Sexual fetishism or erotic fetishism is a sexual fixation on a nonliving object or nongenital body part. The object of interest is called the fetish. A sexual fetish may be regarded as a non-pathological aid to sexual excitement, or as a mental disorder if it causes significant psychosocial distress for the person or has detrimental effects on important areas of their life. Sexual arousal from a particular body part can be further classified as partialism. While medical definitions restrict the term sexual fetishism to objects or body parts, fetish can, in common discourse refer to sexual interest in specific activities. In common parlance, the word fetish is used to refer to any sexually arousing stimuli, not all of which meet the medical criteria for fetishism; this broader usage of fetish covers parts or features of the body, objects and activities. Paraphilias such as urophilia and coprophilia have been described as fetishes. Most medical sources defined fetishism as a sexual interest in non-living objects, body parts or secretions.
The publication of the DSM-III in 1980 changed that by excluding arousal from body parts in its diagnostic criteria for fetishism. In 1987, a revised edition of the DSM-III introduced a new diagnosis for body part arousal, called partialism; the DSM-IV retained this distinction. Martin Kafka argued that partialism should be merged into fetishism because of overlap between the two conditions, the DSM-5 subsequently did so in 2013; the ICD-10 definition is still limited to non-living objects. In a review of 48 cases of clinical fetishism in 1983, fetishes included clothing and rubber items, body parts and soft materials or fabrics. A 2007 study counted members of Internet discussion groups with the word fetish in their name. Of the groups about body parts or features, 47% belonged to groups about feet, 9% about body fluids, 9% about body size, 7% about hair, 5% about muscles. Less popular groups focused on navels, body hair and nails, among other things. Of the groups about clothing, 33% belonged to groups about clothes worn on the legs or buttocks, 32% about footwear, 12% about underwear, 9% about whole-body wear such as jackets.
Less popular object groups focused on headwear, wristwear and diapers. Erotic asphyxiation is the use of choking to increase the pleasure in sex; the fetish includes an individualized part that involves choking oneself during the act of masturbation, known as auto-erotic asphyxiation. This involves a person being connected and strangled by a homemade device, tight enough to give them pleasure but not tight enough to suffocate them to death; this is dangerous due to the issue of hyperactive pleasure seeking which can result in strangulation when there is no one to help if the device gets too tight and strangles the user. Devotism involves being attracted to body modifications on another person that are the result of amputation. Devotism is only a sexual fetish when the person who has the fetish considers the amputated body part on another person the object of sexual interest. Fetishism becomes evident during puberty, may develop prior to that. No single cause for fetishism has been conclusively established.
Some explanations invoke classical conditioning. In several experiments, men have been conditioned to show arousal to stimuli like boots, geometric shapes or penny jars by pairing these cues with conventional erotica. According to John Bancroft, conditioning alone cannot explain fetishism, because it does not result in fetishism for most people, he suggests that conditioning combines with some other factor, such as an abnormality in the sexual learning process. Theories of sexual imprinting propose that humans learn to recognize sexually desirable features and activities during childhood. Fetishism could result when a child is imprinted with an overly narrow or "incorrect" concept of a sex object. Imprinting seems to occur during the child's earliest experiences with arousal and desire, is based on "an egocentric evaluation of salient reward- or pleasure-related characteristics that differ from one individual to another."Neurological differences may play a role in some cases. Vilayanur S. Ramachandran observed that the region processing sensory input from the feet lies next to the region processing genital stimulation, suggested an accidental link between these regions could explain the prevalence of foot fetishism.
In one unusual case, an anterior temporal lobectomy relieved an epileptic man's fetish for safety pins. Various explanations have been put forth for the rarity of female fetishists. Most fetishes are visual in nature, males are thought to be more sexually sensitive to visual stimuli. Roy Baumeister suggests that male sexuality is unchangeable, except for a brief period in childhood during which fetishism could become established, while female sexuality is fluid throughout life; the ICD-10 defines fetishism as a reliance on non-living objects for sexual arousal and satisfaction. It is only considered a disorder when fetishistic activities are the foremost source of sexual satisfaction, become so compelling or unacceptable as to cause distress or interfere with normal sexual intercourse; the ICD's research guidelines require that the preference persists for at least
Scottish Ballet is the national ballet company of Scotland and one of the four leading ballet companies of the United Kingdom, alongside the Royal Ballet, English National Ballet and Birmingham Royal Ballet. Founded in 1969, the company is based in Glasgow, the resident ballet company at the Glasgow Theatre Royal and from 2009 in their purpose-built ballet centre in Tramway Arts Centre, Glasgow. Founded by Peter Darrell and Elizabeth West as the Western Theatre Ballet in Bristol in 1957, the company moved to Glasgow in 1969 and was renamed Scottish Theatre Ballet, changing to Scottish Ballet in 1974. A year its home theatre became the Theatre Royal, Glasgow when Scottish Opera bought it and transformed it as the first national opera house in Scotland; the Company performs across Scotland, the UK and abroad, with strong classical technique at the root of all of its work. Its broad repertory includes new versions of the classics, seminal pieces from the 20th century modern ballet canon, signature pieces by living choreographers and new commissions.
As a national company, Scottish Ballet performs at theatres in Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Inverness and in smaller venues throughout Scotland. The company's long history of touring internationally includes visits to China, Hong Kong, Portugal and the rest of the UK. Scottish Ballet's many recent awards include the 2004 TMA Award for Outstanding Achievement in Dance in recognition of its modernisation programme and dynamic performances. Scottish Ballet's current artistic director Christopher Hampson joined the company in 2012. Scottish Ballet is Scotland's national dance company, its primary aim is to provide programmes of world-class dance performance and educational activity at all scales. Scottish Ballet presents a wide range of dance to audiences across Scotland, the UK and abroad – and employs 36 professional dancers, 41 staff and a part-time freelance orchestra of up to 70 musicians; the Company provides dance classes and a variety of education initiatives, including work with children and adults of all ages and abilities, the Associate Programme which encourages aspiring young dancers to train for a career in the industry.
Scottish Ballet has close links with Royal Conservatoire of Scotland, partnering the BA Modern Ballet and M. Mus degree courses. Scottish Ballet was the first dance company in Europe to offer live audio description for the visually impaired, maintains a programme of regular audio described performances throughout Scotland. Scottish Ballet presents a broad repertoire, ranging from new versions of the classics, 20th century modern ballet repertoire, work by living choreographers and new commissions. Current repertoire: In June 2009 Scottish Ballet moved to new, purpose-built premises in Glasgow's Southside, next to the Tramway Theatre, designed by Malcolm Fraser Architects. Sophie Martin Constance Devernay Bethany Kingsley-Garner Christopher Harrison Andrew Peasgood Nicholas Shoesmith Jamiel Laurence Marge Hendrick Luke Schaufuss Araminta Wraith Claire Souet Madeline Squire Thomas Edwards Evan Loudon Rimbaud Patron Constant Vigier Aisling Brangan Grace Horler Roseanna Leney Daniela Oddi Melissa Parsons Grace Paulley Kayla-Maree Tarantolo Mia Thompson Javier Andreu Matthew Broadbent Pascal Johnson Jamie Reid Barnaby Rook Bishop Simon Shilgen Eado Turgeman Culture in Glasgow Scotland's National Arts Companies Goodwin, Noël.
A Ballet for Scotland: the first ten years of the Scottish Ballet. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 0-903937-88-3. Smith, Graeme; the Theatre Royal: Entertaining a Nation. Glasgow: Glasgow Publications. ISBN 978-0-9559420-0-6. Official website Tramway Theatre website
Misfits is the seventeenth studio album by the English rock band The Kinks. The album was released in 1978. Following the minor success of Sleepwalker in the United States, Misfits featured a more rock-oriented style than many other Kinks records of the 1970s. Despite internal conflicts within the band, leading to both bassist Andy Pyle and pianist John Gosling quitting the band, the album made the Top 40 in America; the album contained the minor hit single "A Rock'n' Roll Fantasy", as well as less successful releases "Live Life" and "Black Messiah". Misfits was the second album the band recorded for Arista Records, the record company the band switched to from RCA Records in 1976. Although the band had spent a good portion of the 1970s releasing concept albums, their previous album, signaled a shift toward more rock based material. In addition, the album began the band's commercial comeback in the US, the album reaching #21 and its title track peaking at #48. However, during the recording of Sleepwalker, longtime bassist John Dalton quit the band, being replaced by Andy Pyle.
Many of the album's songs, such as "Hay Fever", "In a Foreign Land", "Black Messiah", were leftovers from the band's previous 1977 album, Sleepwalker. "In a Foreign Land" was in the planned running order until late in recording. Instead it was replaced with the late addition "Mr. Big Man"; the album was recorded at Konk Studios in London following the band's tumultuous 1977 tour. Due to conflicts between Ray Davies and Pyle, the latter began contemplating leaving the band. Gosling wanting to leave the band since Dalton's resignation, began to work with Pyle over plans to form another band. However, when Ray Davies caught wind of the project, he began to intervene. Gosling remembered, "We held auditions at the Bridge House pub in Canning Town, it was exhilarating, like starting over. But Ray somehow found out and started giving me a hard time during my last overdub sessions for Misfits." After recording was done both Pyle and Gosling departed for good. Zaine Griff and Ron Lawrence did bass overdubs for some songs.
In addition, founding drummer Mick Avory considering leaving, became a less active participant, leaving Dave Davies's friend Nick Trevisick to drum on three songs and session drummer Clem Cattini to do overdubs. However, Avory stayed with the band until 1984. Although it was unable to chart in Britain, Misfits reached #40 in America; the debut single from the album, "A Rock'n' Roll Fantasy", was a minor hit in the US, reaching #30. Follow-up singles "Live Life" and "Black Messiah", failed to make an impact. All tracks are written except as noted. On the UK version of the LP, a longer version of "Live Life" switches places with "Black Messiah". Remastered CD releases have the UK LP track order and include a shorter "Live Life" as a bonus track. Arista released a ten track CD that reproduces the non-UK LP version; the Kinks Ray Davies - vocals, piano, synthesizer Dave Davies - lead guitar, vocals Mick Avory - drums, percussion John Gosling - piano, synthesizer Andy Pyle - bass guitar Other musicians Nick Trevisik - drums on "Trust Your Heart", "A Rock & Roll Fantasy" and "Get Up" John Dalton - bass guitar on “In A Foreign Land” Ron Lawrence - bass guitar on “Live Life,” “Rock and Roll Fantasy,” and “Get Up” Zaine Griff - bass guitar overdubs Clem Cattini - drum overdubs John Beecham - trombone on "Black Messiah" Nick Newall - clarinet on "Black Messiah" Mike Cotton - trumpet on "Black Messiah"Production Written and Produced by Raymond Douglas Davies Engineered by Steve Waldman Photography - James Wedge Hinman, Doug.
The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night: Day by Day Concerts and Broadcasts, 1961-1996. Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0879307653. Jovanovic, Rob. God Save The Kinks: A Biography. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1781311646; the Kinks - Misfits at Discogs
Heloisa Braz de Oliveira Prieto is a Brazilian writer, cultural researcher and translator with a master's degree in communication and semiotics, a PhD in Literary Theory. Heloisa began her writing career when she was a still a young kindergarten teacher at the Escola da Vila, in São Paulo, her published work, of over 70 books in both short story and novel form, embraces fairy tales, fantasy fiction and the retelling of indigenous myths and legends. She is best known as a writer of fiction for young adults. Heloisa was awarded Best Children's Book for "A Princesa que Não Queria Aprender a Ler", Best Folklore Book for "Mata" by the Brazilian Writers’ Union, she was awarded Best Book Of Legends for her "O Livro dos Pássaros Mágicos" by National Book Foundation which selected her "Andarilhas" in 2016 for their Bologna Catalogue of Books for Children and Young Readers, "A Cidade dos Deitados, was one of the winners of Best Book for young adults by Brazilian Book Chamber, Her "Lá Vem Historia" has sold over 400,000 copies and became a TV series for children on TV Cultura.
