The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
The War in Afghanistan, code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan and Operation Freedom's Sentinel, followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of 7 October 2001. The U. S. was supported by the United Kingdom and Australia and by a coalition of over 40 countries, including all NATO members. The war's public aims were to dismantle al-Qaeda and to deny it a safe base of operations in Afghanistan by removing the Taliban from power. Since the initial objectives were completed at the end of 2001, the war involves U. S. and allied Afghan government troops battling Taliban insurgents. The War in Afghanistan is the longest war in U. S. history. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001 on the U. S. which President George W. Bush blamed on Osama bin Laden, living or hiding in Afghanistan and had been wanted since 1998, President Bush demanded that the Taliban, who were de facto ruling the country, hand over bin Laden; the Taliban declined to extradite him unless they were provided clear evidence of his involvement in the attacks, which the U.
S. dismissed as a delaying tactic and on 7 October 2001 launched Operation Enduring Freedom with the United Kingdom. The two were joined by other forces, including the Northern Alliance – the Afghan opposition, fighting the Taliban in the ongoing civil war since 1996. By December 2001, the Taliban and their al-Qaeda allies were defeated in the country, at the Bonn Conference new Afghan interim authorities elected Hamid Karzai to head the Afghan Interim Administration; the United Nations Security Council established the International Security Assistance Force to assist the new authority with securing Kabul, which after a 2002 loya jirga became the Afghan Transitional Administration. A nationwide rebuilding effort was made following the end of the totalitarian Taliban regime. In the popular elections of 2004, Karzai was elected president of the country, now named the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. NATO became involved in ISAF in August 2003, that year assumed leadership of it. At this stage, ISAF included troops from 43 countries with NATO members providing the majority of the force.
One portion of U. S. forces in Afghanistan operated under NATO command. S. command. Following defeat in the initial invasion, the Taliban was reorganized by its leader Mullah Omar, launched an insurgency against the Afghan government and ISAF in 2003. Though outgunned and outnumbered, insurgents from the Taliban - and to a lesser extent Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin and other groups - waged asymmetric warfare with guerrilla raids and ambushes in the countryside, suicide attacks against urban targets, turncoat killings against coalition forces; the Taliban exploited weaknesses in the Afghan government to reassert influence across rural areas of southern and eastern Afghanistan. From 2006 the Taliban made significant gains and showed an increased willingness to commit atrocities against civilians – ISAF responded by increasing troops for counter-insurgency operations to "clear and hold" villages. Violence escalated from 2007 to 2009. Troop numbers began to surge in 2009 and continued to increase through 2011 when 140,000 foreign troops operated under ISAF and U.
S. command in Afghanistan. Of these 100,000 were from the U. S. On 1 May 2011, United States Navy SEALs killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan. NATO leaders in 2012 commended an exit strategy for withdrawing their forces, the United States announced that its major combat operations would end in December 2014, leaving a residual force in the country. In October 2014, British forces handed over the last bases in Helmand to the Afghan military ending their combat operations in the war. On 28 December 2014, NATO formally ended ISAF combat operations in Afghanistan and transferred full security responsibility to the Afghan government; the NATO-led Operation Resolute Support was formed the same day as a successor to ISAF. As of May 2017, over 13,000 foreign troops remain in Afghanistan without any formal plans to withdraw, continue their fight against the Taliban, which remains by far the largest single group fighting against the Afghan government and foreign troops. Tens of thousands of people have been killed in the war.
Over 4,000 ISAF soldiers and civilian contractors, over 62,000 Afghan national security forces were killed, as well as over 31,000 civilians and more Taliban. Afghanistan's political order began to break down with the overthrow of King Zahir Shah by his distant cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan in a bloodless 1973 Afghan coup d'état. Daoud Khan had served as prime minister since 1953 and promoted economic modernization, emancipation of women, Pashtun nationalism; this was threatening to neighboring Pakistan, faced with its own restive Pashtun population. In the mid-1970s, Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto began to encourage Afghan Islamist leaders such as Burhanuddin Rabbani and Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, to fight against the regime. In 1978, Daoud Khan was killed in a coup by Afghan's Communist Party, his former partner in government, known as the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan; the PDPA pushed for a socialist transformation by abolishing arranged marriages, promoting mass literacy and reforming land ownership.
