Novoyasenevskaya (Moscow Metro)
Novoyasenevskaya Bittsevsky Park is a Moscow Metro station in the Yasenevo District, South-Western Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line; the station was named Bittsevsky Park for the nearby Bitsa Park. On 3 June 2008, the city government issued decree to rename the station to Novoyasenevskaya on 1 June 2009. Moscow Metro was granted a one-year transition period to effect the change; the new name reflects the station's location in the Yasenevo District along Novoyasenovo Ulitsa. The reason for the change was the city wanted to transfer the Bittsevsky Park name to the station on the Butovskaya line; the station was designed by architects N. Shumakov, G. Mun, N. Shurygina and has a tri-vault column structure. Novoyasenevskaya station walls and pillars are faced with dark green metallic. Novoyasenevskaya has two entrances, but only one is in operation due to the low number of passengers handled by the station each day; the active entrance is a part of a subway beneath Novoyasenevsky Avenue.
The unused ground-level eastern vestibule sits further down the road, on the edge of the park. It is a round building, finished with grey marble and pinkish granite and topped with a disproportionately large weather vane; the exit stairs at the east end of the platform, which lead to this vestibule, are barricaded. Bittsevsky Park station of the Butovskaya Line opened on 27 February 2014, providing a transfer between the two lines
This article is about a river in Moscow, a tributary of the Moskva River. There are three other Yauza rivers in Central Russia: tributaries of the Lama and Sestra; the Yauza is a river in a tributary of the Moskva River. It originates in the Losiny Ostrov National Park northeast of Moscow, flows through Mytishchi, enters Moscow in the Medvedkovo District and flows through the city in an irregular, meandering north-south direction; the Yauza joins the Moskva River in Tagansky District just west of Tagansky Hill, now marked by the Kotelnicheskaya Embankment tower. Valleys of the Yauza, from the MKAD beltway in the north to the Moscow-Yaroslavl railway west of Sokolniki Park, are protected as natural reserves; the Yauza has been mentioned in Russian chronicles since 1156. Moscow crossed its former natural eastern boundary in the beginning of the 16th century; the banks of the Yauza within the Garden Ring were densely urbanized by the middle of the 17th century. Settlements along the Yauza played a significant role in the history of Russia in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Industrialization in the 19th and 20th centuries made the Yauza "the biggest gutter for waste in Moscow". In the 2000s the ecology improved, with the closing or conversion of old factories and cleanup efforts by the city government. In 2007 the Yauza waters were reclassified from "dirty" to "polluted" status, but in 2008 the trend reversed and pollution in the Yauza exceeded its 2006 levels; as of 2008, Yauza water passing the Moscow city boundary is rated as "polluted", reaches a "very dirty" level at its inlet. Untreated surface runoff in the Central Administrative District remains the main source of pollution; the Yauza is arguably one of the most ancient European rivers. A proto-Yauza River first appeared in Permian-Triassic period, at which time it flowed to the east of its present riverbed, down today's Izmailovo Gully. After being periodically submerged during the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods, the region became land in the Tertiary period. Due to minor elevation changes, the Yauza diverted into its present course, with its former riverbed taken over by the present-day Serebryanka River, which forms part of Yauza basin and flows in the westward direction opposite to the original Yauza.
The contemporary Yauza consists of three parts: The Yauza collects waters from many tributaries, most of them confined to underground sewers. The few that remain on the surface, at least are: The flow of the Yauza is regulated and reinforced with water from the Volga River that reaches the city through the Moscow Canal. 80 million cubic meters of Volga water is sourced each year from the Khimki Reservoir in northwest Moscow and fed through underground pipes and an open channel to Golovinsky Ponds and the Likhoborka River. The water level in the lower Yauza is regulated by the Pererva Dam on the Moskva River, by the locks on the Yauza itself east of Kursky Rail Terminal. Raised water levels in the downtown portion of the Yauza basin led to long-term flooding and death of trees deep inside Losiny Ostrov. Within the city of Moscow the Yauza is spanned by 21 road bridges, five railroad bridges, one dedicated tram bridge, two Moscow Metro bridges, numerous pedestrian bridges and the historical Rostokino Aqueduct.
