Antiparos is a small island in the southern Aegean, at the heart of the Cyclades, which is less than one nautical mile from Paros, the port to which it is connected with a local ferry. Saliagos island is the most ancient settlement in the Cyclades, and Despotiko, the Community of Antiparos was founded in 1914 and was promoted to a municipality in 2010 with the implementation of the Law Kallikrates, under the principle of each island a municipality. It occupies an area of 45.182 square km, including the island of Antiparos and it has, according to the 2011 census,1,211 permanent residents and a density of 27 inhabitants per km². The islands economy is based on tourism, farming and it is known for its distinctive Cycladic beauty with white houses, cobbled streets and beautiful flowers that thrive in the yards of the houses. It is a popular tourist resort in the summer for Greeks and European visitors, the main settlement lies at the northeastern tip of the island, opposite Pounda on the main island of Paros, whence a ferry sails for Antiparos harbour.
The historical center is located in the Venetian castle of Antiparos, the most popular beaches are, Glyfa, Monastiria. The ancient name of the island was Oliaros, a word probably of Phoenician origin meaning wooded mountain, the island was named Antiparos Situated within walking distance from Paros. The island of Antiparos is located 0.8 nautical mi southwest of Paros, separated by the Strait of Antiparos and it lies 8 kilometres from the port of Parikia from which the passenger ferry runs. The maximum length of the island is 11 kilometres from north to south, the total area is estimated at 37 to 38 km. And the highest peak, St. Elias, in the middle of the island, is at 308 m, the main town is called simply Antiparos. Antiparos is a rock and dry climate with high moisture. The flowers thrive in the region are mainly bougainvillea that adorn the gardens, the morphology of Antiparos is characterised essentially flat, with many small hilly peaks, while the vegetation of the island is low. The island economy is based largely on tourism, the income from visits to the Cave of Antiparos form a big part of the budget of the municipality.
The islands economy is helped by agriculture and animal husbandry. Since the 1970s and 1980s, Antiparos has become a holiday destination, particularly for nudists, attracted by the remote. The best known is the Camping, or Theologians beach, at the north of the island, the far end of the town beach is nudist, as is the Perigiali beach. However most of the beaches on Antiparos are textile. Since the 1990s there has been a steady development due to its proximity to Paros, there are extensive Neolithic remains on the island
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, historically known as Hellas, is a country in southeastern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2015. Athens is the capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece is strategically located at the crossroads of Europe, situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. Greece consists of nine regions, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Epirus, the Aegean Islands, Crete. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a vast number of islands, eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as polis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea.
Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming a part of the Roman Empire and its successor. The Greek Orthodox Church shaped modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World, falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the modern nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following a war of independence. Greeces rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among the most in Europe, Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, and a very high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the member to join the European Communities and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001. Greeces unique cultural heritage, large industry, prominent shipping sector. It is the largest economy in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor, the names for the nation of Greece and the Greek people differ from the names used in other languages and cultures.
The earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dated to 270,000 BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave, all three stages of the stone age are represented in Greece, for example in the Franchthi Cave. Neolithic settlements in Greece, dating from the 7th millennium BC, are the oldest in Europe by several centuries and these civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans writing in an undeciphered script known as Linear A, and the Mycenaeans in Linear B, an early form of Greek. The Mycenaeans gradually absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around 1200 BC and this ushered in a period known as the Greek Dark Ages, from which written records are absent. The end of the Dark Ages is traditionally dated to 776 BC, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the foundational texts of Western literature, are believed to have been composed by Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. With the end of the Dark Ages, there emerged various kingdoms and city-states across the Greek peninsula, in 508 BC, Cleisthenes instituted the worlds first democratic system of government in Athens
Folegandros is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea which, together with Sikinos, Ios and Santorini, forms the southern part of the Cyclades. Its surface area is 32.216 square kilometres and it has 765 inhabitants and it has three small villages, Chora and Ano Meria, which are connected by a paved road. Folegandros is part of the Thira regional unit, little is known about the ancient history of Folegandros. Later it came under Athenian rule, the island was conquered in 1207 by the Venetian Marco Sanudo and remained under the rule of Venice until 1566, when it was taken by the Ottoman Turks. The Greeks reclaimed it in the 19th century, Folegandros landscape is varied, and includes tall cliffs and a large cave. The capital of the island, Chora, is built on the edge of a 200-metre high cliff, the port of Folegandros is the small village of Karavostasis. The Ano Meria village contains a small but interesting Ecological and Folklore Museum, among the notable beaches on Folegandros is Katergo, accessible only by boat from Karavostasis.
Ketergo beach is used by naturists, municipality of Folegandros Beaches in Folegandros
The Dodecanese are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor, of which 26 are inhabited. Τhis island group generally defines the limit of the Sea of Crete. They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group, the most historically important and well-known is Rhodes, which has been the areas dominant island since Antiquity. Of the others and Patmos are historically the more important, the nine are Agathonisi, Kalymnos, Kasos, Leros, Symi, Tilos. Other islands in the chain include Alimia, Chalki, Gyali, Levitha, Nimos, Saria, Syrna, since Antiquity, these islands formed part of the group known as the Southern Sporades. The name Dōdekanēsos first appears in Byzantine sources in the 8th century, however it was not applied to the current island group, but to the twelve Cyclades islands clustered around Delos. The name may indeed be of far earlier date, and modern historians suggest that a list of 12 islands given by Strabo was the origin of the term.
The term remained in use throughout the period and was still used for the Cyclades in both colloquial usage and scholarly Greek-language literature until the 18th century. The transfer of the name to the present-day Dodecanese has its roots in the Ottoman period, the place of the latter two was taken by Kos and Rhodes, bringing the number of the major islands under Italian rule back to twelve. Thus, when the Greek press began agitating for the cession of the islands to Greece in 1913, the islands joined Greece in 1947 as the Governorate-General of the Dodecanese, since 1955 the Dodecanese Prefecture. The Dodecanese have been inhabited since prehistoric times, in the Neopalatial period on Crete, the islands were heavily Minoanized. Following the downfall of the Minoans, the islands were ruled by the Mycenaean Greeks from circa 1400 BC and it is in the Dorian period that they began to prosper as an independent entity, developing a thriving economy and culture through the following centuries.
By the early Archaic Period Rhodes and Kos emerged as the islands in the group. Together with the island of Kos and the cities of Knidos and Halicarnassos on the mainland of Asia Minor and this development was interrupted around 499 BC by the Persian Wars, during which the islands were captured by the Persians for a brief period. Following the defeat of the Persians by the Athenians in 478 BC, when the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, they remained largely neutral although they were still members of the League. By the time the Peloponnesian War ended in 404 BC, the Dodecanese were mostly removed from the larger Aegean conflicts, and had begun a period of relative quiet and prosperity. Other islands in the Dodecanese developed into significant economic and cultural centers, most notably, the Peloponnesian War had so weakened the entire Greek civilizations military strength that it lay open to invasion. In 357 BC, the islands were conquered by the king Mausolus of Caria, following the death of Alexander, the islands, and even Rhodes itself, were split up among the many generals who contended to succeed him
Mykonos is a Greek island, part of the Cyclades, lying between Tinos, Syros and Naxos. The island spans an area of 85.5 square kilometres and rises to an elevation of 341 metres at its highest point, there are 10,134 inhabitants, most of whom live in the largest town, which lies on the west coast. The town is known as Chora. Mykonos nickname is The island of the winds, tourism is a major industry and Mykonos is well known for its vibrant nightlife and for being a gay-friendly destination with many establishments catering for the LGBT community. Herodotus mentions Carians as the inhabitants of the island. Ionians from Athens seem to have followed next in the early 11th century BC, there were many people living on the neighbouring island of Delos, just 2 km away, which meant that Mykonos became an important place for supplies and transit. It was, during ancient times a rather poor island with limited agricultural resources and its inhabitants were polytheists and worshipped many gods. Mykonos came under the control of the Romans during the reign of the Roman Empire, in 1204, with the fall of Constantinople in the Fourth Crusade, Mykonos was occupied by Andrea Ghisi, a relative of the Doge of Venice.
