The Unforgettable Year 1919 (film)
The Unforgettable Year 1919 is a 1951 Soviet biopic directed by Mikheil Chiaureli. It is considered an important representation of Joseph Stalin's cult of personality. May 1919; the city of Petrograd, the Bolsheviks' stronghold in Russia, is attacked by the counter-revolutionary White Army of General Nikolai Yudenich, supported by the imperialist British, by the warmongering Winston Churchill. The city's High Soviet is demoralized and about to order an evacuation, while the White fifth column inside it plots an insurrection; the Krasnaya Gorka fort dispatches a detachment of Baltic Fleet sailors to assist Petrograd, among them the young Vladimir Shibaev. As the Red Army faces defeat by the Whites, Joseph Stalin arrives on the battlefield, rallies the communists and routs the enemy, saving the city. Mikheil Gelovani as Joseph Stalin Pavel Molchanov as Vladimir Lenin Boris Andreyev as Shibaev Gavriil Belov as Mikhail Kalinin Victor Stanitsin as Winston Churchill Gnat Yura as Georges Clemenceau Viktor Koltsov as Lloyd George Nikolai Komissarov as General Neklyudov Yevgeny Samoylov as Alexander Neklyudov Sergei Lukyanov as General Rodzyanko Pavel Massalsky as Colonel Vadbolsky Vladimir Ratomsky as Potapov Gleb Romanov as commander of the armored vehicles Marina Kovalyova as Katya Danilova Angelina Stepanova as Olga Butkevich Yevgeny Morgunov as Anarchist Vsevolod Sanayev as Boris Savinkov Vladimir Kenigson as Paul Dukes The script was adapted from a play by the same name, composed by Vsevolod Vishnevsky for Stalin's 70th birthday in 1949 and won the Stalin Prize.
Ronald Hingley wrote that Vishnevsky's play "magnified Stalin's Russian Civil War record beyond all recognition". Chiaureli's work was one of the only nine Soviet pictures produced during 1951. With a budget of nearly 11,000,000 rubles, it was the most expensive film made in the Soviet Union up to that time. In addition, it was the last of Chiaureli's "super-productions about Stalin." The Unforgettable Year 1919 was promoted by the Soviet press months before its release. It was watched by 31.6 million people in the USSR, becoming the country's fifth highest-grossing picture of 1952, coming behind four old American Tarzan movies from the 1930s. The film won the Crystal Globe in the 1952 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Olga Romanova wrote that Stalin was not pleased by the portrayal of his youthful self by Mikheil Gelovani, therefore did not award The Unforgettable Year 1919 a Stalin Prize. In 1952, a Der Spiegel critic wrote that, in 1919, "Young Stalin stands in white-silk armor and arranges the defense of Leningrad...
While the traitors receive their deserved bullet in the head". He added. In 1953, the picture was criticized by the Central Committee for "having significant shortcomings and lower ideological-artistic merits than those released by the director." In the summer of 1953, after Stalin's death, it was removed from circulation. In February 1956, Premier Nikita Khrushchev delivered a speech condemning Stalin's cult of personality in front of the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, he told the audience: "Stalin loved to see the film The Unforgettable Year of 1919, in which he was shown on the steps of an armored train and where he was vanquishing the foe with his own saber. Let Kliment Voroshilov, our dear friend, find the necessary courage and write the truth about Stalin. In March, the pro-Stalin protesters in the 1956 Georgian demonstrations included re-screenings of the film in their list of demands. Peter Kenez noted that the film was the last made about the October Revolution and Civil War in the Stalinist period.
