However, a caretaker may be appointed if the regular manager is suspended, ill or unable to attend to their usual duties. Caretaker managers are appointed at short notice from within the club, usually the assistant manager. In other sports, the interim manager is more commonly used. Tony Barton was appointed manager of Aston Villa after the departure of Ron Saunders, if a caretaker proves to be particularly successful during their spell in charge, they are sometimes given the managers job full-time. Glenn Roeder was appointed manager of Newcastle United after having taken over as caretaker following Graeme Souness dismissal in 2006. This occurred when Ricky Sbragia got the Sunderland job permanently after Roy Keanes resignation in November 2008 but he resigned himself at the end of the season 2008–09. This happened in the 2010–11 Premier League, on 8 January 2011, Roy Hodgson was sacked by Liverpool after a run of poor results, kenny Dalglish was appointed the caretaker manager of Liverpool for the remainder of the season.
After an impressive run of results, which saw Liverpool rise to 6th on the table, Dalglish was appointed the manager of Liverpool. In Norway, a notable example occurred in 2006 when Rosenborg BK manager Per-Mathias Høgmo announced he was taking a leave of absence in mid-season, at the time, Rosenborg were ten points behind leaders SK Brann. His assistant Knut Tørum was appointed on a basis, and proceeded to lead Rosenborg to a furious comeback. Høgmo announced his resignation two days after Rosenborg clinched, and Tørum was named permanent manager after the season. On the other hand, Tony Parkes was named manager of Blackburn Rovers on six separate occasions between 1986 and 2004, without ever being given the role in a full-time capacity. He is still yet to be given a full-time managerial role, in November 2007, Sandy Stewart led St Johnstone to victory in the final of the Scottish Challenge Cup in his only game in charge as caretaker manager. In the 2007–08 season, Cevat Güler won Süper Lig as Galatasarays caretaker manager and he was in charge for the last five matches of the season due to Karl Heinz Feldkamps resignation.
In the 2007 Hazfi Cup final, Sepahans head coach, Luka Bonačić had travelled to his country, mansour Ebrahimzadeh who was assistant to Bonačić served as caretaker manager for that match. Sepahan won the match and the title, roberto Di Matteo won the Champions League and FA Cup as caretaker manager of Chelsea in 2012, leading to him being appointed permanent manager on a two-year contract. Benítez was not offered a contract as permanent manager, instead being replaced by José Mourinho who went back to Chelsea for a second term
Club de Fútbol Monterrey is a Mexican football club from Monterrey, Nuevo León. Founded on 28 June 1945, it is the oldest active team in the division from the northern part of Mexico. Club de Fútbol Monterrey was founded on the 28th of June 1945, near the end of World War II by a group of businessmen headed by Ramón Cárdenas Coronado, Enrique Ayala Medina. Probert, Rogelio Cantú Gómez and Miguel Margáín Zozaya, the teams nickname was popularly accepted, after the teams uniform, which is traditionally white with navy blue vertical stripes. Although the original uniform was white with a blue upper shoulder, the stripes were inspired in 1965, when the Tampico Madero football team wore them. Since, the uniform consists of vertical blue and white striped jerseys with blue shorts. In its first professional game, played 19 August 1945 against San Sebastián de León, Monterrey won 1–0, due to these events, the club decided to stop playing in the league in 1946 in honor to the players who died. It was not until 1952 when the club resumed action thanks to Dr.
Carlos Canseco, the club enrolled in the second division and just 4 years the club earned a promotion to the top division. The club would again earn the promotion in the 1959–60 tournament which they have held to date. The club started off the 1960s in bad shape just avoiding relegation with 3 more points than Club Celaya, the club finished the 1960–61 tournament with a record of 7 wins 7 draws 12 losses for a total of 21 points. In the 1961–62 tournament the club was close to relegation finishing 2nd last for the second year in a row just ahead of Zacatepec. The club had a record of 7 wins 5 draws and 15 losses for a total of 19 points and that years record was 8 wins 12 draws and only 6 losses for a total of 28 points. In the 1963–64 tournament the club would finish 3rd in the league just 5 points behind club Guadalajara who would have a league best 37 points and that year record was 12 wins 8 draws 6 losses for a total of 32 points. In the 1964–65 tournament the club would again finish 3rd in the league this time just 3 points behind club Guadalajara who won its second consecutive league title with 40 points.