Her series "Mano", co-written with journalist Gilberto Dimenstein, inspired the movie The Best Things in The World, which won Best Film for Children and Young People at the 2011 International Film Festival for Children and Young Adults, in Madrid, Spain. Apart from her prolific published output she has spent a lifetime researching myths and legends – both ancient and modern, she mentors many young talents and places particular emphasis on supporting and facilitating the artistic and literary aspirations of indigenous people
Lomax Township is one of eleven townships in Henderson County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 850 and it contained 399 housing units. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 33.35 square miles, of which 28.82 square miles is land and 4.53 square miles is water. Dallas City Lomax Iowa Junction at 40.687263°N 91.060143°W / 40.687263. Illinois Route 96 West Central Community Unit School District 235 Illinois's 17th congressional district State House District 94 State Senate District 47 United States Census Bureau 2008 TIGER/Line Shapefiles "Lomax Township". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-09-19. United States National Atlas City-Data.com Illinois State Archives Township Officials of Illinois
Perfect Pass is a digital precision speed controls system used to control boat speed, used on high performance water ski and wakeboard boats. It has been the leader in the speed control market for competitive water sports since its conception in 1995; the widespread use of Perfect Pass in the Ski Boat Industry, has resulted in colloquial usage Perfect Pass in reference to similar speed controls products. It is compared to Cruise control systems in cars. A Perfect Pass system has been used in setting every water ski World Record. Perfect Pass supplies three speed control systems; the Wakeboard Pro model is designed to maintain speed for wakeboarding and is their top selling model. The Digital Pro is designed as a speed control for 3-event water wakeboarding; the Perfect Pass Cruise model is for recreational use. Both the Digital Pro and Wakeboard Pro model have been superseded by the Star Gazer GPS speed control unit. Perfect Pass is a closed loop speed control system that maintains speed by using input settings to control many external variables such as crew and rider weight, wind adjustment, rpm.
The output of which controls a servo motor. Perfect Pass had few competitors in the high performance speed control market from 1995 to 2007, Accu-Ski provided a competitive product but did not gain any significant market share and through the late 90's and early 2000s Perfect Pass became a manufacturer OEM option on tow boats from Malibu, Correct Craft, many of the wakeboard boat brands; however in the mid 2000s a competitor arrived in the form of Zero Off which introduced a GPS satellite technology to control speed and boat path information and communicating directly with the engine management computer. Zero Off was designed along with Engine Management company E-Controls Technology which had begun providing ECU's tuned for Tow Boat engine management. Perfect Pass released a drive-by-wire variant of its new Star Gazer GPS cruise control system which could communicate directly with the ECU. Zero Off and Perfect Pass each controlled patents on the technology utilized in their products which resulted in an agreement in May 2008 in which Perfect Pass agreed to not provide units for drive-by-wire boats newer than 2008 model year and that Zero Off in turn would not provide speed control units for boats with mechanically operated throttle units.
The effect of this agreement is Perfect Pass lost its ability to be provided as an OEM option, now controlled by Zero Off. Another brand Ride Steady by Hydrophase has entered into the market. Due to the design as a speed control for Competitive Watersports Perfect Pass has introduced options to make its Star Gazer product more competitive with Zero Off for owners of older Mechanically Throttled boats, these include the Z-Box which has accelerometers and helps the Star Gazer to emulate the pull of the Zero Off Product as well as GPS upgrades for older units which lacked GPS input. Perfect pass continues to provide customer service and update the Star Gazer product as well as provide options for owners of boats with out E-Controls Engine Management systems. A producer of perfect pass equipment