The Peace River is a 1,923-kilometre-long river in Canada that originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows to the northeast through northern Alberta. The Peace River joins the Athabasca River in the Peace-Athabasca Delta to form the Slave River, a tributary of the Mackenzie River; the Finlay River, the main headwater of the Peace River, is regarded as the ultimate source of the Mackenzie River. The combined Finlay–Peace–Slave–Mackenzie river system is the 13th longest river system in the world; the regions along the river are the traditional home of the Danezaa people, called the Beaver by the Europeans. The fur trader Peter Pond is believed to have visited the river in 1785. In 1788 Charles Boyer of the North West Company established a fur trading post at the river's junction with the Boyer River. In 1792 and 1793, the explorer Alexander Mackenzie travelled up the river to the Continental Divide. Mackenzie referred to the river as Unjegah, from a native word meaning "large river".
The decades of hostilities between the Danezaa and the Cree, ended in 1781 when a smallpox epidemic decimated the Cree. The Treaty of the Peace was celebrated by the smoking of a ceremonial pipe; the treaty made the Peace River a border, with the Danezaa to the Cree to the South. In 1794, a fur trading post was built on the Peace River at Fort St. John; the rich soils of the Peace River valley in Alberta have been producing wheat crops since the late 19th century. The Peace River region is an important centre of oil and natural gas production. There are pulp and paper plants along the river in Alberta and British Columbia; the Peace River has two navigable sections, separated by the Vermilion Chutes, near Fort Vermilion. The first steam-powered vessel to navigate the Peace River was the Grahame, a Hudson's Bay Company vessel built at Fort Chipewyan, on Lake Athabasca. Brothers of the Oblate Order of Mary Immaculate built the St. Charles to navigate the upper reaches of the River, from Fort Vermilion to Hudson's Hope.
A dozen vessels were to navigate the river. Most of the early vessels were wood-burning steamships, fueled by wood cut from the river's shore; the last cargo vessel was the Watson's Lake, retired in 1952. This river is 1,923 kilometres long, it drains an area of 302,500 square kilometres. At Peace Point, where it drains in the Slave River, it has an annual discharge of 68.2 billion cubic metres. A large man-made lake, Williston Lake, has been formed on the upper reaches by the construction of the W. A. C. Bennett Dam for hydroelectric power generation. Prior to its flooding, the confluence of the Finlay and Parsnip Rivers at Finlay Forks was distinct. A half mile east of that location were the half-mile long Finlay Rapids and a further seven miles east is the Peace Pass, which separates the Muskwa Ranges and the Hart Ranges of the Canadian Rockies; the only river cutting through the Rockies, it nowadays flows into Dinosaur Lake, a reservoir for the Peace Canyon Dam. After the dams, the river flows east into Alberta and continues north and east into the Peace-Athabasca Delta in Wood Buffalo National Park, at the western end of Lake Athabasca.
Water from the delta flows into the Slave River east of Peace Point and reaches the Arctic Ocean via the Great Slave Lake and Mackenzie River. Communities located directly on the river include: Hudson's Hope, British Columbia Taylor, British Columbia Peace River, Alberta Fort Vermilion, AlbertaMany provincial parks and wildland reserves are established on the river, such as Butler Ridge Provincial Park, Taylor Landing Provincial Park, Beatton River Provincial Park, Peace River Corridor Provincial Park in British Columbia and Dunvegan Provincial Park, Dunvegan West Wildland, Peace River Wildland Provincial Park, Greene Valley Provincial Park, Notikewin Provincial Park, Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta. A few Indian reserves are located on the river banks, among them Beaver Ranch 163, John D'Or Prairie 215, Fox Lake 162, Peace Point 222 and Devil's Gate 220. Tributaries of the Peace River include: List of rivers of Alberta List of rivers of British Columbia List of longest rivers of Canada Steamboats of the Peace River "Peace River".