The island was ravaged by the Catalans at the end of the 13th century, in 1537, while the Venetians still reigned, Mykonos was attacked by Hayreddin Barbarossa, the infamous admiral of Suleiman the Magnificent, and an Ottoman fleet established itself on the island. The Ottomans, under the leadership of Kapudan Pasha, imposed a system of self-governance comprising a governor, when the castle of Tinos fell to the Ottomans in 1718, the last of the Venetians withdrew from the region. Up until the end of the 18th century, Mykonos prospered as a centre, attracting many immigrants from nearby islands. In June 1794 the Battle of Mykonos was fought between British and French ships in the main harbour. The Greek Revolution against the Ottoman Empire broke out in 1821 and Mykonos played an important role, led by the national heroine, Mavrogenous, a well-educated aristocrat guided by the ideas of the Enlightenment, sacrificed her familys fortune for the Greek cause. Greece became an independent state in 1830, a statue of her sits in the middle of Mando Mavrogenous square in the main town.
Many Mykonians left the island to work in mainland Greece and many foreign countries. Tourism soon came to dominate the economy, owing a lot to the important excavations carried out by the French School of Archaeology. In the 1930s many famous artists and wealthy Europeans began spending their vacations on the island, temporarily suspended during the Second World War, tourists once again rushed to Mykonos luxurious shores in the 1950s and have not stopped since. In Greek mythology, the Mykonos was named after its first ruler, the son or grandson of the god Apollo and a local hero
Milos or Melos is a volcanic Greek island in the Aegean Sea, just north of the Sea of Crete. Milos is the southwesternmost island in the Cyclades group, the island is famous for the statue of Aphrodite, and for statues of the Greek god Asclepius, the Poseidon and an archaic Apollo in Athens. Milos is a popular tourist destination during the summer, the Municipality of Milos includes the uninhabited offshore islands of Antimilos and Akradies. The combined land area is 160.147 square kilometres and the 2011 census population was 4,977 inhabitants, obsidian from Milos was a commodity as early as 15,000 years ago. The mining of obsidian did not lead to the development of permanent habitation or manufacturing on the island, those in search of obsidian arrived by boat, beaching it in a suitable cove and cutting pieces of the volcanic glass from the quarries. The position of Milos, between mainland Greece and Crete, and its possession of obsidian, made it an important centre of early Aegean civilisation, Milos lost its arms-making importance when bronze became the preferred material for the manufacture of weapons.
The first settlement at Phylakopi arose in the Bronze Age, flourishing as the extraction of obsidian was in the decline, the first settlers were tuna fishermen. The famous fresco of the fish was found in the ruins of the Pillar room and was executed with delicate colouring. Stylistic similarities to Minoan frescoes are suggested, and it could perhaps have been the work of a Cretan artist, part of the site has been washed away by the sea. The antiquities found at the site covered three major periods, from the Early Cycladic period to the Mycenaean period, at the site much pottery was excavated, with several changing styles and influences over the sites long occupation. In the early occupation of the site, there are similarities and imports from other Cycladic islands. The quantities found at the Cycladic sites have taken to suggest a Minoan control over the region. At Phylakopi a Megaron structure, which is associated with the Mycenaean palaces, such as those at Tiryns, Pylos. This has been taken to suggest that the Mycenaeans conquered the settlement, the evidence is not clear, though again it could be a legacy of the islanders adopting foreign elements into their culture.
