The Seychelles National Party is a liberal political party in Seychelles. Its followers emphasize active multiparty democracy, respect for human rights and liberal economic reforms, it was founded in response to what it called the "totalitarian regime" of former President France-Albert René. It publishes a newsletter called Regar, sued for libel by government officials. On Regar's front page of every issue is a quote from the constitution of Seychelles invoking their right to freedom of speech and freedom of expression; the SNP was formed by the merger of three separate opposition parties in 1994: the Seychelles National Movement, led by Gérard Hoarau. Ramkalawan, an Anglican priest, is the SNP's current leader, he won 44.9% of the vote in the 2001 presidential election, behind René and ahead of Boullé. At parliamentary elections in December 2002, the SNP won 42.6% of the vote and 11 seats out of 34. Seven members were directly elected and four were chosen by proportional representation; the July/August 2006 presidential elections gave James Michel of the SPPF 54% of the votes and Wavel Ramkalawan 46% of the votes.
The last Presidential elections held in December 2015 saw SNP achieving only 35% of the popular votes in the first round. It joined with other smaller political parties under the banner of Union for Change to contest the second round of the Presidential Elections; the Union achieved 49.85% of the popular votes leaving the incumbent President James Michel to claim a slim victory. Norbert Loizeau Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Liberalism worldwide List of liberal parties Liberal democracy Seychelles National Party official site Regar SNP supporting newspaper
Archibald James "Archie" McLean was a cattleman and politician from Ontario, Canada. He was one of the Big Four who helped found the Calgary Stampede in 1912. Archibald McLean was born September 25, 1860 in Aldborough, Ontario to James McLean and Clementine McMurchy, his parents were both farmers. In 1881, McLean moved west to Manitoba. While working, he learnt how to handle livestock. About 5 years McLean moved further west to the District of Alberta from to work as a ranch hand and foreman, his experience led him to a management position a year at the CY Ranch of the Cypress Cattle Company, located near present-day Taber, Alberta. With his help, it turned into one of the largest growers of cattle for export. McLean became the ranch's owner, he married Margaret E. Duncan on December 15, 1904, in Ontario. Margaret died two years after giving birth to their only son. McLean established his own cattle company in London to facilitate the sale and export of cattle throughout the British Isles, he sold the company in 1905.
McLean was first elected as an Independent Liberal MLA for the Lethbridge constituency in the 1909 Alberta general election. His election to the legislature made him one of the first two independents elected in Alberta history, the other being Edward Michener. On June 1, 1910, he accepted an appointment by Premier Arthur Lewis Sifton to cross the floor to the government and join the cabinet to become the new Provincial Secretary, he was acclaimed in a ministerial by-election on June 22, 1910, took over the position. He served as minister of municipal affairs, as minister of public works. McLean was re-elected to a second term, this time in the new Taber provincial electoral district in the 1913 Alberta general election, he defeated two other candidates in a landslide victory. McLean would be re-elected to his final term in the 1917 Alberta general election; the election was hotly contested but with Conservative candidate Thomas King providing a strong showing, but McLean still won with an 800 vote plurality.
In the 1921 Alberta general election, he would run again attempting to win a fourth term in office and a fifth straight election but was defeated by candidate Lawrence Peterson from the United Farmers of Alberta in a tight race. After his loss, McLean left politics to return to ranching on the Piikani reserve. Archibald McLean died October 1933, in Macleod, Alberta, he was buried at the Union Cemetery in Macleod. McLean lived to the age of 73, his funeral had over 500 people in attendance, the Fort Macleod Gazette described his memorial service as being "probably the largest funeral held in southern Alberta". The Big Four Building at the Stampede Grounds in Calgary, Alberta. A member of the Canadian Agricultural Hall of Fame located in Ontario. McLean Bridge located north of Alberta. One of McLean's saddles is on display at the Fort Museum of the North-West Mounted Police as of January 2008. Legislative Assembly of Alberta Members Listing Legislative Assembly Profile
The Aberdonia is a British pre-war motor yacht moored at Chelsea Harbour. Built by the Thornycroft ship yard and launched in 1935 Aberdonia has a rich history, former uses include a patrol boat, mine sweeper and is one of the Little ships of Dunkirk. Aberdonia was requisitioned to work as a patrol boat in the Royal Navy attached to HMS Fervant in 1940, at which time she was renamed Navigator, she participated in the evacuation of Allied troops at Dunkirk. The yacht is believed to have made four trips to the shore to take on men cut off by the German army, she worked with the minesweepers and ferried sealed orders between the Admiralty and convoys lying off Shoeburyness and Deal. Aberdonia was nearly destroyed during her naval service by a downed German bomber whose pilot attempted to guide his falling plane into allied ships. Although she escaped a direct hit she was struck by wreckage on her starboard side. Scorched timbers from the attack were discovered during restoration work thirty years later.
She was restored in the late 1980s, including fitting two new Perkins Diesel engines. As of 2011 she is moored in Chelsea Harbour