Given names originating from the Slavic languages are most common in Slavic countries. The practice was largely the effect of the mortality rate for young children at the time. A child who survived to 7–10 years was considered worthy of care and was granted adult status, traditional names remained dominant until the Slavic nations converted to Christianity. Finally, the Council of Trent decreed that every Catholic should have a Christian name instead of a native one, after the ban on native non-Christian names imposed by the Council of Trent, the Polish nobility attempted to preserve traditional names, such as Zbigniew and Jarosław. Ordinary people, tended to choose names solely from the Christian calendar, Slavic names that referred to God were permitted. Old Rus names were based on common Slavic names such as Vladimir Vladey mirom, Yaropolk, Borislav, Lyubomir, Vadim, Izyaslav, Vsevolod. Since national revivals during 19th and 20th centuries, traditional names, especially of historical rulers and heroes, traditional Slavic names are accepted by the Christian Church and are given at a childs baptism.
Many names of this kind are used today, for example, kaleta 1995 notes that In the case of Old Germanic and Old Slavic personal names, the dithematic name form contained a wish for the new-born child. These wishes pertained to the values obtained in these early times. In Poland alone, over 600 masculine names,120 feminine names and 150 different affixes are known and these have been reconstructed from place names and the written sources such as the Bull of Gniezno. Certain names were reserved for monarchs, as an example of the pattern, Władysław contains the prefix wład and the suffix sław. Note that feminine equivalents usually end in a. These are derived either from the past participle, e. g. Bojan, Kochan, Miłowan, Stator, Wygnan, or the present participle, e. g. Cieszym, Myślim, Borzym. Such names are repositories of perhaps the largest source of data about the ancient Slavic people. They have a variety of purposes, which can be listed as follows, names containing a good wish, names referring to affection for the new born child, e. g.
Obiecan, Żdan, names protecting from evil e. g. Wygnan, Grozim. Other examples, Goszczon, Radovan, Dragan, Željan, Nayden and hypocoristic names deriving from the above-mentioned dithematic names are created by using different diminutive suffixes. The following list contains only canonized Saints, beatified Saints with Slavic names are not included
Angela (given name)
Angela is a female given name. The origin of the name is Latin and its background is Christian and it is derived from the Greek word ángelos, meaning messenger of gods. In the United States, the name Angela was at its most popular between 1965 and 1979, when it was ranked among the top 10 names for girls, since 1900 in America, it has been ranked among the 300 most popular names. It has been falling from its peak of popularity, and had fallen to 133rd by 2008, the variation Angelina was ranked as the 69th most popular name in 2008 in the United States, while Angel was ranked 160th. S
Alexander is a common male first name, and less common surname derived from the Greek Αλέξανδρος. The most famous is Alexander the Great, who created one of the largest empires in ancient history and it is an example of the widespread motif of Greek names expressing battle-prowess, in this case the ability to withstand or push back an enemy battle line. The earliest attested form of the name is the Mycenaean Greek feminine anthroponym
The Serbs are a South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans. The majority of Serbs inhabit the state of Serbia, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina. They form significant minorities in Croatia and Slovenia, there is a large Serb diaspora in Western Europe, and outside Europe there are significant communities in North America and Australia. The Serbs share many traits with the rest of the peoples of Southeast Europe. They are predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christians by religion, the Serbian language is official in Serbia, co-official in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is spoken by the majority in Montenegro. The modern identity of Serbs is rooted in Eastern Orthodoxy and traditions, in the 19th century, the Serbian national identity was manifested, with awareness of history and tradition, medieval heritage, cultural unity, despite living under different empires. When the Principality of Serbia gained independence from the Ottoman Empire, Orthodoxy became crucial in defining the national identity, instead of language which was shared by other South Slavs.
The tradition of slava, the family saint feast day, is an important ethnic marker of Serb identity, the origin of the ethnonym is unclear. Serbia has among the tallest people in the world, after Montenegro and Netherlands, Slavs invaded and settled the Balkans in the 6th and 7th centuries. Up until the late 560s their activity was raiding, crossing from the Danube, the Danube and Sava frontier was overwhelmed by large-scale Slavic settlement in the late 6th and early 7th century. What is today central Serbia was an important geo-strategical province, through which the Via Militaris crossed and this area was frequently intruded by barbarians in the 5th and 6th centuries. The numerous Slavs mixed with and assimilated the descendants of the indigenous population, numerous small Serbian states were created, located in modern Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia. With the decline of the Serbian state of Duklja in the late 11th century, Raška separated from it, prince Stefan Nemanja conquered the neighbouring territories of Kosovo and Zachlumia.
The Nemanjić dynasty ruled over Serbia until the 14th century, over the next 140 years, Serbia expanded its borders. Its cultural model remained Byzantine, despite political ambitions directed against the empire, the medieval power and influence of Serbia culminated in the reign of Stefan Dušan, who ruled the state from 1331 until his death in 1355. Ruling as Emperor from 1346, his territory included Macedonia, northern Greece, when Dušan died, his son Stephen Uroš V became Emperor. With the death of two important Serb leaders in the battle, and with the death of Stephen Uroš that same year, hrebeljanović was subsequently accepted as the titular leader of the Serbs because he was married to a member of the Nemanjić dynasty. In 1389, the Serbs faced the Ottomans at the Battle of Kosovo on the plain of Kosovo Polje, both Lazar and Sultan Murad I were killed in the fighting
The Greeks or Hellenes are an ethnic group native to Greece, southern Albania, Sicily, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world, many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Alexandria, most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor, other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church, the Greeks speak the Greek language, which forms its own unique branch within the Indo-European family of languages, the Hellenic.