This provoked opposition across rural areas. The PDPA's crackdown was met including Ismail Khan's Herat Uprising; the PDPA was beset by internal leadership differences and was weakened by an internal coup on 11 September 1979 when Hafizullah Amin ousted Nur Muhammad Tara
The Taliban insurgency began shortly after the group's fall from power following the 2001 War in Afghanistan. The Taliban forces are fighting against the Afghan government led by President Hamid Karzai, now led by President Ashraf Ghani, against the US-led International Security Assistance Force; the insurgency has spread to some degree over the Durand Line border to neighboring Pakistan, in particular the Waziristan region and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Taliban conduct low-intensity warfare against Afghan National Security Forces and their NATO trainers. Regional countries Pakistan and Iran, are accused of funding and supporting the insurgent groups; the leader of the Taliban is Hibatullah Akhundzada. The allied Haqqani Network, Hezbi Islami, smaller al Qaeda groups have been part of the insurgency, they use terrorist attacks in which their victims are Afghan civilians. According to reports by the United Nations and others, the insurgents were responsible for 75-80% of civilian casualties between 2009 and 2011.
After the May 2011 death of Osama bin Laden in Pakistan, many prominent Afghan figures were assassinated by the insurgents, including Mohammed Daud Daud, Ahmed Wali Karzai, Jan Mohammad Khan, Ghulam Haider Hamidi, Burhanuddin Rabbani and others. In response to this, major operations were started inside Afghanistan against the insurgents; these are intended to force them to the negotiation table. While the pre-2001 Taliban suppressed opium production, the current insurgency "relies on opium revenues to purchase weapons, train its members, buy support." In 2001, Afghanistan produced only 11% of the world's opium. Today it produces 93% of the global crop, the drug trade accounts for half of Afghanistan's GDP. On 28 July 2009, Richard Holbrooke, the United States special envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, said that money transfers from Western Europe and the Gulf States exceeded the drug trade earnings and that a new task force had been formed to shut down this source of funds; the United States Agency for International Development is investigating the possibility that kickbacks from its contracts are being funneled to the Taliban.
A report by the London School of Economics claimed to provide the most concrete evidence yet that the Pakistani intelligence agency ISI is providing funding and sanctuary to the Taliban on a scale much larger than thought. The report's author Matt Waldman spoke to nine Taliban field commanders in Afghanistan and concluded that Pakistan's relationship with the insurgents ran far deeper than realized; some of those interviewed suggested that the organization attended meetings of the Taliban's supreme council, the Quetta Shura. A spokesman for the Pakistani military dismissed the report, describing it as "malicious". In March 2010, after the ousting of the Taliban from the area of Marja in the Southern Afghan province Helmand in the Operation Moshtarak, the American and NATO commanders were confronted with the dilemma of on the one hand the need for "winning the hearts and minds" of the local population as well as on the other hand the necessity of the eradication of poppies and the destruction of the opium economy.
Since opium is the main source of existence of 60 to 70 percent of the farmers in Marja, American Marines were ordered to ignore the crops to avoid trampling their livelihood. In November 2010, a report with the results of an opinion poll of the Western aid group Oxfam indicated that 83 percent of the Afghan population does not consider the Taliban militants, but poverty and government corruption as the main causes of war in their country. After thirty years of war, the country remains one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world, it is one of the most corrupt. Unemployment stands at 35 percent and more than half of the population lives below the poverty line. On top of that, violence seemed to culminate since U. S.-backed Afghan forces ousted the Taliban in late 2001. Nearly half of those surveyed said corruption and bad government were the main reasons for the ongoing war. 12 percent said. A study from August 2017 illustrates that the corruption of the Afghan state is an important source of local legitimacy for the Taliban.
Since the start of 2006 Afghanistan has been facing a wave of attacks by improvised explosives and suicide bombers after NATO took command of the fight against insurgents in spring 2006. Afghan President Hamid Karzai publicly condemned the methods used by the western powers. In June 2006 he said: And for two years I have systematically and on a daily basis warned the international community of what was developing in Afghanistan and of the need for a change of approach in this regard… The international community reassess the manner in which this war against terror is conducted Insurgents were criticized for their conduct. According to Human Rights Watch and other attacks on Afghan civilians by the Taliban, are reported to have "sharply escalated in 2006" with "at least 669 Afghan civilians were killed in at least 350 armed attacks, most of which appear to have been intentionally launched at civilians or civilian objects." 131 of insurgent attacks were suicide attacks which killed 212 civilians, 46 Afghan army and police members, 12 foreign soldiers.
The United Nations estimated that for the first half of 2011, the civilian deaths rose by 15% and reached 1462, the worst death toll since the beginning of the war and despite the surge of foreign troops. June: 6 June: A roadside bombing leaves 2 American soldiers killed, the
2017 in Afghanistan
Events in the year 2017 in Afghanistan. President: Ashraf Ghani Chief Executive Officer: Abdullah Abdullah The war in Afghanistan continued. January 1 – Rangers from 2nd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, carried out a raid on an ISIL-KP commander operating in the country. Despite being wounded by a grenade blast, SFC Joshua Leach held off enemy fighters alone with his weapon for 3 minutes, whilst under direct AK-47, AK-74, AKS-74, AKS-74U and grenade fire, allowing two wounded Rangers with a wounded Afghan soldier to leave the compound. Leach was awarded the Silver Star. January 9 – NDS forces killed Qari Saifullah Akhtar, a top al-Qaeda leader, another terrorist in a raid in Ghazni Province. January 10 – The 10 January 2017 Afghanistan bombings kill over 60 people and injure nearly 100 more. January 29 – It was reported that at least 6 armed militants were killed and 6 heroin laboratories were destroyed in a military operation in Bando village, Helmand province- an area "under the Taliban or contested".
The Ministry of Interior said that 1,090 kg of morphine, 15,175 kg of ammonium chloride and 2,000 litres of liquid opium, used in making heroin, were destroyed. January 30/31 – Taliban fighters used tunnels to attack government checkpoints in the town centre of the Sangin district, Helmand Province, Afghan officials said 10 to more than 20 soldiers had been killed. In response, Brigadier General Charles H. Cleveland said that in the following 48 hours, the US military carried out 15 airstrikes, 10 of which were in and around the town of Sangin. February 4 – The 2017 Afghanistan avalanches killed at least 143 and injured 103 people. February 7 – A suicide bomb blast outside of the Supreme Court of Afghanistan in Kabul killed 20 people and injured 48 more; that day in a roadside bomb in western Farah Province killed the regions top police official, the Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack. February 8 – Six Afghans working for the Red Cross were killed by suspected ISIL-KP gunmen and Two others are unaccounted for abducted, by IS in the Qush Tepa District, Jowzjan Province.
February 9 – A U. S. Special Forces soldier was wounded when the base he was at was attacked in Helmand province, another soldier was wounded that day in Helmand Province. February 11 – A Taliban suicide bomber killed 7 and wounded 20 people outside a bank in Lashkar Gah, Helmand Province. February 16 – Pakistan closed the Torkham and Chaman crossing in response to series of terrorist attacks across Pakistan. February 23 – The Taliban take over the entirety of Shorabak District, Kandahar Province. February 24 – 10 police officers and a civilian in an ambush by IS militants in Zawzjan province. February 26 – A U. S. drone strike killed the senior Taliban commander for Kunduz province, Mullah Abdul Salam Akhund, 8 other militants. March 1 – The Taliban attacked police and intelligence targets in Kabul, killing at least 15 people and wounding dozens. March 7 – Pakistan temporarily reopened the Torkham and Chaman crossings with Afghanistan to allow visitors with valid visas on both sides to return home.
March 8 – 4 ISIL-KP militants attacked Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan hospital, the largest military hospital in Kabul, killing more than 30 people and injuring more than 50. Afghan Commandos killed all 4 attackers after several hours of fighting. March 12 – At least 31 Taliban militants were killed and nine wounded during the past 24 hours in a military operation carried out in Bulan village in PD3 of Lashkargah city, officials said. March 13 – A suicide bomber crashed a vehicle full of explosives into a packed commuter minibus in Kabul, killing at least one and injuring at least 19 people. March 17 – A suicide truck bomber attacked a military checkpoint in Khost province, killing 1 Afghan soldier and wounding 10 more, after the blast, 2 Taliban gunmen opened fire at the troops, triggering a shootout that left both militants dead. Elsewhere in outside a mosque in eastern Nangarhar province the brother of a local religious affairs director, targeted for assassination. March 19 – 3 American troops were wounded after an Afghan soldier opened fire on them at Camp Shorabak air base in Helmand province.
That day, a US airstrike killed al Qaeda leader Qari Yasin Paktika Province, Yasin had ties to the TTP and was responsible for the 2008 Islamabad Marriott Hotel bombing and the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka national cricket team. Two Taliban commanders were killed in apparent US drone strike in Barmal district and another 10 insurgents were killed in a separate drone strike in Dand-e Patan district, Paktika province. A Green Beret from 1st Battalion 7th SFG died in a noncombat-related incident in Logar Province. Taliban insurgents attacked a district headquarters in Kandahar province with a suicide car bomb killing 6 policemen and wounding others. An operation carried out by the army in southern Zabul province killed 13 Taliban militants and wounded 11 others, whilst the Afghans suffered 2 Afghan soldiers killed and 3 others wounded by a roadside bomb. March 20 – A car bombing next to a security checkpoint, known as Sangorian in Gereshk district had killed three pro-government militia members and injured eight others in Helmand province, a local official said.
