The Last Flight (The Twilight Zone)
"The Last Flight" is episode 18 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. Part of the production was filmed on location at Norton Air Force Base in San Bernardino, California; the vintage 1918 Nieuport 28 biplane was both owned and flown by Frank Gifford Tallman, had appeared in many World War I motion pictures. Flight Lieutenant William Terrance "Terry" Decker of 56 Squadron Royal Flying Corps lands his Nieuport biplane on an American airbase in France, after flying through a strange cloud, he is taken into custody and questioned by the American base commander, Major General Harper, his provost marshal, Major Wilson. Decker identifies himself and his squadron and claims that the date is March 5, 1917, he is informed that it is March 5, 1959. Decker tells the officers that he and his comrade Alexander "Old Leadbottom" Mackaye were fighting seven German aircraft; the Americans tell him that Mackaye is alive and is an Air Vice Marshal in the Royal Air Force, a war hero from World War II who saved hundreds, if not thousands of lives by shooting down German bombers over London.
The American officers add that Air Vice Marshal Mackaye, in addition to being alive and well, is coming to the base that day for an inspection. Major Wilson tries to help Decker remember. Decker confesses that he has avoided combat throughout his service, that he deliberately abandoned the outnumbered Mackaye when the two were attacked by the German fighters, he refuses to believe. When Wilson suggests that someone else helped Mackaye, Decker realizes that he has been given a second chance, he tells the American officer that there was no one within fifty miles who could have come to Mackaye's aid, so if Mackaye survived, it had to be because Decker went back himself. Knowing he cannot have much time to go back to 1917, Decker pleads with Wilson to release him from custody; when Wilson refuses, Decker escapes. Running outside, he locates his plane, punches a mechanic who tries to get in his way, starts the plane's engine, he is about to take off when Wilson puts a pistol to his head. Decker tells Wilson he will have to shoot him to stop him, as he would rather die than remain a coward.
After hesitating, Wilson allows him to escape and Decker flies his plane into white clouds and vanishes. Major Wilson is rebuked by Major General Harper for believing such a fantastic story and for allowing Decker to escape; when Mackaye arrives, Wilson asks he. Mackaye, says Decker saved his life. In March 1917, Mackaye and Decker were attacked. Decker flew off into a cloud, Mackaye believed at first that Decker had abandoned him. Decker came diving out of the cloud, proceeded to shoot down three of the German planes before being shot down himself. General Harper shows Mackaye Decker's badge and personal effects, startling Mackaye, who remarks that those items had never been returned by the Germans. Major Wilson suggests that "Old Leadbottom"—a nickname known only by Mackaye's comrades back in World War I—sit down while it is explained how these items came into the Americans' possession; this was the first episode of The Twilight Zone scripted by Richard Matheson. Rod Serling had adapted the episode "And When the Sky Was Opened" from a short story of Matheson's.
The United States Air Force major general refers to Mackaye as "sir", suggests that he is a superior officer inspecting the air base. However, Mackaye is ranked as an air vice marshal, a Royal Air Force rank equivalent to major general, thereby making the two officers equals – unless the American general was junior in rank by date of commission; the Royal Flying Corps never flew the Nieuport 28, which did not enter service until 1918. The death of Georges Guynemer is mentioned by Decker but Guynemer died in September 1917, six months after Decker's last flight. 56 Squadron was not deployed until April 1917, at which point it flew the S. E.5 aircraft. The rank of flight lieutenant existed in the Royal Naval Air Service and in the RAF but it never was used in the Royal Flying Corps. However, the only reference to "flight lieutenant" is during Mr. Serling's introduction. However, "Second lieutenant" the most junior commissioned officer rank is equal to a "Pilot Officer" in the RAF. Flight Lieutenant is equal to the Army rank of Captain.
DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 "The Last Flight" on IMDb
Edge of Tomorrow
Edge of Tomorrow is a 2014 American science fiction action film starring Tom Cruise and Emily Blunt. Doug Liman directed the film based on a screenplay adapted from the 2004 Japanese light novel All You Need Is Kill by Hiroshi Sakurazaka; the film takes place in a future. Major William Cage, a public relations officer with no combat experience, is forced by his superiors to join a landing operation against the aliens. Though Cage is killed in combat, he finds himself in a time loop that sends him back to the day preceding the battle every time he dies. Cage teams up with Special Forces warrior Rita Vrataski to improve his fighting skills through the repeated days, seeking a way to defeat the extraterrestrial invaders. In late 2009, 3 Arts Productions purchased the rights to the novel and sold a spec script to the American studio Warner Bros; the studio produced the film with the involvement of 3 Arts, the novel's publisher Viz Media, Australian production company Village Roadshow. Filming began in late 2012, taking place in England at Leavesden Studios outside London, other locations such as Trafalgar Square and Saunton Sands.
Nine companies handled the visual effects. The film was released in cinemas on the weekend of May 30, 2014, in 28 territories, including the United Kingdom, Germany and Indonesia. On the weekend of June 6, 2014, it was released in 36 additional territories, including North America, Australia and Russia; the film received positive reviews from critics and was a box office success, grossing over $370.5 million worldwide. A sequel, titled Live Die Repeat and Repeat, is in development. In 2015, an alien race called Mimics arrives in Germany to conquer continental Europe. In 2020, the United Defense Force achieves one solid victory over the Mimics at Verdun. In Britain, General Brigham of the UDF commands Major William Cage, a member of the media relations department, to cover a massive assault on France. Cage, who has no combat experience and threatens to put the blame on Brigham should the invasion result in failure. Brigham has Cage arrested for disobeying orders and orders him sent to Heathrow Airport, now a military base.
Cage wakes up to find Brigham has falsified records to make it appear he is only a private and has assigned him to the misfit J squad under the command of Master Sergeant Farell. Cage is introduced to all the J-Squad members Skinner, Griff, Nance and Kuntz who all don't take too kindly to him Skinner; the invasion of France is a colossal failure for the UDF. Farrell and J-Squad are all killed in battle right before Cage uses a Claymore mine to kill an unusually large blue Mimic but dies when the alien's blood dissolves him. Cage is jolted awake and finds himself back at Heathrow experiencing the events of the previous morning over again. Cage is not believed, he repeats the loop of dying on the beach and waking at Heathrow over and over again, becoming more skilled in combat each time. During one time loop Cage unsuccessfully attempts to save the life of Sergeant Rita Vrataski, who realises that Cage can loop time, she orders him to locate her the next time he wakes up. Cage locates Vrataski, who takes him to Dr. Carter.
Carter is an expert in Mimic biology and explains that Mimics are a superorganism in which the "Omega" controls the cerebrum, while the "Alphas" behave as the ganglia through which the Omega controls ordinary Mimics. If an Alpha is terminated, the Omega resets the day and rearranges its tactics until the battle is won. Cage inadvertently "hijacked" their ability to reset time through his exposure to an Alpha's blood. Vrataski had this ability at Verdun, using it to win the battle before losing its power when she was wounded in battle and received a blood transfusion, she tells Cage to locate and kill the Omega in order to end the alien invasion and save the human race. Over many more loops Vrataski trains Cage to excel in combat. After one frustrating lesson Cage visits London and discovers that the Mimics will attack there after defeating the UDF in France. Cage begins having visions of the dam in Germany that the Omega is hiding in. Cage and Vrataski spend many loops figuring out how to reach the dam.
Cage comes to know Vrataski and falls in love with her, but Vrataski is only interested in the mission. Upon reaching a point where she is killed whatever they do, Cage decides to fly to the dam on his own. Inside the dam, instead of finding the Omega, he is ambushed by an Alpha Mimic who attempts to strip him of his ability to reset time. Cage preserves the ability by deliberately drowning himself. Cage and Vrataski infiltrate the MoD to obtain a prototype device built by Carter that can locate the Omega. Cage compels General Brigham to give him the device, during the ensuing car chase discovers that the Omega is under the Louvre Pyramid in Paris. Cage is captured and injured. Vrataski frees Cage and they recruit J squad to help destroy the Omega before the invasion begins, they fly to Paris, where the other soldiers sacrifice themselves so that Cage and Vrataski can get into the Louvre. Just before luring away an Alpha standing between them and the submerged Omega, Vrataski kisses Cage to thank him for getting her as far as he did.
