorten the life of the hunted animal, he described them as pack-hounds of medium stature, long in the body, not well sprung in the rib, of no great strength. Writing in 1561 Jaques du Fouilloux with low, short legs, he says they have become mixed in breeding, so that they are now of all colours and distributed. Charles described the'true race' of the St Hubert as black, with red/tawny marks above the eyes and legs of the same colour, suggesting a'blanket' black and
The Beagle-Harrier is a scenthound. It is a breed of dog originating from France; the Beagle-Harrier appears to be either a small Harrier. It is a medium-sized dog, between 45 and 50 centimeters tall at the withers, it weighs between 19 and 21 kilograms, its coat is tricolor, featuring the colors fawn, tan, or white. There are grey-coated Beagle-Harriers; the Beagle-Harrier's body is muscular and its coat smooth and thick. The Beagle-Harrier is good with children and other pets, they are loyal, have lots of determination and making them a good family pet. They so require a lot of exercise and space; the Beagle Harrier is very healthy and has a life span of 12 to 13 years. Hip dysplasia could cause a big problem; the Beagle-Harrier breed is old. They were popular in England since the early 14th century and were imported into America in the mid-1800s to hunt rabbits. Beagle-Harriers were bred in France in the 19th century by Baron Gerard; the Beagle Harrier could be a mixture of two breeds, the Beagle and the Harrier, or the midpoint in breeding between the two breeds.
It was recognized by the FCI in 1974. The Beagle-Harrier can now be quite found in France and is more rare in other countries. Beagle Harrier Club du Beagle, de Beagle Harrier et du Harrier
The Alpine Dachsbracke is a small breed of dog of the scent hound type originating in Austria. The Alpine Dachsbracke was bred to track wounded deer as well as boar and fox, it is efficient at following a trail after it has gone cold. The Alpine Dachsbracke is sturdy, Austria is said to be the country of origin; this small dog has a slight resemblance with short legs and a long body. The coat is dense, smooth except for the tail and neck; the round eyes have a lively expression. Being sturdy, the Alpine Dachsbracke is visibly robust and has a big boned structure. Preferred colors in competition are dark deer red with or without black hairs interspersed. Black with red-brown markings on the head, legs and tail are permitted, as well as a white star on the chest; the ideal height for dogs is 37–38 cm, the ideal height for bitches is 36–37 cm. Strong limbs and feet, with black toenails and tight toes as well as strong elastic skin are features that judges look for in competition, they look for a trotting gait.
The top coat should be thick, the undercoat dense and both closefitting to the body. The Alpine Dachsbracke stands from 34 to 42 cm at the withers, it is compared with the dachshund, as they are similar in appearance. Used to track wounded deer, this breed could work in harsh terrain and high altitude, it makes a good companion, although it is a hunter and therefore is kept by hunters. It has a fearless and intelligent personality. Most Alpine Dachsbrackes are excellent with children and good with dogs and other pets, though they may exhibit a strong prey drive typical of many scent dogs. Alpine Dachsbrackes, as with the other Bracke, can be dated back to the middle of the 19th century; the Dachsbrache were bred down in size by crossing the larger dogs with Dachshunds. It once was a favorite of German royalty. During the 1880s, Alpine Dachsbrackes accompanied Crown Prince Rudolf of Habsburg on hunting trips to Egypt and Turkey; the Fédération Cynologique Internationale recognizes the Alpine Dachsbracke in Group 6 Scenthounds, Section 2 “Leash Hounds” with the Bavarian Mountain Scenthound and the Hanoverian Scenthound.
The only major kennel club in the English-speaking world to recognise the Alpine Dachsbracke is the United Kennel Club in their Scenthound Group, but they use the Fédération Cynologique Internationale breed standard. The breed is recognized by a number of minor registries, hunting clubs, internet-based dog registry businesses. Hunting dog Scenthound Finnish Hound Westphalian Dachsbracke Drever
Chien Français Blanc et Noir
The Chien Français Blanc et Noir translated into English as the French White and Black Hound, is a breed of dog of the scenthound type, originating in France. The breed is used for hunting in packs and descends from the old Hound of Saintonge type of large hunting dog; the breed is a typical hunting pack hound, with a lean and muscular body, long legs domed head, long drop ears, square flews that just overlap the lower lip. Size is 65 to 72 cm at the withers, females smaller; the colour of the coat is white and black, with a black mantle, sometimes speckled or ticked with black or blue. Pale tan dots are above each eye as well as tan on the cheeks, below the eyes and ears, below the tail. Sometimes a tan marking is found on the base of the upper thigh, called the'roe buck mark'. Faults are listed as deviations in appearance that have an effect on the health and working ability of the dog, as well as indication of crossing with Foxhounds or being off-colour, indicating that a dog with such faults should not be bred.
The breed is noted for its perseverance on the hunt as well as a good voice. Unusual for pack dogs, it is easy for humans to manage; the breed's ancestry was in the old Hound of Saintonge, which disappeared during the French Revolution, through the Gascon Saintongeois breed created by Count Joseph de Carayon-Latour in the mid-19th century. The Gascon Saintongeois hounds were crossbred with the Poitevin in the late 19th century to produce the Chien Français Blanc et Noir; the dogs were recognised as a breed in 1957. In 2009, there were 2000 of the breed registered through the Fédération Cynologique Internationale; the Chien Français Blanc et Noir are pack hunting dogs, which means that groups hunt together in packs, always directed by a human, not running about hunting by themselves. The Chien Français Blanc et Noir packs are valued in the hunting of red deer or roe deer. Anglo-French Hounds Dog terminology Search The Open Directory Project links for clubs and information about the Chien français blanc et noir Video Chein Francais Blanc et Noir
The Balkans known as the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various definitions and meanings, including geopolitical and historical. The region takes its name from the Balkan Mountains that stretch throughout the whole of Bulgaria from the Serbian-Bulgarian border to the Black Sea coast; the Balkan Peninsula is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the northwest, the Ionian Sea on the southwest, the Aegean Sea in the south and southeast, the Black Sea on the east and northeast. The northern border of the peninsula is variously defined; the highest point of the Balkans is 2,925 metres, in the Rila mountain range. The concept of the Balkan peninsula was created by the German geographer August Zeune in 1808, who mistakenly considered the Balkan Mountains the dominant mountain system of Southeast Europe spanning from the Adriatic Sea to the Black Sea; the term of Balkan Peninsula was a synonym for European Turkey in the 19th century, the former provinces of the Ottoman Empire in Southeast Europe.
