Barbastro is a city in the Somontano county, province of Huesca, Spain. The city is at the junction of the rivers Vero. An ancient Celtiberian city called Bergidum or Bergiduna, in Roman times Barbastro was included in the Hispania Citerior region, of Hispania Tarraconensis. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was part of the Visigoth kingdom. Barbastro and the Barbitaniya area were overtaken by Musa bin Nusair in 717, as part of the Ummayad push to conquer northern states of the Marca Hispanica and the name Madyar was given to the town, it was settled by the Banu Jalaf who made it the capital of the Emirate of Barbineta and Huesca until 862, was known as the Emirate of Brabstra until 882. In 1064, Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón, his Frankish Christian forces, led by William VIII of Aquitaine and Le Bon Normand, invaded the city, which at the time was part of the emir of Zaragoza; this attack was known as the Siege of Barbastro. Contemporary sources state that 50,000 people died in the attack, but modern historians view this as an exaggeration since the whole population of the town did not exceed 2,000.
The following year, however, it was reconquered by the Moors. In 1101 it was conquered by Peter I of Aragon. Barbastro since followed the history of Aragon and Spain. During the Spanish Civil War 51 Claretians were executed in Barbastro by militiamen of the Popular Front. Numerous socialist and communist activists were jailed and executed in the following years after the Spanish Civil War. Barbastro's economy flourished until the 20th century, when a period of decline began, ending only in the 1960s due to the growth of agricultural production. Bartolomé and Lupercio de Argensola, brothers and poets who were part of the Spanish siglo de oro, a period of flourishing in arts and literature in Spain. Antonio Ricardos Carrillo de Albornoz, was a famous general of the Spanish army, who lived in the 18th century. Josemaría Escrivá, founder of Opus Dei, an institution of the Roman Catholic Church. Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne Barbastro Cathedral Diocese of Barbastro-Monzón Un Dios Prohibido, a fim about the massacre of priests in Barbastro during the Civil War This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed..
"article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton; the Historic Atlas of Iberia Media related to Barbastro at Wikimedia Commons Barbastro travel guide from Wikivoyage History of Entremuro Places and events about city's old quarter
Aínsa-Sobrarbe is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Spain. As of 2010, the municipality has a population of 2,180 inhabitants. Aínsa is the economic development capital of the Sobrarbe comarca. Besides the main Aínsa town there are the following villages within its municipal term: Arcusa Arro Banastón Las Bellostas Camporrotuno Castejón de Sobrarbe Castellazo Coscojuela de Sobrarbe El Coscollar Gerbe Griébal Guaso Jabierre de Olsón Latorre Latorrecilla Mondot Morillo de Tou Olsón La Pardina La Ripa Paúles de Sarsa Santa María de Buil Sarratillo Sarsa de Surta Urriales The following populated places are now uninhabited: Bagüeste, Cerollar, Casa Sierra, Casa Linás, Escapa, La Lecina, Linés, La Capana and Puibayeta. There are small hamlets that are inhabited only like Casa Almunia, Molino López, Molino Villacampa, Molino Jabierre, Sarratiás, Coronillas, Pelegrín and Gabardilla. Arreau, France Official website Villa de Aínsa Pyrenees, Aínsa La Morisma de l'Aínsa
Azanuy-Alins or Sanui i Alins is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 179 inhabitants
Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)
The National Statistics Institute is the official agency in Spain that collects statistics about demography and Spanish society. It is an autonomous organization in Spain responsible for overall coordination of statistical services of the General State Administration in monitoring and supervision of technical procedures; every 10 years, this organisation conducts a national census. The last census took place in 2011. Through the official website one can follow all the updates of different fields of study; the oldest statistics agency of Spain and the predecessor of the current agency was the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom, created on November 3, 1856 during the reign of Isabella II. The so-then Prime Minister Narváez approved a decree creating this body and ordering that people with recognized ability in this matter were part of it. On May 1, 1861, the Commission change its name to General Statistics Board and their first work was to do a population census. By a decree of September 12, 1870, Prime Minister Serrano created the Geographic Institute and in 1873 this Institute change its name to Geographic and Statistic Institute assuming the competences of the General Statistics Board.
