Ivy Alvarez is an award-winning New Zealand-based Filipino Australian poet and reviewer. Alvarez was born in the Philippines and grew up in Tasmania, Australia, in 2000, she won the Great Age Melbourne Writers Festival Poetry Slam. She moved to Aberdeen in 2002 and lived in Dublin between 2003 and 2004, in 2004, she was awarded a bursary from the Scottish Arvon Foundation and became the Special Poetry Guest to Dublin’s Trinity College/Florida International University poetry summer program. She moved to Cardiff in 2004, Alvarez was awarded fellowships from MacDowell Colony and Hawthornden Castle in 2005. In 2006, she edited A Slice of Cherry Pie, a chapbook anthology inspired by David Lynchs TV show and that same year, she received a grant from Wales Arts International which enabled her to travel to Sydney and participate in The Red Room Company’s The Poetry Picture Show. Her first poetry collection, was released in 2006 by US publisher Red Morning Press, in late 2006, Alvarez received The Australia Council Literature Board grant for poetry.
Alvarez was a Visiting Lecturer at the University of Chester in 2010, in May 2011, she spent two weeks at the Seoul Art Space and gave readings as a member of the Oz-Ko Tour of Korea. Her poem “Hold” was published and discussed in the Poetry Workshop section of The Guardian on November 4,2011, Alvarez has been a guest at numerous writing festivals, including the National Young Writers Festival in Newcastle, New South Wales. As a performer of her work, she has been Artiste-in-Residence for Australias SBS radio and her poetry has been featured on the audio compilations FlightPaths, Going Down Swinging and You Have Been Chosen. In addition to poetry, she writes plays, articles. Alvarez was awarded funding for her poetry manuscript from both the Australia Council and the Welsh Academy
Welsh Books Council
The Welsh Books Council or Cyngor Llyfrau Cymru was established in 1961. Today it is funded by the Welsh Assembly Government and it offers design and editorial services for publishers, distributes grants for authors and publishers, and provides services for libraries. It employs 49 permanent staff between both locations, the distribution centre has an annual turnover of around £5 million. Alun Herbert Davies held the position of Director from 1965 to 1987, official website Welsh Books Councils on-line book store
R. S. Thomas
Ronald Stuart Thomas, published as R. S. Thomas, was a Welsh poet and Anglican priest who was noted for his nationalism and deep dislike of the anglicisation of Wales. M. Wynn Thomas said, He was the Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn of Wales because he was such a troubler of the Welsh conscience and he was one of the major English language and European poets of the 20th century. R. S. Thomas was born in Cardiff, the child of Thomas Hubert. The family moved to Holyhead in 1918 because of his fathers work in the Merchant Navy and he was awarded a bursary in 1932 to study at Bangor University, where he read Latin. In 1936, after he completed his training at St. Michaels College, Llandaff. From 1936 to 1940 he was the curate of Chirk, where he met his wife, Mildred Elsi Eldridge. He subsequently became curate-in charge of Tallarn Green, Flintshire, as part of his duties as curate of Hanmer and her memoir gives some insight into the strange environment in which Thomas worked as a young priest. Thomas never wrote a great deal of his curacies and nothing is known of the relationship between him and Meredith-Morris and Eldridge were married in 1940 and remained together until her death in 1991.
Their son, was born on 29 August 1945, the Thomas family lived on a tiny income and lacked the comforts of modern life, largely through their own choice. One of the few household amenities the family owned, a vacuum cleaner, was rejected because Thomas decided it was too noisy. For twelve years, from 1942 to 1954, Thomas was rector of St Michaels Church, near Welshpool in rural Montgomeryshire. It was during his time in Manafon that he first began to study Welsh and his position was helped by winning the Royal Society of Literatures Heinemann Award. Thomas learnt the Welsh language at age 30, too late in life, he said, in 1964 he won the Queens Gold Medal for Poetry. From 1967 to 1978 he was vicar of St Hywyns Church in Aberdaron at the tip of the Llŷn Peninsula. Free from the constraints of the church he was able to more political. He became an advocate of Welsh nationalism, although he never supported Plaid Cymru because he believed they did not go far enough in their opposition to England.
Thomas was nominated for the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature the winner of which was Wislawa Szymborska and he received the 1996 Lannan Literary Award for Lifetime Achievement. Thomas died on 25 September 2000, aged 87, at his home in Pentrefelin near Criccieth, survived by his second wife and he had been ill with a heart condition and had been treated at Ysbyty Gwynedd in Bangor until two weeks before he died
Daniel Abse, CBE FRSL was a Welsh poet. Abse was born in Cardiff, Wales, to a Jewish family and he was the younger brother of politician and reformer Leo Abse and the eminent psychoanalyst, Wilfred Abse. Unusually for a middle-class Jewish boy, Dannie Abse attended St Illtyd’s College, Abse studied medicine, first at the University of Wales College of Medicine, and at Westminster Hospital Medical School and Kings College London. Abse was a supporter of Cardiff City football club. He first went to them play in 1934 and many of his writings refer to his experiences watching and lifelong love of the team known as the The Bluebirds. Although best known as a poet, Abse worked in the medical field and he received numerous literary awards and fellowships for his writing. In 1989, he received a doctorate from the University of Wales. His first volume of poetry, After Every Green Thing, was published in 1949 and his autobiographic work, Ash on a Young Mans Sleeve, was published in 1954. He won the Welsh Arts Council Award in both 1971 and 1987, and the Cholmondeley Award in 1985 and he was a Fellow of The Royal Society of Literature from 1983.