The Alpha kills Vrataski and mortally wounds Cage, but he manages to drop a belt of grenades that kills the Omega. A dying Cage floats down into the Omega's blood, he awakens en route to his first me
Earnest Lee Hudson is an American character actor. He has appeared in dozens of film and television roles throughout his career, but is best known for his roles as Winston Zeddemore in the Ghostbusters film series, Sergeant Darryl Albrecht in The Crow, Warden Leo Glynn on HBO's Oz. Hudson has acted in the films Leviathan, The Hand That Rocks the Cradle, The Basketball Diaries and Miss Congeniality, he had a cameo in the remake of Ghostbusters. Hudson was born in Michigan, he never knew his father. His mother, died of tuberculosis when he was two months old, he was subsequently raised by Arrana Donald. Hudson joined the United States Marine Corps after high school, dismissed after only three months due to asthma, before he moved to Detroit, Michigan, he became the resident playwright at Concept East, the oldest black theatre company in the United States. He enrolled at Wayne State University to further develop acting skills, he established the Actors' Ensemble Theatre where he and other talented young black writers directed and appeared in their own works.
He enrolled and subsequently graduated from Yale School of Drama. In an interview with Belief.net, Hudson stated that he is a practicing Christian, but does not believe that "one church is the right one." One of Hudson's early films was in Penitentiary II starring Leon Isaac Kennedy. He landed various guest roles on television series such as The Dukes of The A-Team, he was on the television series Fantasy Island in a first-season episode as a voodoo man named Jamu. Hudson gained fame playing Winston Zeddemore, who enlists with the Ghostbusters in the feature film Ghostbusters and its 1989 sequel, he auditioned to reprise the role for the animated series, The Real Ghostbusters, but it was given to Arsenio Hall. He had a major supporting role as the mentally challenged handyman Solomon in The Hand that Rocks the Cradle. Hudson was cast as Warden Leo Glynn on HBO's series Oz. On Oz, his son Ernie Hudson Jr. co-starred with him as Muslim inmate Hamid Khan. Hudson appears as the character Munro in Congo and as Police Sergeant Albrecht in The Crow.
He switched gears when he played a preacher opening the eyes of a small town prejudice in the 1950s in Stranger in the Kingdom. He is known for his role as Harry McDonald, the FBI superior of Sandra Bullock's character in the feature film Miss Congeniality, he appears in the Stargate SG-1 episode "Ethon" as Pernaux. Hudson appeared as Reggie in the film The Basketball Diaries. In 2006, he appeared in the television movie The Ron Clark Story as Principal Turner. In 2008, he began a recurring role as Dr. Fields on The Secret Life of the American Teenager. Hudson had a recurring role on the final season of Law & Order as Lt. Anita Van Buren's boyfriend and fiancé. In 2011, he played Stuart Owens in Torchwood: Miracle Day. Beginning in 2015, Hudson was cast in a recurring role as Jacob, an organic farmer, the romantic interest for Frankie Bergstein in the series Grace and Frankie. Hudson appeared in the 2016 Ghostbusters reboot, playing Bill Jenkins, the uncle of Leslie Jones' lead character Pattie Tolan.
Hudson married his first wife, Jeannie Moore, in 1963, when she was sixteen and he was eighteen. They had Ernie Hudson Jr. and Rahaman Hudson. When Ernie and Jeanie divorced in 1976, their sons moved to live with Hudson in California. Hudson remarried in 1985 to the former Linda Kingsberg. Ernie Hudson on IMDb Ernie Hudson at the TCM Movie Database Ernie Hudson at AllMovie Ernie Hudson Interview in Dangerous Ink Magazine – 2009 Interview with Ernie Hudson, by Matthew Waldram Ernie Hudson interviewed by Julian De Backer on YouTube
Death row is a special section of a prison that houses inmates awaiting execution after being convicted of a capital crime. The term is used figuratively to describe the state of awaiting execution in places where no special facility or separate unit for condemned inmates exists. In the United States, after a person is found guilty of a capital offense in death penalty states, the judge will give the jury the option of imposing a death sentence or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole, it is up to a jury to decide whether to give the death sentence. If the jury agrees on death, the defendant will remain on death row during appeal and habeas corpus procedures, which may continue for several years. Opponents of capital punishment claim that a prisoner's isolation and uncertainty over his or her fate constitute a form of mental cruelty and that long-time death row inmates are liable to become mentally ill, if they are not already; this is referred to as the death row phenomenon. In extreme cases some inmates may attempt to commit suicide.