Particularly unexpected was the discovery in the 1970s of a shrine at the site, the shrine is unprecedented in the Bronze Age Cyclades and has provided a valuable insight ito the beliefs and rituals of the inhabitants of Phylakopi. The site was abandoned and was never reoccupied. The first Dorian settlement on Melos was established no earlier than the 1st millennium BC, dorians are the ethnic group to which the Spartans belonged, but the Dorian settlers of Melos made themselves independent. They eventually established a city whose site lies on the shore of the bay
Schoinoussa or Schinoussa is an island and a former community in the Cyclades, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Naxos and Lesser Cyclades and it lies south of the island of Naxos, in the Lesser Cyclades group, between the island communities of Irakleia and Koufonisia. The population was 256 inhabitants at the 2011 census and its land area is 8.512 square kilometres. Schoinoussa is located in the south of Naxos, in the middle about of the Lesser Cyclades island group and it is the fourth largest island of the Lesser Cyclades and the second most populated, after Ano Koufonisi. The island has three settlements, Chora the capital of the island and Mersini where is the port of the island, the derivation of the name Schinoussa is not precisely known. It is believed that the name derives from the corruption of the ancient name Echinousa or from a Venetian nobleman named Schinoza. Schoinoussa has been inhabited since antiquity, on the island there are sites of archaeological interest including ancient Greek and Roman ruins, ruins of a Byzantine church and a small medieval castle.
From the 11th century the island was the property of the Hozoviotissa Monastery on the island of Amorgos
Serifos is a Greek island municipality in the Aegean Sea, located in the western Cyclades, south of Kythnos and northwest of Sifnos. It is part of the Milos regional unit, the area is 75.207 square kilometres and the population was 1,420 at the 2011 census. It is located about 170 kilometres ESE of Piraeus, in antiquity the island was proverbial for the alleged muteness of its frogs. During the Roman imperial period, Serifos was a place of exile, after 1204 it became a minor dependency of the Venetian dukes of the Archipelago. In the late 19th century Serifos experienced a modest economic boom from exploitation of the extensive iron ore deposits. The mines closed in the 1960s, and Serifos now depends on tourism, worked blocks of island marble built into the walls of the medieval castle crowning Chora, the hilltop main town of Serifos, show that the ancient capital was there as well. Chance finds, primarily marble funerary sculpture, are displayed in the Archaeological Collection in Chora, work began in 2011 to study the fallen blocks for an eventual reconstruction.
At least four other ancient towers have been located, including the megalithic Psaros Pyrgos or Couch of the Cyclops in the SW corner of the island. The so-called Castle of the Old Lady above Ganema and Koutalas preserves scant remains of a collapsed dry-stone construction in a notch below the rocky summits. Rough fragments of marble and rooftile, and archaic fine-ware potsherds on the SE terraces of the hillside. The fortified Monastery of the Taxiarchs, dedicated to the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, was built in 1572 just E of the village of Galani, the sole monk is Archimandrite Makarios, who entered the monastery as a youth in 1958 and continues to maintain it with admirable devotion. In the 20th century, the mines of Serifos were exploited by the mining company Societe des mines Seriphos-Spiliazeza and their leader was Constantinos Speras, a Serifos native educated in Egypt, who was an anarcho-syndicalist with long experience of labour struggles on the Greek mainland. In response to the strike, Grohman asked for the help of Greek authorities, four workers were killed and a dozen wounded.
The workers, supported by their wives, attacked the gendarmes with stones, the freed leadership took control of island institutions and send a message placing Serifos under protection of the French fleet at Milos. This effort at collective proletarian self-organisation was cut short by the refusal of the French navy to intervene, Speras was arrested and charged with high treason, but released a few months when the royalist government was ousted. Grohmann was given once again the control of the mines, after granting improved working conditions, Speras would return to Athens and resumed his labor activities, but was assassinated in 1943, allegedly by Communist Party maximalists
Paros is a Greek island in the central Aegean Sea. One of the Cyclades island group, it lies to the west of Naxos and it lies approximately 150 km south-east of Piraeus. The Municipality of Paros includes numerous uninhabited offshore islets totaling 196.308 square kilometres of land and its nearest neighbor is the municipality of Antiparos, which lies to its southwest. Historically, Paros was known for its white marble, which gave rise to the term Parian to describe marble or china of similar qualities. Today, abandoned quarries and mines can be found on the island. Paros geographic co-ordinates are 37° N. lat, and 25°10 E. long and its greatest length from N. E. to S. W. is 21 km, and its greatest breadth 15 km. The island is of a round, plump-pear shape, formed by a single mountain sloping evenly down on all sides to a maritime plain, the island is composed of marble, though gneiss and mica-schist are to be found in a few places. To the west of Paros lies its smaller sister island Antiparos, at its narrowest, the channel between the two islands is less than 2 km wide.
