Serie D is the top level of the Italian non-professional football association called Lega Nazionale Dilettanti. The association represents over 400 football teams across Italy. Serie D ranks just below Serie C, is thus considered the fourth-ranked league in the country, it is organized by the Roman Comitato Interregionale, a "league in the league" inside the LND. In 1948 the three leagues running Division 3 had to be reorganized due to an ever-growing number of regional teams. FIGC decided not to relegate the excess teams to regional championships, it chose the winners and a few runners-up from the 36 Serie C championships to be added to the new third division set up into 4 groups. The rest of the teams joined the new Promozione, which changed its name in 1952 into IV Serie and in 1959 into Serie D. From 1959 each player in the Serie D championships had to opt for semi-professional status, by signing a specially issued status attribution form; the championship was thus included in the Lega Nazionale Semiprofessionisti, today known as Lega Pro.
Serie D was re-organized in 1981. The league name changed into the Interregional. Players converted to amateurs; the championship subsequently passed into the Lega Nazionale Dilettanti. From 1992 to 1999 the name changed into Campionato Nazionale Dilettanti before returning to the current Serie D name. With the merger of the Lega Pro's two divisions at the end of the 2013–14 season to reestablish Serie C, Serie D and the leagues below it moved up by one level in the pyramid system, reducing the number of leagues in Italian football to nine. Since the early 1990s, Serie D has consisted of 162 teams split into 9 regional divisions formed of 18 teams each, divided geographically. For the 2012–13 season, there were 166 teams. Two groups were formed of 20 teams. In the 2013 -- 14 season the number was one group comprised 17 teams. For 2014–15 the distribution by region was as follows: Girone A – teams from Aosta Valley, Piedmont and Lombardy. Girone B – teams from Lombardy and Veneto. Girone C – teams from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Veneto.
Girone D – teams from Emilia-Romagna and Veneto. Girone E – teams from Lazio and Umbria. Girone F – teams from Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise. Girone G – teams from Lazio and Sardinia. Girone H – teams from Apulia and Campania. Girone I – teams from Calabria and Sicily; the first-placed team from each division is promoted to Serie C each year, replacing 9 teams from Lega Pro relegated to Serie D. If a newly promoted Serie D team fails to meet the requirements, Lega Pro asks the second-placed team in that Serie D team's division to fill the vacancy. Failing that, the third-placed team may fill the vacancy, so on. In recent years, one or more teams from the professional leagues have failed to meet the regulatory or financial requirements in order to participate; this creates vacancies that get announced in the summer rest period as the new season is being organized. As teams move up to fill the void created by these failed teams or teams in the lowest professional division fail, spaces are created in Serie C that need to be filled.
For example, in the 2007-08 season there were nine such failures, thus, nine Lega Pro Seconda Divisione spaces were created. Four of those spaces were filled by calling back teams that had played in Seconda Divisione but were relegated to Serie D for the next season; the other five vacancies were filled by Serie D teams. Playoffs are held at the conclusion of the regular season and involve teams placed second through fifth in each division; the first two rounds are single game elimination matches played at the home of the higher-classified team. Games ending in ties are extended to extra time. Since the 2007-08 season, if games are still tied after extra time, the higher classified team is declared the winner. No penalty shootout takes place. In round one, for each division, the 5th-placed team is matched against the 2nd-placed team, the 4th-placed team is matched against the 3rd-placed team. Round two matches together the two winners. At the end of round two, one team from each division survives and the nine winners are grouped into 3 groups of three and play each team in their own group once.
The three group winners qualify for the play-off semi-finals. Since 2007-08, the Coppa Italia Serie D winner qualifies for the 4th semi-final spot; the semi-finals are a two-legged tie, with the winners qualifying for a one-game final match played at a neutral site. The playoff results provide the league with a list from which it may choose teams to fill vacancies in Serie C; the number of teams promoted through this method can vary each year. After the regular season is complete, bottom teams in each division play a double-leg series; the winners remain in Serie D for the following season. The two losers are relegated to Eccellenza, a regional amateur league below this, for a total of 4 relegations in each division, 36 in total for the league. There are no play-out if the difference between 6th-last vs 3rd-last and that between 5th-last vs 4th-last is bigger than eight points. Serie D does not use head-to-head results to order
Fever Dream is a solo studio album by American hip hop musician Alias. It was released on Anticon in 2011. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, Fever Dream received an average score of 74% based on 9 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Ali Maloney of The Skinny gave the album 4 stars out of 5, describing it as "a suave cocktail of rolling snares, haunting synth structures, downtempo dub and jittering slices of shoegaze – tastefully evoking the strengths of various modern masters, from FlyLo to Amon Tobin – as swirling, cut-up vocals bounce gleefully around in the distance." Credits adapted from liner notes. Alias – production, recording, mixing Michael Haggett – drums DJ Mayonnaise – additional synthesizer, additional production, additional recording Dax Pierson – vocals, additional synthesizer Daddy Kev – mastering Jesselisa Moretti – cover art, layout Fever Dream at Discogs
The lists of cultivars in the table below are indices of plant cultivars and strains. A cultivar is a plant, selected for desirable characteristics that can be maintained by propagation; the plants listed may be ornamental, and/or edible. Several of them bear edible fruit. Plants are selectively bred for other hereditary traits; when developing a new variety, a plant breeder might value such characteristics as appearance, disease resistance, hardiness. In the cultivation of edible fruit and vegetables, nutritional value, shelf life, crop yield are among the potential considerations; some of the lists use the word variety instead of cultivar. In most of these lists, variety refers to a cultivar, recognised by the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants. A cultivar must meet certain criteria. In a few lists, variety means something else: a taxonomic rank below that of species. If the species' binomial name is followed by the word var. and another name, a botanical variety, not a cultivar.
Cultivated plant taxonomy Genetic variation Horticulture Introduction to genetics Landrace Wehner, Todd C.. "Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America". North Carolina State University. Retrieved 9 April 2012