In the United States, prisoners may wait many years before execution can be carried out due to the complex and time-consuming appeals procedures mandated in the jurisdiction. The time between sentencing and execution has increased steadily between 1977 and 2010, including a 22% jump between 1989 and 1990 and a similar jump between 2008 and 2009. In 2010, a death row inmate waited an average of 178 months between execution. Nearly a quarter of inmates on death row in the U. S. die of natural causes. There were 3,125 people on death row in the United States on January 1, 2013. Since 1977, the states of Texas and Oklahoma have executed the most death row inmates; as of 2010, Florida and Pennsylvania housed more than half of all inmates pending on death row. As of 2008, the longest-serving prisoner on death row in the US, executed was Jack Alderman who served over 33 years, he was executed in Georgia in 2008. However, Alderman only holds the distinction of being the longest-serving executed inmate so far.
A Florida inmate, Gary Alvord, arrived on Florida's death row in 1974. Alvord had been on death row for 39 years when he died on May 19, 2013 from a brain tumor, having spent more time on death row than any other American inmate; the oldest prisoner on death row in the United States was age 94, in Arizona. He died of natural causes on February 12, 2010. Notes: 1Naval Consolidated Brig, Miramar is the only facility in the United States Department of Defense designated to house female Level III inmates; when the United Kingdom had capital punishment, sentenced inmates were given one appeal. If that appeal was found to involve an important point of law it was taken up to the House of Lords, if the appeal was successful, at that point the sentence was changed to life in prison; the Home Secretary in the United Kingdom had the power to exercise the Sovereign's royal prerogative of mercy to grant a reprieve on execution and change the sentence to life imprisonment. In some Caribbean countries that still authorize execution, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the ultimate court of appeals.
It has upheld appeals by prisoners who have spent several years under sentence of death, stating that it does not desire to see the death row phenomenon emerge in countries under its jurisdiction. Live from Death Row The Green Mile The Chamber Dead Man Walking Capital punishment List of death row inmates in the United States List of women on death row in the United States List of exonerated death row inmates Execution chamber List of wrongful convictions in the United States Death Row Conditions: Death Penalty Worldwide Academic research database on the laws and statistics of capital punishment for every death penalty country in the world. LifeLines
Gene Roth was an American film actor and film manager. Roth was born in South Dakota, he was the son of a German father and a Swedish mother, who raised their three sons after the father left the family. The actor, whose billing names included Gene Stutenroth, Eugene Stutenroth, Eugene Roth finished high school in 1920 and was a manager of a movie theater before he became an actor. Roth appeared in over 250 films between 1922 and 1967, his first film was Daughter of the Tong. As Gene Stutenroth, he became a successful manager of movie theaters in the 1930s, was working in this capacity when he visited Hollywood in 1944. Stutenroth was watching a film scene being photographed when a member of the film crew noticed that Stutenroth looked like Ernst Hanfstaengl a crony of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany. Stutenroth was promptly fitted with makeup and costume, became a popular character actor, his burly frame and craggy features made him ideal as an all-purpose menace, tough guy, or sheriff. Most of his acting jobs in the mid-1940s were in "B" features for Columbia Pictures and Monogram Pictures.