Louis Menashe regarded 1919 as one of the post-war pictures in which "Stalin monopolized all heroism". William Luhr described it as "a elaborate and costly production... Another attempt at myth-making... In which Stalin is given the sole credit for crushing the anti-Bolshevik uprising." Ann Lloyd and David Robinson referred to the film as "the eminently forgettable The Unforgettable Year 1919."Denise J. Youngblood commented that "as absurd" as Stalin's role was in Chiaureli's last film, The Fall of Berlin, it still contained "a grain of historical truth... Stalin was the USSR's leader during World War II." But in 1919, he was depicted in a ahistorical manner: "he was not the head of the party at 1919, nor was he a Civil War hero." John Riley added that during the relevant period in the Civil War, Stalin was stationed in Moscow, where he functioned as the People's Commissar for Nationalities. Nikolas Hüllbusch, who researched Stalin's representations in cinema, wrote that the portrayal of premier's propagandistic "screen alter-ego" reached its "zenith" in The Fall of Berlin, "this development marked its atrophic crisis."
According to Hüllbusch, the sanctioned artistic line took a turn in 1952, the attempts to use Stalin's figure were frowned upon. The Unforgettable Year 1919 and other Stalinist works from that year "had little notability... And were forgotten after the political reshuffle of 1953." A suite drawn from the film score by Dmitri Shostakovich, arranged by Lev Atomyan, was prepared in 1954 and recorded in 1956 by Melodiya with Alexander Gauk as conductor. The suite's fifth movement has been described as "a mini-piano concerto, in the style of, but more Hollywood-like than, Addinsell's Warsaw Concerto of 1941.". It describes the attack on the Krasnaya Gorka fort. Through mistranslation the movement is sometimes referred to as "The Attack on Beautiful Gorky"; the Unforgettable Year 1919 on the IMDb
Cossacks of the Kuban
The Cossacks of the Kuban from Mosfilm is a color film, glorifying the life of the farmers in the kolkhoz of the Soviet Union's Kuban region, directed by Ivan Pyryev and starring Marina Ladynina, his wife at that time. The film is set during the early post-war years. In autumn at the inter-collective farm fair, a dashing horse breeder Nikolai gets acquainted with an advanced collective farmer Dasha Shelest, their infatuation is mutual, but the lovers, working in different farms will have to overcome the resistance of their leaders, who do not want to lose great employees. Chairman of the "Red Partisans", where Dasha works, Gordei Voron has long been fond of the chairman Galina Peresvetova of the "Precepts of Ilyich" collective farm where Nikolai works, but he can not muster up the courage to confess his love to her and Galina ends up having to confess first. Marina Ladynina as Galina Sergei Lukyanov as Gordei Gordeyich Voron Vladimir Volodin as Anton Petrovich Mudretsov Yuri Lyubimov as Andrey Aleksandr Khvylya as Denis Stepanovich Klara Luchko as Darya Shelest Ekaterina Savinova as Lubochka Viktor Avdyushko as stableman Harvest How Have You Been, Dearest?
Oh, the Kalina Flowers Are in Bloom Cinema of the Soviet Union Cinema of Russia Kolkhoz Kuban Kuban Cossacks Ballad of Siberia Cossacks of the Kuban on IMDb Watch Cossacks of the Kuban online at official Mosfilm site
The Rumyantsev Case
The Rumyantsev Case is a 1956 Soviet crime film directed by Iosif Kheyfits. Young truck-driver Sasha Rumyantsev, trying to avoid running over a child, has an accident, his car crashes into a brick wall. Rumyantsev receives minor injuries, but his occasional passenger, a girl named Claudia, is injured more seriously. Rumyantsev faces prosecution, but the investigator finds out the real reason of the accident and finds Rumyatsev innocent. Sasha and Klavdya fall in love with each other, they are ready for living together and plan a wedding, but Rumyantsev falls into trouble again... Rumyantsev's chief Korol'kov and drunkard, draws Sasha into his illegal enterprise; because of Korol'kov, Rumyantsev becomes an accomplice in theft: he carries stolen goods in his truck. Rumyantsev is arrested, the police captain who investigates the case is unconditionally sure that the driver is guilty. However, the experienced сolonel Afanasyev exposes the real criminals. Production design by Isaak Kaplan, Berta Manevich Set decoration by Yu.