This years record was 17 wins 3 draws and 10 losses for a total of 37 points, in the 1965–66 tournament the club finished tied for 4th in the league with Club Atlante with 33 points. This year is remember for Club Nuevo León promotion to the first division having for the first time 2 clubs from Monterrey participating in the first division and this year record was 13 wins 7 draws and 10 losses for a total of 33 points. In the 1966–67 tournament the club back into mediocrity finishing tied for 8th in the league with Irapuato with 30 points each. This year record was 10 wins and losses for a total of 30 points, in the 1967–68 tournament the club continue its descent finishing tied for 14 in the league with CD Oro
The Ascenso MX is the second professional level of the Mexican football league system. The champion of the competition is promoted to Liga MX, the bottom team gets relegated to Segunda División de México. It is currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, formerly known as Primera División A the league changed its name and competition format in 2009 to Liga de Ascenso. It was rebranded as Ascenso MX in 2012, the main changes are that clubs now do not need a FMF certification to get promoted and that the competition doesnt use group stages. The project was under the direction of José Antonio García Rodríguez and he envisioned the new division to be joined by the best teams of the Segunda and include teams from the United States. Upon review, FIFA did not authorize such integration, as a result, the new league was created instead with the best Second Division teams. Cobras de Ciudad Juárez, which would have been the sixteenth team, during the 2006 tournament it was decided to increase the number of teams from 20 to 24 and it was decided to form two groups, A and B divided by geographical areas.
In 2009 major changes occurred the most prominent being the change from Primera Division A to Liga de Ascenso. The league was reduced to 17 teams and eliminated the groups, starting with the Apertura 2010 season 18 teams participated. In 2012 the league was rebranded as Ascenso MX, the Alebrijes de Oaxaca was the 16th team of Ascenso MX starting 2013-2014 season. Club Zacatepec was promoted to the Ascenso MX taking the spot of Pumas Morelos in August 2013, from the 2011–2016 Seasons, Ascenso MX did not relegate a team to the Segunda División de México Liga Premier de Ascenso. But on June 6,2016 the president of the division announced a return to relegating a team to the Segunda División de México Liga Premier de Ascenso for the 2016–17 season after a 5-year absence. The leagues current sponsor is BBVA Bancomer, thus making the official name Ascenso BBVA Bancomer. The official match ball is manufactured by Voit, the following 18 clubs will compete in Ascenso MX during the 2016–17 season. 1981–82, Tampico bought Atletas Campesinos and took over its spot 1983–84, Ángeles de Puebla bought Oaxtepec and took over its spot 1988–89, Veracruz bought Neza and took over its spot 1992–93, U. T.
Neza changes its name to Toros Neza 1998-99, Puebla bought U. D Curtidores and took over its spot 1999-00, Irapuato gained automatic promotion as they won both tournaments
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe.
The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established and episkyros were Greek ball games.
An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Altamira Fútbol Club, or Estudiantes de Altamira is a Mexican football team that is based in Altamira, Tamaulipas. They plays in the Tercera División de México League, the club was officially founded on August 11,2001. During the 2004-05 season, the club was promoted to the Primera A, but their stay in the Primera A was short, and they were eventually relegated back to the Second Division after the Clausura 2005 tournament. In 2006, the changed its name to Estudiantes de Altamira. It would be almost 5 long years before Altamira returned to the Liga de Ascenso in 2010 and this, because the teams that reached the Segunda Division championship that year did not have the right to be promoted. So, Estudiantes de Altamira took their place, the team crest represents the important resources in and around the port city of Altamira. In the foreground, there is a steering wheel. The navy blue and white symbolize the waters of the Gulf of Mexico
Mexico national football team
The Mexico national football team represents Mexico in international football. Mexicos home stadium is the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, Mexico has qualified to fifteen World Cups and has qualified consecutively since 1994, making it one of six countries to do so. The Mexico national team, along with Brazil and Germany, are the nations to make it out of the group stage over the last six World Cups. Mexico played France in the very first match of the first World Cup on 13 July 1930, Mexicos best progression in World Cups has been reaching the quarter-finals in both the 1970 and 1986 World Cups, both of which were staged on Mexican soil. Mexico is the team from CONCACAF to have won an official FIFA competition. Football in Mexico was first organized in the early 20th century by European immigrant groups, notably miners from Cornwall, Mexicos first match was played against Guatemala, which Mexico won 3–2. A series of friendlies were played against the national representation of Guatemala on 9,12 and 16 December 1923.
The match on 9 December was played in Parque España which Mexico won 2–1, on 12 December, the match ended in a 2–0 win for Mexico, and the final game of the series ended in a 3–3 draw. The manager for this team was Rafael Garza Gutiérrez and it would be another four years before the national team would be represented in international friendlies. On 19 June 1927, Mexico faced Spain, drawing 3–3, during this series, the squad played against the Uruguayan club Nacional de Montevideo, losing 1–3. In 1927, the governing body of football in Mexico was founded. The 1928 Summer Olympics was Mexicos first international tournament, where Mexico lost to Spain 1–7 in the round of 16, Mexico participated in the 1930 FIFA World Cup in Uruguay, grouped with Argentina and France. Mexicos first match was a 4–1 loss to France, with Mexicos first World Cup goal by Juan Carreño, in their second match, Mexico fell to Chile 3–0. Mexicos third match, against Argentina, featured the first penalty of the tournament, Mexico did not appear again in a FIFA World Cup tournament until the 1950 World Cup.
Before 1970, Mexico struggled to make much of an impact in the World Cup and it was by far the strongest team in the North American Football Confederation and its successor, CONACAF, but found it difficult to compete against European and South American teams. However, goalkeeper Antonio Carbajal has the distinction of being the first player ever to appear in five consecutive World Cups, in 1965, Mexico won the 1965 CONCACAF Championship to become continental champions for the first time. In 1970, Mexico hosted the World Cup and kicked off their campaign with a draw against the Soviet Union. This was followed by a 4–0 win over El Salvador, Mexico advanced to the next round with a victory against Belgium
Club de Fútbol Correcaminos de la Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas is an association football team from Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas. It currently plays in the Ascenso MX League of Mexico, the team was founded in 1980, Correcaminos played in the Primera Division De Mexico from the 1987–88 season to the 1994–95 season. They play in the Estadio Marte R. Gómez, which has a capacity of 10,476, the club was founded in 1980 and represents the UAT as well as the city of Ciudad Victoria. It replaced the former team, Los Cuerudos, following the teams folding in 1978. The club joined the Segunda División de México in 1982 and played in the 1982–83 tournament, the club did not fare so well in their first year in the Mexican Primera División finishing tied dead last with Atletico Potosino and only avoided being relegated by a goal difference. Before the 1988–89 tournament the club managed to keep its category after buying the Deportivo Neza Franchisee and taking over their vacant spot. In the Apertura 2011 the club finished second in the league with 27 points,7 wins,6 draws,2 defeats, scoring the most goals in the league with 33 and allowing 21 earning a round robin spot.
In the Quarter-finals the club faced cross town rival Estudiantes de Altamira who they tied 2–2 after 2 games advancing for having finished with more points, in Semi-finals the club would once again tie 3–3 this time against Toros Neza advancing once again because of their league position. In the final the club would go on to face the points leader La Piedad who was picked favorite by many to take the Apertura title home that year. The first match was played in the Estadio Marte R. Gómez where Correcaminos managed to take a 3–1 advantage. The second match was played in the Estadio Juan N. López where after 90 minutes the club had managed to beat La Piedad after almost 15 years with a score of 1–0 and claiming that tournaments title. Liga de Ascenso, Apertura 2011 Runner-up, Verano 1997 Segunda División, 1986–87 Copa MX Runner-up, has Played 32 Primera A Tournaments last in 2011. Has Played 8 Mexican Primera División Tournaments last in 1995, after the 1987–88 tournament the club avoided relegation after buying the Deportivo Neza franchise.
On 26 September 2012 the club advanced to the winning the game versus Xolos de Tijuanawith a remarkable score of 5–5 changing. The game was defined in penalty kicks, having a glorious, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Correcaminos UAT B Reserve team that plays in the Segunda División in the third level of the Mexican league system. It is clearly not yet complete and all inclusive, and additions and refinements will continue to be made over time
Spanish naming customs
Spanish naming customs are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain. According to these customs, a persons name consists of a name followed by two family names. The first surname is usually the fathers first surname, and the second the mothers first surname, in recent years, the order of the surnames can be reversed at birth if it is so decided by the parents. Currently in Spain, people bear a single or composite given name, a composite given name comprises two single names, for example Juan Pablo is considered not to be a first and a second forename, but a single composite forename. The two surnames refer to each of the parental families, traditionally, a persons first surname is the fathers first surname, and the second one is the mothers first surname. From 2013, if the parents of a child are unable to agree on order of surnames, the law grants a person the option, upon reaching adulthood, of reversing the order of their surnames. Each surname can be composite, the parts usually linked by the y or e.
