Udine is a city and comune in north-eastern Italy, in the middle of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps. Its population was 100,514 in 2012, 176,000 with the urban area. Udine was first attested in medieval Latin records as Udene in 983 and as Utinum around the year 1000; the origin of the name Udine is unclear. It has been tentatively suggested that the name may be of pre-Roman origin, connected with the Indo-European root *ou̯dh-'udder' used in a figurative sense to mean'hill'; the Slovene name Videm is a hypercorrection of the local Slovene name Vidan, based on settlements named Videm in Slovenia. The Slovene linguist Pavle Merkù characterized the Slovene form Videm as an "idiotic 19th-century hypercorrection." Udine is the historical capital of Friuli. The area has been inhabited since the Neolithic age, is believed to have been settled by Illyrians. Based on an old Hungarian legend, the leader of the Huns, built a hill there, when besieging Aquileia, because he needed a winter quarters billet: he instructed his soldiers to bring soil in their helmets and shields, because the landscape was too flat, without any hill.
He established the town there, built a square-shape tower. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area increased in importance after the decline of Aquileia and afterwards of Cividale also. In AD 983 Udine was mentioned for the first time, with the donation of the Utinum castle by emperor Otto II to the Patriarchs of Aquileia the main feudal lords of the region. In 1223, with the foundation of the market, the city became the most important in the area for economy and trade, became the Patriarch's seat. In 1420, it was conquered by the Republic of Venice. In 1511, it was the seat of a short civil war, followed by an earthquake and a plague. Udine remained under Venetian control until 1797. After the short French domination which ensued, it was part of the Austrian-puppet Lombardy-Venetia Kingdom, was included in the newly formed Kingdom of Italy in 1866. During World War I, before the defeat in the battle of Caporetto, Udine became the seat of the Italian High Command and was nicknamed "Capitale della Guerra".
After the battle, it was occupied by the Germans in 1917 and Austrians in 1918 until after the Battle of Vittorio Veneto in 1918. After the war it was made capital of a short-lived province which included the current provinces of Gorizia and Udine. After September 8, 1943, when Italy surrendered to the Allies in World War II, the city was under direct German administration, which ceased in April 1945. Udine has a humid subtropical climate. Precipitation is abundant year round with fall being the wettest seasons; the highest temperature recorded was 38.2 °C on July 21, 2006 while the lowest temperature recorded was −18.6 °C on December 19, 2009. In 2007, there were 97,880 people residing in Udine itself, located in the province of Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, of whom 46.9% were male and 53.1% were female. Minors totalled 14.36 percent of the population compared to pensioners. This compares with the Italian average of 19.94 percent. The average age of Udine residents is 47 compared to the Italian average of 42.
In the five years between 2002 and 2007, the population of Udine grew by 1.48 percent, while Italy as a whole grew by 3.56 percent. The current birth rate of Udine is 9.13 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. The town and its nearby area have a Slovene population estimated at about 2,000. A 1475 document mentions Slovene as the language of the "lower class" in the town, the Udine Manuscript of 1458 contains Slovene vocabulary. Alasia da Sommaripa's Italian-Slovenian dictionary was printed in Udine in 1607. A chair for Slovene was established at the University of Udine in 1970; as of 2006, 90.90% of the population was of Italian descent. The largest immigrant group came from other European nations: 5.37%, followed by sub-saharan Africa: 1.65%, North African: 0.77%. The old residence of the patriarchs of Aquileia, the palazzo Patriarcale, was erected by Giovanni Fontana in 1517 in place of the older one destroyed by an earthquake in 1511. Under the Austrians it was used as a prison.
In the cathedral archives was preserved a recension of the Visigothic code of laws, called the Breviary of Alaric, in a manuscript known as the Codex Utinensis, printed before it was lost. In the 1550s, Andrea Palladio erected some buildings in Udine; the Oratorio della Purità has 18th-century frescoes by Giambattista Tiepolo and his son Giandomenico. The church dedicated to St. Mary of the Castle is the oldest in Udine, judging from extant fragments dating back to the Lombard era, it lost its parish status in 1263. It has been renovated many times over the centuries: the façade, for example, was rebuilt after the 1511 Idrija earthquake, its three naves preserve the suggestive atmosphere of silence and contemplation, found in old churches. The Venetian Governor, Tommaso Lippomano, commissioned the Venetian Gothic portico with steps and ramps leading down the hill in 1487. In the principal square stands the town hall built in 1448–1457 in the Venetian-G
Agropoli is a town and comune located in the Cilento area of the province of Salerno, Italy. It is situated on the Tyrrhenian Sea; the promontory on which Agropoli stands has been inhabited since Neolithic times. It seems, that it was not until the Bronze and Iron Ages that it came to be continuously inhabited by a stable, indigenous population, which lived off hunting and fishing. To the east of the promontory, at the mouth of the River Testene, there is a natural sheltered bay, called "Foce" in ancient times, but, now completely silted up. Before and after the foundation of nearby Poseidonia, the Greeks used it for trading with the local people, they gave the promontory the Greek name and built a temple on it, dedicated to Artemis, the Goddess of Hunting. It has been established that in Roman times, on the coastal stretch, now known as San Marco, east of the promontory, to the right of the Testene, a seaside town called "Ercula" developed and flourished between the 1st century BCE, the 5th century CE.
Meanwhile, the harbour of neighbouring Poseidonia became progressively silted up by the process of coastal bradyseism. During the 5th century, when the Vandals made life difficult in Ercula, its inhabitants retreated to the overlooking promontory, which offered better prospects for defence. In the 6th century, during the Greco-Gothic war, the Byzantines needed a secure, well-protected harbour, south of Salerno, so they fortified it, called it Acropolis, meaning'high town' or citadel. Acropolis remained in the hands of the Byzantines until 882, when the town fell to the Saracens, who turned it into a formidable stronghold. From this base, they set out to plunder and terrorise the surrounding areas, right up to the walls of Salerno. In 915, they were driven out from their trenched camp at Garigliano. Acropolis was liberated, came back under the jurisdiction of the bishops, who had established their see in Capaccio during this period. For the rest of the medieval period, the area remained under the protection of the bishops, who possessed huge territories, including the inhabited areas of Eredita and Ogliastro, as well as the former villages of Lucolo, Pastina, San Marco in Agropoli and San Pietro in Eredita.
This vast area constituted the feudal district of Agropoli, ceded to the bishops of Capaccio in Norman times and, except for brief periods, was possessed by them until the early decades of the 15th century. In fact, in 1412, Pope Gregory XII ceded the feudal territories of Agropoli and Castellabate to King Ladislas of Durazzo in partial payment of some war debts. However, the Crown did not formally take possession until 1443, before this, on 20 July 1436, King Alfonso V of Naples granted the fiefs of Agropoli and Castellabate to Giovanni Sanseverino, Count of Marsico and Baron of Cilento, requiring him to pay the Bishop of Capaccio 12 ounces of gold annually; the first statistics on Agropoli were compiled in 1445, when the town, including its dependent villages, had a total of 202 homes and, therefore, a similar number of families. Apart from a few changes, such as the temporary transfer to Rodrigo d'Avalos, Marquis of Vasto, from 1505 to 1507, Agropoli and its feudal lands were held by the Sanseverino family until 1552, when Prince Ferrante was accused of treason, forced to give up all his possessions.
After that, Agropoli passed to various families in succession: D'Ayerbo of Aragon Grimaldi Arcella Caracciolo Mendoza the Filomarino princes of Roccadaspide Mastrillo Zattara the Sanfelice, Dukes of Laureana, who possessed the town until the abolition of feudalism in 1806. Agropoli was a particular target of raids from North Africa in the 16th and 17th centuries, the population dwindled to only a few hundred inhabitants. On 21 April 1544, the town was sacked, about 100 people were taken prisoner. On 30 June 1630, a strong band of men from the surrounding Cilento helped the citizens of Agropoli to repel an attack by 700 Turkish pirates; the pirates managed to escape in their ships with a substantial amount of booty and many prisoners, but were heavily defeated, left many dead behind them. During the 19th century, Agropoli began to expand outside the medieval walls, but the old town has remained intact, together with most of the surrounding defensive walls, the 7th-century entrance gate; the municipality borders with Capaccio, Cicerale, Laureana Cilento, Ogliastro Cilento, Prignano Cilento and Torchiara.