Freydlin Makeup department by V. Sokolov Aleksey Batalov as Sasha Rumyantsev, truck-driver Ninel Podgornaya as Klavdya Naumenko, the student, Rumyantsev's bride Sergey Lukyanov as Sergey I. Afanasyev, police colonel Pyotr Lobanov as Samokhin, a police captain, inspector of OBKhSS Gennady Yukhtin as Paul Evdokimov, truck-driver, Rumyantsev's friend Vladimir Lepko as Vasily Lemekhov, truck-driver Yevgeny Leonov as Mikhail Snegirev, truck-driver Inna Makarova as Nonna Snegireva, Mikhail Snegirev's wife Nikolay Kryuchkov as Korol'kov, chief of operations department Viktor Chekmaryov as Shmyglo, a repeat offender, the ringleader of a gang of plunderers Ants Eskola as Prus, director of the shop, plunderer Arkady Trusov as Yakov Egorovich, truck-driver, Rumyantsev's eldest friend Ivan Selyanin as Vassily Stepanovich, truck-driver, Rumyantsev's eldest friend Lyudmila Golubeva as Lyuba, the student, Claudia's friend Yevgeny Losakevich as Zoya Pavlovna, Claudia's aunt Viktor Koval as Sasha, orphan, an adopted Paul Evdokimov Delo Rumyanceva on IMDb Юрий Герман.
"Дело Румянцева - информация о фильме - советские фильмы - Кино-Театр.РУ". Kino-teatr.ru. ""Дело Румянцева"". Государственный регистр фильмов. Министерство Культуры Российской Федерации. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2013-05-06. ""Дело Румянцева"". Фильмы. Энциклопедия отечественного кино. Archived from the original on 2013-08-25. Retrieved 2013-08-22. «Дело Румянцева» Аннотированный каталог фильмов киностудии «Ленфильм» 1918—2003 ""Дело Румянцева"". Государственный интернет-канал «Россия». Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2013-05-06. ""Дело Румянцева"". Телеканал «Дом Кино». Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2012-05-06. "Крепче за баранку держись, шофер! Как рисковали жизнью на съёмках "Дела Румянцева"". Mk.ru. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2013-05-06
A Big Family
A Big Family is a 1954 Soviet drama film directed by Iosif Kheifits. It was entered into the 1955 Cannes Film Festival, it was based on Vsevolod Kochetov's novel Zhurbiny. Sergei Lukyanov as Matvei Zhurbin Boris Andreyev as Ilya Matveyevich Zhurbin Vera Kuznetsova as Agafya Karpovna Zhurbina Aleksey Batalov as Aleksei Zhurbin Vadim Medvedev as Anton Zhurbin Boris Bityukov as Kostya Zhurbin Iya Arepina as Tanya Zhurbina Klara Luchko as Lida Zhurbina Ekaterina Savinova as Dunyasha Zhurbina Pavel Kadochnikov as Skobelev Yelena Dobronravova as Katya Travnikova Nikolai Gritsenko as Club Manager Nikolai Sergeyev as Basmanov Larisa Kronberg as Zinaida Ivanova 1955 – 1955 Cannes Film Festival – Special prize for best acting ensemble. A Big Family on IMDb
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities. Moscow is the major political, economic and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city on the European continent. By broader definitions, Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 18th largest agglomeration, the 14th largest urban area, the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. According to Forbes 2013, Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies, being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index. Moscow is the coldest megacity on Earth.
It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe. By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast, the area of the capital more than doubled, going from 1,091 to 2,511 square kilometers, resulting in Moscow becoming the largest city on the European continent by area. Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia, making it Europe's most populated inland city; the city is well known for its architecture its historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its colorful architectural style. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city—even before its expansion in 2012; the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Russian Empire to the Soviet Union and the contemporary Russian Federation.
Moscow is a seat of power of the Government of Russia, being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress, today the residence for work of the President of Russia. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament sit in the city. Moscow is considered the center of Russian culture, having served as the home of Russian artists and sports figures and because of the presence of museums and political institutions and theatres; the city is served by a transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system and one of the deepest underground rapid transit systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, the fourth-largest in the world and largest outside Asia in terms of passenger numbers, the busiest in Europe. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich architecture of its 200 stations. Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome, the Whitestone One, the First Throne, the Forty Soroks.
Moscow is one of the twelve Hero Cities. The demonym for a Moscow resident is "москвич" for male or "москвичка" for female, rendered in English as Muscovite; the name "Moscow" is abbreviated "MSK". The name of the city is thought to be derived from the name of the Moskva River. There have been proposed several theories of the origin of the name of the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who were among the several Early Eastern Slavic tribes which inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested. The most linguistically well grounded and accepted is from the Proto-Balto-Slavic root *mŭzg-/muzg- from the Proto-Indo-European *meu- "wet", so the name Moskva might signify a river at a wetland or a marsh, its cognates include Russian: музга, muzga "pool, puddle", Lithuanian: mazgoti and Latvian: mazgāt "to wash", Sanskrit: májjati "to drown", Latin: mergō "to dip, immerse". In many Slavic countries Moskov is a surname, most common in Bulgaria, Russia and North Macedonia. There exist as well similar place names in Poland like Mozgawa.
The original Old Russian form of the name is reconstructed as *Москы, *Mosky, hence it was one of a few Slavic ū-stem nouns. As with other nouns of that declension, it had been undergoing a morphological transformation at the early stage of the development of the language, as a result the first written mentions in the 12th century were Московь, Moskovĭ, Москви, Moskvi, Москвe/Москвѣ, Moskve/Moskvě. From the latter forms came the modern Russian name Москва, a result of morphological generalisation with the numerous Slavic ā-stem nouns. However, the form Moskovĭ has left some traces in many other languages, such as English: Moscow, German: Moskau, French: Moscou, Georgian: მოსკოვი, Latvian: Maskava, Ottoman Turkish: Moskov, Tatar: Мәскәү, Mäskäw, Kazakh: Мәскеу, Mäskew, Chuvash: Мускав, etc. In a similar manner the Latin name Moscovia has been formed it became a collo
Klara Stepanivna Luchko was a Soviet and Ukrainian actress known for her roles in the Soviet cinema. She received the title of People's Artist of the USSR, the highest honour that could be bestowed to a cinema artist, in 1978, she was awarded the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" 4th class. Michurin as guest The Young Guard as Aunt Marina Cossacks of the Kuban as Darya Shelest The Return of Vasili Bortnikov as Natalya A Big Family as Lida Zhurbina Twelfth Night as Viola / Sebastian Dreams of Love – Liszt as Marie d'Agoult The Gypsy as Claudia Pukhlyakova The Casket of Maria Medici as Madam Locar Do Not Part with Your Beloved as Larisa's mother Carnival as Josephine Viktorovna, the wife of Mikhail Solomatin We, The Undersigned as Violetta Matveyevna Nuikina Anxious Sunday as Anna Golovina Budulai's Return as Claudia Pukhlyakova Klara Luchko on IMDb
USSR State Prize
The USSR State Prize was the Soviet Union's state honor. It was established on September 9, 1966. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the prize was followed up by the State Prize of the Russian Federation; the State Stalin Prize called the Stalin Prize, existed from 1941 to 1954 – some sources give an incorrect termination date of 1952. It played the same role. In 1944 and 1945, the last two years of the Second World War the award ceremonies for the Stalin Prize were not held. Instead, in 1946 the ceremony was held twice: in January for the works created in 1943–1944 and in June for the works of 1945. USSR State Prize of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degrees was awarded annually to individuals in the fields of science, literature and architecture to honor the most prominent achievements which either advanced the Soviet Union or the cause of socialism; the prize was awarded to specific works rather than to individuals. Each constituent Soviet republic and autonomous republic had a State Prize; the Stalin Prize was an honor different from the Stalin Peace Prize.
The latter was created on 21 December 1949 and was awarded to foreign recipients rather than to Soviet citizens. It should not be confused with the Lenin Prize. Adela Rosenthal: mathematics Abraham Alikhanov: physics Alexander Evseevich Braunstein: biochemistry Nikolai Burdenko: neurosurgery Mikhail Gurevich: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Aleksandr Khinchin: mathematics Andrey Kolmogorov: mathematics Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Mikhail Loginov: artillery design Trofim Lysenko: biology Dmitri Maksutov: astronomic optics Vladimir Obruchev: geology Evgeny Paton: electrical welding Nikolai Polikarpov: aeronautical engineering Nikolay Semyonov: chemical physics Sergei Sobolev: mathematics Alexey Shchusev: architecture Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov: mathematics Semyon Volfkovich: chemistry Nikolai Ponomarev: astronomic optics Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov: mathematics Nicholas Astrov: tank engineer Ivan Grave: artillery, for his work Ballistics of Semiclosed Space Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Mstislav Keldysh: mathematics Isaak Kikoin: physics Mikhail Koshkin: tank engineer Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam: physics Sergei Rubinstein: psychology Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Shmuk: biochemistry Alexander Vishnevsky: surgeon Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Nikolay Zelinsky work on organic chemistry Ivan Bardin Ivan Plotnikov: inventor of artificial leather kirza Igor Kurchatov: physicist Nicholas Astrov: tank engineer Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermol'eva: biochemistry Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Ivan Knunyants: Chemistry Feodosy Krasovsky: astronomy Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov: physics Vladimir Vernadsky: mineralogy and geochemistry Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich: 2nd degree, physics – for works on combustion and detonation Mustafa Topchubashov: general surgeon Laureates for this year were announced in 1946.
Laureates for this year were announced in 1946 Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov: physics Viktor Hambardzumyan: astrophysics Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Eugen Kapp: music composition Mstislav Keldysh: mathematics Lev Landau: physics Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Lazar Lyusternik: mathematics Dmitri Maksutov: 1st degree, astronomic optics Anatoly Ivanovich Malcev: 2nd degree, for the research on Lie groups Vasily Sergeevich Nemchinov: mathematics Pelageya Polubarinova-Kochina: mathematics Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov: physics Leo Silber: immunology Yevgeny Tarle: historian Boris Zbarsky, biochemistry Nikolay Zelinsky work on chemistry of proteins Konstantin Petrzhak and Georgy Flyorov: physics Mark Veyngerov for developing of Express Optic-Acoustical Gas Analysis. Valentin Felixovich Voyno-Yasenetsky: medicine Anatoly Savin, technology Yusif Mammadaliyev:Chemistry Aliashraf Abdulhuseyn oglu Alizade: Geologist Manfred von Ardenne: for a table-top electron microscope Georgy Beriev: aeronautical engineering Nikolay Bogolyubov: mathematics Grigory Eisenberg Mikhail Gurevich: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Artem Mikoyan: aeronautical engineering Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Nikolai Bernstein: neurophysiology Alexander Gapeev: geology Mikhail Gurevich: aeronautical engineering Artem Mikoyan: aeronautical engineering Arseny Mironov: aeronautical engineering Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Mikhail Gurevich: aircraft engineering Mikhail Kalashnikov: engineering Leonid Kantorovich: mathematics Boris Kurchatov: radiochemistry Artem Mikoyan: aircraft engineering Nikolaus Riehl: first class, for contributions to the Soviet atomic bomb project Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich: 1st degree, physics – for special works Anatoly Savin Max Taitz: aircraft flight testing Viktor Hambardzumyan: astrophysics Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Eugen Kapp: music composition Vladimir Obruchev: geology Aleksei Pogorelov: mathematics Dmitri Skobeltsyn: physics Ilia Vekua: mathematics Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich: Musician Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter