MeeGo is a discontinued Linux distribution hosted by the Linux Foundation, using source code from the operating systems Moblin and Maemo. Targeted at mobile devices and information appliances in the consumer electronics market, MeeGo was designed to act as an operating system for hardware platforms such as netbooks, entry-level desktops, tablet computers, mobile computing and communications devices, in-vehicle infotainment devices, SmartTV / ConnectedTV, IPTV-boxes, smart phones, other embedded systems. Nokia wanted to make MeeGo its primary smartphone operating system in 2010, but after a change in direction it was stopped in February 2011, leaving Intel alone in the project; the Linux Foundation canceled MeeGo in September 2011 in favor of Tizen, which Intel joined in collaboration with Samsung. A community-driven successor called. A Finnish start-up, picked up Mer to develop a new operating system: Sailfish OS, launched Jolla Phone smartphone at the end of 2013. Another Mer derivative called Nemo Mobile was developed.
MeeGo T01 was first announced at Mobile World Congress in February 2010 by Intel and Nokia in a joint press conference. The stated aim is to merge the efforts of Intel's Moblin and Nokia's Maemo former projects into one new common project that would drive a broad third party application ecosystem. According to Intel, MeeGo was developed because Microsoft did not offer comprehensive Windows 7 support for the Atom processor. On February 16, 2010 a tech talk notice was posted about the former Maemo development project founded in 2009 and code named Harmattan, that slated to become Maemo 6; those notice stated that Harmattan is now considered to be a MeeGo instance, Nokia is giving up the Maemo branding for Harmattan on the Nokia N9 and beyond. In addition it was made clear that only the naming was given up whilst development on that Harmattan will continue so that any schedules will be met. Aminocom and Novell played a large part in the MeeGo effort, working with the Linux Foundation on their build infrastructure and official MeeGo products.
Amino was responsible for extending MeeGo to TV devices, while Novell was introducing technology, developed for openSUSE. In November 2010, AMD joined the alliance of companies that were developing MeeGo. Quite noticeable changes in the project setup happened on February 11, 2011 when Nokia announced to switch over to Windows Phone 7 and thus abandoning MeeGo and the partnership. Nokia CEO Stephen Elop said in an interview with Engadget: "What we’re doing is not thinking of MeeGo as the Plan B. We’re thinking about MeeGo and related development work as what’s the next generation." Nokia did release one MeeGo smartphone that year running "Harmattan", the Nokia N9. On 27 September 2011, it was announced by Intel employee Imad Sousou that in collaboration with Samsung MeeGo will be replaced by Tizen during 2012. Community developers from the Mer project however started to continue MeeGo without Nokia. At a time some of the former MeeGo developers from Nokia headed for founding the company Jolla that after some time popped up with a MeeGo and it's free successor Mer based OS platform they called Sailfish OS.
MeeGo is intended to run on a variety of hardware platforms including hand-helds, in-car devices and televisions. All platforms share the MeeGo core, with different “User Experience” layers for each type of device. MeeGo is designed by combining the best of both Intel's Fedora-based Moblin and Nokia's Debian-based Maemo; when it was first announced, the President and CEO of Nokia, Olli-Pekka Kallsvuo, said that MeeGo would create an ecosystem, the best among other operating systems and will represent players from different countries. MeeGo provides support for both ARM and Intel x86 processors with SSSE3 enabled and uses btrfs as the default file system. Within the MeeGo project there are several graphical user interfaces – internally called User Experiences; the Netbook UX is a continuation of the Moblin interface. It is written using the Clutter-based Mx toolkit, uses the Mutter window manager. Samsung Netbook NP-N100 use MeeGo for its operating system. MeeGo's netbook version uses several Linux applications in the background, such as Evolution, Gwibber and Banshee, all integrated into the graphical user interface.
The Handset UX is based on Qt, with GTK+ and Clutter included to provide compatibility for Moblin applications. To support the hundreds of Hildon-based Maemo applications, users have to install the Hildon library ported by the maemo.org community. Depending on the device, applications will be provided from either the Intel AppUp or the Nokia Ovi digital software distribution systems; the MeeGo Handset UX's "Day 1" prerelease was on 30 June 2010. The preview was available for the Aava Mobile Intel Moorestown platform, a ‘kickstart’ file provided for developers to build an image for the Nokia N900. MeeGo OS v1.2 "Harmattan" is used in N950 phones. Intel demonstrated the Tablet UX on a Moorestown-based tablet PC at COMPUTEX Taipei in early June 2010. Since some information appeared on MeeGo website indicating there will be a Tablet UX part of the MeeGo project, but it is not known if this UX will be the one demonstrated by Intel; this Tablet UX will be free like the rest of the MeeGo project and
Nokia Asha platform
The Nokia Asha platform is a mobile operating system and computing platform designed for low-end borderline smartphones, based on software from Smarterphone, acquired by Nokia. The platform inherits UI similarities from MeeGo "Harmattan", replaces Series 40 on Nokia's low-end devices; the user interface design team was headed by Peter Skillman, who had worked on webOS and the design of MeeGo for the Nokia N9. It is the successor to the Meltemi project which Nokia was developing as a Linux platform to replace Series 40, but was cancelled in July 2012; the first phone based on the platform is the Nokia Asha 501, were followed by the Asha 500, Asha 502 Dual SIM, Asha 503, all announced at Nokia World in October 2013. Another phone, the Nokia Asha 230 was announced on February 24, 2014, comes pre-installed with Asha platform 1.4. Apps for the platform are either made using Java ME, or as web apps, which are rendered by the Nokia Xpress browser which uses the Gecko rendering engine; the mobile operating system lacks true multitasking but the radio and music app can run in background mode, while swiping to fastlane apps will close down opened applications instead of minimizing them.
It features a notification centre, named Fastlane, accessible by swiping to the left of the home screen. The platform is supplemented by the Nokia X software platform, Nokia's customised version of Android, seen on the Nokia X, which draws cues from the Asha platform, including the Fastlane notification centre. In a company memo released in July 2014, Microsoft announced that as part of cutbacks, they would kill the Asha, Series 40, X range in favor of producing and encouraging the use of Lumia Windows Phone products. A much rumoured project, "Meltemi" was the codename of a new Linux-based operating system for low-end handsets; this was first reported during the N9's announcement and before the Lumia's debut. Nokia CEO Stephen Elop reportedly referenced the Meltemi name as well as "Clipper", it was reported in June 2012. Reasons have been variously reported due to restructuring efforts, focusing on Series 40 Asha devices, fundings, or the start of a new project that would become the Asha platform.
An insider's report claimed that a device running Meltemi OS was ready before it was axed. In December 2014, pictures of a working Meltemi prototype device were leaked on the internet; the interface is based on that of MeeGo Harmattan on the N9. In the book Operation Elop, the authors called the Meltemi project "one of the biggest secrets during Elop's era at Nokia", a project Nokia never confirmed that existed; the authors further explain that Meltemi originated as a research project in 2010 under then-CEO Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo. In addition in June 2012 it was announced that a Nokia R&D centre in Ulm, where much development took place, would close down in cuts; the book states that the main reason of Meltemi's cancellation was that the costs of bringing it to market would have hit the company's cash assets too hard, at a time when they were financially struggling. Java APIs: HERE API, Nokia Gesture API, Nokia Frame Animator API, File Selection API, Image Scaling API, Network State API, Contact API, Phone Settings API, JSR 172, JSR 177, JSR 179, JSR 211, JSR 234, JSR 256, JSR-238, JSR 75, JSR 82, JSR 118, JSR 135, JSR 139, JSR 184, JSR 205, JSR 226, Supported models: Nokia Asha 501 Features: WhatsApp, easy capture and share videos, Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync, VoIP and Fastlane is more personalised and more integrated with your social networks.
Java APIs: Share API, VoIP API Supported models: Asha 500, Asha 502 Dual SIM and Nokia Asha 501 with a firmware update to 11.1.1 Features: 3G Java APIs: none Supported models: Asha 503 The Verge commented that the platform may be a recognition on the part of Nokia that they are unable to move Windows Phone into the bottom end of smartphone devices and may be "hedging their commitment" to the Windows Phone platform. The Asha Platform's main competition is Firefox OS, Samsung's Java-based REX platform. Furthermore, entry-level Android handsets are competition to the platform
The Nokia 2310 is a mobile phone designed for lower budget markets, released in 2006. Dual band, GSM 900/1800 Size 105 x 44 x 19 mm Weight 85 g Battery talk time 4 – 6 hours Battery standby: up to 400 hours Greyscale screen NOT colour Colour screen capable of displaying 65,536 colors, 96 x 68 pixel resolution, 4 lines FM radio Phone book with space for 200 entries MP3-grade ringtones Loudspeaker to allow hands free calls SMS and picture messaging, with space for 60 messages Animated screensavers and wallpapers 3 built-in games Alarm clock Frank Lewis of CNET gave the Nokia 2310 2 out of 5 stars, praising its call quality and battery life, but berating its lack of camera and "poor" screen saying "The Nokia 2310 may be a bargain at just £25, but its screen is too small and range of features too thin on the ground to make it a sensible budget buy."
Series 40 shortened as S40, is a software platform and application user interface software on Nokia's broad range of mid-tier feature phones, as well as on some of the Vertu line of luxury phones. It was one of the world's most used mobile phone platforms and found in hundreds of millions of devices. Nokia announced on 25 January 2012, they are not used for smartphones, in which Nokia uses Windows Phone and, until 2012, Symbian. However, in 2012 and 2013, several Series 40 phones from the Asha line, such as the 308, 309 and 311, were advertised as "smartphones" although they do not support smartphone features like multitasking or a fledged HTML browser. In 2014, Microsoft acquired Nokia's mobile phones business; as part of a licensing agreement with the company, Microsoft Mobile is allowed to use the Nokia brand on feature phones, such as the Series 40 range. However, a July 2014 company memo revealed that Microsoft would end future production of Series 40 devices, it was replaced by Series 30+.
Series 40's underlying operating system is called Intelligent System Architecture called the Nokia Operating System. Series 40 was introduced in 1999 with the release of the Nokia 7110, it was the first phone to come with a WAP browser. Over the years, the S40 UI evolved from a low-resolution UI to a high-resolution color UI with an enhanced graphical look; the third generation of Series 40 that became available in 2005 introduced support for devices with resolutions as high as QVGA. It is possible to feel of the UI via comprehensive themes. In 2012, Nokia Asha mobile phones 200/201/210, 302/306/305/308/310/311, 303 and 311 were released and all used Series 40; the final feature phone running Series 40 was the Nokia 515 from 2013, running the 6th Edition. Series 40 provides communication applications such as telephone, Internet telephony, email client with POP3 and IMAP4 capabilities and web browser. Basic file management, like in Series 60, is provided in the Applications and Gallery folders and subfolders.
Series 40 is an embedded software platform, open for software development via standard or de facto content and application development technologies. It supports Java MIDlets, i.e. Java MIDP and CLDC technology, which provide location, messaging and graphics capabilities. S40 supports Flash Lite applications. Nokia X platform Series 20 Series 30 Series 60 Series 80 Series 90
Opera (web browser)
Opera is a web browser for Microsoft Windows, Android, iOS, macOS, Linux operating systems. Opera Ltd. is publicly listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange, with majority ownership and control belonging to Chinese Businessman Yahui Zhou, creator of Beijing Kunlun Tech which specialises in mobile games and cybersecurity specialist Qihoo 360. Opera is a Chromium-based browser using the Blink layout engine, it differentiates itself because of other features. Opera was conceived at Telenor as a research project in 1994 and was bought by Opera Software in 1995, it had its own proprietary Presto layout engine. The Presto versions of Opera received many awards, but Presto development ended after the big transition to Chromium in 2013. There are three mobile versions called Opera Mobile, Opera Touch and Opera Mini. Opera began in 1994 as a research project at Telenor, the largest Norwegian telecommunications company. In 1995, it branched out into a separate company named Opera Software. Opera was first publicly released in 1996 with version 2.10.