It had a geopolitical rather than a geographical definition, further promoted during the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the early 20th century. The definition of the Balkan peninsula's natural borders do not coincide with the technical definition of a peninsula and hence modern geographers reject the idea of a Balkan peninsula, while scholars discuss the Balkans as a region; the term has acquired a stigmatized and pejorative meaning related to the process of Balkanization, hence the rather used alternative term for the region is Southeast Europe. The word Balkan comes from Ottoman Turkish balkan'chain of wooded mountains'; the origin of the Turkic word is obscure. From classical antiquity through the Middle Ages, the Balkan Mountains were called by the local Thracian name Haemus. According to Greek mythology, the Thracian king Haemus was turned into a mountain by Zeus as a punishment and the mountain has remained with his name. A reverse name scheme has been suggested. D. Dechev considers that Haemus is derived from a Thracian word *saimon,'mountain ridge'.
A third possibility is that "Haemus" derives from the Greek word "haema" meaning'blood'. The myth relates to a fight between the monster/titan Typhon. Zeus injured Typhon with a thunder bolt and Typhon's blood fell on the mountains, from which they got their name; the earliest mention of the name appears in an early 14th-century Arab map, in which the Haemus mountains are referred to as Balkan. The first attested time the name "Balkan" was used in the West for the mountain range in Bulgaria was in a letter sent in 1490 to Pope Innocent VIII by Buonaccorsi Callimaco, an Italian humanist and diplomat; the Ottomans first mention it in a document dated from 1565. There has been no other documented usage of the word to refer to the region before that, although other Turkic tribes had settled in or were passing through the Peninsula. There is a claim about an earlier Bulgar Turkic origin of the word popular in Bulgaria, however it is only an unscholarly assertion; the word was used by the Ottomans in Rumelia in its general meaning of mountain, as in Kod̲j̲a-Balkan, Čatal-Balkan, Ungurus-Balkani̊, but it was applied to the Haemus mountain.
The name is still preserved in Central Asia with the Balkan Daglary and the Balkan Province of Turkmenistan. English traveler John Morritt introduced this term into the English literature at the end of the 18th-century, other authors started applying the name to the wider area between the Adriatic and the Black Sea; the concept of the "Balkans" was created by the German geographer August Zeune in 1808, who mistakenly considered it as the dominant central mountain system of Southeast Europe spanning from the Adriatic Sea to the Black Sea. During the 1820s, "Balkan became the preferred although not yet exclusive term alongside Haemus among British travelers... Among Russian travelers not so burdened by classical toponymy, Balkan was the preferred term"; the term was not used in geographical literature until the mid-19th century because then scientists like Carl Ritter warned that only the part South of the Balkan Mountains can be considered as a peninsula and considered it to be renamed as "Greek peninsula".
Other prominent geographers who didn't agree with Zeune were Hermann Wagner, Theobald Fischer, Marion Newbigin, Albrecht Penck, while Austrian diplomat Johann Georg von Hahn in 1869 for the same territory used the term Südostereuropäische Halbinsel. Another reason it was not accepted as the definition of European Turkey had a similar land extent. However, after the Congress of Berlin there was a political need for a new term and the Balkans was revitalized, but in the maps the northern border was in Serbia and Montenegro without Greece, while Yugoslavian maps included Croatia and Bosnia; the term Balkan Peninsula was a synonym for European Turkey, the political borders of former Ottoman Empire provinces. The usage of the term changed in the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century when was embraced by Serbian geographers, most prominently by Jovan Cvijić, it was done with political reasoning as affirmation for Serbian nationalism on the whole territory of the South Slavs, included anthropological and ethnological studies of the South Slavs through which were claimed various nationalistic and racistic theories.
Through such policies and Yugoslavian maps the term was elevated to the modern status of
The Ariegeois is a breed of dog from the département of Ariège in the Midi-Pyrenées region of southern France. It is a medium-sized pack-hunting scenthound deriving from crossing of Grand Bleu de Gascogne and Grand Gascon-Saintongeois hounds with local Briquet dogs, it is used both for driving game to waiting guns. While most successful with hares, it is used for hunting deer and boar, it is distinguished by affection for human companions. This breed originated in France in 1912, making it a new breed, it is not yet well known outside its own region. The breed is registered with the Fédération Cynologique Internationale; the Ariegeois weighs 28–30 kg. Males should stand 52–58 cm tall, females 50–56 cm; the coat is smooth and short, white with defined black markings. The head of the dog is elongated. There are no wrinkles; the eyes are gentle. The ears are soft and medium-length; the muzzle is of medium length, the nose is black. The neck is slender and arched to the chest, narrow and deep; the ribs are well-sprung with a sloping back.
It should have strong, powerful hindlegs. The feet are foxlike; the tail is curved. Overall, the Ariegeois is a talented scenthound, affectionate and serene in the home; the Ariegeois is now being bred in Italy and used to hunt wild boar, performing well in this endeavour under Italian conditions. Continental Kennel Club standard