...à la campagne
...à la campagne is a French film directed by Manuel Poirier, released 5 April 1995. Benoît Régent: Benoît Judith Henry: Lila Sergi López: Pablo Jean-Jacques Vanier: Gaston Serge Riaboukine: Emile Élisabeth Commelin: Mylène Laure Duthilleul: Françoise Élisabeth Vitali: Cathy Céline Poirier: Céline Philippe Duquesne Olivier Broche...à la campagne on IMDb...à la campagne at the site of Diaphana, the distributor of the film
Vilanova i la Geltrú
Vilanova i la Geltrú is a city in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia and the capital of the Garraf comarca. A fishing port, the city has a growing population of 66,000, is situated 40 km south-west of Barcelona, with the more famous coastal resort of Sitges some 10 km to the north-east; the town has a long history, experienced an efflorescence during the Romantic period evidenced by a wealth of opulent 19th century buildings. The atmospheric town square, the Plaça de la Vila, many of its iconic public buildings were principally financed by Josep Tomàs Ventosa Soler a textile magnate who made his fortune in Cuba. A monument featuring a bronze statue of Ventosa stands in the center of the square. An identical monument stands in Matanzas, where both statues were forged. Today, children play around the monument and agile climbers from castellers to protestors to carnival pranksters climb the statue and adorn it with their own symbols. During the dictatorship, large numbers of people fleeing poverty in Southern Spain settled in Vilanova.
They are sometimes referred to by historians as "fugitives of fascism." Although they experienced prejudice they became accepted and known as els altres Vilanovins or "the other Vilanovins." By 1970, a majority of the town's population had been born elsewhere. In the first decade of the 21st century, there was another wave of immigrants, this time from North Africa, South America and Eastern Europe. Agriculture and the maritime trade in wine were the traditional sources of income during the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, while agriculture and a significant fishing fleet continue to be sources of income, the primary economic activity is industry in the sectors of metal and chemicals. Vilanova i la Geltrú has embraced new technologies for generations and has had a vocational and traditional university since 1902, along with the UPC; the building Neapolis Public Innovation Agency for ICT and multimedia, was built in 2006. Located 46 km from Barcelona and 44 km from Tarragona, it has the third largest port of Catalonia and is a major fishing port.
The Brotherhood of Pescadors of Vilanova derives from the powerful and ancient Brotherhood of Sant Elm. In 1921 the new Pòsit de Pescadors was founded. Today fresh fish may be purchased directly on the Internet fish auction. Vilanova i la Geltrú has a estació Nàutica which hosts major sailing competitions at the national and international levels; the city has seven Civic Centers that provide social services, host cultural activities and promote civic participation and convivència or engaged relations between neighbors. On April 7, 2014, the city enacted a Municipal Ordinance to Promote Civility and Convivència with the objective of establishing norms of mutual respect, social cohesion and full respect for the dignity and rights of a plurality of expressions and cultural forms. Vilanova's office of the Consortium for Linguistic Normalization offers free courses in the Catalan language and other services in the welcome of newcomers. Special programs are offered at the University Campus of the Mediterranean Interdisciplinary Reference Center, including courses in Society and Tourism, Information Society and Technology, Economics and Business.
The University Campus of the Mediterranean is an initiative of the City Council of Vilanova i La Geltrú, the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and European Institute of the Mediterranean under the aegis of the Municipal Institute of Education and Work. One of the centers of research and innovation is found in a unique building designed by the Catalan architect Oriol Bohigas i Guardiola, Edifici Neapolis; this building is part of the European Network of Living Labs. In 2012, it initiated the Co-Working Center coinciding with the International Year of Cooperatives recognized by the United Nations. Vilanova is linked to the region by highway C-32 known as highway Pau Casals, or to the Garraf Barcelona motorway providing a connection to Barcelona–El Prat Airport, the highway C-15 known by the name Eix Diagonal, which links the historic town of Manresa and Autovía A-7 with the Mediterranean Sea; the Railway of Vilanova is of vital importance. Built between 1882 and 1884 by the developer and director of roads Jeroni Granell i Mundet the railway links the línia of Rodalies Sant Vincenç de Calders - Maçanet de la Selva and connects to the imperial Roman city of Tarragona, the town of Tortosa, the town of Reus, the City of Lleida.
