Parliament of Malaysia
The Parliament of Malaysia is the national legislature of Malaysia, based on the Westminster system. The bicameral parliament consists of the Dewan Negara; the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the Head of State is the third component of Parliament. The Parliament assembles in the Malaysian Houses of Parliament, located in the national capital city of Kuala Lumpur; the term "Member of Parliament" refers to a member of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament. The term "Senator" refers to a member of the Dewan Negara, the upper house of the Parliament. None of the states forming the Federation of Malaysia had parliaments before independence, save for Sarawak which had its own Council Negri which enabled local participation and representation in administrative work since 1863. Although the British colonial government had permitted the forming of legislative councils for Malaya, Singapore and Sarawak, these were not the supreme makers of law, remained subordinate to the British High Commissioner or the Rajah, in case of Sarawak.
The Reid Commission, which drafted the Constitution of Malaya — Malaya gained independence in 1957, ahead of the other states that would form Malaysia – modelled the Malayan system of government after the British system: a bicameral parliament, with one house being directly elected, the other having limited powers with some members being appointed by the King, as is the case with the British House of Commons and House of Lords. In line with the federal nature of the new country, the upper house would have members elected by state legislative assemblies in addition to members appointed by the King; the Constitution provided for the pre-independence Federal Legislative Council to continue to sit as the legislative body of the new country until 1959, when the first post-independence general election were held and the first Parliament of Malaya were elected. Parliament first sat at the former headquarters building of the Federated Malay States Volunteer Force on a hill near Jalan Tun Ismail; the Dewan Negara met in a hall on the ground floor while the Dewan Rakyat met in the hall on the first floor.
With the completion of Parliament House in 1962, comprising a three-storey main building for the two houses of Parliament to meet, an 18-storey tower for the offices of Ministers and members of Parliament, both houses moved there. In 1963, when Malaya, Sabah and Singapore merged to form Malaysia, the Malayan Parliament was adopted for use as the Parliament of Malaysia. Both Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara were expanded to include representatives from the new states; when Singapore seceded from Malaysia in 1965, it ceased to be represented in the Parliament of Malaysia. Significant change regarding the composition of Dewan Negara occurred during this period. Under the 1957 Constitution of Malaya, senators elected by the state assemblies were in the majority, totalling 22 members with 2 for each state, while there were only 16 appointed members; the 1963 Constitution of Malaysia retains the provision that each state sends two senators, but subsequent amendments increased the number of appointed members to 40, leaving state-elected members in the minority and diminishing the states' representation in Dewan Negara.
Parliament has been suspended only once in the history of Malaysia, in the aftermath of the 13 May race riots in 1969. From 1969 to 1971 – when Parliament reconvened – the nation was run by the National Operations Council. Debates in Parliament are broadcast on radio and television such as during the tabling of a budget. Proposals from the opposition to broadcast all debates live have been rejected by the government; the prohibitive cost was cited as a reason. In 2006, Information Minister Zainuddin Maidin cited the controversy over speeches made at the United Malays National Organisation — the leading party in the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition – annual general assembly as a reason to avoid telecasting Parliamentary debates. Zainuddin said that "our society has not attained a mental maturity where it is insensitive to racial issues", citing the controversy over a delegate who said Malays would fight "to the last drop of blood" to defend the special provisions granted to them as bumiputra under the Constitution.
President of the Senate / Deputy President of the Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives / Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives Chief Administrator Deputy Chief Administrator Research Division Economy Section Social Section Science and Technology Section International and Security Section Parliament Library Security Division Operational Section Protective Security Section Management Division Human Resource Management and Innovation Section Finance and Accounts Section Building Facilities and Landscape Maintenance Division Civil and Landscape Section Mechanical Section Electrical Section Information Technology Division System Application and Multimedia Development Section Operation and Technical Section Members of Parliament Affairs Division Facilities and Services Unit Allowances and Claims Unit International Relations and Protocol Division Inter-Parliamentary Inter-Parliamentary Secretary of the Senate The Senate Management Division Legislative and Proceedings Section Hansard Section Interpretation and Translation Section Serjeant-at-Arms Section Secretary of the House of Representatives The House of Rep
Sabah State Legislative Assembly Building
Sabah State Legislative Assembly building is the current state legislative complex for the state of Sabah, Malaysia. This is the place where all the elected state assemblymen from Sabah would convene a meeting in order to debate state government policies and pass laws; this building was opened in June 1995. Sabah state assembly building occupies 2 hectares of land area while total compound area is 11 hectares. There are 4 floors in this building and the administration office is located on the 4th floor; the state assembly building is equipped with the following facilities in each floor: Sabah State Legislative Assembly Wisma Innoprise Tun Mustapha Tower
Sultan Ismail Building
Sultan Ismail Building is the meeting places for the Johor State Legislative Assembly. It is located in Kota Iskandar, Iskandar Puteri, Johor Bahru District, Malaysia; the architecture is a distinctive blend of Johor-Malay design. There are two distinctive skylights: one shaped like a diamond and another like a pineapple, a symbol of Johor's economic prosperity; the State Legastive Assembly Hall is Malaysia's first parliament. Integrated within the Hall are symbolisms of Johor's past and bright future, such as black pepper motifs. There are many lush gardens, such as the Musk Lime Garden and Potpourri Garden; the Jauhar Atrium contains a waterfall. The building is named after The late Sultan Ismail Al-Khalidi ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim Al-Masyhur. Behind the building is Kota Iskandar Mosque, a Johor second state mosque. Www.kotaiskandar.com
Penang State Assembly Building
The Penang State Assembly Building is the home of the Penang State Legislative Assembly. It is located at Light Street in the city of George Town in Penang, within the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site. All State Legislative Assembly proceedings are held within the building Built in the 1820s, the Anglo-Indian classical style building served as part of George Town's Central Police Station, it was only in 1959 when the building was converted into the current home of the State Legislative Assembly. The Penang State Assembly Building was designed in the Anglo-Indian classical style, contains elements of classical Greek and Palladian architectures. For instance, the massive white colonnades supporting a large pediment were inspired by ancient Greek temples; the building now known as the Penang State Assembly Building was built sometime in the 1820s, although its exact date of construction has not been determined. As with many other buildings of that particular period, this building was constructed by convict labourers sent from India.
The building was part of George Town's Central Police Station, housing the Recorder's and Magistrate's Courts. It was renovated in 1874, while another administrative building was added to the police complex in 1890; the building retained its judicial function until 1959, when it was converted for use by the newly-formed Penang State Legislative Assembly. The conversion of the building into the present-day State Assembly Building cost $150,000. Penang State Legislative Assembly
Wisma Innoprise, is the state secretariat building for the Sabah state government. This building was built by Innoprise Corporation Sdn. Bhd, an investment arm of Yayasan Sabah; this building houses the offices for ICSB and the Sabah chief minister's office at 18th floor. Tun Mustapha Tower Sabah State Legislative Assembly Building
Melaka State Legislative Assembly
The Malacca State Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Malaysian state of Malacca. It is composed of 28 members. Elections are held no more than five years apart, along with elections to the federal parliament and other state assemblies; the State Legislative Assembly convenes at the Malacca State Secretariat Building known as the Seri Negeri in Ayer Keroh. The Malacca State Legislative Assembly's main function is to enact laws, it is the forum for members to voice their opinions on the state government's policies and implementation of those policies. Under the Privileges and Powers Ordinance 1963, assemblymen are given the right to discuss current issues such as public complaints. On financial matters, the Assembly approves supply to the government and ensures that the funds are spent as approved and in the tax-payers' interest; the State Executive Council is appointed from members of the State Assembly. Led by the Chief Minister, it exercises executive power on behalf of the Governor and is responsible to the State Assembly.
The Speaker chairs the Melaka Committee on Competency and Transparency, a six-member panel consisting of state assemblymen which holds public hearings to investigate state issues. Melcat was formed; the following is the Speaker of the Malacca State Legislative Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1959: The 14th General Election witnessed 15 governmental seats and 13 non-governmental seats filled the Malacca State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 4 safe seats and 1 safe seat, while the non-government side has just 2 safe seats. List of State Seats Representatives in Malaysia State legislative assemblies of Malaysia Melaka State Government official website
Ayer Keroh is a town situated in the state of Malacca, Malaysia. Ayer Keroh houses two main industrial areas which are the Ayer Keroh Industrial Area and Taman Tasik Utama Industrial Area. Ayer Keroh has become home to medical students from all over Malaysia as well as foreigners due to it being the location of Malacca-Manipal Medical College. Since its inception in 1997, it has produced many doctors who are serving the needs of their respective countries, it is the location of the Malacca campus of Multimedia University, established in 1996 and is the first private university approved by the Government of Malaysia. The Malacca campus houses the Centre for Foundation Studies and Extension Education and three Faculties: Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Information Science and Technology and Faculty of Business and Law. Here is the industrial campus of Technical University of Malaysia Malacca; the industrial campus is located at Taman Tasik Utama Industrial site. It houses all temporary faculties, the chancelorry office.
Besides that, Ayer Keroh is the home of Kolej Yayasan Saad, a residential school. KYS International School shares a campus with Kolej Yayasan Saad; the International School is staffed by expatriate teachers and specialises in teaching Cambridge A Levels to high performing students from all over Malaysia. The Pantai Hospital Ayer Keroh, established in 1986 and moved to its current location in August 1995, is a private hospital located in the town, offering wide range of medical services and facilities to the residents; the town is a major tourist spot of the state, apart from the old Malacca City, due to its recent hosting of various interesting attractions. List of tourist attractions here are: Aborigines Museum Ayer Keroh Overhead Bridge Restaurant - The Air Keroh Overhead Bridge Restaurant is a bridge restaurant built over the E2 expressway, it provides A&W Restaurants, KFC, Malay cuisine. Ayer Keroh Lake Ayer Keroh Square Bee Gallery Malacca Garden of Thousand Flowers – Garden of a Thousand Flowers is a park in Ayer Keroh.
The park is under the management of Hang Tuah Jaya Municipal Council. The park was officiated by Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi on 30 June 2007; the park spans over an area of 5.3 hectares. It features walking tracks, pergola, prayer room and rest area. Entry to the park is free. Malacca Bird Park Malacca Botanical Garden Malacca Forestry Museum Malacca Butterfly and Reptile Sanctuary Malacca Craft Centre Malacca Crocodile Farm Malacca International Trade Centre Malacca Planetarium Malacca Wonderland Malacca Zoo Mini Malaysia and ASEAN Cultural Park Prison Products Gallery World's Bees MuseumTourist attractions The Ayer Keroh toll is the main entry point into Malacca state using the North–South Expressway; this makes it accessible from any part of Peninsular Malaysia. The town is about 2 hours drive from one hour from Seremban. Ayer Keroh is about 3 hours drive from Singapore. States and federal territories of Malaysia