Abrota is a monotypic butterfly genus in the Nymphalidae family. Its only species is Abrota ganga, the sergeant-major and it is found in Sikkim, Abor Hills, Naga Hills, western China, Taiwan and Shanxi. In 1932 William Harry Evans described the species as not rare, the sergeant-major is 70 to 90 mm in wingspan. The male sergeant-major is tawny with dark bands, the upper hindwing has four bands, of which the central two are well-separated in the wet-season form and nearly united in the dry-season form. The female is brown with dusky tawny bands. The upper forewing has a streak in the cell with a spot beyond while the hindwing has two tawny bands. Abrota ganga ganga Abrota ganga formosana Fruhstorfer,1909 Abrota ganga flavina Mell,1923 Abrota ganga pratti Leech,1891 Abrota ganga riubaensis Yoshino,1997 List of butterflies of India
Company sergeant major
The company sergeant major is the senior non-commissioned soldier of a company in the armies of many Commonwealth countries, responsible for administration and discipline. In combat, his responsibility is the supply of ammunition to the company. For military units of the level as a company, the equivalent may be squadron sergeant major or battery sergeant major. In the Household Cavalry, squadron corporal major is the equivalent, first sergeant and Kompaniefeldwebel are the United States Army and German Heer equivalents respectively. In the Canadian Forces, the CSM appointment is held by a master warrant officer. The appointment is held by a warrant officer, responsible for a smaller number of personnel. In the Canadian Forces, the SSM/BSM/CSM is referred to as Sir/Maam by subordinates, superiors refer to him/her generally as Sergeant Major or CSM. If the position is held by a warrant officer, subordinates address the CSM as Warrant, in the Singapore Armed Forces, the CSM appointment is usually held by a staff sergeant, master sergeant or second warrant officer.
He may be addressed as CSM by superiors, and as Sergeant Major or Sir by subordinates, the CSM is often respectfully addressed by all as Encik, Malay for Mister, but the permission for junior enlisted men to do so should not be taken for granted. Training schools sometimes refer to companies as wings, instead of a CSM, in the case of the Officer Cadet School, WSMs are second or first warrant officers, likely due to the greater experience required for the appointment. The CSM is the senior specialist in the company and he is in charge of the welfare and discipline of the specialists and enlisted men within, and usually has the company commanders ear. Drill and ceremonies is the CSMs responsibility and he supervises the instruction of drill by the platoon sergeants, and will conduct company rehearsals for parades prior to actual parade rehearsals. On the parade square, the CSM carries a pace stick. As an experienced senior specialist, the CSM is expected to be an expert in the weapons and equipment employed by the company, and will assist in instruction where necessary.
In the United Kingdom, CSM is an appointment held by warrant officers class 2 in the British Army and Royal Marines By 1913, there were two colour sergeants in each infantry company. On 1 October 1913, they were replaced by the two new ranks of sergeant major and company quartermaster sergeant, with one of each in each company. A CSM, BSM or SSM is generally addressed as Sir or Maam by subordinates, however, a cavalry SSM is often addressed as Mr by officers, and as Mr, Sir by his subordinates, with the salutation Sergeant Major being reserved for staff sergeants. Typically for the British Army, protocol can vary widely between units, creating a minefield for outsiders, new recruits, and soldiers serving outside their parent regiments
Sergeant major (fish)
The sergeant major or píntano is a species of damselfish. It grows to a length of about 22.9 centimetres. Abudefduf saxatilis is found in the Atlantic Ocean, in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, they are found from Portugal, the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, and western Africa. Juveniles are common in tide pools while adults are found over coral reefs, sergeant majors are found at depths of 0 to 40 metres. They inhabit tropical and subtropical locations and this fish was spotted in Malta on the 21 October 2015 by Hanako Tomita from Malta Blue Diving while she was diving in Sliema Adults can grow up to 22.9 centimetres at maximum length. Normally, they would grow up to 15 centimetres, the largest recorded specimen weighed had a weight of up to 200 grams. Abudefduf saxatilis has 13 dorsal spines,12 to 13 dorsal soft rays,2 anal spines and this fish is white with a yellow top. It has 5 vertical stripes which are black, a faint sixth stripe might be present on the caudal peduncle. Adult males have a bluish coloration and its stripes are less visible.