Its population has increased in recent years. Several large projects are underway such as the extension of the beach, the polygon "Sant Jordi" pattern'Catalunya', the future redevelopment of the waterfront; the traditional and popular festivals celebrated in Vilanova i la Geltrú are among the richest and most varied in Catalonia. Locals say, and it is through participating in local festivals that Vilanovins, whether natives or arrived newcomers, intensify their sense of belonging to a community dedicated to active engagement between neighbors or convivència. Carnaval, held in late February, culminates in a week-long debauch of dances, social satire, mock battles, permitted disrespect, feasts and pranks all in honor of Sa Majastat el Rei Carnestoltes known as the "king of the senseless" celebrated for his prodigious sexual prowess and devastating satire. Up to a third of the population pa
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona
Ventura Pons Sala is a Catalan movie director. Ventura Pons has directed 32 feature films and is one of the best-known Catalan film directors, his films are continuously programmed in the most prestigious International Festivals 810 up to now, distributed in many countries around the world. He has been vice-president of the Spanish Film Academy and the subject of more than 34 international homages and retrospectives: London's ICA, New York's Lincoln Center and in the world's foremost Cinematheques: Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Istanbul, Tel-Aviv, Haifa, Mexico among many others. Pons has received international “lifetime achievement awards” in Chicago, Piestany, Lima and Montpellier. In Spain he has received the Catalan National Film Award, the Spain Fine Arts Gold Medal, the Catalan Sant Jordi Cross, the Catalan Film Academy Gaudi Honour Award, the Ondas Award, the City of Huesca Award, the Count Jaume d’Urgell 2018 Award, the Jordi Dauder Award, among many others. In 2012 the University of Colorado at Denver held an academic Conference on his cinema.
Vervuert has published a book about this conference: Ventura Pons: An exceptional gaze from the Catalan cinema. He has published a book of memoirs Mine, finished in 2017 another one I have tasted the fruits of the tree of life and a World Tour diary, 54 days and a bit more. In September 2014 he recovered in Barcelona the old Texas Cinemes, to normalize the exhibition of international cinema always subtitled in Catalan. Europa Cinemas awarded it as the best "cinema on the move" in 2016. In March 2017 he opened the AlbaTexas Cinemas in Valencia and in February 2018 the Las Vegas cinemas in Figueres. At the same time, he founded the distribution company Albada Films to present the most interesting worldwide cinema that does not arrive to our screens. Ventura Pons on IMDb Ventura Pons website
The César Award is the national film award of France. It is delivered in the Nuit des César ceremony and was first awarded in 1976; the nominations are selected by the members of twelve categories of filmmaking professionals and supported by the French Ministry of Culture. The nationally televised award ceremony is held in the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris each year in February, it is an initiative from the Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma, founded in 1975. The César Award is considered the highest film honor in France, the French film industry's equivalent to the Molière Award for theatre, the Victoires de la Musique for music. In cinema, it is the French equivalent to the Academy Award; the award was created by Georges Cravenne, the creator of the Molière Award for theatre. The name of the award comes from the sculptor César Baldaccini; the 44th César Awards ceremony took place on 22 February 2019. Custody, directed by Xavier Legrand, won the award for Best Film. In 1974, Georges Cravenne founded the Academy of Arts and Techniques of Cinema that was, from the outset, intended to reward the achievements and the most remarkable film artwork, to have a French equivalent to the American Oscars.
The first César Awards – known as the "Night of Caesar" – were held on 3 April 1976 under the chairmanship of Jean Gabin who watched the ceremony from the front row seated in a wheelchair a few months before his death. The name of the award comes from the sculptor César, designer of the trophy awarded to the winners in each category, it is an homage to the Raimu, the great French actor and performer of Marseille trilogy of Marcel Pagnol, in which Raimu played the character of César. The César Awards replaced the Étoile de cristal, awarded from 1955 to 1975. Other prizes had been awarded to French cinema in the past. From 1934 to 1986, the Grand prix du cinéma français, established by film pioneer Louis Lumière, was given to one film a year. In the 1950s, the Victoire du cinéma français was awarded each June. Lacking popular enthusiasm compared to the Étoile de cristal, this award was discontinued after 1964. At the inaugural César Awards, 13 awards were distributed. Today, there are 22. Categories added in recent years include Most Promising Actor/Actress, Best Documentary and Best Animated Film, while awards honoring the best film poster and best producer have been dropped, as they are now given at a sister ceremony, the Prix Daniel Toscan du Plantier.
Voting for César Awards is conducted through two ballots by mail: the first to establish nominations per category, the second to decide the winner. Voters are professionals in the field, divided into 12 colleges; the criteria for voting are: demonstrate a consistent career in film and get a double sponsorship in the Académie des arts et techniques du cinéma. Nominees or winners of the previous editions are exempt from these formalities. To aid voters, the Académie identifies each year films released in France and provides a guide to the works and eligible professionals. A DVD set of French or French productions produced during the year is sent in December with the catalog of films to the electors. After the nominations are revealed, at the end of January, special screenings of the nominated films are shown at the Le Balzac cinema in Paris, near the Champs-Élysées; each year, a special lunch for nominees is held at the famous Fouquet's restaurant on the Champs-Élysées, a few weeks before the ceremony.