A car-carrying shuttle-ferry operates all day, in addition a dozen smaller islets surround Paros. Paros has numerous beaches including Chrissí Aktí near Drios on the east coast, at Pounda, Piso Livadi, Naousa Bay, the constant strong wind in the strait between Paros and Naxos makes it a favoured windsurfing location. Ancient names of the island are said to have been Plateia, Strongyli, Hyleessa, the island received from Athens a colony of Ionians under whom it attained a high degree of prosperity. It sent out colonies to Thasos and Parium on the Hellespont, in the former colony, which was planted in the 15th or 18th Olympiad, the poet Archilochus, a native of Paros, is said to have taken part. As late as 385 BC the Parians, in conjunction with Dionysius of Syracuse, shortly before the Persian War, Paros seems to have been a dependency of Naxos. In the first Greco-Persian War, Paros sided with the Persians, in retaliation, the capital was besieged by an Athenian fleet under Miltiades, who demanded a fine of 100 talents.
But the town offered a vigorous resistance, and the Athenians were obliged to sail away after a siege of 26 days and it was at a temple of Demeter Thesmophoros in Paros that Miltiades received the wound from which he died. By means of an inscription, Ross was able to identify the site of the temple, it lies, as Herodotus suggests, for their support of the Persians, the islanders were punished by the Athenian war leader Themistocles, who exacted a heavy fine. Under the Delian League, the Athenian-dominated naval confederacy, Paros paid the highest tribute of the members,30 talents annually. This implies that Paros was one of the wealthiest islands in the Aegean, little is known about the constitution of Paros, but inscriptions seem to show that it was modeled on the Athenian democracy, with a boule at the head of affairs
The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i. e. between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey. In the north, it is connected to the Marmara Sea and Black Sea by the Dardanelles, the Aegean Islands are within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes. The sea was known as Archipelago, but in English this words meaning has changed to refer to the Aegean Islands and, generally. In ancient times, there were various explanations for the name Aegean, a possible etymology is a derivation from the Greek word αἶγες – aiges = waves, hence wavy sea, cf. αἰγιαλός, hence meaning sea-shore. The Venetians, who ruled many Greek islands in the High and Late Middle Ages, popularized the name Archipelago, in some South Slavic languages the Aegean is often called White Sea. The Aegean Sea covers about 214,000 square kilometres in area, the seas maximum depth is 3,543 metres, east of Crete. The Aegean Islands are found within its waters, with the following islands delimiting the sea on the south, Antikythera, Kasos, many of the Aegean Islands, or chains of islands, are actually extensions of the mountains on the mainland.
One chain extends across the sea to Chios, another extends across Euboea to Samos, the International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Aegean Sea as follows, On the South. In the Dardanelles. A line joining Kum Kale and Cape Helles, the dense Mediterranean water sinks below the Black Sea inflow to a depth of 23–30 metres, flows through the Dardanelles Strait and into the Sea of Marmara at velocities of 5–15 cm/s. The Black Sea outflow moves westward along the northern Aegean Sea, Aegean Sea Intermediate Water – Aegean Sea Intermediate Water extends from 40–50 m to 200–300 metres with temperatures ranging from 11–18 °C. Aegean Sea Bottom Water – occurring at depths below 500–1000 m with a uniform temperature. The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC, before that time, at the peak of the last ice age sea levels everywhere were 130 metres lower, and there were large well-watered coastal plains instead of much of the northern Aegean. When they were first occupied, the islands including Milos with its important obsidian production were probably still connected to the mainland.