In 1949 he abandoned his real name and shortened his screen name to "Roth." He starred as the master villain in the Columbia serials Captain Video, Mysterious Island, The Lost Planet. Roth is remembered for his portrayals of formidable authority figures in Three Stooges comedies such as Slaphappy Sleuths, Hot Stuff, Quiz Whizz, Outer Space Jitters and Pies and Guys, his most memorable role was as Russian spy Bortsch hiding microfilm in Dunked in the Deep, as well as its remake, Commotion on the Ocean. His most famous line was his threat to Shemp Howard: "Give me dat fill-um!". He made frequent television appearances including seven episodes of The Lone Ranger from 1949 to 1954. Roth portrayed a con man in a Highway Patrol episode, Dead Patrolman in 1956, his final film appearance with the Stooges was in The Three Stooges Meet Hercules. In the 1960s Roth sold wines and liquors in Hollywood. Roth was struck and killed by a hit-and-run driver in Los Angeles, California on July 19, 1976; the Sultan's Daughter San Diego, I Love You Shake Hands with Murder Strange Journey Gas House Kids in Hollywood Reaching from Heaven The Sickle or the Cross Dunked in the Deep - Borscht The Hoodlum - Prison Warden Stevens Red Snow Earth vs. the Spider She Demons 1958 The Prize Torn Curtain - Guard in Post Office Gene Roth at Find a Grave Gene Roth on IMDb
And When the Sky Was Opened
"And When the Sky Was Opened" is episode eleven of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It aired on December 11, 1959, it is an adaptation of the Richard Matheson short story "Disappearing Act". United States Air Force Colonel Clegg Forbes arrives at a military hospital to visit his friend and co-pilot Major William Gart; the two had piloted an experimental spaceplane, the X-20 DynaSoar, on a mission that took them 900 miles beyond the confines of the Earth's atmosphere for the first time. During their voyage the men blacked out for four hours and the craft itself disappeared from radar screens for a full day before reappearing and crash landing in the desert leaving Gart with a broken leg. Gart inquires as to the status of the plane, but Forbes is agitated and asks Gart if he remembers how many people were on the mission, producing a newspaper whose front page shows the likenesses of the two men and a headline stating that two astronauts were rescued from the desert crash.
Gart confirms that only he and Forbes piloted the plane but Forbes insists that a third man – Colonel Ed Harrington, his best friend for 15 years – accompanied them. In the flashback, the previous morning and Forbes are shown joking with Gart as they are discharged from the hospital after passing their physical exams, leaving the Major to recuperate alone; the same newspaper that Forbes would show Gart is present but instead asserts three astronauts were recovered from the crash of the X-20 with a photo depicting a crew of three. The two men visit a bar downtown. While there, Harrington is overcome by a feeling that he no longer "belongs" in the world. Disturbed, he phones his parents who tell him they have no son named Ed Harrington and believe the person calling them to be a prankster. Harrington mysteriously vanishes from the phone booth and no one in the bar but Forbes remembers his existence. Desperate, Forbes searches for any trace of his friend but can find nothing in the bar, his girlfriend, does not remember Harrington, neither does his commanding officer.
Returning to the closed bar, he breaks in calling his name repeatedly. He returns to the hospital the next morning to talk with Gart. Back in the present, Forbes is dismayed by Gart's claim that he doesn't know anyone named Harrington. Forbes glances at a mirror and discovers he casts no reflection, causing him to flee the room in terror. Gart tries to hobble. Calling the duty nurse to ask if she saw where Forbes went, Gart is stunned at the nurse's claim that nobody named Forbes has been in the building and that Gart was the only man, aboard his plane. After getting back into bed, he notices, it now says that Gart was the sole pilot of the X-20 – all mention of Forbes, including his photo, is gone. Horrified, Gart disappears. An officer enters the building and asks the duty nurse if there are any unused rooms available to accommodate new patients; the nurse takes him to the now empty room which hosted the three astronauts, stating that it has been unoccupied. In the hangar which housed the X-20, the sheet that covered the craft is shown lying on the ground.
There is no trace of the plane. Rod Taylor as Lieutenant Colonel Clegg Forbes Charles Aidman as Colonel Ed Harrington Jim Hutton as Major William Gart Maxine Cooper as Amy Sue Randall as Nurse Paul Bryar as Bartender Joe Bassett as Medical officer Gloria Pall as Girl in bar Elizabeth Fielding as Blond Nurse This episode is loosely based on the short story "Disappearing Act" by Richard Matheson; the story was first published in The Magazine of Science Fiction. Rod Taylor and director Douglas Heyes worked together on the TV series Bearcats!. "Remember Me", an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, in which ship's doctor Beverly Crusher undergoes a comparable experience. "Revisions", a Stargate SG-1 episode with a similar plot. "Games People Play", a Eureka episode with a similar plot. DeVoe, Bill. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0. Grams, Martin; the Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0.