There is a spot around its pectoral fin. This fish feed upon the larvae of invertebrates, smaller fish, crustaceans and it is known to feed on the waste and vomit of spinner dolphins. Individuals of this species form aggregations of several hundreds of individuals. Sometimes, they get cleaned of parasites by fish such as gobies in the genus Gobiosoma, Bodianus rufus, Elacatinus figaro. Sergeant majors clean green sea turtles with Acanthurus chirurgus and Acanthurus coeruleus, predators of this fish include Plectropomus leopardus, Thalassoma bifasciatum, Cephalopholis cruentata, Epinephelus striatus, Mycteroperca venenosa, and Rachycentron canadum. They lay their eggs in patches on a substrate and guard them vigorously until they hatch. The males will turn a sky blue during this period, sergeant majors earn their name from its brightly striped sides, known as bars, which are reminiscent of the insignia of a military sergeant major
Sergeant major is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, the degrees of sergeant major are appointments held by warrant officers. In the United States, there are various grades of sergeant major. In 16th century Spain, the mayor was a general officer. He commanded an infantry, and ranked about third in the armys command structure. In the 17th century, sergeant majors appeared in individual regiments and these were field officers, third in command of their regiments, with a role similar to the older, army-level sergeant majors. The older position became known as sergeant major general to distinguish it, over time, the term sergeant was dropped from both titles, giving rise to the modern ranks of major and major general. It is about time that the U. S. and British histories of the title diverge. A sergeant major is an appointment, not a rank and it is normally held by the senior warrant officer of an army or marine unit. These appointments are made at several levels, for example, the warrant officer of a company, battery or squadron.
The title normally consists of the title followed by sergeant major. A sergeant major of a regiment or battalion is known as a sergeant major. In the Australian Defence Force, in addition to CSMs and RSMs, Sergeant majors are normally addressed as sir or maam by subordinates, and by Mr or Ms by superiors, with the term RSM/CSM/etc reserved for the sergeant majors commanding officer. In the British Armed Forces, the plural is sergeant majors, the appointment of sergeant major is given to the senior non-commissioned member within sub-units and some formations of the Canadian Army. The regimental sergeant-major is the sergeant major in a battalion-sized unit, including infantry battalions and artillery, engineer. This appointment is held by a chief warrant officer. The same position can be held by a warrant officer in anticipation of promotion. In artillery batteries, this appointment is known as battery sergeant-major, while in units with a cavalry heritage, company sergeant-majors and their equivalents are normally addressed as Sergeant-Major or by rank
Jet (Australian band)
Jet are an Australian rock band formed in 2001. The band consists of lead guitarist Cameron Muncey, bassist Mark Wilson, the group sold 6.5 million albums. The band broke up in 2012, but regrouped in 2016, according to Nic, it was Australian band You Am I who had the biggest influence on Jets developing musical tastes, Hi Fi Way was the most important album of my generation. I think everyone our age, who played guitar, played You Am I songs for the first time in front of their school assembly. That was the record that made you realise you could be in an Australian band, you didnt have to be a grunge band and you didnt have to be influenced by American bands. During 2001 an old school friend of Chris joined the band on keyboard. They wanted a name so when it showed up on festival advertisements, it would be large. Radio Song, from their album Get Born, was written about the troubles that the band had getting recognition at this time. Jet got their big break when seminal Melbourne Punk rock band The Specimens took Jet under their wing and this is where Dave Powell first saw the band perform and went on to sign them to his management firm Majorbox.
The new band met Mark Wilson one night in 2002 at a concert and, despite already having a bass player, Wilson was the bassist in a band called The CA$inos, so he initially declined. However, a few he called the band and said he would like to join them instead. In 2002 the band released the Dirty Sweet EP, whose initial 1000 copies quickly sold out, NME obtained a copy of the single from Dirty Sweet, Take It or Leave It, and praised it. Elektra Records offered the band a contract and re-released Dirty Sweet in 2003, Jet entered the Sunset Sound Studios in Los Angeles with Dave Sardy and James Donovan to produce their debut album Get Born. Sardy had previously produced records for Marilyn Manson and The Dandy Warhols and they enlisted the services of keyboard maestro Billy Preston for two of the songs. The album derived its name from the action movie, The Bourne Identity. Halfway through recording, the received a call from The Rolling Stones offering them a support slot on the Australian leg of their 2003 tour.
Jet played more than 200 shows in 2003 and their singles Are You Gonna Be My Girl and Rollover DJ were voted number one and number nineteen respectively on the 2003 Triple J Hottest 100. It was part of two major worldwide advertising campaigns for Apples iPod and iMac and for Vodafone, Rollover DJ features on the soundtrack to PlayStation 2 game Gran Turismo 4