The present coastal arrangement appeared c.7000 BC, with post-ice age sea levels continuing to rise for another 3,000 years after that, the subsequent Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean Sea have given rise to the general term Aegean civilization. In ancient times, the sea was the birthplace of two ancient civilizations – the Minoans of Crete and the Mycenean Civilization of the Peloponnese, arose the city-states of Athens and Sparta among many others that constituted the Athenian Empire and Hellenic Civilization. Plato described the Greeks living round the Aegean like frogs around a pond, the Aegean Sea was invaded by the Persians and the Romans, and inhabited by the Byzantine Empire, the Bulgarians, the Venetians, the Genoese, the Seljuq Turks, and the Ottoman Empire. The Aegean was the site of the democracies, and its seaways were the means of contact among several diverse civilizations of the Eastern Mediterranean. Many of the islands in the Aegean have safe harbours and bays, in ancient times, navigation through the sea was easier than travelling across the rough terrain of the Greek mainland
Vehicle registration plate
A vehicle registration plate, known as a number plate or a license plate, is metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric ID that uniquely identifies the owner within the issuing regions database. The first two letters indicate the state to which the vehicle is registered, the next two digit numbers are the sequential number of a district. Due to heavy volume of vehicle registration, the numbers were given to the RTO offices of registration as well, the third part indicates the year of registration of the vehicle and is a 4 digit number unique to each plate. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person varies by issuing agency. In the vast majority of jurisdictions, the government holds a monopoly on the manufacturing of vehicle registration plates for that jurisdiction. Thus, it is illegal for private citizens to make and affix their own plates.
Alternately, the government will merely assign plate numbers, and it is the owners responsibility to find an approved private supplier to make a plate with that number. In some jurisdictions, plates will be assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime. If the vehicle is destroyed or exported to a different country. Other jurisdictions follow a policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold the seller removes the current plate from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates or attach plates they already hold, as well as register their vehicles under the buyers name, a person who sells a car and purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto the new car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them. Some jurisdictions permit the registration of the vehicle with personal plates, in some jurisdictions, plates require periodic replacement, often associated with a design change of the plate itself.
Vehicle owners may or may not have the option to keep their original plate number, alternately, or additionally, vehicle owners have to replace a small decal on the plate or use a decal on the windshield to indicate the expiration date of the vehicle registration. Plates are usually fixed directly to a vehicle or to a frame that is fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes, the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can purchase customized frames to replace the original frames, in some jurisdictions licence plate frames are illegal
Koufonisia is a former community in the Cyclades, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Naxos and Lesser Cyclades, the municipal unit has an area of 26.025 km2. Uninhabited Keros is a archaeological site from which a large number of ancient Cycladic art pieces have been excavated in the 20th century. There are two proposed explanations for the origin of the name of the island, according to the first, Koufonisia was the ancient name of the gulf between Koufonisia and Glaronisi. The full name was Koufos Limin, which means lee port, according to the second version, which is supported by Manesis, this name was chosen because of the large number of caves and sediments that are found on the island. Anthony Miliarakis, in contrast with two theories, wrote in his book in 1920 that Pano Koufonisi was known as Fakousa. According to archaeological findings, Koufonisia has been inhabited since prehistoric times, excavations in Epano Mili brought to light evidence that dates back to the first years of Cycladic civilization.
One of the most important findings from this period is a vessel with a nine-ray star on it. Excavations on the east shore brought to light remains dating to Hellenistic, in the course of history, Koufonisia followed the fate of the rest of Cyclades islands. They were dominated by the Venetians and the Turks, mostly in the 17th century, Koufonisia were set free along with the rest of Cyclades islands and incorporated into the Greek state in 1830. During the Axis occupation of World War II, the islands residents faced difficult times, in the postbellum period, the island had 1000 inhabitants. However, many of them migrated to Athens in order to find a job, residents were going to the other Greek islands and the mainland by small boats and by a ship that was going to Heraclia every eight days. During those years, there was one doctor in the Lesser Cyclades. Kato Koufonisi is located next to Pano Koufonisi and Keros and it has an area of 4.3 square kilometres and it is almost uninhabited, as there are only a few rural houses exist.
The most distinctive sight of the island is the church of Panagia that is built on a jetty. Only fish and tourist boats anchor in its small, picturesque port anchor, Pano Koufonisi is the smallest and most densely populated island of the Cycladic island group. It has an area of 5.8 km2 and 399 residents, the main occupation of the locals is fishing and, in recent years, tourism. Compared to its population, it has one of the biggest fishing fleets in Greece, the white windmill on the east side of the port welcomes visitors when they arrive on the island