"And When the Sky Was Opened" on IMDb "And When the Sky Was Opened" at TV.com And When The Sky Was Opened | John's Twilight Zone Page
Groundhog Day (film)
Groundhog Day is a 1993 American comedy film directed by Harold Ramis and written by Ramis and Danny Rubin. It stars Bill Murray as Phil Connors, a TV weatherman who, during an assignment covering the annual Groundhog Day event, is caught in a time loop reliving the same day. Andie MacDowell and Chris Elliott co-star. Groundhog Day was a modest success on release and garnered positive reviews, it attracted critical acclaim and is included in lists of the best comedy films. The term "groundhog day" is now used to describe a recurring situation in government and military arenas. In 2006, the film was added to the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant". A stage musical adaptation premiered in 2016. Weatherman Phil Connors reassures Pittsburgh viewers that an approaching blizzard will miss Western Pennsylvania, he goes with news producer Rita Hanson and cameraman Larry to Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, to cover the Groundhog Day festivities. Phil makes no secret of his contempt for the assignment, the small town, the "hicks" who live there.
The next day, Phil awakens at his Punxsutawney bed and breakfast to Sonny & Cher's "I Got You Babe" on the clock radio. He tapes a half-hearted report on the town's festivities. Rita wants to stay and cover other events; the blizzard blankets the region in snow. Phil retires to bed early. Phil wakes to "I Got You Babe" and the same DJ banter on the radio, discovers the day's events repeating exactly. Phil relives the day and returns to bed, assuming it was a dream, but it is still Groundhog Day when he wakes again: he is trapped in a time loop that no one else is aware of. Realizing there are no consequences for his actions, he spends the first several loops indulging in binge drinking, one-night stands, reckless driving. After spending several loops trying, failing to court Rita, he becomes depressed and commits suicide several times, but does not escape the loop. Desperate for a solution, Phil goes as far as to kidnap Punxsutawney Phil and drive off a cliff, hoping that killing the groundhog will end his curse.
Phil tries to explain his situation to Rita, for whom he has feelings, by predicting the day's events. Rita sympathizes, they spend the entirety of one loop together, but Phil wakes up alone as usual, he decides to use his knowledge of the day's events to the lives of others. During one loop, Phil enthusiastically reports the Groundhog Day festivities, amazing Rita, they spend the rest of the day together, with Phil impressing her with his apparent overnight transformation and charitable deeds. She bids for Phil at a charity bachelor auction. Phil makes an ice sculpture of Rita's face, tells her that no matter what happens if he is doomed to continue awakening alone each morning forever, he wants her to know that he is happy, because he loves her, they retire together to Phil's lodgings. Phil finds Rita is still in bed with him, he tells Rita. Danny Rubin had completed and sold his script for Hear No Evil and moved from Chicago to Los Angeles to become a professional screenwriter around 1990, his agent suggested that he prepare a "calling-card" script that he could use to gain meetings with various producers.
He came up with the core idea of the script which would become Groundhog Day while sitting in a movie theater. He asked himself the question "If a person could live forever, if a person was immortal, how would they change over time?" Having this character be immortal and having the world change around them would have been too cumbersome for filming. Instead he came back to a concept he had written down about two years earlier about a man living the same day over and over. With the idea of a person changing over time, this repeating day motif found its "deeper purpose" within the new script; the two ideas, answered his proverbial question as well as opened up several possibilities of drama and comedy with that framework. Rubin first conceived of the dating aspect for the film, "being able to use your superior knowledge to pick up women", which led to the film leaning more to the comedy side, he knew he needed some calendar date to use for the day, his earlier concept had the character reliving a late January day over and over.
Groundhog Day presented Rubin with the idea of being able to take his character out of his home town into the unfamiliar territory and relative isolation of Punxsutawney, cementing the character being named Phil in honor of Punxsutawney Phil, as well as making him a weatherman. Rubin took about seven weeks to fix the basic concepts and "rules" for the time loop in the film, completed the first draft of the screenplay within three to four days. Rubin started to shop the screenplay to around 50 producers. While many studios expressed interest, they told him they would not be able to film it, though Rubin was able to secure additional work through these meetings. After his own agent left the industry, Rubin hired a spec agent to help sell the script more; the script got to the hands of Richard Lovett in the Creative Artists Agency, able to get it to Harold Ramis around 1991, leading to Ramis offering to prod