The town is few kilometres far from the Ancient Greek city of Paestum. It includes the hamlets of Frascinelle, Marotta, Moio, Madonna del Carmine, San Marco and Trentova; the town, where some tombs predating the Byzantine period were found houses the medieval ruins of San Francesco's monastery, the Churches of the Holy Mary of Constantinople, San Marco, San Francesco. The beaches of Trentova Bay contribute to make Agropoli an important seaside resort; the Angevin-Aragonese castle, built on the 6th century Byzantine foundations, still stands on top of the promontory. It has a triangular plan with a moat. To the west of the modern tourist harbour is another small promontory, on which the coastal tower of San Francesco stands next to the much altered remains of the convent of the same name. In the Municipal Antiquarian, there is a sizeable collection of archaeological finds, representing life in the area from prehistoric to medieval times. Agropoli has a Train st
Pallacanestro Trapani, known for sponsorship reasons as Lighthouse Conad Trapani, is an Italian professional basketball team, based in Trapani, Sicily. The club's full name is Club Sportivo Pallacanestro Trapani; the club plays in the second division Serie A2, as of the 2015-16 season. Note: Statistics are correct as of 17 June 2015; the club played in the Palestra "Dante Alighieri" from 1970 to 1982 and the Palestra "Tenente Alberti" from 1982 to 1986. After spending the 1986-87 season in the Marsala based Palasport "Fortunato Bellina", the side moved back to Trapani in the Palasport "Palagranata" where it stayed until 1997. Since Trapani has played in the 4,575 seater PalaIlio. In August 2015, its name became the Pala Conad for sponsorship reasons. Francesco Calamia Giovanni Denaro Giovanni Crimi Vincenzo Garraffa Francesco Osvaldo Todaro Andrea Magaddino Alessandro Massinelli Pietro Basciano Throughout the years, due to sponsorship, the club has been known as: Official website Serie A historical results Retrieved 24 August 2015 Eurobasket.com profile
FIBA Europe is a zone within the International Basketball Federation which includes all 50 national European basketball federations. FIBA Europe is one of five Regions of FIBA and is responsible for controlling and developing the sport of basketball in Europe. Among many tasks, this includes promoting and directing international competition at the club and national team levels, as well as governing and appointing European international referees. FIBA Europe is an international federation whose membership consists of the national basketball federations of Europe, of which there are 50 members; the highest decision making body is the Board of FIBA Europe which consists of 25 persons elected by the National Federations. The Board of FIBA Europe meets twice a year and is the executive body which represents all 50 Federations that make up the membership of FIBA Europe. All 50 federations meet once a year at the General Assembly of FIBA Europe; the current Board members are: Until January 1, 2015, the position was titled as a Secretary General.
FIBA EuroBasket, the continental championship played every four years and biennially. Men's Women's FIBA European Championship for Small Countries FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women in 3x3 FIBA Europe Under-18 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women aged fewer than 18 years in 3x3 Men's Basketball Champions League FIBA Europe CupWomen's EuroLeague Women, first-tier women's professional league EuroCup Women, second-tier women's professional league FIBA Europe SuperCup Women, contested between the winners of the two aforementioned women's leaguesNote: The men's EuroLeague and EuroCup are not operated by FIBA Europe, but rather by Euroleague Basketball.
Both competitions play under FIBA rules. EuroChallenge EuroCup Challenge Korać Cup Ronchetti Cup Saporta Cup SuproLeague This section shows the position of the men's national team of the FIBA Europe members, as of 26 February 2019. Monaco is the only member, not ranked as they did not play any FIBA competition in the last eight years. FIBA Europe Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Women's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Women's Player of the Year Award European national basketball league rankings FIBA Europe official website
Trieste is a city and a seaport in northeastern Italy. It is situated towards the end of a narrow strip of Italian territory lying between the Adriatic Sea and Slovenia, which lies immediately south and east of the city, it is located near Croatia some further 30 kilometres south. Trieste is located at the head of the Gulf of Trieste and throughout history it has been influenced by its location at the crossroads of Latin and Germanic cultures. In 2018, it had a population of about 205,000 and it is the capital of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia; the metropolitan population of Trieste is 410,000, with the city comprising about 240,000 inhabitants. Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy, belonging to it from 1382 until 1918. In the 19th century the monarchy was one of the Great Powers of Europe and Trieste was its most important seaport; as a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the fin de siècle period at the end of the 19th century it emerged as an important hub for literature and music.
Trieste underwent an economic revival during the 1930s, Trieste was an important spot in the struggle between the Eastern and Western blocs after the Second World War. The original pre-Roman name of the city, with the -est- suffix typical of Illyrian, is speculated to be derived from a hypothetical Venetic word *terg- "market", etymologically related to Old Church Slavonic tьrgъ "market". Roman authors transliterated the name as Tergestum. Modern names of the city include: Italian: Trieste, Slovene: Trst, German: Triest, Hungarian: Trieszt, Croatian: Trst, Serbian: Трст/Trst, Greek: Τεργέστη/Tergesti and Czech: Terst. Trieste lies in the northernmost part of the high Adriatic in northeastern Italy, near the border with Slovenia; the city lies on the Gulf of Trieste. Built on a hillside that becomes a mountain, Trieste's urban territory lies at the foot of an imposing escarpment that comes down abruptly from the Karst Plateau towards the sea; the karst landforms close to the city reach an elevation of 458 metres above sea level.
It lies on the borders of the Italian geographical region, the Balkan Peninsula, the Mitteleuropa. The territory of Trieste is composed of several different climate zones depending on the distance from the sea and elevation; the average temperatures are 24.1 °C in July. The climatic setting of the city is humid subtropical climate. On average, humidity levels are pleasantly low, while only two months receive less than 60 mm of precipitation. Trieste along with the Istrian peninsula has evenly distributed rainfall above 1,000 mm in total. Snow occurs on average 0 – 2 days per year. Temperatures are mild—lows below zero are somewhat rare and highs above 30 °C aren't as common as in other parts of Italy. Winter maxima are lower than with quite high minima. Two basic weather patterns interchange—sunny, sometimes windy but very cold days connected to an occurrence of northeast wind called Bora as well as rainy days with temperatures about 6 to 11 °C. Summer is warm with maxima about 28 °C and lows above 20 °C, with the hot nights being influenced by the warm sea water.
The absolute maximum of the last 30 years is 38.0 °C in 2003, whereas the absolute minimum is −7.9 °C in 1996. The Trieste area is divided into 8a–10a zones according to USDA hardiness zoning; the climate can be affected by the Bora, a dry and cool north-to-northeast katabatic wind that can last for some days and reach speeds of up to 140 km/h on the piers of the port, thus sometimes bringing subzero temperatures to the entire city. Trieste is administratively divided in seven districts: Altipiano Ovest: Borgo San Nazario · Contovello · Prosecco · Santa Croce Altipiano Est: Banne · Basovizza · Gropada · Opicina · Padriciano · Trebiciano Barcola · Cologna · Conconello · Gretta · Grignano · Guardiella · Miramare · Roiano · Scorcola Barriera Nuova · Borgo Giuseppino · Borgo Teresiano · Città Nuova · Città Vecchia · San Vito · San Giusto · Campi Elisi · Sant'Andrea · Cavana Barriera Vecchia · San Giacomo · Santa Maria Maddalena Superiore Cattinara · Chiadino · San Luigi · Guardiella · Longera · San Giovanni · Rozzol · Melara Chiarbola · Coloncovez · Santa Maria Maddalena Inferiore · Raute · Santa Maria Maddalena Superiore · Servola · Poggi Paese · Poggi Sant'Anna · Valmaura · Altura · Borgo San SergioThe iconic city center is Piazza Unità d'Italia, between the large 19th-century avenues and the old medieval city, composed of many narrow and crooked streets.