They are part of a group of ethnicities, described by Anthony D. Smith as an archetypal diaspora people. Both migrations occur at incisive periods, the Mycenaean at the transition to the Late Bronze Age, the Mycenaeans quickly penetrated the Aegean Sea and, by the 15th century BC, had reached Rhodes, Crete and the shores of Asia Minor. Around 1200 BC, the Dorians, another Greek-speaking people, followed from Epirus, the Dorian invasion was followed by a poorly attested period of migrations, appropriately called the Greek Dark Ages, but by 800 BC the landscape of Archaic and Classical Greece was discernible. The Greeks of classical antiquity idealized their Mycenaean ancestors and the Mycenaean period as an era of heroes, closeness of the gods. The Homeric Epics were especially and generally accepted as part of the Greek past, as part of the Mycenaean heritage that survived, the names of the gods and goddesses of Mycenaean Greece became major figures of the Olympian Pantheon of antiquity. The ethnogenesis of the Greek nation is linked to the development of Pan-Hellenism in the 8th century BC, the works of Homer and Hesiod were written in the 8th century BC, becoming the basis of the national religion, ethos and mythology.
The Oracle of Apollo at Delphi was established in this period, the classical period of Greek civilization covers a time spanning from the early 5th century BC to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It is so named because it set the standards by which Greek civilization would be judged in eras, the Peloponnesian War, the large scale civil war between the two most powerful Greek city-states Athens and Sparta and their allies, left both greatly weakened. Many Greeks settled in Hellenistic cities like Alexandria and Seleucia, two thousand years later, there are still communities in Pakistan and Afghanistan, like the Kalash, who claim to be descended from Greek settlers. The Hellenistic civilization was the period of Greek civilization, the beginnings of which are usually placed at Alexanders death. This Hellenistic age, so called because it saw the partial Hellenization of many non-Greek cultures and this age saw the Greeks move towards larger cities and a reduction in the importance of the city-state.
These larger cities were parts of the still larger Kingdoms of the Diadochi, however, remained aware of their past, chiefly through the study of the works of Homer and the classical authors. An important factor in maintaining Greek identity was contact with barbarian peoples and this led to a strong desire among Greeks to organize the transmission of the Hellenic paideia to the next generation
Andrew is the English form of a given name common in many countries. In the 1990s it was among the top ten most popular names given to boys in English-speaking countries, in Italian, the equivalent to Andrew is Andrea, though Andrea is feminine in most other languages. Andrew is frequently shortened to Andy or Drew, the word is derived from the Greek, Ανδρέας, itself related to Ancient Greek, ἀνήρ/ἀνδρός aner/andros, thus meaning manly and, as consequence, strong and warrior. In the King James Bible, the Greek Ἀνδρέας is translated as Andrew, in 2000, the name Andrew was the second most popular name in Australia. In 1999, it was the 19th most common name, while in 1940, Andrew was the first most popular name given to boys in the Northern Territory in 2003 to 2015 and continuing. In Victoria, Andrew was the first most popular name for a boy in the 1970s, Andrew was the 20th most popular name chosen for male infants in 2005. Andrew was the 16th most popular name for infants in British Columbia in 2004, the 17th most popular name in 2003, in 2001, it was the 18th most common name.
From 1999 –2003, Andrew was the sixth most often chosen name for a boy, in the United Kingdom in 1974, Andrew was the fourth most common name for a boy among infants, and it was third in 1964. In Norway, with the spelling Andreas, the name has been the second most common name given to boys of the 1990s, the eleventh most common baby name in 2006, Andrew was among the ten most popular names for male infants in 2005. Andrew was the sixth most popular choice for an infant in 2004. In 2002 and 2001, Andrew was the seventh most popular name in the United States. In the 1980s, Andrew was the 19th most popular choice of name in the United States. In the 1970s it was the 31st most popular name, from the 1960s stretching back at least as far as the 1880s, Andrew was not among the forty most popular names in America
Maria (given name)
In the Roman Empire, the name was used as a feminine form of the Roman name Marius. It became popular with the spread of Christianity as a Latinized form of the Hebrew name of Jesus mother Mary, as a result of their similarity and syncretism, the Latin original name Maria and the Hebrew-derived Maria combined to form a single name. The meaning of the Semitic-rooted name is uncertain, but it may originally be an Egyptian name, the meaning of the Latin-rooted name is similarly ambiguous, possibly deriving from mare, maris, or the name of the god Mars. The name is sometimes used as a male name. This was historically the case in many Central European countries and still is the case in countries with strong Catholic traditions, as a first name, Maria ranked seventh out of 4,275 for females of all ages in the 1990 U. S. Census. Because of its popularity, the name is used extensively in society. However, during the 20th century the popularity of this pronunciation was eclipsed by the Italian and Portuguese pronunciation, in Mexico, it is a tradition to name the firstborn daughter Maria
Olga is a Slavic female given name, derived from Old Norse name Helga. A diminutives include Olya, Olenka, etc, name days, Poland, Czech Republic and France – July 11, Slovakia – July 23, Russia – July 24, Hungary – July 27. Author of one of the first books on the Holocaust, The Five Chimneys, founder of the Memorial Library in New York City. Olga Popularity of the name in the United States Diminutives of Olga