In 1890, the titularity of the agency was transferred from the Prime Minister's Office to the Ministry of Development. Between 1921 and 1939, change its name many times. In the same way, the agency was transferred from a ministry to another, passing through the Deputy Prime Minister's Office, the Ministry of the Presidency and the Ministry of Labour; the National Statistics Institute was created following the Law of December 31, 1945, published in the BOE of January 3, 1946, with a mission to develop and refine the demographic and social statistics existing, creating new statistics and coordination with the statistical offices of provincial and municipal areas. At the end of 1964 the first computer was installed at the INE, it was a first-generation IBM 1401, for which a team was formed consisting of four statistics faculty and ten technicians. In the four years following it was possible that said. INE Website
Ayerbe is the name of a village in the Broto municipality. Ayerbe is a town in the Hoya de Huesca comarca, in the autonomous community of Aragon in Spain. Ayerbe is located 28 km from Huesca on highway A 132 in the direction of Pamplona, on the Gállego river, it is bounded by the Santo Domingo range of hills to the north. It is located at 42°16′36″N 00°41′21″W, with a height above sea level of Alicante of 582 m. and an area of 63.29 square kilometres. It is located in an excavated erosive depression in the surface of the Tertiary period; the soil is dry and stony level with a sprinkling of small isolated hills. The land is covered by pines and almond trees, with vineyards making a comeback. There are areas of cereal production to the east and south, it is populated by evergreen oaks, rosemary and other shrubs in addition to grass. There are occasional occurrences of rabbits and partridges; the area is attractive to bird watchers, who come to see the lammergeier, griffon vulture and Egyptian vultures, as well as a wide variety of birds of prey.
Hunters find plenty of wild boars and deer, as well as quail. The hill range behind Ayerbe is part of the Pre-Pyrenees and reaches over 1,600 m, although the town itself is on the plain at the foot of the range, which leads down to the River Ebro, around 100 km away; the town center features two rectangular squares either side of the 16th-century palace of the Marquesses de Ayerbe or palace of the Marquesses of Urriez, in general it is the collection of domestic architecture and other architecturally distinguished buildings that make Ayerbe worth visiting. Ayerbe's main claim to fame is that Santiago Ramón y Cajal, winner of the 1906 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine, lived here for ten years; the town promotes his memory with a visitor centre. Ayerbe has a public library, bars, municipal swimming pool and, around the town, a network of footpaths and highways for walkers and cyclists. There are several restaurants, a hotel and bed and breakfast accommodation, as well as tourist information center in the summer months in one of the town squares.
Other attractions include the "La Fuente de los Tres Caños" fountain. The hill directly behind the town is the location of a now renovated chapel at one end and a Moorish castle at the other; these can be reached on foot or by all terrain vehicle and provide excellent views of the surrounding countryside. The town is known by many in the region for its "Tortas de Ayerbe", which are sweet flat, round pastries flavoured with aniseed. Visitors can purchase locally produced wine, olive oil and honey; the Fiesta of Santa Leticia lasts for four to six days. A sculpture of the Saint is carried in procession, its pedestal garlanded with grapes. In 2005 the 6th meeting of the Giants of Aragon took place in the town, bringing together 72 giant figures from all over Aragon: 32 bands, 166 musicians and 140 figure-carriers took part. "The week of the mushrooms" has been celebrated in the town for years in the month of October and constitutes a social event on an international level. Palace of Ayerbe fontaneta.blogspot.com Reino de los Mallos www.ayerbe.es Carnicraba Himno a la Virgen de Casbas Fichero Audio
Albero Alto is a municipality in the province of Huesca, Spain. As of 2010, it has a population of 132 inhabitants
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia