National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
The National Board of Review Award for Best Actor is one of the annual film awards given by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
The Remains of the Day (film)
The Remains of the Day is a 1993 British-American-French-German drama film and adapted from the Booker Prize-winning 1989 novel of the same name by Kazuo Ishiguro. The film was directed by James Ivory and produced by Ismail Merchant, Mike Nichols, John Calley, it stars Anthony Hopkins as James Stevens and Emma Thompson as Miss Kenton, with James Fox, Christopher Reeve, Hugh Grant in supporting roles. The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Actor and Best Actress. In 1999, the British Film Institute ranked The Remains of the Day the 64th greatest British film of the 20th century. In 1958 post-war Britain, the butler of Darlington Hall, receives a letter from Miss Kenton, a former colleague employed as the housekeeper some twenty years earlier, now separated from her husband, their former employer Lord Darlington has died a broken man, his reputation destroyed after he was exposed as a Nazi sympathizer, his stately country manor has been sold to a retired United States Congressman, Mr. Jack Lewis.
Stevens is granted permission to borrow Lewis' Daimler, he sets off to the West Country to see Miss Kenton, in the hope that she will return as housekeeper. The film flashes back to Kenton's arrival as housekeeper in the 1930s; the ever-efficient Stevens manages the household well, taking great pride in and deriving his entire identity from his profession. Miss Kenton, proves to be a valuable servant, she is efficient and strong-willed, but warmer and less repressed. Stevens and Kenton butt heads when she observes that Stevens' father is in failing health and no longer able to perform his duties, which Stevens stubbornly refuses to acknowledge. Stevens' professional dedication is displayed when, while his father lies dying, he steadfastly continues his butler duties. Relations between Stevens and Kenton thaw, it becomes clear she has feelings for him. Despite their proximity and shared purpose, Stevens' outward detachment remains unchanged. In a scene of agonized repression, Miss Kenton embarrasses Stevens when she catches him reading a book.
Curious, she forces it out of his hand, finds to her disappointment it is an ordinary romance novel. Meanwhile, Darlington Hall is frequented by politicians of the interwar period, many of Lord Darlington's guests are like-minded, fascist-sympathizing British and European aristocrats, with the exception of the more pragmatic Congressman Lewis, who does not share the "noble instincts" of Lord Darlington and his guests. Lewis informs the "gentleman politicians" in his midst that they are meddling amateurs and that "Europe has become the arena of Realpolitik" and warns them they are "headed for disaster." Lord Darlington's aristocratic guests grill Stevens about his political knowledge to prove that the lower classes are ignorant and unworthy to have an opinion, but Stevens steadfastly refuses to acknowledge that he has listened to their conversations, being too busy serving. Darlington meets Prime Minister Chamberlain and the German Ambassador, uses his influence to try to broker a policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany, based on his belief that Germany had been unfairly treated by the Treaty of Versailles following the First World War and only desires peace.
In the midst of these events, after overhearing Sir Geoffrey Wren praising Nazi racial laws, Darlington requests that two newly-appointed German-Jewish maids, both refugees, should be dismissed, despite Stevens's mild protest that they are good workers. Stevens carries out Lord Darlington's command, despite a horrified Miss Kenton threatening to resign in protest. Miss Kenton confides in Stevens that she has no family and nowhere to go should she leave Darlington Hall, is ashamed to not follow up on her threat to resign. Stevens does not mention that he disagreed with Lord Darlington's order and leaves Miss Kenton with the impression that he didn't care about the girls' fate. Lord Darlington's godson, journalist Reginald Cardinal, is appalled by the nature of the secret meetings in Darlington Hall. Concurring with Congressman Lewis's earlier protestations, Cardinal tells Stevens that Lord Darlington is a pawn, being used by the Nazis. Despite Cardinal's indignation, Stevens does not denounce or criticise his master, feeling it is not his place to judge his employer's honorable intentions if they are incorrect.
Lord Darlington expresses regret for having dismissed Ilsa and Irma, the two German-Jewish maids. He asks Stevens to locate them and Stevens questions Miss Kenton as to the maids' whereabouts. Miss Kenton forms a relationship with a former co-worker, Tom Benn, who proposes marriage and asks Miss Kenton to move away with him to run a coastal boarding house. Miss Kenton mentions this proposal to Stevens, in effect offering him an ultimatum, but Stevens will not admit his feelings, offering Miss Kenton only his congratulations. Miss Kenton leaves Darlington Hall prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. Before Miss Kenton's departure, Stevens finds her crying in frustration, but the only response he can muster is to call her attention to a neglected domestic task. En route to meeting Miss Kenton in 1958, when asked by locals about his former employer, Stevens at first denies having served or having met Lord Darlington, but admits to having served and respected him, he says that, while Lord Darlington was unable to correct hi
Academy Award for Best Actor
The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry; the award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner. The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929 with Emil Jannings receiving the award for his roles in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. Nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the actors branch of AMPAS. In the first three years of the awards, actors were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period was listed after the award. However, during the 3rd ceremony held in 1930, only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award though each of the acting winners had two films following their names on the ballots; the following year, this system was replaced by the current system in which an actor is nominated for a specific performance in a single film.
Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was limited to five nominations per year. Since its inception, the award has been given to 82 actors. Daniel Day-Lewis has received the most awards in this category with three Oscars. Spencer Tracy and Laurence Olivier were nominated on nine occasions, more than any other actor. James Dean remains the only actor to have been posthumously nominated in this category on more than one occasion; as of the 91st Academy Awards, Rami Malek is the most recent winner in this category for portraying Freddie Mercury in Bohemian Rhapsody. In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.
All Academy Award acting nominees Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor Independent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role Oscars.org The Academy Awards Database Oscar.com
Joseph Francis Mazzello III is an American actor and screenwriter. He is best known for his roles as Tim Murphy in Jurassic Park, Eugene Sledge in the HBO miniseries The Pacific, Dustin Moskovitz in The Social Network and Queen bass player John Deacon in the biopic Bohemian Rhapsody. Mazzello was born in Rhinebeck, New York, raised in Hyde Park, New York, the son of Virginia and Joseph Mazzello, Jr. who owned a dance studio. He has one older sister, a younger brother, who have both appeared in films, his father is of three-quarters Italian and one-quarter German Jewish ancestry, while his mother is of Irish and English descent. Mazzello went to the Catholic school Our Lady of Lourdes, he is an alumnus of the University of Southern California, entering the USC School of Cinematic Arts in 2001 following a recommendation letter from director Steven Spielberg. Mazzello paid for school with his salary from a small appearance in The Lost World: Jurassic Park, something the actor jokingly referred to as his graduation present from Spielberg.
Mazzello's first film appearance was a small role in Presumed Innocent, starring Harrison Ford. He followed up that success with a supporting role as an abused child in the drama Radio Flyer, he appeared in "Unspeakable Acts". His most notable roles were as Douglas Gresham in Shadowlands and Tim Murphy in Jurassic Park, both in 1993, Dexter in the 1995 film The Cure, Eugene "Sledgehammer" Sledge in the HBO miniseries The Pacific. In 2010, Mazzello played Dustin Moskovitz, one of the co-founders of Facebook in the David Fincher-directed film The Social Network. Mazzello starred as John Deacon in Bohemian Rhapsody. Mazzello made his directorial debut with the short film Matters of Life and Death in which he stars. Official website Joseph Mazzello on IMDb Matters of Life and Death official website
A Bridge Too Far (film)
A Bridge Too Far is a 1977 epic war film based on the 1974 book of the same name by Cornelius Ryan, adapted by William Goldman. It was directed by Richard Attenborough; the film tells the story of the failure of Operation Market Garden during World War II. The operation was intended to allow the Allies to break through German lines and seize several bridges in the occupied Netherlands, including one at Arnhem, with the main objective of outflanking German defences in order to end the war by Christmas of 1944; the name for the film comes from a disputed comment attributed to British Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning, deputy commander of the First Allied Airborne Army, who told Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, the operation's architect, before the operation: "I think we may be going a bridge too far", in reference to the intention of seizing the Arnhem bridgehead over the Rhine river. The ensemble cast includes Dirk Bogarde, James Caan, Michael Caine, Sean Connery, Edward Fox, Elliott Gould, Gene Hackman, Anthony Hopkins, Hardy Krüger, Laurence Olivier, Ryan O'Neal, Robert Redford, Maximilian Schell and Liv Ullmann.
The music was scored by John Addison. Operation Market Garden envisions 35,000 men being flown 300 miles from air bases in England and dropped behind enemy lines in the Netherlands. Two divisions of US paratroopers, the 82nd and 101st Airborne, are responsible for securing the road and bridges as far as Nijmegen. A British division, the 1st Airborne, under Major-General Roy Urquhart, is to land near Arnhem and hold both sides of the bridge there, backed by a brigade of Polish paratroopers under General Stanisław Sosabowski. XXX Armoured Corps are to push up the road over the bridges captured by the American paratroopers and reach Arnhem two days after the drop; the British are to land using gliders near Arnhem. When General Urquhart briefs his officers, some of them are surprised they are going to attempt a landing so far from the bridge; the consensus among the British top brass is that resistance will consist of "Hitler Youth or old men on bicycles". Although reconnaissance photos show German tanks at Arnhem, General Browning dismisses them and ignores reports from the Dutch underground.
He does not want to be the one to tell Field Marshal Montgomery of any doubts since many previous airborne operations had been cancelled. Although British officers note that the portable radios are not to work for the long distance from the drop zone to the Arnhem Bridge, they choose not to convey their concerns up a chain of command intent on silencing all doubt. Speed is the vital factor. Arnhem's is the crucial bridge, the last means of escape for the German forces in the Netherlands and an excellent route to Germany for Allied forces; the road to it, however, is only a single highway linking the various key bridges - trucks and tanks have to squeeze to the shoulder to pass. The road is elevated, causing anything moving on the road to stand out; the airborne drops catch the Germans by surprise and there is little resistance. Most of the men come down safely and assemble but the Son bridge is blown up by the Germans just before the 101st Airborne secures it. Soon after landing, troubles beset Urquhart's division.
Many of the Jeeps are shot up in an ambush. Their radio sets are useless. XXX Corps' progress to relieve them is slowed by German resistance, the narrowness of the highway and the need to construct a Bailey bridge to replace the one destroyed at Son, they are halted at Nijmegen. There, soldiers of the 82nd Airborne Division perform a dangerous daylight river crossing in flimsy canvas-and-wood assault boats and the Nijmegen bridge is captured, but XXX Corps has to wait several hours for infantry to secure the town; the Germans close in on the isolated British paratroops occupying part of Arnhem at the bridge, although armored attacks are repelled. Urquhart had been separated from his men and the supply drop zones overrun by the Germans. Sosabowski's troops, held up by fog in England, enter the battle too late and are unable to reinforce the British. After days of house-to-house fighting, pitted against crack SS infantry and panzers, the outgunned troops are captured or forced to withdraw. Arnhem itself is indiscriminately razed in the fighting.
Urquhart escapes the battle zone with fewer than a fifth of his original ten thousand crack troops. On arriving at British headquarters, Urquhart confronts Browning about his personal sentiments regarding the operation: does he think it went as well as was being claimed by Montgomery? Browning's reply contradicts his earlier optimism: "Well, as you know, I've always thought that we tried to go a bridge too far." In the film's final scene, a young Dutch woman, whose elegant and beautifully furnished home was used as an overflow hospital by the British, abandons the destroyed house. Passing through the front yard, now converted to a graveyard for fallen troops and her children trek along the high riverbank, with her father, an elderly doctor, pulling a few salvaged possessions in a cart. Air filming was done in the first weeks of September 1976, culminating in a series of air drops of a total of 1,000 men, together with the dropping of supplies from a number of Dakota aircraft; the Dakotas were gathered by the film company Joseph E. Levine Presents Incorporated.
All aircraft were required to be FAA registered and licensed to carry passengers. An original deal for the purchase of ten fell through when two airframes were rejected as passeng
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Best Actor in a Leading Role is a British Academy Film Award presented annually by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts to recognize an actor who has delivered an outstanding leading performance in a film. Note: Dustin Hoffman's total of eight nominations, includes his 1968 Most Promising Newcomer nomination for The Graduate. From 1952 to 1967, there were two Best Actor awards: one for a British actor and another for a foreign actor. In 1968, the two prizes of British and Foreign actor were combined to create a single Best Actor award, its current title, for Best Actor in a Leading Role, has been used since 1995. Note: All nominations for multiple performances in a single year from the 1950s to the 1970s count as one nomination; the two mentions for Anthony Hopkins and Sean Penn count as two separate nominations. 5 winsPeter Finch 4 winsDaniel Day-Lewis3 winsMarlon Brando Jack Lemmon 2 winsDirk Bogarde Colin Firth Anthony Hopkins Dustin Hoffman Burt Lancaster Marcello Mastroianni Jack Nicholson Rod Steiger Academy Award for Best Actor Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor Guldbagge Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role BAFTA Awards Database
Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, was an English actor, filmmaker and politician. He was the President of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art and the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Attenborough served in the film unit, he went on filmed action from the rear gunner's position. He was the older brother of Sir David Attenborough, a naturalist and broadcaster, John Attenborough, an executive at Alfa Romeo, he was married to actress Sheila Sim from 1945 until his death. As a film director and producer, Attenborough won two Academy Awards for Gandhi in 1983, receiving awards for Best Picture and Best Director; the BFI ranked Gandhi the 34th greatest British film of the 20th century. He won four BAFTA Awards and four Golden Globe Awards; as an actor, he is best known for his roles in Brighton Rock, The Great Escape, 10 Rillington Place, The Sand Pebbles, Miracle on 34th Street and Jurassic Park. Attenborough was born on 29 August 1923 in Cambridge, the eldest of three sons of Mary Attenborough, a founding member of the Marriage Guidance Council, Frederick Levi Attenborough, a scholar and academic administrator, a fellow at Emmanuel College and wrote a standard text on Anglo-Saxon law.
Attenborough was educated at Wyggeston Grammar School for Boys in Leicester and studied at RADA. In September 1939, the Attenboroughs took in two German Jewish refugee girls and Irene Bejach, who lived with them in College House and were adopted by the family after the war when it was discovered that their parents had been killed; the sisters moved to the United States in the 1950s and lived with an uncle, where they married and took American citizenship. During World War II, Attenborough served in the Royal Air Force. After initial pilot training he was seconded to the newly formed Royal Air Force Film Production Unit at Pinewood Studios, under the command of Flight Lieutenant John Boulting where he appeared with Edward G. Robinson in the propaganda film Journey Together, he volunteered to fly with the Film Unit and after further training, where he sustained permanent ear damage, qualified as a sergeant, flying on several missions over Europe filming from the rear gunner's position to record the outcome of RAF Bomber Command sorties.
Attenborough's acting career started on stage and he appeared in shows at Leicester's Little Theatre, Dover Street, prior to his going to RADA, where he remained Patron until his death. Attenborough's first major credited role was provided in Brian Desmond Hurst's The Hundred Pound Window playing Tommy Draper who helps rescue his accountant father who has taken a wrong turn in life. Attenborough's film career had, began in 1942 in an uncredited role as a sailor deserting his post under fire in the Noël Coward/David Lean production In Which We Serve, a role that helped type-cast him for many years as a spiv, or coward, in films like London Belongs to Me, Morning Departure and his breakthrough role as Pinkie Brown in John Boulting's film adaptation of Graham Greene's novel Brighton Rock, a part that he had played to great acclaim at the Garrick Theatre in 1942. In 1949, exhibitors voted him the sixth most popular British actor at the box office. Early in his stage career, Attenborough starred in the West End production of Agatha Christie's The Mousetrap, which went on to become the world's longest running stage production.
Both he and his wife were among the original cast members of the production, which opened in 1952 at the Ambassadors Theatre and as of 2019 is still running at the St Martins Theatre. They took a 10 per cent profit-participation in the production, paid for out of their combined weekly salary At the beginning of the 1950s Attenborough featured on radio on the BBC Light Programme introducing records. Attenborough worked prolifically in British films for the next 30 years, including in the 1950s, appearing in several successful comedies for John and Roy Boulting, such as Private's Progress and I'm All Right Jack. In 1963, he appeared alongside Steve McQueen and James Garner in The Great Escape as RAF Squadron Leader Roger Bartlett, the head of the escape committee, based on the real-life exploits of Roger Bushell, it was his first appearance in a major Hollywood film blockbuster and his most successful film thus far. During the 1960s, he expanded his range of character roles in films such as Séance on a Wet Afternoon and Guns at Batasi, for which he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of the Regimental Sergeant Major.
In 1965 he played Lew Moran opposite James Stewart in The Flight of the Phoenix and in 1967 and 1968, he won back-to-back Golden Globe Awards in the category of Best Supporting Actor, the first time for The Sand Pebbles, again co-starring Steve McQueen, the second time for Doctor Dolittle starring Rex Harrison. He won the 1967 Best Supporting Actor Award for The Sand Pebbles, his portrayal of the serial killer John Christie in 10 Rillington Place garnered excellent reviews. In 1977, he played the ruthless General Outram, again to great acclaim, in the Indian director Satyajit Ray's period piece The