Seventy-four (ship)

The "seventy-four" was a type of two-decked sailing ship of the line which nominally carried 74 guns. It was developed by the French navy in the 1740s and spread to the British Royal Navy where it was classed as third rate. From here, it spread to the Spanish, Dutch and Russian navies; the design was considered a good balance between firepower and sailing qualities, but more it was an appealing ideal for naval administrators and bureaucrats. Seventy-fours became a mainstay of the world's fleets into the early 19th century when they began to be supplanted by new designs and by the introduction of steam powered ironclads; as a standard type, the seventy-four was only an ideal construction. There was great variation between seventy-fours of different navies. In the period 1750–1790, different ships could measure from just under 2,000 to 3,000 tons burthen; the armament could vary with everything from 24-pounder to long 36-pounder guns, some seventy-fours of the Danish navy had only 70 guns. The first 74-gun ships were constructed by the French as they rebuilt their navy during the early years of the reign of Louis XV.

The new ship type was a large two-decker big enough to carry the largest common type of gun on the lower gun deck, something only three-deckers had done earlier. This great firepower was combined with good sailing qualities compared to both the taller three-deckers and the shorter old-style 70-gun two-deckers, making the 74 the perfect combination of the two. A disadvantage of the 74 was that it was expensive to build and man compared to the older type of two-decker; the 74-gun ship carried 28 on the lower gun deck, 28–30 on the upper gun deck, 14–18 on the upper works. Crew size was around 500 to 750 men depending on design and nationality, with British ships tending to have smaller crews than other navies; the French had large and small seventy-fours, called "grand modèle" and "petite modèle", the waterline length of a "grand modèle" seventy-four could be up to 182 feet. This was copied by the Royal Navy in about two dozen such ships of its own, such as HMS Colossus where they were known as Large, while the other seventy-fours built to be between 166–171 feet were known as Common.

Given the construction techniques of the day, the seventy-four approached the limits of what was possible. Such long hulls made from wood had a tendency to sag over time. Increased maintenance could counter this to some extent; this limited the success of the bigger two-deck 80-gun ships that were built in small numbers after the seventy-four had been introduced. Three-deckers did not have the same problem due to their additional deck giving more rigidity; the significance of the 74s however is hard to overstate, as a summary of the ships of the line for all nations that were in commission at any time during the Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars period. 1st & 2nd rates 156 3rd rate 74s 408 4th rate 199 The Royal Navy captured a number of the early French 74-gun ships during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War and was impressed by them compared to its own smallish 70-gun ships. As a result, it started building them in great numbers from about 1760. Navies that were restricted by shallow waters, such as the Dutch and Scandinavian navies, at least early on tended to avoid the 74-gun ship to a certain degree due to its size and draught, preferring smaller two-deckers instead.

So, the seventy-four was a standard feature in all European navies around 1800. Only a handful of 74-gun ships were commissioned into the United States Navy; the type fell into disuse after the Napoleonic Wars, when improved building techniques made it possible to build bigger two-deckers of 84 or 90 guns without sacrificing hull rigidity. The last seventy-four, the French Trafalgar veteran Duguay-Trouin, was scuttled in 1949, her stern ornamentation is on display at Greenwich. In addition, dozens of ship models exist, produced as part of constructing the real ships, thus believed accurate both externally and internally. Dublin-class ship of the line Hercules-class ship of the line Valiant-class ship of the line Bellona-class ship of the line Arrogant-class ship of the line Canada-class ship of the line Ramillies-class ship of the line Albion-class ship of the line Elizabeth-class ship of the line Royal Oak-class ship of the line Culloden-class ship of the line Alfred-class ship of the line Ganges-class ship of the line Courageux-class ship of the line Mars-class ship of the line Ajax-class ship of the line Pompée-class ship of the line America-class ship of the line Fame-class ship of the line Repulse-class ship of the line Swiftsure-class ship of the line Vengeur-class ship of the line Black Prince-class ship of the line Annibal-class ship of the line Téméraire-class ship of the line César-class ship of the line Séduisant-class ship of the line Yaroslav-class ship of the line Tsar Constatine-class ship of the line Svyatoy Petr-class ship of the line Selafail-class ship of the line Anapa-class ship of the line Three Saints-class ship of the line Ezekiel-class ship of the line (25 s

I Tried (Bone Thugs-n-Harmony song)

"I Tried" is a song recorded by Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, released in February 2007 as the lead single from their album Strength & Loyalty. This particular song features Krayzie Bone and Wish Bone; the song was produced by Akon. The song is about the struggles that the members of Bone Thugs-n-Harmony and Akon faced on the streets. "I Tried" is performed in the key of G♯ minor in common time with a tempo of 82 beats per minute. The song follows a chord progression of D♯m–E–F♯–G♯m, the vocals in the song span from F♯4 to E5; the song entered the Billboard charts in the issue dated April 7, 2007. It debuted at number eighty-two on the Billboard Hot 100 on the issue date April 14, 2007 and reached number six, making it the highest charting Bone Thugs-N-Harmony single in ten years. On March 7, 2007, the music video debuted on Yahoo! and other websites. On December 31 of the same year, the video appeared at number 89 on BET's Notarized: Top 100 Videos of 2007 countdown; the video shows the group and Akon performing as well as tells the story of a young man in Cleveland where the group was first formed.

The man walks into a grocery store, but at the entrance, he collides with a man running out of the store. The man drops what he had in revealing money; the money is inferred to be stolen from the store. The other man runs away. A police officer catches him picking up the bag where the money had been dropped, he runs from the police officer, but the officer arrests him. The officer goes to the store to check with the owner; the store owner says the young man did not rob the store, the officer lets the young man go. The video ends with the man walking away from the store; the music video was directed by Rich Newey. "I Tried" Clean – 4:51 Dirty – 4:51 Instrumental – 4:51 A cappella – 4:33 "Bumps in the Trunk" Dirty – 4:25 Instrumental – 4:24 A cappella – 4:26 "I Tried" by Bone Thugs-N-Harmony explore the everyday struggles of young troubled males. Bone Thugs-n-Harmony featuring Akon "I Tried" music video on Gotuit Music "I Tried" music video Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

List of Major League Baseball stolen base records

Stolen bases were not noted in a baseball game's summary until 1886, it was not until 1888 that it earned a place in the box score. The modern rule for stolen bases was adopted in 1898. While some sources do not include stolen base records before 1898 because they are difficult to compare to the era after 1898, as the sourcing on the below list indicates, Major League Baseball continues to recognize them. Source: Notes: Historical totals reported by other sources may vary—for example, ranks Arlie Latham ahead of Eddie Collins, with totals of 742 and 741, respectively. As of the 2019 MLB season, only one active player, Rajai Davis, has more than 400; the pre-modern single-season mark for stolen bases is 140 by Tommy McCarthy of the St. Louis Browns in 1890. In the modern era, Ty Cobb set a single-season mark of 96 stolen bases in 1915 that lasted until it was broken by Maury Wills with 104 in 1962. A new modern mark was set by Lou Brock with 118 in 1974, again by Rickey Henderson with 130 in 1982.

Henderson and Vince Coleman are the only players to record three 100-steal seasons in the modern era. Coleman is the only player to do it three seasons in a row, much less in the first three season of his career, as well as the only player to record 100 steals as a rookie. Note: "" designates a player's rookie season Under the pre-modern rule, George Gore stole 7 bases in a game in 1881, a mark, tied by "Sliding Billy" Hamilton in 1894. In the modern era, Eddie Collins stole 6 bases in a game on two occasions, both in September 1912, a mark that stood alone for nearly eight decades before being tied by Otis Nixon, Eric Young, Carl Crawford. Records for consecutive successful stolen base attempts are limited by the available data, as times caught stealing has been recorded only since 1920. Max Carey established a mark in 1922-23 of 36 consecutive stolen bases without being caught, which stood until it was broken by Davey Lopes with 38 consecutive steals in 1975. Lopes's record was broken by Vince Coleman with 50 consecutive stolen bases in 1988-89.

Under pre-modern rules, "Sliding Billy" Hamilton amassed six separate seasons of 70-plus stolen bases over his career. In the modern era, Ty Cobb established a mark of three such seasons that stood until it was broken by Tim Raines in 1984. In 1986, Raines reached six seasons of 70-plus steals, all consecutive, but Rickey Henderson notched his seventh such season in 1989. In 1924, Eddie Collins tied Billy Hamilton's pre-modern mark of ten seasons with 40-plus stolen bases. A year Max Carey tied the record; the record was broken by Lou Brock in 1974. Brock recorded a thirteenth 40-steal season, but was in turn surpassed by Rickey Henderson in 1993. Henderson stole 40 bases in sixteen separate seasons; those marked in bold have at least 600 career stolen base attempts. Of those, Joe Morgan was the first to retire with a career stolen base percentage of at least 80%, his mark was successively surpassed by Davey Lopes, Willie Wilson, Tim Raines. See notes2 3 Stolen base Stolen base percentage 30–30 club – players who have hit 30 home runs and stolen 30 bases in the same season Game 2 of a doubleheader.

Minimum 20 stolen base attempts. The Major League Baseball reference for this statistic lists Carlos Beltrán as having a 100% stolen base percentage in 2004. However, examination of the statistics shows that Beltrán was 28/28 in stolen bases with the Houston Astros, but went 14/17 after being traded from the Kansas City Royals mid-season. While 28/28 is the National League leader for that season, the combined 42/45 does not make Beltrán eligible for this list. Dave Roberts is listed by MLB as having a 97.1% stolen base percentage in 2004. Roberts was 33/34 in stolen bases with the Los Angeles Dodgers before being traded mid-season to the Boston Red Sox where he was 5/7 in stolen bases. Roberts' combined 38/41 does not make him eligible for this list