Since the second millennium BC, the location was an inhabited site. An Illy
Iesi spelled Jesi, is a town and comune of the province of Ancona in Marche, Italy. It is an important industrial and artistic center in the floodplain on the left bank of the Esino river 17 kilometres before its mouth on the Adriatic Sea. Jesi was one of the last towns of the Umbri when, in the 4th century BC, the Senones Gauls invaded the area and ousted them, they turned it into a stronghold against the Piceni. In 283 BC the Senones were defeated by the Romans. Jesi in 247 BC became a colonia civium romanorum with the name of Aesis. During the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Iesi was ravaged by the troops of Odoacer and again in 493 by the Ostrogoths of Theodoric the Great. After the Gothic War, Italy became part of the Byzantine Empire, Jesi became one of the main centers of the new rulers, became a diocese seat. In 751 it was sacked by the Lombard troops of Aistulf, was a Carolingian imperial city. Starting from 1130, it was an independent commune expanding in the neighboring countryside.
In December 1194 it was the site of the birth of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, who gave it the title of "Royal City". In the 14th century it was captured by the Papal vicar Filippo Simonetti, by Galeotto I Malatesta, by Braccio da Montone in 1408, by Francesco I Sforza, who turned it into his family's main stronghold in the Marche. In 1447 it was bought by the Papal States. Jesi cathedral: duomo built in the 13th-15th centuries; the façade and the Latin cross interior are modern. San Floriano: 18th century convent. San Marco: Gothic, 13th-century church just outside historical centre; the interior has two aisles, with a 14th-century fresco by an anonymous Rimini painter. Santa Maria delle Grazie: 15th-century church with 17th-century belltower. San Nicolò: 13th-century church with Romanesque apse and a Gothic portal; the 14th century walls, built following the line of the Roman ones and rebuilt in the 15th century by Baccio Pontelli and Francesco di Giorgio Martini. Six towers remain today. Palazzo della Signoria, built in 1486-1498 by Francesco di Giorgio Martini.
The angular tower received a dome, but crumbled down a few years later. Notable is the interior courtyard, with two orders of loggias designed by Andrea Sansovino from 1519. Palazzo Balleani, an example of local Baroque architecture, built from 1720 and designed by Francesco Ferruzzi; the façade has a characteristic balcony supported by four atlases. The interior has precious gilded stucco decoration. Palazzo Pianetti: Rococo palace; the wide façade has one hundred windows, while the interior has a noteworthy giardino all'italiana. The palace houses the city's civic art gallery, with a series of paintings by the Venetian artist Lorenzo Lotto. Palazzo Ricci, finished in 1547; the diamond-like bricks of the façade are inspired to famous Palazzo dei Diamanti in Ferrara. Teatro Pergolesi built in 1790. Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Giancarlo Alessandrini Giuseppe Balducci Alice Bellagamba Dionisio Cimarelli Elisa Di Francisca Giancarlo Falappa Virna Lisi Antonio Magini-Coletti Roberto Mancini Valeria Moriconi Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Paolo Polidori Rafael Sabatini Giovanna Trillini Valentina Vezzali Iesi is twinned with: Lucera, Italy Cluj-Napoca, Romania Mayenne, France Waiblingen, Germany Devizes, UK Galați, Romania Roman Catholic Diocese of Iesi Thayer's Gazetteer
Mantua is a city and comune in Lombardy and capital of the province of the same name. In 2016, Mantua became Italian Capital of Culture. In 2017, Mantua was the European Capital of Gastronomy, included in the Eastern Lombardy District. In 2007, Mantua's centro storico and Sabbioneta were declared by UNESCO to be a World Heritage Site. Mantua's historic power and influence under the Gonzaga family has made it one of the main artistic and musical hubs of Northern Italy and the country as a whole. Mantua is noted for its significant role in the history of opera, it is the place where the composer Monteverdi premiered his opera L'Orfeo and where Romeo was banished in Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet. It is the nearest town to the birthplace of the Roman poet Virgil, commemorated by a statue at the lakeside park "Piazza Virgiliana". Mantua is surrounded on three sides by artificial lakes, created during the 12th century, as the city's defence system; these lakes receive water from the Mincio River, a tributary of the Po River which descends from Lake Garda.