March 22 – A local police officer shot dead nine of his colleagues at a check post in northern Kunduz province, before fleeing to the Taliban, local officials said. March 23 – Taliban fighters overran the district center of Sangin District in Helmand Province early morning after clashes with Afghan Security Forces on the previous day. April 2 – At least 9 civilian were killed when an Afghan army commando unit detonated an ordnance cache of explosives and ammunition they found in Lashkar Gah, Helmand province. April 5 – Local media reported that Syed O
Fall of Kabul
The Fall of Kabul took place in 2001 during the War in Afghanistan. Northern Alliance forces began their attack on the city on November 13 and made swift progress against Taliban forces that were weakened by American and British air strikes; the advance moved ahead of plans, the next day the Northern Alliance forces entered Kabul and met no resistance inside the city. Taliban forces retreated to Kandahar in the south. Coupled with the fall of Mazar-i-Sharif five days earlier, the capture of Kabul was a significant blow to Taliban control of Afghanistan; as a result of all the losses, surviving members of the Taliban and al-Qaeda retreated toward Kandahar, the spiritual birthplace and home of the Taliban movement, Tora Bora
2012 in Afghanistan
Events from the year 2012 in Afghanistan. President: Hamid Karzai First Vice President: Mohammed Fahim Second Vice President: Karim Khalili Chief Justice: Abdul Salam Azimi January 1 - President Hamid Karzai said police will arrest members of a family accused of torturing and illegally detaining their son's teenage wife Sahar Gul for the past six months while trying to force her into a life of crime, that whoever used violence against the 15-year-old in northeastern Baghlan Province must be punished. January 3 - War in Afghanistan A suicide bomber kills four civilians and a police officer in Kandahar. At least twelve people are killed in three bombing attacks in southern Afghanistan. January 20 - Taliban fighters in Afghanistan were enraged by a video which shows U. S. marines urinating on three corpses, believed to be insurgents, some said they did not understand their leadership's measured response to the tape. S. General John R. Allen, who commands international troops in Afghanistan, accused the Taliban's one-eyed leader, Mullah Muhammad Omar, of having "lost all control" of his frontline fighters after several suicide bombings in the restive south killed 20 people civilians.
January 21 - French Defence Minister Gerard Longuet said the four French soldiers killed and 16 wounded at the Gwan military unit in Kapisa Province, eastern Afghanistan, were shot by Taliban "infiltrated for a long time" in the ranks of the Afghan army. Subsequently, French President Nicolas Sarkozy, accompanied by Hamid Karzai, announced that French forces would withdraw from Afghanistan a year ahead of schedule, in 2013, that France would urge other NATO countries to do the same. Meanwhile, the U. S. Department of Defense identified six Marines who were killed in Afghanistan when their helicopter crashed. January 21 - America's special envoy to the region Marc Grossman talked peace and reconciliation with Hamid Karzai in Kabul, though the Afghan president made it clear that Afghans should be in the driver's seat. Hours before the meeting, Karzai said he held peace talks with the insurgent faction Hizb-i-Islami, appearing to assert his own role in a U. S.-led bid for negotiations to end the country's decade-long war.
January 31 - An Afghan woman was killed by her husband and mother-in-law 3 months after giving birth to her third daughter after not producing a son. February 1 - War in Afghanistan The London Times reports that a secret NATO report claims that the Taliban, backed by Pakistan, is set to regain control over Afghanistan after international forces withdraw from the country. Pakistan Air Force jets bomb militant positions in the Orakzai and Kurram Agency areas near the border with Afghanistan with claims that 31 alleged insurgents were killed. February 4 - The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan estimates that civilian deaths in the war in Afghanistan rose to a record level in 2011 of 3021 with insurgents responsible for most of the deaths. February 10 - The United States Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta tells the Marine Corps to re-investigate and take appropriate action against snipers who posed with a logo resembling that of the Nazi Schutzstaffel in Afghanistan. February 21 - US General John R. Allen, the head of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan commissions an inquiry into allegations that Qurans were burnt at an American Air Force base as Afghans protest.
February 22 - 2012 Afghanistan Quran burning protests Hundreds of Afghans hold violent protests against the alleged burning of Qurans at the Bagram Airbase north of Kabul. The United States Embassy in Kabul goes into lockdown as a result of the protests. February 23 - 2012 Afghanistan Quran burning protests The Taliban urges Afghans to target foreign bases and kill Westerners in response to burnings of the Koran at a US base as a third day of violent protests occurs, with six people having been shot dead so far. Afghan protesters attack a Norwegian base in Faryab province on the Turkmenistan border. February 24 - At least 12 people are killed in the deadliest day of protests so far resulting from U. S. soldiers incineration of copies of the Koran. February 25 - 2012 Afghanistan Quran burning protests Two U. S. officers are killed inside the Ministry of Interior in Kabul. Four people are killed in protests in Kunduz. February 26 - France and Germany follow the United States and United Kingdom in withdrawing civilian staff from Afghan government facilities following the killing of two senior NATO officers.
February 27 - A suicide car bomber explodes at Jalalabad Airport, killing nine. March 2 - Afghanistan's National Religious Council submitted a resolution to president Karzai stating that Afghan women should follow a strict code of conduct; some provisions of the code angered woman rights activists. For instance, the code stated that women should not mingle with strange men in places such as schools and offices; the code allowed husbands to beat their wives. President Karzai approved the Council's resolution. March 4 - The burning of Qurans at a NATO base in Afghanistan advanced the Pakistani-controlled Taliban's cause and any repeat of similar "negligence" by Western forces would be disastrous, according to the Afghan army chief of staff. March 11 -An American soldier left his base and went from house to house i
Operation Rhino was a raid led by the United States Army's 75th Ranger Regiment, who were led by Colonel Joseph Votel, other SOCOM units on several Taliban targets in and around Kandahar, Afghanistan during the invasion of Afghanistan at the start of the War in Afghanistan. The Ranger's objectives were to: Seize the landing strip Destroy any Taliban forces Gather intelligence Assess the suitability of the landing strip for future operations Establish a forward aerial refuel/rearm point for helicopters involved in the nearby operation at Objective Gecko Destroy major weapons and utilities On the night of October 19, 2001, before the Rangers dropped, several targets on and around the objective were targeted by U. S. air power, first by bombs dropped from B-2 stealth bombers by fire from orbiting AC-130 aircraft. These air strikes resulted in a number of several enemy fleeing the area. Following the air strikes, the 4 MC-130 Combat Talon aircraft flew over the drop zone at 800 feet. In zero illumination, the Rangers proceeded to exit the MC-130s.
A company-sized element of 200 Rangers from 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, parachuted from four Lockheed MC-130 aircraft towards a desert landing strip named "Objective Rhino". AC-130 gunships remained orbiting over the DZ in case the Rangers ran into trouble. Once on the ground, A Company, 3/75 Rangers, cleared several objectives, code-named TIN and IRON, without resistance. C Company moved out towards a walled compound, code-named objective COBALT. Psychological Operations warfare specialists from the 9th PSYOP Battalion, broadcast messages on loud speakers in an attempt to coax any defenders to surrender but it was soon established that the compound was empty. With the landing strip secured, a MC-130 landed with medical personnel from the Joint Medical Augmentation Unit proceeded to evacuate and treat 2 Rangers, injured during the jump. U. S. Air Force Combat Controllers surveyed the landing strip, they communicated with the AC-130s which were circling high overhead. When a small number of enemy troops and vehicles were spotted approaching the area, the AC-130s engaged and destroyed them.
MH-60 and MH-47 helicopters, flown by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment and taking part in the operation at Objective Gecko, soon arrived and were refueled and rearmed at the Forward Arming and Refueling Point, established using MC-130 tankers. Once rearmed and refueled, the SOAR helicopters left the area. With all objectives completed, the Rangers and Combat Control Teams boarded the MC-130s which soon departed. PSYOP leaflets were left behind for any Taliban who might have ventured onto the scene over the coming days. No casualties were suffered in the operation itself but 2 Rangers assigned to Combat Search and Rescue element supporting the mission were killed when their MH-60L helicopter crashed at Objective Honda in Pakistan - a temporary staging site used by a company of Rangers from 3/75; the helicopter crashed due to a brownout. As a result of the raid, a base was named Camp Rhino, it was handed off to the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit, who began leading forward operations throughout Kandahar along with the U.
S. Army's 101st Airborne Division