Abse lived for decades in the north-west area of London, mainly near Hampstead. For several years he wrote a column for the Hampstead and Highgate Express and these articles were subsequently published in book form. In 2005, his wife Joan Abse was killed in a car accident, while Abse suffered a broken rib. His poetry collection, Running Late, was published in 2006, and The Presence, the book was dramatised for BBC Radio 4. He was awarded the Roland Mathias prize for Running Late, in 2009 Abse brought out a volume of collected poetry. In the same year, he received the Wilfred Owen Poetry Award, Abse was a judge for the inaugural 2010 Hippocrates Prize for Poetry and Medicine. Abse was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2012 New Year Honours for services to poetry, Dannie Abse died on 28 September 2014, aged 91. Dannie Abse - Last act in the theatre of disease
A book is a set of written, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of paper, parchment, or other materials, fastened together to hinge at one side, with text and/or images printed in ink. A single sheet within a book is a leaf, and each side of a leaf is a page, a set of text-filled or illustrated pages produced in electronic format for reading on a computer screen, smartphone or e-reader device is known as an electronic book, or e-book. The term books may refer the body of works of literature. In library and information science, a book is called a monograph, to distinguish it from serial periodicals such as magazines, journals, in novels and sometimes other types of books, a book may be divided into several large sections, called books. An avid reader or collector of books or a lover is a bibliophile or colloquially. A shop where books are bought and sold is a bookshop or bookstore, Books are sold in some department stores and newspaper vendors. Books can be borrowed from libraries, google has estimated that as of 2010, approximately 130,000,000 distinct titles had been published.
In some wealthier nations, printed books are giving way to the usage of electronic or e-books, the word book comes from Old English bōc, which in turn comes from the Germanic root *bōk-, cognate to beech. Similarly, in Slavic languages буква is cognate with beech, in Russian and in Serbian and Macedonian, the word букварь or буквар refers specifically to a primary school textbook that helps young children master the techniques of reading and writing. It is thus conjectured that the earliest Indo-European writings may have been carved on beech wood, the Latin word codex, meaning a book in the modern sense, originally meant block of wood. When writing systems were created in ancient civilizations, a variety of objects, such as stone, tree bark, metal sheets, the study of such inscriptions forms a major part of history. The study of inscriptions is known as epigraphy, the Ancient Egyptians would often write on papyrus, a plant grown along the Nile River. At first the words were not separated from other and there was no punctuation.
Texts were written right to left, left to right. The technical term for that last type of writing is boustrophedon, a tablet might be defined as a physically robust writing medium, suitable for casual transport and writing. See stylus, the instrument used to write on a tablet, clay tablets were flattened and mostly dry pieces of clay that could be easily carried, and impressed with a stylus. They were used as a medium, especially for writing in cuneiform, throughout the Bronze Age. Tablets were used by traders to record sales of such as bushels of grain
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon. The country lies within the temperate zone and has a changeable. Welsh national identity emerged among the Celtic Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Llywelyn ap Gruffudds death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of Englands conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542, distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh Liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism, Welsh national feeling grew over the century, Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962.
Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, two-thirds of the population live in south Wales, mainly in and around Cardiff and Newport, and in the nearby valleys. Now that the countrys traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales economy depends on the sector and service industries. Wales 2010 gross value added was £45.5 billion, over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the land of song, Rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Celtic Britons in particular, the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, and Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales and these words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning fellow-countrymen.
The use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, in particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage and language to the Welsh. The word came into use as a self-description probably before the 7th century and it is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh, until c.1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of names, Cambrian and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales, Welsh
Sheenagh Pugh is a British poet and translator who writes in the English language. Sheenagh Pugh was born in Birmingham and she studied languages at the University of Bristol. She now lives in Shetland but lived for years in Cardiff. Her collection of poetry, Stonelight won the Wales Book of the Year award in 2000 and she has twice won the Cardiff International Poetry Competition. Pughs interest in landscapes is well-known and a strong feature of her work. One of her novels, Kirsties Witnesses, is set in Shetland, politically correct versions of this poem using inclusive language have been published, ruining the scansion and raising Pughs ire. Fandom is the subject of her Fanfic sequence, in the collection The Beautiful Lie, Pughs collection Long-Haul Travellers was published by Seren in Autumn 2008. It features several poems set in Norway and a sequence about the Dutch privateer turned Barbary pirate Murat Reis, Long-Haul Travellers was shortlisted for the Roland Mathias Prize and longlisted for the Wales Book of the Year prize.