In an attempt to capitalize on the emerging market for Internet-connected handheld devices, a project to port Opera to mobile device platforms was started in 1998. Opera 4.0, released in 2000, included a new cross-platform core that facilitated the creation of editions of Opera for multiple operating systems and platforms. Up to this point, Opera had to be purchased after the trial period ended. Version 5.0 saw the end of this requirement. Instead, Opera became ad-sponsored. Versions of Opera gave the user the choice of seeing banner ads or targeted text advertisements from Google. With version 8.5 the advertisements were removed and the primary financial support for the browser came through revenue from Google. Among the new features introduced in version 9.1 was fraud protection using technology from GeoTrust, a digital certificate provider, PhishTank, an organization that tracks known phishing web sites. This feature was further improved and expanded in version 9.5, when GeoTrust was replaced with Netcraft, malware protection from Haute Secure was added.
Many distinctive Opera features of the previous versions were dropped, Opera Mail was separated into a standalone application derived from Opera 12. In November 2016, the original Norwegian owner of Opera sold his stake in the business to a Chinese consortium under the name Golden Brick Capital Private Equity Fund I Limited Partnership for $600 million. An earlier deal was not approved by regulators. In January 2017, the source code of Opera 12.15 was leaked. To demonstrate how radically different a browser could look, Opera Neon, dubbed a "concept browser", was released in January 2017. PC World compared it to demo models that automakers and hardware vendors release to show their visions of the future. Instead of a Speed Dial, it displays the accessed websites in resemblance to a desktop with computer icons scattered all over it in artistic formation. Opera has originated features adopted by other web browsers, including Speed Dial, pop-up blocking, re-opening closed pages, private browsing, tabbed browsing.
Opera includes a download manager. Opera has "Speed Dial", which allows the user to add an unlimited number of pages shown in thumbnail form in a page displayed when a new tab is opened. Speed Dial allows the user to more navigate to the selected web pages, it is possible to control some aspects of the browser using the keyboard shortcuts. Page zooming allows text and other content such as Adobe Flash Player, Java platform and Scalable Vector Graphics to be increased or decreased in size to help those with impaired vision. Opera Software claims that when the Opera Turbo mode is enabled, the compression servers compress requested web pages by up to 50%, depending upon the content, before sending them to the users; this process reduces the amount of data transferred and is useful for crowded or slow network connections, making web pages load faster or when there are costs dependent on the total amount of data usage. This technique is used in Opera Mini for mobile devices and smartwatches. One security feature is the option to delete private data, such as HTTP cookies, browsing history
Nokia 1610 is a mobile phone model manufactured by Nokia. It complemented the Nokia 2110 business model, but had fewer features, it was introduced in April 1996 and released in May and became popular at the time. The phone had a monochromatic display; the operating manual did not mention a possibility to send text messages, but at least units sold from 1996 and onwards included the function. The SMS capable version was called 1610 Plus; the phone used an external rigid antenna, but had a groove on the inside of the battery to accommodate a pull-out type antenna. The 1610 used a credit card size SIM-card, was powered by a NiMH type battery with a capacity of 600 mAh
The Nokia 1011 is the first mass-produced GSM phone. It was sold as Mobira Cityman 2000; the typenumber refers to the launch date, 10 November 1992. The black handset featured a monochrome LCD and an extendable antenna; the memory could hold 99 phone numbers. It did not yet employ Nokia's characteristic ringtone:, only introduced in 1994; the phone could still function on GSM 900 networks. At that time the device cost about 2500 DM; the phone was able to send and receive SMS messages if Nokia says that its model 2110 phone was the first SMS-enabled GSM phone. Nokia 1011 continued production until 1994, when Nokia 2010 and Nokia 2110 were introduced as successors