Honorary Award - since 1976 César des Césars - between 1985 and 1995 Prix Daniel Toscan du Plantier - since 2008 Trophée César & Techniques - since 2011 Médaille d'Or - only in 2015 César & Techniques Special Award - only between 2015 and 2017 César & Techniques Innovation Award - since 2018 César du public - since 2018 Best Film from the European Union Best Poster Best Producer Best Writing Best French Language Film Best Documentary Short Best Fiction Short Best Animated Short The Last Metro Best Film: The Last Metro Best Director: François Truffaut Best Actor: Gérard Depardieu Best Actress: Catherine Deneuve Best Writing: Suzanne Schiffman and François TruffautAmour Best Film: Amour Best Director: Michael Haneke Best Actor: Jean-Louis Trintignant Best Actress: Emmanuelle Riva Best Writing: Michael Haneke Four awards won Smoking/No Smoking: Best Actress Too Beautiful for You: Best Actor Three awards won Cyrano de Bergerac: best Actress and Writing Same Old Song: best Actress and Director Academy Awards British Academy Film Awards Lumières Award Louis Delluc Prize Magritte Award Official website César Award on IMDb
Cinema of France
Cinema of France refers to the film industry based in France. The French cinema comprises the art of film and creative movies made within the nation of France or by French filmmakers abroad. France is the birthplace of cinema and was responsible for many of its significant contributions to the art form and the film-making process itself. Several important cinematic movements, including the Nouvelle Vague, began in the country, it is noted for having a strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the French government. Apart from its strong and innovative film tradition, France has been a gathering spot for artists from across Europe and the world. For this reason, French cinema is sometimes intertwined with the cinema of foreign nations. Directors from nations such as Poland, Russia and Georgia are prominent in the ranks of French cinema. Conversely, French directors have had prolific and influential careers in other countries, such as Luc Besson, Jacques Tourneur, or Francis Veber in the United States.
Another element supporting this fact is that Paris has the highest density of cinemas in the world, measured by the number of movie theaters per inhabitant, that in most "downtown Paris" movie theaters, foreign movies which would be secluded to "art houses" cinemas in other places are shown alongside "mainstream" works. Philippe Binant realized, on 2 February 2000, the first digital cinema projection in Europe, with the DLP CINEMA technology developed by Texas Instruments, in Paris. Paris boasts the Cité du cinéma, a major studio north of the city, Disney Studio, a theme park devoted to the cinema and the third theme park near the city behind Disneyland and Parc Asterix. France is the most successful film industry in Europe in terms of number of films produced per annum, with a record-breaking 300 feature-length films produced in 2015. France is one of the few countries where non-American productions have the biggest share: American films only represented 44.9% of total admissions in 2014.
This is due to the commercial strength of domestic productions, which accounted for 44,5% of admissions in 2014. The French film industry is closer to being self-sufficient than any other country in Europe, recovering around 80–90% of costs from revenues generated in the domestic market alone. In 2013, France was the 2nd largest exporter of films in the world after the United States. A study in April 2014 showed the positive image which French cinema maintains around the world, being the most appreciated cinema after American cinema. Les frères Lumière released the first projection with the Cinematograph, in Paris on 28 December 1895; the French film industry in the late 19th century and early 20th century was the world's most important. Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinématographe and their L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat in Paris in 1895 is considered by many historians as the official birth of cinematography; the early days of the industry, from 1896 to 1902, saw the dominance of four firms: Pathé Frères, the Gaumont Film Company, the Georges Méliès company, the Lumières.
Méliès invented many of the techniques of cinematic grammar, among his fantastic, surreal short subjects is the first science fiction film A Trip to the Moon in 1902). In 1902 the Lumières abandoned everything but the production of film stock, leaving Méliès as the weakest player of the remaining three. From 1904 to 1911 the Pathé Frères company led the world in film distribution. At Gaumont, pioneer Alice Guy-Blaché was made head of production and oversaw about 400 films, from her first, La Fée aux Choux, in 1896, through 1906, she continued her career in the United States, as did Maurice Tourneur and Léonce Perret after World War I. In 1907 Gaumont owned and operated the biggest movie studio in the world, along with the boom in construction of "luxury cinemas" like the Gaumont-Palace and the Pathé-Palace, cinema became an economic challenger to legitimate theater by 1914. Among the most prolific film scholars on French Cinema in the English-speaking world is Dr Catherine O'Brien, former Senior Lecturer in Film Studies and French at Kingston University, London who obtained a Bachelor of Arts as well as a Doctor of Philosophy both in French and German from the University of Hull.
After World War I, the French film industry suffered because of a lack of capital, film production decreased as it did in most other European countries. This allowed the United States film industry to enter the European cinema market, because American films could be sold more cheaply than European productions, since the studios had recouped their costs in the home market; when film studios in Europe began to fail, many European countries began to set import barriers. France installed an import quota of 1:7, meaning for every seven foreign films imported to France, one French film was to be produced and shown in French cinemas. During the period between World War I and World War II, Jacques Feyder and Jean Vigo became two of the founders of poetic realism in French cinema, they dominated French impressionist cinema, along with Abel Gance, Germaine Dulac and Jean Epstein. In 1931, Marcel Pagnol filmed the first of his great trilogy Marius, César, he followed this with other films including The Baker's Wife.
Other notable films of the 1930s included René Clair's Under the Roofs of Paris, Jean Vigo's L'Atalante, Jacques Feyder's Carnival in Flanders
The Milk of Human Kindness (film)
The Milk of Human Kindness is a 2001 French-Belgium drama film directed by Dominique Cabrera. Christelle, a mother, disappears without a trace; the Milk of Human Kindness on IMDb