Sheenagh Pughs website Sheenagh Pughs blog British Council - Arts, Sheenagh Pugh Pugh S The Democratic Genre, refractory, a Journal of Entertainment Media vol. 5—republished in The Democratic Genre Academi
Mike Jenkins (poet)
Mike Jenkins is a poet, story writer and novelist. He is the father of Plaid Cymru politician Bethan Jenkins, born in Aberystwyth, Jenkins was educated at the University College of Wales. A former winner of the Wales Book of the Year competition for Wanting to Belong, Jenkins is an editor of Poetry Wales. He taught English at Radyr Comprehensive School in Cardiff for nearly a decade and Penydre High School, Merthyr Tydfil, at the end of the 2008–9 academic year Jenkins took voluntary redundancy. He now writes full-time capitalising on experiences gleaned from former pupils, an extract from one of Mike Jenkinss poems has been used as part of the public realm regeneration of Merthyr Tydfil town centre. He continues to live in Merthyr Tydfil, and has done so for over 30 years, published by Gwasg Carreg Gwalch was shortlisted for 2014s Wales Book of the Year Award. The Common Land The Valleys Empire of Smoke Invisible Times A Dissident Voice Graffiti Narratives Are You Talking To Me and this House, My Ghetto Wanting to Belong.
Question Island Shedding Paper Skin Poets website Literature Wales, Mike Jenkins profile Wales Online, Authors notes
Ingram Content Group
Perseus Books Group was an American publishing company founded in 1996 by investor Frank Pearl. It was named Publisher of the Year in 2007 by Publishers Weekly magazine for its role in taking on publishers formerly distributed by Publishers Group West, in April 2016, its publishing business was acquired by Hachette Book Group and its distribution business by Ingram Content Group. After the death of Frank Pearl, Perseus was sold to Centre Lane Partners, the Perseus Books Group currently has 12 imprints, Before Avalon Publishing Group was integrated into the Perseus Books Group, it published on 14 imprint presses. In 2007, some of these imprints were integrated into the Perseus Books Group, Perseus sold one of their imprints in the restructuring process. Publishers Group West, founded in 1976, based in Berkeley, consortium Book Sales and Distribution, founded in 1985, based in St. Paul, Minnesota. Perseus Distribution, founded in 1999, based in New York City, legato Publishers Group, founded in 2013, based in Chicago
Bridgend is a town in Bridgend County Borough in Wales,18 miles west of the capital Cardiff and 20 miles east of Swansea. The river crossed by the bridge, which gave the town its name, is the River Ogmore. This 8. 2% increase was the largest increase in Wales except for Cardiff, several prehistoric burial mounds have been found in the vicinity of Bridgend, suggesting that the area was settled before Roman times. The A48 between Bridgend and Cowbridge has a portion, known locally as Crack Hill, a Roman road, the Vale of Glamorgan would have been a natural low-level route west to the Roman fort and harbour at Neath from settlements in the east like Cardiff and Caerleon. In the decades after the Norman conquest of Anglo-Saxon England in 1066, groups of Norman barons arrived in Wales, and in the south and east created what would become the Welsh Marches, while the north and west remained largely unconquered due to the harsh terrain. At Coity, the local Welsh chieftain Morgan Gam already had a stronghold, sometime in the 11th century Norman Lord Payn de Turberville approached Morgan to turn over control of Coity Castle to Turberville.
Morgan Gam agreed, on condition that Turberville either fought Morgan for the land, Turberville married Sybil and became Lord of Coity, and rebuilt the castle. Newcastle Castle and Ogmore Castle were built by Robert Fitzhamon and William de Londres respectively, about 2 miles north-east of Ogmore Castle, Maurice de Londres founded the fortified Benedictine Ewenny Priory in 1141. These three castles provided a defensive triangle for the area — a quadrilateral if Ewenny Priory is included, Bridgend developed at a ford on the River Ogmore, which was on the main route between east and west Wales. Just north of the town, there is the confluence of three rivers, the Ogmore, the Llynfi and the Garw, South of Bridgend the River Ewenny merges with the River Ogmore and flows into the Bristol Channel. In the 15th century, a bridge was built as a permanent connection between the two sides of the Ogmore. Originally this bridge had four arches, but in the 18th century a massive flood washed two of them away, the rest of the bridge still stands and remains a focal point of the town, aesthetic restoration took place in 2006.
Bridgend grew rapidly into an agricultural town and it became an important market town, a status it retained until the late 20th century. The discovery of coal in the South Wales Valleys north of Bridgend had a impact on the town. The first coal mining operations opened north of Bridgend in the 17th century, Bridgend itself never had coal deposits and remained a market town for some time, but the valleys of the three rivers grew into an important part of the South Wales coalfields. Ironworks and brickworks were established in the same period by John Bedford, although the ironworks faltered after his death. The Great Western Railway arrived and Bridgend was at the junction between the main London to Fishguard line and the branch to the three valleys. Frequent coal trains took coal down the valleys, and when the Vale of Glamorgan railway opened, several quarries opened in and around Bridgend town centre, some remnants of these can still be seen today near Brackla