BC Geographical Names. "Peace Reach". BC Geographical Names. "Peace River Canyon". BC Geographical Names. "Peace Canyon Dam". BC Geographical Names. Http://pgnewspapers.pgpl.ca/fedora/repository Discover The Peace Country
Williston Lake is a reservoir created by the W. A. C. Bennett Dam and is located in the Northern Interior of British Columbia, Canada; the lake fills the basin of the upper Peace River, backing into the Rocky Mountain Trench, where the Parsnip and Finlay met at Finlay Forks to form the Peace. The lake includes three reaches, the Peace Reach, the Parsnip and Finlay Reaches, which are the lowermost basins of those rivers, covers a total area of 1,761 km2, being the largest lake in British Columbia and the seventh largest reservoir in the world; the reservoir is fed by the Finlay, Ingenika, Parsnip, Manson and Nabesche Rivers and by Clearwater Creek, Carbon Creek, other smaller creeks. Several provincial parks are maintained on the shore of the lake, including Muscovite Lakes Provincial Park, Butler Ridge Provincial Park, Heather-Dina Lakes Provincial Park and Ed Bird-Estella Provincial Park; the following rivers empty into the Williston Reservoir: Finlay River Omineca River Ingenika River Ospika River Parsnip River Manson River Nation River Clearwater Creek Nabesche River Carbon Creek Williston Lake was created in 1968 by the building of the W. A. C. Bennett Dam on the Peace River, which flooded the aboriginal-territorial home of the Tsay Keh Dene First Nation.
The reservoir was named after the Honourable Ray Gillis Williston, at the time the Minister of Lands and Water Resources. BC Hydro. Williston Reservoir BC Hydro. Peace-Williston Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program "Williston Lake". BC Geographical Names
The Thompson River is the largest tributary of the Fraser River, flowing through the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. The Thompson River has the South Thompson River and the North Thompson River; the river is home to several varieties of Pacific salmon and trout. The area's geological history was influenced by glaciation, the several large glacial lakes have filled the river valley over the last 12,000 years. Archaeological evidence shows human habitation in the watershed dating back at least 8,300 years; the Thompson was named by Fraser River explorer, Simon Fraser, in honour of his friend, Columbia Basin explorer David Thompson. Recreational use of the river includes whitewater angling; the South Thompson originates at the outlet of Little Shuswap Lake at the town of Chase and flows 55 kilometres southwest through a wide valley to Kamloops where it joins the North Thompson. Highway 1, the Trans-Canada Highway and the mainline of the Canadian Pacific Railway parallel the river.
Little Shuswap Lake is fed by the Little River, which drains Shuswap Lake, fed by several rivers and creeks. The North Thompson originates at the toe of the Thompson Glacier in the Cariboo Mountains west of the community of Valemount and flows south towards Kamloops and the confluence with the South Thompson. For most of its length, the river is paralleled by Highway 5, the Canadian National Railway; the North Thompson passes by several small communities, the most notable being Blue River, Clearwater & Barriere. The North Thompson picks up the Clearwater River at the town of Clearwater; the Clearwater, the North Thompson's largest tributary, drains much of Wells Gray Provincial Park. A notable feature along the North Thompson is Little Hells Gate, a mini-replica of the much larger rapid on the Fraser downstream from the mouth of the Thompson. About 17.4 kilometres upstream from the small town of Avola, the river is forced through a narrow chute only about 30 feet wide creating a rapid that resembles the Fraser's famous rapid.
At Kamloops, the combined Thompson River river flows 15 kilometres from the confluence of the North and South Thompson Rivers before reaching Kamloops Lake, 30 kilometres in length, ending at the town of Savona. From there it flows in a meandering course westwards through a broad valley area. At Ashcroft, the Thompson Canyon begins and the river turns southwestward to its confluence with the Fraser; the river is paralleled by the Trans-Canada Highway, the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway. From Ashcroft to Lytton, the river is confined within Thompson Canyon, making for spectacular scenery; the Thompson River joins the Fraser River in Lytton. There is a striking stretch of dark black cliffside just downstream from Ashcroft and visible from the Logan Lake-Ashcroft highway is named the Black Canyon. Just below the town of Spences Bridge was the site of a major rail disaster in the early 20th Century. Communities along this section are Bighorn, Shaw Springs, Goldpan; the Thompson River valley has existed in some form for at least 50 million years.
Geologists believe water from the river flowed northward, through the Cariboo region entering what is the modern-day Peace River drainage basin and ending up in the Arctic Ocean. This flow direction is estimated to have ended 2 million years ago, as the Pleistocene era of heavy glaciation began. During the era of massive glaciers in the Thompson River valley, water from the area drained eastward, through the Shuswap Lake area into what is now the Columbia River drainage; this flow direction was influenced by large ice buildups in the Thompson valley, which created extensive glacial lakes. Two large glacial lakes, Glacial Lake Thompson and Glacial Lake Deadman, occupied much of the modern river's course from 13,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE; these deep, ribbon-shaped lakes held large volumes of water. The lake stretched from Spences Bridge in the west to the eastern reaches of Shuswap Lake, as well as far up the northern reaches of the North Thompson river valley; the last large glacial lake, Lake Deadman, was drained by a catastrophic ice dam failure, called a jökulhlaup, in about 10,000 BCE.