Spring floods due to low clearance under old bridges were common, with four in the 1950s alone. The most recent flash flood on the Yauza occurred August 14, 2003, following a record-setting rainfall; the Yauza and its valleys are not prone to the landslides and erosion common in the western and southern districts of Moscow. There were two minor landslides on the Yauza in 2008, compared with 40 on the Chertanovka River and 33 on the Gorodnya River. There is no commercial or recreational shipping, although the river is accessible to small motor boats as far as Preobrazhenskaya Square; the first mention of the Yauza in Russian chronicles is directly connected to the foundation of Moscow: according to the chronicles, in 1156 Yury Dolgoruky "founded Moscow at the estuary of Neglinnaya above the Yauza" on the site owned by Stepan Kuchka and known through another chronicle since 1147. There is no accepted etymology for Yauza or Auza. Similar toponyms exist in modern Latvia. Medieval Moscow grew from its Kremlin in a northeasterly direction, towards the Yauza.
St. Andronik Monastery on the Yauza formed the eastern defence arc, together with the Pokrovsky and Novospassky monasteries; the Yauza was used as a commercial waterway from Moscow to Vladimir until the 16th century. After the fire of 1494, Ivan III of Russia set up his country residence on the western bank of the Yauza in Vorontsovo. During the same period potters and other craftsmen deemed a fire hazard were evicted from Moscow proper onto the opposite, eastern bank of the Yauza, thus beginning the industrialization of the river. Slobodas of metalworkers' guilds expanded, in the 17th century Taganka became the most densely populated, remote area of the city of Moscow; the lower Yauza was used by numerous wa
Novokuznetskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line. The station was opened on November 20, 1943. Construction of the station began shortly after the launch of the second stage in 1938. Despite World War II the station was opened on time. In 1978 the platform was lengthened; this part is in a more modern style than the rest of the station. The station honors the Soviet fighting men with its heavy ornamentation; the architects, I. Taranov and N. Bykova, won a USSR State Prize for their design; the decorations include seven octagonal ceiling mosaics by V. Frolov on the theme of wartime industry and bas-reliefs running along the base of the ceiling depicting the soldiers of the Red Army in combat; the pink and white marble pylons are decorated with cast-bronze portraits of Russian war heroes like Mikhail Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky. Floor lamps, long since replaced with more up-to-date lighting in other Metro stations, still give Novokuznetskaya an atmosphere of brooding shadow. There is an urban legend that the station's ornate benches were made of Carrara marble taken from the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour just before it was demolished, but it is not true, the marble was from Ural, not Italy.
Novokuznetskaya's round entrance vestibule is located off Pyatnitskaya Street, north of the intersection with Klimentovsky Street. From this station it is possible to transfer to Tretyakovskaya, a cross-platform station serving both the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line and the Kalininskaya Line. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities. Moscow is the major political, economic and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city on the European continent. By broader definitions, Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 18th largest agglomeration, the 14th largest urban area, the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. According to Forbes 2013, Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies, being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index. Moscow is the coldest megacity on Earth.
It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe. By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast, the area of the capital more than doubled, going from 1,091 to 2,511 square kilometers, resulting in Moscow becoming the largest city on the European continent by area. Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia, making it Europe's most populated inland city; the city is well known for its architecture its historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its colorful architectural style. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city—even before its expansion in 2012; the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Russian Empire to the Soviet Union and the contemporary Russian Federation.
Moscow is a seat of power of the Government of Russia, being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress, today the residence for work of the President of Russia. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament sit in the city. Moscow is considered the center of Russian culture, having served as the home of Russian artists and sports figures and because of the presence of museums and political institutions and theatres; the city is served by a transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system and one of the deepest underground rapid transit systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, the fourth-largest in the world and largest outside Asia in terms of passenger numbers, the busiest in Europe. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich architecture of its 200 stations. Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome, the Whitestone One, the First Throne, the Forty Soroks.