The three lakes are called Lago Superiore, Lago di Mezzo, Lago Inferiore. A fourth lake, Lake Pajolo, which once served as a defensive water ring around the city, dried up at the end of the 18th century; the area and its environs are important not only in naturalistic terms, but anthropologically and historically. These dated, without interruption, from Neolithic times to the Bronze Age and the Gallic phases, ended with Roman residential settlements, which could be traced to the 3rd century AD. In 2017, Legambiente ranked Mantua as the best Italian city for the quality of the life and environment. Mantua was an island settlement, first established about the year 2000 BC on the banks of River Mincio, which flows from Lake Garda to the Adriatic Sea. In the 6th century BC, Mantua was an Etruscan village which, in the Etruscan tradition, was re-founded by Ocnus; the name may derive from the Etruscan god Mantus. After being conquered by the Cenomani, a Gallic tribe, Mantua was subsequently fought between the first and second Punic wars against the Romans, who attributed its name to Manto, a daughter of Tiresias.
This territory was populated by veteran soldiers of Augustus. Mantua's most famous ancient citizen is the poet Virgil, or Publius Vergilius Maro, born in the year 70 BC at a village near the city, now known as Virgilio. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire at the hands of Odoacer in 476 AD, Mantua was, along with the rest of Italy, conquered by the Ostrogoths, it was retaken by the Eastern Roman Empire in the middle of the 6th century following the Gothic war but was subsequently lost again to the Lombards. They were in turn conquered by Charlemagne in 774, thus incorporating Mantua into the Frankish Empire. Partitions of the empire in the Treaties of Verdun and Prüm led to Mantua passing to Middle Francia in 843 the Kingdom of Italy in 855. In 962 Italy was invaded by King Otto I of Germany, Mantua thus became a vassal of the newly formed Holy Roman Empire. In the 11th century, Mantua became a possession of Boniface of marquis of Tuscany; the last ruler of that family was the countess Matilda of Canossa, according to legend, ordered the construction of the precious Rotonda di San Lorenzo in 1082.
The Rotonda still exists today and was renovated in 2013. After the death of Matilda of Canossa, Mantua became a free commune and strenuously defended itself from the influence of the Holy Roman Empire during the 12th and 13th centuries. In 1198, Alberto Pitentino altered the course of River Mincio, creating what the Mantuans call "the four lakes" to reinforce the city's natural protection. Three of these lakes still remain today and the fourth one, which ran through the centre of town, was reclaimed during the 18th century. Podesteria Rule From 1215, the city was ruled under the podesteria of the Gallic-Guelph Rambertino Buvalelli. During the struggle between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines, Pinamonte Bonacolsi took advantage of the chaotic situation to seize power of the podesteria in 1273, he was declared the Captain General of the People. The Bonacolsi family ruled Mantua for the next two generations and made it more prosperous and artistically beautiful. On August 16, 1328, Luigi Gonzaga, an official in Bonacolsi's podesteria, his family staged a public revolt in Mantua and forced a coup d'état on the last Bonacolsi ruler, Rinaldo.
Ludovico Gonzaga, Podestà of Mantua since 1318, was duly elected Captain General of the People. The Gonzagas renovated the city in the 14th century. During the Italian Renaissance, the Gonzaga family softened their despotic rule and further raised the level of culture and refinement in Mantua. Mantua became a significant center of humanism. Marquis Gianfrancesco Gonzaga had brought Vittorino da Feltre to Mantua in 1423 to open his famous humanist school, the Casa Giocosa. Isabella d'Este, Marchioness of Mantua, married Fra