For example, a name might be Juan Pablo Fernández de Calderón García-Iglesias, consisting of a forename, a paternal surname. There are times when it is impossible, by inspection of a name, for example, the writer Sebastià Juan Arbó was alphabetised by the Library of Congress for many years under Arbó, assuming that Sebastiá and Juan were both given names. However, Juan was actually his first surname, to resolve questions like this, which typically involve very common names, one must consult the person involved, or legal documents. A man named José Antonio Gómez Iglesias would normally be addressed as either señor Gómez or señor Gómez Iglesias instead of señor Iglesias, because Gómez is his first surname. Furthermore, Mr. Gómez might be addressed as José Antonio, José, Antonio, or Toño Jose, Josito, Josico or Joselín, Antoñito, Tonín or Nono. Very formally, he could be addressed with an honorific as don José Antonio or don José, colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez is sometimes incorrectly referred to in English media as Mr.
Márquez, when it should be Mr. García Márquez or, simply, Mr. García. It is not unusual, when the first surname is very common, for example, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero is often called simply Zapatero, the name he inherited from his mothers family, since Rodríguez is a common surname and may be ambiguous. The same occurs with another former Spanish Socialist leader, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, with the poet and dramatist Federico García Lorca, as these peoples paternal names are very common, they are often called with their maternal names. It would nonetheless be a mistake to index José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero under Z as Zapatero, a practical option to spare an explanation is using a single surname composed of two separate words. Parents choose their childs name, which must be recorded in the Registro Civil to establish his or her legal identity. With few restrictions, parents can now choose any name, common sources of names are the parents taste, honouring a relative, the General Roman Calendar nomina, legislation in Spain under Franco legally limited cultural naming customs to only Christian and typical Spanish names
Mexicans are the people of the United Mexican States, a multiethnic country in North America. Mexicans can be those who identify with the Mexican cultural and/or national identity, the Mexica founded Mexico-Tenochtitlan in 1325 as an altepetl located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico. It became the capital of the expanding Mexica Empire in the 15th century, at its peak, it was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas. It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, today the ruins of Tenochtitlan are located in the central part of Mexico City. In 2015,21. 5% of Mexicos population in Mexico self-identify as being indigenous, there are about 12 million Mexican nationals residing outside of Mexico, with about 11.7 million living in the United States. The larger Mexican diaspora can include individuals that trace ancestry to Mexico, the Nahuatl language was a common tongue in the region of modern Central Mexico during the Aztec Empire, but after the arrival of Europeans the common language of the region became Spanish.
Mexicano is derived from the word Mexico itself, in the principal model to create demonyms in Spanish, the suffix -ano is added to the name of the place of origin. Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from the Nahuatl words for Moon and this meaning might refer to Tenochtitlans position in the middle of Lake Texcoco. The system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, still another hypothesis suggests that it is derived from Mēctli, the goddess of maguey. The term Mexicano as a word to describe the different peoples of the region of Mexico as a group emerged in the 16th century. In that time the term did not apply to a nationality nor to the limits of the modern Mexican Republic. The document stated, el venturoso descubrimiento que los Mexicanos han hecho, Mexican politicians and reformers such as José Vasconcelos and Manuel Gamio were instrumental in building a Mexican national identity on the concept of mestizaje. The word has somewhat pejorative connotations and most of the Mexican citizens who would be defined as mestizos in the sociological literature would probably self-identify primarily as Mexicans, in Chiapas the word Ladino is used instead of mestizo.
White Mexicans are Mexican citizens of full European descent, another group in Mexico, the mestizos, include people with varying amounts of European ancestry, with some having a European admixture superior to 90%. Because of this, the line between whites and mestizos has become rather blur, and the Mexican government decided to abandon racial classifications. Intermixing would produce a group which would become the majority by the time of Independence. However, at its height, the immigrant population in Mexico never exceeded twenty percent of the total. Many of these came with money to invest and/or ties to allow them to become prominent in business