Moscow is one of the twelve Hero Cities. The demonym for a Moscow resident is "москвич" for male or "москвичка" for female, rendered in English as Muscovite; the name "Moscow" is abbreviated "MSK". The name of the city is thought to be derived from the name of the Moskva River. There have been proposed several theories of the origin of the name of the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who were among the several Early Eastern Slavic tribes which inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested. The most linguistically well grounded and accepted is from the Proto-Balto-Slavic root *mŭzg-/muzg- from the Proto-Indo-European *meu- "wet", so the name Moskva might signify a river at a wetland or a marsh, its cognates include Russian: музга, muzga "pool, puddle", Lithuanian: mazgoti and Latvian: mazgāt "to wash", Sanskrit: májjati "to drown", Latin: mergō "to dip, immerse". In many Slavic countries Moskov is a surname, most common in Bulgaria, Russia and North Macedonia. There exist as well similar place names in Poland like Mozgawa.
The original Old Russian form of the name is reconstructed as *Москы, *Mosky, hence it was one of a few Slavic ū-stem nouns. As with other nouns of that declension, it had been undergoing a morphological transformation at the early stage of the development of the language, as a result the first written mentions in the 12th century were Московь, Moskovĭ, Москви, Moskvi, Москвe/Москвѣ, Moskve/Moskvě. From the latter forms came the modern Russian name Москва, a result of morphological generalisation with the numerous Slavic ā-stem nouns. However, the form Moskovĭ has left some traces in many other languages, such as English: Moscow, German: Moskau, French: Moscou, Georgian: მოსკოვი, Latvian: Maskava, Ottoman Turkish: Moskov, Tatar: Мәскәү, Mäskäw, Kazakh: Мәскеу, Mäskew, Chuvash: Мускав, etc. In a similar manner the Latin name Moscovia has been formed it became a collo
Moscow Rizhsky railway station
Rizhsky station is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow, Russia. It was built in 1901; as well as being an active station it houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway, it is located at the crossing of Mira Avenue and Sushchyovsky Val. The station is served by Rizhskaya metro station. Although Rizhsky Station is the least busiest station in Moscow, its connection to Latvia is Moscow's only, is used. On the intersection of two main roads, Rizhsky is adjacent to a Holiday Inn hotel, a large market, numerous Moscow apartments and offices. In addition, Rizhskiy Station has some of the best architecture of all the Moscow "vokzals"; the construction of the railway between Moscow and Vindava started in 1897. On June 30, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and Volokolamsk was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was Sortirovochnaya; the Vindavsky railway station the Rizhsky railway station, was opened on September 11, 1901.
The building, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky. The construction was supervised by the architect Yuly Diederichs. After 1918, when Latvia became independent, the former Vindava direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed Baltiysky railway station, in 1942 - Rzhevsky railway station, in 1946, when Latvia has been annexed by Soviet Union, it was renamed Rizhsky railway station; the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after World War II was finished. Suburban commuter trains connect the Rizhsky station with stations and platforms of the Rizhsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Krasnogorsk, Dedovsk and Volokolamsk. In 2004, the open-air site of the Museum of the Moscow Railway was opened next to Rizhsky railway station; the other site of this museum shows Lenin's funeral train in a modern museum building next to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in Moscow.
Rizhsky station Latvian Railways Russian Railways The Moscow Railway Museum at Rizhsky station
Yasenevo (Moscow Metro)
Yasenevo is a station on the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It was designed by N. Shumakov, G. Mun, N. Shurygina and opened on 17 January 1990. Yasenevo has round, greenish marble columns and walls faced with yellowish metallic tile and pink marble; the recessed oblong spaces between ceiling beams house chandeliers of a simple geometric design. The entrances to the station are located under an intersection between Novoyasenevsky avenue, Tarusskaya street and Yasnogorskaya street
Sviblovo (Moscow Metro)
Sviblovo is a Moscow Metro station in the Sviblovo District, North-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Botanichesky Sad and Babushkinskaya stations. Built according to a standard design in 1978, the station features pillars faced with white marble and accented with vertical strips of anodized aluminum; the walls are white marble and are decorated with friezes containing the names and coats of arms of the various cities and towns surrounding Moscow. Sviblovo's architect was Robert Pogrebnoi; the entrances to the station are located on either side of Snezhnaya Ulitsa south of the intersection with Amundsena Ulitsa