This event released as much as 20 cubic kilometres of water southwest into the Fraser River system depositing sediments as far away as the Salish Sea, more than 250 kilometres away. From this point, the Thompson waters stopped flowing eastward into the Columbia River system, the river became a tributary of the Fraser; because of large deposits of glacial silt and gravel in the lower Thompson River valley, large landslides are common. The area downstream from the town of Ashcroft is prone to landslide events. Several of them have obstructed the river, caused large, temporary lakes. An 1880 slide caused the formation of a short-lived lake over 14 kilometers long with a maximum depth of 18 meters; these slides have caused major damage to the rail lines and farming operations in the river valley. Heavy irrigation has been blamed for some of the events; the Interior region of British Columbia was first populated after the retreat of the continental ice sheets of the last ice age. The ice moved out of the Thompson River region 11,000 BCE, migration by the ancestors of the Nlaka'pamux and Secwepemc people is thought to have occurred soon after.
Some of th
The Nass River is a river in northern British Columbia, Canada. It flows 380 km from the Coast Mountains southwest to Nass Bay, a sidewater of Portland Inlet, which connects to the North Pacific Ocean via the Dixon Entrance. Nass Bay joins Portland Inlet just south of Observatory Inlet; the English name "Nass" is derived from the Tlingit name Naas which means "intestines" or "guts" in reference to the river's large food capacity in its fish. The Nisga'a name for the river is K'alii Aksim Lisims "Lisims Valley"; the Gitxsan name is Git-Txaemsim meaning People of Txeemsim. Lisims means "murky" in Nisga'a; the last 40 km of the river are navigable. The river is a commercially valuable salmon fishery; the basin of the Nass is the location of the first modern-day treaty settlement in British Columbia, between the government of that province and the Nisga'a Nation. The name Nisga'a is a reduced form of, a loan from Tongass Tlingit, where it means "people of the Nass River". About 220 years ago, as recorded by the oral history of the Nisga'a people, the Nass River was dammed by a 22.5 km long lava flow which came from the Tseax Cone and destroyed the Nisga'a villages and caused the death of at least 2000 Nisga'a people by volcanic gas and poisonous smoke.
The volcano has been active on at least two occasions in the last millennium. Because of our knowledge of this previous disaster, modern monitoring techniques should include studies of the gases emitted by the volcanoes and the institution of a warning system to alert people living down slope from the volcanoes. If the Tseax Cone were to erupt again, there could be a repeat of the poisonous gas disaster that happened to the Nisga'a people 220 years ago; the eruption could cause forest fires and could dam local rivers such as the Nass River and the Tseax if the volume of the lava flows are large enough. If the lava flows were to again reach the Nass River, it could have disastrous short-term consequences for the important salmon fisheries on the Nass River system; this is an incomplete list of tributaries, in upriver order: Xnukw Ksi Hlginx Ksi Sii Aks Ksi Gwinhat'al Tchitin River Kinskuch River Cranberry River Kiteen River White River Flat River Meziadin River, Meziadin Lake Bell-Irving River Kwinageese River Taylor River West Taylor River Nisga'a Arrandale, British Columbia
HMS Birkenhead (1845)
HMS Birkenhead referred to as HM Troopship Birkenhead or Steam Frigate Birkenhead, was one of the first iron-hulled ships built for the Royal Navy. She was converted to a troopship before being commissioned, she was wrecked on 26 February 1852, while transporting troops to Algoa Bay at Danger Point near Gansbaai, 87 miles from Cape Town, South Africa. There were not enough serviceable lifeboats for all the passengers, the soldiers famously stood firm on board, thereby allowing the women and children to board the boats safely and escape the sinking. Only 193 of the estimated 643 people on board survived, the soldiers' chivalry gave rise to the unofficial "women and children first" protocol when abandoning ship, while the "Birkenhead drill" of Rudyard Kipling's poem came to describe courage in face of hopeless circumstances; the Birkenhead was laid down at John Laird's shipyard at Birkenhead as the frigate HMS Vulcan, but renamed soon after to Birkenhead after the town where she was built. She had two 564 horsepower steam engines from Forrester & Co that drove a pair of 6-metre paddle wheels, two masts rigged as a brig.
According to her designer, John Laird: The designs I submitted, which were approved, were of a vessel 210 feet long, 37 feet 6 inches beam with a displacement of 1,918 long tons on the load water-line of 15 feet 9 inches. The only change made by authorities at the Admiralty in these designs was the position of the paddle shaft, which they ordered to be moved several feet more forward. With this exception, I am answerable for the model, specification and general arrangement of the hull of the vessel; the ship was divided into eight watertight compartments, while the engine room was divided by two longitudinal bulkheads into four compartments, making 12 watertight compartments in total. She had a round stern and a bow that ended in a large figurehead of Vulcan, holding a hammer in one hand, some of "the bolts of Jove" that he had just forged in the other, her armament was intended to be two 96-pounder pivot guns, one forward and the other aft, four 68-pounder broadside guns. The Birkenhead was launched on 30 December 1845 by the Marchioness of Westminster.
Her hull weighed 903 tons and drew 9.75 feet, although she was at this time missing 15 tons of cabin fittings. Machinery and other fittings were expected to add an additional 1,000 or so tons, increasing her draught six more feet, she undertook her maiden voyage to Plymouth in 1846. She remained laid up for some time, before being put to varied use around England and Ireland. In November 1846, Isambard Kingdom Brunel's iron ship SS Great Britain ran aground on the sands of Dundrum Bay, Ireland. There was doubt as to. Brunel advised that if anyone could rescue the ship the man to do it was the naval engineer James Bremner, he was engaged and the Great Britain was re-floated on 27 August 1847 with the assistance of HMS Birkenhead. The Birkenhead was never commissioned as a frigate, as two factors came into play while she was still under construction, that resulted in her being converted into a troopship. Firstly, the Royal Navy's warships were switched from paddle wheels to more efficient propeller propulsion, following an experiment organised by the Admiralty in 1845 in which the benefits of the propeller over the paddle wheel were demonstrated.
Secondly, the Admiralty had doubts about the effects of cannon shot against iron hulls — in a number of trials carried out at Royal Arsenal in 1845, at lower velocities shot made a jagged hole, hard to plug. On 15 September 1847, Birkenhead ran down and sank the brig Oratio in the English Channel off The Lizard, Cornwall; the owners of the brig sued for their loss in the Admiralty Court. Birkenhead was found to be to blame; as part of her conversion to a troopship in 1851, a forecastle and poop deck were added to the Birkenhead to increase her accommodation, a third mast added, to change her sail plan to a barquentine. Although she never served as a warship, she was faster and more comfortable than any of the wooden sail-driven troopships of the time, making the trip from the Cape in 37 days in October 1850. In January 1852, under the command of Captain Robert Salmond RN, the Birkenhead left Portsmouth conveying troops from ten different regiments, including the 74th Regiment of Foot and Queen's Royal Regiment, to the Eighth Xhosa War against the Xhosa in South Africa.
On 5 January, she picked up more soldiers at Queenstown and conveyed some officers' wives and families. On 23 February 1852, Birkenhead docked at Simonstown, near Cape Town. Most of the women and children disembarked along with a number of sick soldiers. Nine cavalry horses, several bales of hay and 35 tons of coal were loaded for the last leg of the voyage to Algoa Bay, she sailed from Simon's Bay at 06:00 on 25 February 1852 with between 630 and 643 men and children aboard, the exact number being in some doubt. In order to make the best possible speed, Captain Salmond decided to hug the South African coast, setting a course, within 3 miles of the shore. Using her paddle wheels, she maintained a steady speed of 8.5 knots. The sea was calm and the night was clear as she left False Bay and headed east. Shortly before 02:00 on 26 February, whil
Shalalth, pop. C. 400, is one of the main communities of the Seton Lake Band of the St'at'imc Nation and location of the two main powerhouses of the Bridge River Power Project. The word Shalalth means "lake" or the lake, meaning Seton Lake, a freshwater fjord stretching twenty miles through a desert canyon westwards from the Fraser River at Lillooet. At the western end of that lake is a short isthmus of land, beyond, the similar-sized Anderson Lake and the start of pavement southwestwards through the resort areas of Pemberton and Whistler via the port and logging town of Squamish to Vancouver. Located on the portage is the neighbouring community of Seton Portage, which contains the other main communities of the Seton Lake Band of the St'at'imc Nation plus a mix of residential and resort homes owned by non-natives; these lakes figured prominently as part of the Douglas Road or "Lakes Route", a series of trails and portages from the head of river navigation from the Coast at Port Douglas on Harrison Lake.
During the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, a horde of miners bound for the upper Fraser bars around Lillooet streamed through the valley in the matter of a few weeks. Estimates range from 15,000-30,000 in this migration, although official records of the time suggest there were no more than 5,000 miners active on the upper Fraser at its peak. During this migration, Shalalth was bypassed as the "road" at this point was the waters of Seton Lake offshore from the benches above the lake forming the community; the Lakes Route was near-completely abandoned by the 1860s due to the construction of the new Cariboo Wagon Road from Yale to the newer Cariboo Goldfields farther north via the lower the Thompson River and the town Ashcroft, where that route branches off from that river via the Bonaparte River. By the late 19th century, an Oblate mission had been established at Shalalth, which as a result became known as "the Mission", a term which gaves its name to creek coming down from the high mountain pass above, to that pass and the ridge from there to Lillooet along the north side of Seton Lake.
The steep, switchbacking packtrain route over this pass, 3500' in elevation above the lake, was the easiest route into the upper Bridge River Valley on the north side of the pass, when that country's immense gold potential began to be prospected and exploited, the Mission Mountain trail evolved into the Mission Mountain Road, suitable for the first rugged trucks to replacement the old muletrains, although equipment for the mines being was still barged in by lake to Shalalth and hauled piece-by-piece over the mountain. Before engines and freight wagons were brought in equipment and heavy supplies bound for the mines were rafted up the still-flowing Bridge River from a few miles west of the north foot of the pass. Nearly all infrastructure costs for the development of the Mission Mountain Road and the Bridge River Road were born by local citizens, as the government would not invest. Survey and construction of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway along the lakes, completed by 1915, promulgated Shalalth as the "port" for the Bridge River goldfields beyond the pass, a variety of cartage services and hostelries sprung up at the base of the road, just around the point from The Mission and the core village-area of Shalalth.
The traffic of professionals visiting the mines included Geoffrey Downton, a hydroelectric engineer, the first to notice the hydroelectric potential resulting from the 1600' difference in elevation between the Bridge River and Seton Lake, which are only narrowly separated by Mission Ridge. Development of the electrical potential was in full swing by the mid-1920s, with a "model village" erected around the west side of the bay where Shalalth is located, one of the tunnels piercing the mountainside above completed, but construction came to a halt with the onset of the Great Depression and the collapse of the finances backing the project, work ground to a halt in 1929; the townsite remained empty during the 1930s, although steady traffic to the mines in the Bridge River Country over the mountain kept the hotels busy. When World War II came, the semi-abandoned village built for the hydro project at the rail stop of South Shalalth, which had gone dormant at the start of the Great Depression and colloquially known as Bridge River, was chosen for one of several relocation centres for Japanese-Canadians from the coast in the Lillooet area.
One of the relocatees at Shalalth was Dr. Masajiro Miyazaki, a US-trained osteopathic physician who stayed on after the war and became one of Lillooet's two Companions of the Order of Canada. After the war, construction of the hydroelectric project resumed with a vengeance, along with a new boom in traffic to the mines came a surge in equipment to finish the power project. For the next twenty or twenty-five years, Shalalth became the main transportation hub for the surrounding region, with nearly 24-hour heavy traffic over the pass, either to and from the mines or to the new, expanded damsite just over the pass at the head of the Bridge River Canyon. In addition to lakeside hostelries such as Seton House and Shalalth Lodge at Shalalth itself, a large hotel was built above the hydro townsite's railway station, adjacent to the managers' houses and the semicircle of barracks built for workmen; the hotel's guests included not only project-related visitors but businessmen and i
The Liard River flows through Yukon, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories, Canada. Rising in the Saint Cyr Range of the Pelly Mountains in southeastern Yukon, it flows 1,115 kilometres southeast through British Columbia, marking the northern end of the Rocky Mountains and curving northeast back into Yukon and Northwest Territories, draining into the Mackenzie River at Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories; the river drains 277,100 square kilometres of boreal forest and muskeg. The river habitats are a subsection of the Lower Mackenzie Freshwater Ecoregion; the area around the river in Yukon is called the Liard River Valley, the Alaska Highway follows the river for part of its route. This surrounding area is referred to as the Liard Plain, is a physiographic section of the larger Yukon–Tanana Uplands province, which in turn is part of the larger Intermontane Plateaus physiographic division; the Liard River is a crossing area for Nahanni wood bison. The origin of the river's name is obscure, but is derived from the French word for "Eastern Cottonwood" which grow in abundance along sections of the river.
Among the early fur traders, the Liard above the Fort Nelson River was referred to as the "West Branch," while the Fort Nelson River was the "East Branch." The first European to traverse most of the river was John McLeod of the Hudson's Bay Company. Leaving Fort Simpson on June 28, 1831, McLeod and eight others ascended the river and naming the Dease River in just over six weeks. Four days they reached the Frances River, mistakenly ascended it, thinking it was the Liard's main branch. Nine years another HBC employee, Robert Campbell, journeyed to the source of the Liard in the St. Cyr Range, renaming the river McLeod had ascended for Frances Ramsay Simpson, the wife of the Sir George Simpson, the HBC's governor who had authorised both expeditions; the Grand Canyon of the Liard is a 30-kilometre stretch of the river beginning just east of Liard River Hotsprings. It contains higher rapids, it is located between the Trout Rivers' confluences with the Liard. 59°27′00″N 125°48′00″W The Liard Canyon is a separate canyon from the Grand Canyon, is located near Lower Post.
59°59′00″N 128°36′00″W Liard River Hotsprings is a popular tourist attraction located at kilometre 765 of the Alaska Highway. The historic Liard River Suspension Bridge, built in 1944, is located at kilometre 798 of the Alaska Highway; the Liard River originates in south-eastern part of the Yukon, on the slopes of Mount Lewis, at 61.23654°N 131.62738°W / 61.23654. It flows south and east, between the ranges of Pelly Mountains south through the Yukon Plateau, where it receives the waters of Prospect Creek, it turns east after it receives the waters of the Caribou Creek from Caribou Lakes the Swede and Junkers Creek. It follows the southern rim of the St. Cyr Range of the Pelly Mountains, where the Ings River flows into it, it follows the southern edge of the Simpson Range, receiving the waters of the Old Gold Creek, Rainbow Creek, Dome Creek, Quartz Creek and Scurvy Creek. The Liard River continues south-east, north of the Cassiar Mountains, from where it receives the Sayyea Creek and Cabin Creek while the Eckman Creek,Black River and Hasselberg Creek flow in from the north.
It continues in a south-east direction, receiving the Sambo Creek, False Pass Creek, Meister River, Frances River, Rancheria River, Tom Creek, Watson Creek and Albert Creek before it flows through Upper Liard, west of Watson Lake, where it is crossed by the Alaska Highway. It receives the waters of Cormier Creek flows through the Liard Canyon and into British Columbia, it flows south-east and east along the Alaska Highway, receiving the waters of Dease River, Kloye Creek, Trepanier Creek and Black Angus Creek. It continues east through the Dease Forest, where it receives the waters of the Hyland River south of Hyland River Provincial Park receives the Malcolm Creek, Tatisno Creek and Nustlo Creek, it flows along the Yukon border, where the Alaska Highway once again follows the Liard and receives the Cosh Creek, Contact Creek, Scoby Creek and Sandin Brook turns south around Mount Sandin, receiving water from Tsia Creek, Tsinitla Creek, Tatzille Creek and Leguil Creek. It turns eastwards along the northern margin of the Liard Plateau, where it receives the Kechika River near Skooks Landing, Niloil Creek from Niloil Lake and Coal River by Coal River.
It continues east and south-east, south of Mount Reid, still followed by the Alaska Highway, receiving the waters of Geddes Creek, Grant Creek, Smith River, Lapie Creek, Teeter Creek, Mould Creek and Hoole Creek. It enters the Liard River Hot Springs Provincial Park. Alaska Highway runs south along the Trout River, while the Liard flows east through the Liard River Corridor Provincial Park and Protected Area, south of the Sentinel Range of the Muskwa Ranges, receiving the waters of Deer River and Canyon Creek in the Grand Canyon of the Liard, it continues south-east between the Barricade Range and Mount Rothenberg of the Sentinel Range, where the Moule Creek and Sulphur Creek flow in the Liard. It flows east, out of the Northern Rockies and through the foothills, where it receives waters from the Brimstone Creek, Crusty Creek, Grayling River, Graybank Creek and Toad River, it turns north-west, receiving the waters from Garbutt Creek, Lepine Creek, Chimney Creek, Ruthie Creek, Scatter River and Beaver River.
It turns south-east, receives the waters from Catkin Creek, Dunedin River and Fort Nelson River. From here it turns north, receiving the waters of Zus Creek, Sandy Creek and La Biche River and crosses into